Sidney, Ohio
Sidney is a city in Shelby County
Shelby County, Ohio
As of the census of 2000, there were 47,910 people, 17,636 households, and 13,085 families residing in the county. The population density was 117 people per square mile . There were 18,682 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile...

, Ohio
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the United States. The 34th largest state by area in the U.S.,it is the 7th‑most populous with over 11.5 million residents, containing several major American cities and seven metropolitan areas with populations of 500,000 or more.The state's capital is Columbus...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. The population was 20,211 at the 2000 census. It is named after English poet Sir Phillip Sidney and is the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Shelby County
Shelby County, Ohio
As of the census of 2000, there were 47,910 people, 17,636 households, and 13,085 families residing in the county. The population density was 117 people per square mile . There were 18,682 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile...


Sidney was the recipient of the 1964 All-America City Award
All-America City Award
The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States.The oldest community recognition program in the nation, the award recognizes communities whose citizens work together to identify and tackle community-wide challenges and achieve uncommon...

. In 2009, it was the subject of the documentary film 45365
45365 is a 2009 documentary film made by first-time directors and brothers Bill Ross IV and Turner Ross. The film is about the everyday life of small town Sidney, Ohio and the people living in it; the title comes from the town's postal code....



Sidney features some unusual architecture for a small town, including the 1881 Second Empire courthouse, the 1877 Gothic revival
Gothic Revival architecture
The Gothic Revival is an architectural movement that began in the 1740s in England...

 Monumental Building, dedicated to the county's Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

 dead, the 1918 early-modern People's Federal Savings and Loan Association
People's Federal Savings and Loan Association
The People's Federal Savings and Loan Association in Sidney is an early-modern building in western Ohio, designed by Chicago architect Louis Sullivan, the mentor of Frank Lloyd Wright. It was designed and built in 1917 for use by Peoples Federal Savings and Loan Association, which still operates...

 was designed by Louis Sullivan
Louis Sullivan
Louis Henri Sullivan was an American architect, and has been called the "father of skyscrapers" and "father of modernism" He is considered by many as the creator of the modern skyscraper, was an influential architect and critic of the Chicago School, was a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright, and an...

, a National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
A National Historic Landmark is a building, site, structure, object, or district, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its historical significance...

, and the "smallest house in Sidney" on Shelby Street.

The Big Four
Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway
The Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway, also known as the Big Four Railroad and commonly abbreviated CCC&StL, was a railroad company in the Midwestern United States....

 Bridge is a local landmark that has carried rail traffic since 1923. CSX Transportation
CSX Transportation
CSX Transportation operates a Class I railroad in the United States known as the CSX Railroad. It is the main subsidiary of the CSX Corporation. The company is headquartered in Jacksonville, Florida, and owns approximately 21,000 route miles...

 currently uses the rail line and bridge as part of the "NYC" division of Conrail, a direct descendant of the New York Central Railroad
New York Central Railroad
The New York Central Railroad , known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States...

 and Penn Central Transportation
Penn Central Transportation
The Penn Central Transportation Company, commonly abbreviated to Penn Central, was an American railroad company that operated from 1968 until 1976. It was created by the merger on February 1, 1968, of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad...

CSX also operates the north-south rail line which was better known in earlier years as the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was one of the oldest railroads in the United States and the first common carrier railroad. It came into being mostly because the city of Baltimore wanted to compete with the newly constructed Erie Canal and another canal being proposed by Pennsylvania, which...

 later the Chessie System
Chessie System
Chessie System, Inc. was a holding company that owned the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway , the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad , the Western Maryland Railway , and several smaller carriers. It was incorporated in Virginia on February 26, 1973, and it acquired the C&O on June 15...


The Graceland Cemetery offers visitors interesting architecture in the form of large concrete angels and other structures and statues scattered throughout the large cemetery.


As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 20,211 people, 7,981 households, and 5,371 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 1,938.5 people per square mile (748.2/km²). There were 8,557 housing units at an average density of 820.7 per square mile (316.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.61% White, 3.06% African American, 0.24% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.

There were 7,981 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,663, and the median income for a family was $45,672. Males had a median income of $35,127 versus $22,497 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $19,075. About 9.4% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.


The city government is a council-manager system. The city council consists of a mayor and six members; three council members are elected at-large by all city voters, while the remaining four are elected from each of the four wards. All council members serve terms of four years. The mayor and vice-mayor are elected by the Council from their own number by a majority vote and serve terms of two years. The council meets the second and fourth Mondays of each month at 6:30 P.M. In addition to their bi-weekly meetings, council also meets the first Monday of each month in workshop sessions. Most meetings are held in the municipal building's council chambers.

Council members include Mayor Mike Barhorst (At Large), Mike Burns (Fourth Ward), Katie McMillan (Second Ward), Frank Mariano (At Large), Tom Miller (Third Ward), Vice Mayor Mardie Milligan (First Ward), and Terry Pellman (At Large).


From the 1840s to 1913, canal boats carried Shelby County's products to Cincinnati or Toledo. Sidney was crossed by the Miami and Erie Canal's Sidney or Port Jefferson Feeder Branch. Before railroads came to Sidney, it was the only alternative to muddy unpaved roads. Part of the canal remains south of Water Street.

The City of Sidney, named after Sir Philip Sidney, a well-known poet and member of British Parliament, was originally a 70 acres (283,280.2 m²) parcel of land located along the west side of the Great Miami River. This land was donated by Charles Starrett to be used as the site of a new town which was to become the county seat of Shelby County. The area around Sidney was once the richly-forested hunting ground of the Shawnee and Miami Indian nations. This fertile area was developed as agricultural lands over time.

The construction of the Miami-Erie Canal between 1825 and 1837 connected Sidney in a north/south direction with the major trade centers in Ohio. In addition to opening the first significant "outside" trade for Sidney, the construction of the canal also attracted an influx of settlers to the area.

As the influence of the canal declined, another transportation element, railroads, began to develop in Sidney. East-west rail began to be laid in 1851, followed by north-south rail in 1856. Sidney is still served by these railroad lines today.

In the 1950s, another transportation element, the Interstate Highway, would play a significant role in the development of Sidney which later helped earn its title "All-America City
All-America City Award
The All-America City Award is given by the National Civic League annually to ten cities in the United States.The oldest community recognition program in the nation, the award recognizes communities whose citizens work together to identify and tackle community-wide challenges and achieve uncommon...

" in 1964. Today, Interstate 75 connects Sidney with Canada to the north, and Florida to the south. Sidney has four interchanges with Interstate 75, providing access for both commercial and industrial users.

Sidney is located 40 miles (64.4 km) north of Dayton, 85 miles (136.8 km) west of Columbus, 100 miles (160.9 km) south of Toledo, and 120 miles (193.1 km) east of Indianapolis. Sidney offers an historic downtown featuring the famous Louis Sullivan designed People's Savings & Loan building, the Monumental Building (erected as a monument to those Shelby Countians who died in the Civil War), and the Shelby County Courthouse. The Courthouse, which occupies one city-block known as Court Square, was recently named as one of the "Great American Public Places".

Another characteristic of Sidney is its parks and recreation system. When the City's first comprehensive plan was being developed in the mid-1950s, the City decided to have a park or recreation area within a half-mile of every residence. This goal has resulted in a system of 14 neighborhood parks, a baseball complex, softball complex, soccer complex, municipal swimming pool, and the 180 acre (0.7284348 km²) Tawawa Park, a nature and picnic area.

Sidney is the hometown of renowned scientist and Nobel Prize winner Paul Lauterbur
Paul Lauterbur
Paul Christian Lauterbur was an American chemist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2003 with Peter Mansfield for his work which made the development of magnetic resonance imaging possible.Dr...

, who was involved in the invention of the MRI.

In 1984, President Ronald Reagan visited the city of Sidney on a train (the same train that President Roosevelt traveled on during his visit to Sidney in 1944) whilst touring the country. Sidney again saw another President enter the limits of the city when President Bush visited the town in 2003, eating at the Spot Restaurant in downtown Sidney.

Sidney, Iowa
Sidney, Iowa
Sidney is a city in Fremont County, Iowa, United States. The population was 1,300 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Fremont County and is one of the smallest county seats in Iowa....

 derives its name from the community.

The town of Buckeye, Arizona
Buckeye, Arizona
Buckeye is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States and is the westernmost suburb in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The population of the town as of Census 2010 was 50,876, a 678% increase from the 2000 population of 6,537.-Geography:...

 was originally named after Sidney. Malin M. Jackson, who built Arizona
Arizona ; is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the western United States and the mountain west. The capital and largest city is Phoenix...

's Buckeye Canal, was from Sidney.

Entertainment and Activities

Sidney, Ohio has a drive-in movie theatre, the Auto-Vue, located on the corner of 4th Street and Russell Road. The drive-in opens in May and closes in September. During the fall season Sidney also has a large corn maze on the south side of town which also has a driving range for golfers.

In recent years, Kevin Frazier-Jones and other community theater leaders have revamped the Sidney Theatre downtown to be a place of live performance. This building is particularly popular with local area music and drama productions.

The annual Country Concert is held at Newport, Ohio
Newport, Shelby County, Ohio
Newport is a census-designated place located in Cynthian Township, Shelby County, Ohio, United States. The community is located along the Miami and Erie Canal and at the intersection of State Routes 47 and 66....

 the 2nd week of July. Many country and western stars have played there over the years.

For the outdoor enthusiast, there are many activities available. State Parks include Lake Loramie, Kiser Lake, Indian Lake, and Grand Lake St Marys and are easy drives from Sidney. Camping, boating, hunting and fishing are common pursuits in the area.

Yellow Jackets

Sidney High School
Sidney High School (Ohio)
Sidney High School is a public high school in Sidney, Ohio which is located 40 miles north of Dayton, Ohio on Interstate 75. It is the only public high school in the Sidney City Schools district.-Notable alumni:* Lois Lenski, writer...

 sports teams are Yellow Jackets (see External links below). The Yellow Jackets football team went 10-0 three straight seasons from 1968-1970 for a 30-0 record. Even as impressive, the 1989 Yellow Jackets football team went 9-4 and made it all the way to the Final Four in Division II. When the school built a new stadium in 2004, it was named Sidney Memorial Stadium at 30 & O Field. The stadium is located on 4th Avenue between Campbell Road and Fair Road, east of Emerson Climate Technologies: Copeland Corporation. Sidney Memorial Stadium also hosts home games for the Lehman Catholic High School
Lehman Catholic High School
Lehman Catholic High School is a co-educational, comprehensive, Roman Catholic High School owned and operated by the Archdiocese of Cincinnati and located in Sidney, Ohio. The school history dates back to 1889 as Holy Angels High School, and the current school was named after Monsignor Edward C....

's Cavaliers.


Sidney is served by the Sidney Municipal Airport. Dayton International Airport
Dayton International Airport
James M. Cox Dayton International Airport , also referred to as simply Dayton International Airport, is a public airport located nine miles north of the central business district of Dayton, a city in Montgomery County, Ohio, United States. The airport is situated in Vandalia and it is owned and...

 is 35 miles (56.3 km) south while Port Columbus
Port Columbus International Airport
Port Columbus International Airport , commonly shortened to Port Columbus, is a Class C international airport located east of downtown Columbus, Ohio, USA. It is managed by the Columbus Regional Airport Authority, which also oversees operations at Rickenbacker International Airport and Bolton Field...

 which serves Columbus is 106 miles (170.6 km) east.


Sidney has two railroad lines. Both were built independently in the 1850s.

Until the 1960s one could board the Knickerbocker Limited in Sidney and then step down in Grand Central Terminal in New York City. This east-west line was built as the Bellefontaine and Indiana Railroad which ran from Galion, Ohio to Union City on the Ohio-Indiana border. It was built in conjunction with the Indianapolis and Bellefontaine Railroad thus providing a route from Cleveland and the East to Indianapolis, and later St. Louis. In 1864, the two were merged into the "Bee" Line: the Bellefontaine Railway, in 1869, into the first "Big Four": the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railway, and in 1889, into the second "Big Four": the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway. In the early 1920s, this railroad relocated its tracks from downtown Sidney to the south edge of the city over the then new Big Four concrete arch bridge. Early in the twentieth century, it was leased by the New York Central System. Later the Big Four was taken over by the Penn Central, then Conrail, and finally CSX Transportation.

There are several other concrete arch bridges similarly designed and built for the Big Four which are located in Avon, Indiana
Avon, Indiana
-Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 6,248 people, 2,127 households, and 1,786 families residing in the town. The population density was 976.2 people per square mile . There were 2,240 housing units at an average density of 351.1 per square mile...

, Greencastle, Indiana
Greencastle, Indiana
Greencastle is a city in Greencastle Township, Putnam County, Indiana, United States, and the county seat of Putnam County. It was founded in 1821 by Scots-Irish American Ephraim Dukes on a land grant. He named the settlement for his hometown of Greencastle, Pennsylvania...

 and Danville, Illinois
Danville, Illinois
Danville is a city in Vermilion County, Illinois, United States. It is the principal city of the'Danville, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Danville and Vermilion County. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 32,467. It is the county seat of...

 in addition to the one in Sidney.

In the 1950s one could board a train in Sidney and step down in Cincinnati or New Orleans. This north-south line was built as the Dayton and Michigan Railroad. In the 1860s it was leased by the Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railroad. It was taken over by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad early in the twentieth century. Later the line was taken over by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad, then by CSX Transportation.

Highway System

The Dixie Highway
Dixie Highway
The Dixie Highway was a United States automobile highway, first planned in 1914 to connect the US Midwest with the Southern United States. It was part of the National Auto Trail system, and grew out of an earlier Miami to Montreal highway. The final result is better understood as a small network of...

, later US 25
U.S. Route 25
U.S. Route 25 is a north–south United States highway that runs for from Brunswick, Georgia to the Ohio state line in Covington, Kentucky.-Georgia:...

, now known as County Rd 25A, ran north/south through downtown Sidney, connecting it with Toledo and Detroit to the north and Dayton and Cincinnati to the south. Interstate 75
Interstate 75 in Ohio
In the U.S. state of Ohio, Interstate 75 runs from Cincinnati to Toledo by way of Dayton. I-75 enters Ohio concurrent with I-71 from Kentucky on the Brent Spence Bridge over the Ohio River and into the Bluegrass region...

 was completed in the early '60s. Located west of Sidney, it took the place of the Dixie Highway and most of the traffic. Four exits are located at Sidney, exit 90 (Fair Road), exit 92 (State Route 47
Ohio State Route 47
Ohio State Route 47 is a state highway running from the Indiana border at Union City to Waldo, about ten miles south of Marion. In Bellefontaine, State Route 47 follows the path of different streets from Main Street and Sandusky Avenue to the intersection just north of Mary Rutan Hospital, about...

), exit 93 (State Route 29), and exit 94 (County Road 25A).


  • The Sidney Daily News
    Sidney Daily News
    The Sidney Daily News is a newspaper published in Sidney, Ohio. It is published each day of the week except Sunday and Tuesday.- History :...

    is published each day of the week except Sunday and Tuesday.
    WMVR-FM is a commercial radio station licensed to Sidney, Ohio, broadcasting an Hot AC music format. Its studios, offices, and transmitter are located on Russell Road, just outside of Sidney.-Early history...WMVR-AM 1960s:...

     broadcasts hot adult contemporary programming on 105.5 FM.
  • Scores Broadcast a webcaster offering live high school sports coverage
  • The Sidney Independent a humorous and angst filled blog

Notable natives and residents

  • Paul Christian Lauterbur, chemist and Nobel Prize
    Nobel Prize
    The Nobel Prizes are annual international awards bestowed by Scandinavian committees in recognition of cultural and scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, established the prizes in 1895...

  • Joey J. Long, former Major League Baseball pitcher for the San Diego Padres
  • Louis H. Mackey
    Louis H. Mackey
    Louis H. Mackey was a professor of philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin in the USA.-Early life:...

    , philosopher, Kierkegaard scholar, literary critic
  • Dean Miller
    Dean Miller (broadcaster)
    Dean Miller, born Dean C. Stuhlmueller , was an American actor and broadcaster, perhaps best known for his role as the son-in-law in the CBS sitcom December Bride...

    , actor and radio station owner
  • George B. Quatman (1880–1964), entrepreneur
    An entrepreneur is an owner or manager of a business enterprise who makes money through risk and initiative.The term was originally a loanword from French and was first defined by the Irish-French economist Richard Cantillon. Entrepreneur in English is a term applied to a person who is willing to...

    , philanthropist
    A philanthropist is someone who engages in philanthropy; that is, someone who donates his or her time, money, and/or reputation to charitable causes...

      and businessman.
  • Ralph J. Stolle (1904–1996), industrialist
  • Gordy Price (1949–2009) broadcaster for WMVR and later WIMT
    WIMT is a commercial FM radio station licensed to Lima, Ohio, operating at 102.1 MHz with a Country format. Its studios and offices are located on West Market Street in Lima, with its transmitter located just outside of Buckland, between Wapakoneta and Lima.-Early history:Originally WIMA-FM was a...


External links

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