Shot put
Overview
 
The shot put is a track and field
Track and field
Track and field is a sport comprising various competitive athletic contests based around the activities of running, jumping and throwing. The name of the sport derives from the venue for the competitions: a stadium which features an oval running track surrounding a grassy area...

 event involving "putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball—the shot—as far as possible. It is common to use the term "shot put" to refer to both the shot itself and to the putting (throwing) action.
Homer
Homer
In the Western classical tradition Homer , is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, and is revered as the greatest ancient Greek epic poet. These epics lie at the beginning of the Western canon of literature, and have had an enormous influence on the history of literature.When he lived is...

 makes mention of competitions of rock throwing by soldiers during the Siege of Troy
Trojan War
In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including the Iliad...

 but there is no record of any dead weights being thrown in Greek competitions.
Encyclopedia
The shot put is a track and field
Track and field
Track and field is a sport comprising various competitive athletic contests based around the activities of running, jumping and throwing. The name of the sport derives from the venue for the competitions: a stadium which features an oval running track surrounding a grassy area...

 event involving "putting" (throwing in a pushing motion) a heavy metal ball—the shot—as far as possible. It is common to use the term "shot put" to refer to both the shot itself and to the putting (throwing) action.

History

Homer
Homer
In the Western classical tradition Homer , is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, and is revered as the greatest ancient Greek epic poet. These epics lie at the beginning of the Western canon of literature, and have had an enormous influence on the history of literature.When he lived is...

 makes mention of competitions of rock throwing by soldiers during the Siege of Troy
Trojan War
In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including the Iliad...

 but there is no record of any dead weights being thrown in Greek competitions. The first evidence for stone-
Stone put
The stone put is one of the main Scottish heavy athletic events at modern-day Highland games gatherings. Similar to the shot put, the stone put more frequently uses an ordinary stone or rock instead of a steel ball...

 or weight-throwing events date back more than 2000 years in the Scottish Highlands
Scottish Highlands
The Highlands is an historic region of Scotland. The area is sometimes referred to as the "Scottish Highlands". It was culturally distinguishable from the Lowlands from the later Middle Ages into the modern period, when Lowland Scots replaced Scottish Gaelic throughout most of the Lowlands...

. In the 16th century King Henry VIII
Henry VIII of England
Henry VIII was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was Lord, and later King, of Ireland, as well as continuing the nominal claim by the English monarchs to the Kingdom of France...

 was noted for his prowess in court competitions of weight and hammer throw
Hammer throw
The modern or Olympic hammer throw is an athletic throwing event where the object is to throw a heavy metal ball attached to a wire and handle. The name "hammer throw" is derived from older competitions where an actual sledge hammer was thrown...

ing.

The first known events resembling the modern shot put likely occurred in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is a periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and precedes the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern...

 when soldiers held competitions in which they hurled cannonballs
Round shot
Round shot is a solid projectile without explosive charge, fired from a cannon. As the name implies, round shot is spherical; its diameter is slightly less than the bore of the gun it is fired from.Round shot was made in early times from dressed stone, but by the 17th century, from iron...

. Shot put competitions were first recorded in early 19th century Scotland
Scotland
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain, it shares a border with England to the south and is bounded by the North Sea to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the...

, and were a part of the British Amateur Championships beginning in 1866.

Rules

Competitors take their throw from inside a marked circle 2.135 metres (7 ft) in diameter
Diameter
In geometry, a diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes through the center of the circle and whose endpoints are on the circle. The diameters are the longest chords of the circle...

, with a stopboard approximately 10 centimetres (3.9 in) high at the front of the circle. The distance thrown is measured from the inside of the circumference
Circumference
The circumference is the distance around a closed curve. Circumference is a special perimeter.-Circumference of a circle:The circumference of a circle is the length around it....

 of the circle to the nearest mark made in the ground by the falling shot, with distances rounded down to the nearest centimetre under IAAF
International Association of Athletics Federations
The International Association of Athletics Federations is the international governing body for the sport of athletics. It was founded in 1912 at its first congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation...

, WMA
World Masters Athletics
World Masters Athletics is the worldwide governing body for the sport of masters athletics – which includes track and field, cross country, and road running events – as participated by people over 35 years of age....

, USATF, and NCAA
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a semi-voluntary association of 1,281 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States...

 rules.

Legal throws

The following rules are adhered to for a legal throw:
  • Upon calling the athlete's name, they have sixty seconds to commence the throwing motion.
  • The athlete may not wear gloves; IAAF rules permit the taping
    Taping
    Taping is a form of strapping. It is a procedure that uses tape, attached to the skin, to physically keep in place muscles or bones at a certain position. This reduces pain and aids recovery...

     of individual fingers, however under NCAA rules the athlete may not tape their fingers, except to cover a cut or open wound.
  • The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck
    Neck
    The neck is the part of the body, on many terrestrial or secondarily aquatic vertebrates, that distinguishes the head from the torso or trunk. The adjective signifying "of the neck" is cervical .-Boner anatomy: The cervical spine:The cervical portion of the human spine comprises seven boney...

    , and keep it tight to the neck throughout the motion.
  • The shot must be released above the height of the shoulder
    Shoulder
    The human shoulder is made up of three bones: the clavicle , the scapula , and the humerus as well as associated muscles, ligaments and tendons. The articulations between the bones of the shoulder make up the shoulder joints. The major joint of the shoulder is the glenohumeral joint, which...

    , using only one hand.
  • The athlete may touch the inside surface of the circle or stopboard, but must not touch the top or outside of the circle or stopboard, or the ground beyond the circle. Limbs may however extend over the lines of the circle in the air.
  • The shot must land in the legal sector (34.92°) of the throwing area.
  • The athlete must exit the throwing circle from the back.

Foul throws

Foul
Foul (sports)
In sports, a foul is an inappropriate or unfair act by a player as deemed by a referee. A foul may be intentional or accidental, and often results in a penalty....

 throws occur when an athlete:
  • Does not pause within the circle before beginning the throwing motion.
  • Does not begin the throwing movement within sixty seconds of having his or her name called.
  • Allows the shot to drop below his shoulder or outside the vertical plane of his shoulder during the put.
  • During the throwing motion, touches with any part of the body (including shoes):
    • the top or ends of the stopboard
    • the top of the iron ring
    • anywhere outside the circle.
  • Throws a shot which either falls outside the throwing sector or touches a sector line on the initial impact.
  • Leaves the circle before the shot has landed.
  • Does not exit from the rear half of the circle.

Myths

The following are either obsolete or non-existent but commonly believed rules:
  • The athlete must enter the circle from the back (none of the rule books contain such a clause).
  • The athlete entering the circle, then exiting and re-entering it prior to starting the throw results in a foul (all the rule books allow an athlete to leave a circle prior to starting a throw, but this still counts within the one minute time limit; the allowable method of exiting the circle varies by rule book).
  • Loose clothing, shoelaces, or long hair touching outside the circle during a throw, or an athlete bringing a towel into the circle and then throwing it out prior to the put results in a foul (these are no longer rules or never were rules—none of these actions provide unfair advantage to the thrower).

Competition

Shot put competitions have been held at the modern Summer Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee. Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition that...

 since their inception in 1896, and it is also included as an event in the World Athletics Championships
IAAF World Championships in Athletics
The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations . Originally, it was organised every four years, but this changed in 1991, and it has since been organised biennially.-History:...

.

Each competition has a set number of rounds of throws. Typically there are three preliminary rounds to determine qualification for the final, and then three more rounds in the final. Each competitor is credited with their longest throw, regardless of whether it was achieved in the preliminary or final rounds. The competitor with the longest legal put is declared the winner.

In open competitions the men's shot weighs 7.26 kilograms (16 lb), and the women's shot weighs 4 kilograms (8.8 lb). Junior, school, and masters competitions often use different weights of shots, typically below the weights of those used in open competitions; the individual rules for each competition should be consulted in order to determine the correct weights to be used.

Putting styles

Two putting styles are in current general use by shot put competitors: the glide and the spin. With all putting styles, the goal is to release the shot with maximum forward velocity
Velocity
In physics, velocity is speed in a given direction. Speed describes only how fast an object is moving, whereas velocity gives both the speed and direction of the object's motion. To have a constant velocity, an object must have a constant speed and motion in a constant direction. Constant ...

 at an angle of approximately forty degrees.

Glide

The origin of the glide dates to 1951, when Parry O'Brien
Parry O'Brien
William Parry O'Brien, Jr. was an American shot put champion. Born in Santa Monica, California, he competed in four consecutive Summer Olympics where he won two gold medals and one silver medal . In his last Olympic competition he placed fourth. For this, he is inducted in the U.S...

 of the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 invented a technique that involved the putter facing backwards, rotating 180 degrees across the circle, and then tossing the shot.

With this technique, a right-hand thrower would begin facing the rear of the circle, and then kick to the front with the left leg, while pushing off forcefully with the right. As the thrower crosses the circle, the hips
HIPS
HIPS may refer to:* High impact polystyrene* Home Information Pack* Host-based intrusion-prevention system, a computer security system oriented towards workstations...

 twist toward the front, the left arm is swung out then pulled back tight, followed by the shoulders, and they then strike in a putting motion with their right arm. The key is to move quickly across the circle with as little air under the feet as possible, hence the name "glide".

Spin

In 1972 Aleksandr Baryshnikov
Aleksandr Baryshnikov
Aleksandr Georgievich Baryshnikov was a Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the Shot Put. He trained at Dynamo in Leningrad.He competed for the USSR in the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal, Canada in the Shot Put where he won the bronze medal...

 set his first USSR
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 record using a new putting style, the spin ("круговой мах" in Russian), invented by his coach Viktor Alexeyev. The spin involves rotating like a discus
Discus throw
The discus throw is an event in track and field athletics competition, in which an athlete throws a heavy disc—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than his or her competitors. It is an ancient sport, as evidenced by the 5th century BC Myron statue, Discobolus...

 thrower and using rotational momentum
Angular momentum
In physics, angular momentum, moment of momentum, or rotational momentum is a conserved vector quantity that can be used to describe the overall state of a physical system...

 for power. In 1976 Baryshnikov went on to set a world record
World record
A world record is usually the best global performance ever recorded and verified in a specific skill or sport. The book Guinness World Records collates and publishes notable records of all types, from first and best to worst human achievements, to extremes in the natural world and beyond...

 of 22 m (72.2 ft) with his spin style, and was the first shot putter to cross the 22 metre mark.

The spin may have been independently invented in the United States. In 1976, Brian Oldfield
Brian Oldfield
Brian Oldfield is a former American athlete and personality of the 1970s and early 1980s. A standout shot putter, Oldfield is credited with making the rotational technique popular. With his "Oldfield spin," he set the indoor and outdoor world records in the sport many times...

 popularised the spin technique, after setting an unofficial record of 22.86 m (75 ft) in 1975, over 1 m (3.3 ft) better than the official world record at the time. The put was undisputed, but regarded as unofficial as Oldfield was a professional
Professional sports
Professional sports, as opposed to amateur sports, are sports in which athletes receive payment for their performance. Professional athleticism has come to the fore through a combination of developments. Mass media and increased leisure have brought larger audiences, so that sports organizations...

 at a time when the IAAF
International Association of Athletics Federations
The International Association of Athletics Federations is the international governing body for the sport of athletics. It was founded in 1912 at its first congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation...

 had an amateur
Amateur
An amateur is generally considered a person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science, without pay and often without formal training....

-only policy. Up until 2011, Oldfield's record has been bettered by only 26 centimetres (10.24 in).

With this technique, a right-hand thrower faces the rear, and begins to spin on the ball
Ball (anatomy)
The ball of the foot is where the toes join with the rest of the foot.Source:...

 of the left foot. The thrower comes around and faces the front of the circle and drives the right foot into the middle of the circle. Finally, the thrower reaches for the front of the circle with the left foot, twisting the hips and shoulders like in the glide, and puts the shot.

When the athlete executes the spin, the upper body is twisted hard to the right, so the imaginary lines created by the shoulders and hips are no longer parallel. This action builds up torque
Torque
Torque, moment or moment of force , is the tendency of a force to rotate an object about an axis, fulcrum, or pivot. Just as a force is a push or a pull, a torque can be thought of as a twist....

, and stretches the muscles, creating an involuntary elasticity
Elasticity (physics)
In physics, elasticity is the physical property of a material that returns to its original shape after the stress that made it deform or distort is removed. The relative amount of deformation is called the strain....

 in the muscles, providing extra power
Power (physics)
In physics, power is the rate at which energy is transferred, used, or transformed. For example, the rate at which a light bulb transforms electrical energy into heat and light is measured in watts—the more wattage, the more power, or equivalently the more electrical energy is used per unit...

 and momentum
Momentum
In classical mechanics, linear momentum or translational momentum is the product of the mass and velocity of an object...

. When the athlete prepares to release, the left foot is firmly planted, causing the momentum and energy generated to be conserved, pushing the shot in an upward and outward direction.

Another purpose of the spin is to build up a high rotational speed
Rotational speed
Rotational speed tells how many complete rotations there are per time unit. It is therefore a cyclic frequency, measured in hertz in the SI System...

, by swinging the right leg initially, then to bring all the limbs in tightly, similar to a figure skater
Figure skating
Figure skating is an Olympic sport in which individuals, pairs, or groups perform spins, jumps, footwork and other intricate and challenging moves on ice skates. Figure skaters compete at various levels from beginner up to the Olympic level , and at local, national, and international competitions...

 bringing in their arms while spinning
Figure skating spins
Spins are an element in figure skating where the skater rotates, centered on a single point on the ice, while holding one or more body positions. The skater rotates on the part of the blade just behind the toe pick, with the weight on the ball of the foot...

 to increase their speed. Once this fast speed is achieved the shot is released, transferring the energy into the shot put.

Usage

Currently, most top male shot putters use the spin. However the glide remains popular, especially at the amateur level and among women, since the technique leads to greater consistency compared to the rotational technique. Almost all throwers start by using the glide.

It is worth noting that the world record by a male putter of 23.12 metre by Randy Barnes
Randy Barnes
Eric Randolph Barnes is a former American shot putter who holds both the current outdoor and indoor World Records for the event. He won silver at the 1988 Olympics and gold at the 1996 Olympics....

 was completed with the spin technique, while the second-best all-time put of 23.063 metre by Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann is a German shot putter who broke many world records during the 1980s and is the first and one of only two people to ever throw over 23 metres ....

 was completed with the glide technique.

Measuring which technique can provide the most potential is difficult, as many of the best throws recorded with each technique have been completed by athletes under doping suspicions, or with a record of drug violations. The decision to glide or spin may need to be decided on an individual basis, determined by the thrower's size and power. Short throwers may benefit from the spin and taller throwers may benefit from the glide, but many throwers do not follow this guideline.

Types of shots

The shot put ball is made of different kinds of materials depending on its intended use. Materials used include iron
Iron
Iron is a chemical element with the symbol Fe and atomic number 26. It is a metal in the first transition series. It is the most common element forming the planet Earth as a whole, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust...

, cast iron
Cast iron
Cast iron is derived from pig iron, and while it usually refers to gray iron, it also identifies a large group of ferrous alloys which solidify with a eutectic. The color of a fractured surface can be used to identify an alloy. White cast iron is named after its white surface when fractured, due...

, solid steel
Steel
Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight, depending on the grade. Carbon is the most common alloying material for iron, but various other alloying elements are used, such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten...

, stainless steel
Stainless steel
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable", is defined as a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5 or 11% chromium content by mass....

, brass
Brass
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses with varying properties.In comparison, bronze is principally an alloy of copper and tin...

, and synthetic materials
Synthetic fiber
Synthetic fibers are the result of extensive research by scientists to improve on naturally occurring animal and plant fibers. In general, synthetic fibers are created by forcing, usually through extrusion, fiber forming materials through holes into the air, forming a thread...

 like polyvinyl
Vinyl polymer
Vinyl polymers are a group of polymers derived from vinyl monomers. Their backbone is an extended alkane chain, made by polymerizing an alkene group into a chain . In popular usage, "vinyl" refers only to polyvinyl chloride...

. Some metals are more dense
Density
The mass density or density of a material is defined as its mass per unit volume. The symbol most often used for density is ρ . In some cases , density is also defined as its weight per unit volume; although, this quantity is more properly called specific weight...

 than others making the size of the shot vary, for example, indoor shots are larger than outdoor shots, so different materials are used to make them.

World records

The current world record
World record
A world record is usually the best global performance ever recorded and verified in a specific skill or sport. The book Guinness World Records collates and publishes notable records of all types, from first and best to worst human achievements, to extremes in the natural world and beyond...

 holders are:
Type Athlete Distance Venue Date
Men
Outdoor Randy Barnes
Randy Barnes
Eric Randolph Barnes is a former American shot putter who holds both the current outdoor and indoor World Records for the event. He won silver at the 1988 Olympics and gold at the 1996 Olympics....

23.12 metre Westwood, California, USA May 20, 1990
Indoor Randy Barnes
Randy Barnes
Eric Randolph Barnes is a former American shot putter who holds both the current outdoor and indoor World Records for the event. He won silver at the 1988 Olympics and gold at the 1996 Olympics....

22.66 metre Los Angeles, California
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

, USA
January 20, 1989
Women
Outdoor Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya is a former Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the shot put. Lisovskaya trained at Spartak in Moscow.She competed for the USSR in the 1988 Summer Olympics held in Seoul, South Korea where she won the gold medal...

22.63 metre Moscow, USSR June 7, 1987
Indoor Helena Fibingerová
Helena Fibingerová
Helena Fibingerová is a Czech shot putter who won an Olympic bronze medal and set three world records...

22.5 metre Jablonec
Jablonec
Jablonec can refer to several towns in central Europe:*Jablonec nad Nisou, a town in Liberec Region, Czech Republic**FK Jablonec 97, a football club based in Jablonec nad Nisou*Jablonec, small village in Ústí nad Labem Region, Czech Republic...

, CZE
February 19, 1977

Continental records

The current records held on each continent are:
Area Men's Women's
Distance Athlete Nation Distance Athlete Nation
Africa
Confederation of African Athletics
The Confederation of African Athletics is the governing body for the sport of athletics in Africa. It is headquartered in Senegal. It organises the African Championships in Athletics and other continental competitions.-Members:...

21.97 m Janus Robberts
Janus Robberts
Janus Robberts is a South African athlete who competes in the shot put, and occasionally discus throw. He is the current African record holder in shot put with 21.97 metres, and also a former junior world record holder...

18.35 m Vivian Chukwuemeka
Vivian Chukwuemeka
Vivian Chukwuemeka is a Nigerian shot putter and two-time Olympian. She won the gold medal in the shot put at the 2002 Commonwealth Games and has won three consecutive titles at the All-Africa Games from 1999 to 2007. She was the African Champion in the event in 2002, 2006 and 2008...

Asia
Asian Athletics Association
The Asian Athletics Association is the continental governing body for the sport of athletics in Asia. It is headquartered in Singapore. It organises the Asian Championships in Athletics and other continental competitions....

21.13 m Sultan Abdulmajeed Al-Hebshi
Sultan Abdulmajeed Al-Hebshi
Sultan Abdulmajeed Al-Hebshi is a Saudi Arabian shot putter.His personal best was set at the 2009 Doha meeting, throwing a new area record of 21.13 m and finishing in third, only behind Olympic champion Tomasz Majewski and World Champion Reese...

21.76 m Meisu Li
Europe
European Athletic Association
The European Athletic Association is the European governing body for the sport of athletics.- History :In 1932, during a meeting of the International Amateur Athletic Federation in Los Angeles, a special committee was designated by the Council with the task of reviewing the conditions for the...

23.06 m Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann is a German shot putter who broke many world records during the 1980s and is the first and one of only two people to ever throw over 23 metres ....

22.63 m WR Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya is a former Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the shot put. Lisovskaya trained at Spartak in Moscow.She competed for the USSR in the 1988 Summer Olympics held in Seoul, South Korea where she won the gold medal...

North and Central
America, and Caribbean
23.12 m WR Randy Barnes
Randy Barnes
Eric Randolph Barnes is a former American shot putter who holds both the current outdoor and indoor World Records for the event. He won silver at the 1988 Olympics and gold at the 1996 Olympics....

20.96 m Belsy Laza
Belsy Laza
Belsy Laza Muñoz is a retired Cuban shot putter. Her personal best put was 20.96 metres, achieved in May 1992 in Mexico City. This is the current North America, Central America and the Caribbean record.-Achievements:...

Oceania 21.26 m Scott Martin
Scott Martin
Scott Martin is an Australian shot putter and discus throw competitor. He rose to prominence in a National Australia Bank advertisement promoting the 2006 Commonwealth Games; in the ad, Martin was shown taking part in a ballet class to improve his discus technique...

21.24 m Valerie Vili
Valerie Vili
Valerie Kasanita Adams , ONZM is a shot putter from New Zealand. She is the reigning Olympic, world and Commonwealth champion...

South America
CONSUDATLE
CONSUDATLE is the continental confederation governing body of athletics for national governing bodies and multi-national federations within South America. CONSUDATLE is one of six area associations of the International Amateur Athletic Federation...

21.13 m Marco Antonio Verni
Marco Antonio Verni
Marco Antonio Verni is a Chilean shot putter. His personal best throw is 21.14 metres, achieved in July 2004 in Santiago de Chile....

19.30 m Elisângela Adriano
Elisângela Adriano
Elisângela Maria Adriano is a Brazilian shot putter and discus thrower, whose personal best put is 19.30 metres, achieved in July 2001 in Tunja. Her personal best discus throw is 61.96 metres, achieved in May 1998 in São Leopoldo. In 1999 she was suspended by the IAAF for a two-year period, but...

 


Note: Represents a distance set at a high altitude.

Men

http://a231.ac-images.myspacecdn.com/images01/82/m_32deac907ae88d881c497dbbabdcb36e.jpg>
MarkAthleteNationalityVenueDate
23.12 Randy Barnes
Randy Barnes
Eric Randolph Barnes is a former American shot putter who holds both the current outdoor and indoor World Records for the event. He won silver at the 1988 Olympics and gold at the 1996 Olympics....

 
UCLA  May 20, 1990
23.06 Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann is a German shot putter who broke many world records during the 1980s and is the first and one of only two people to ever throw over 23 metres ....

 
Khania  May 22, 1988
22.91 Alessandro Andrei
Alessandro Andrei
Alessandro Andrei is a former Italian shot putter. He was born in Florence.He won the gold medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics held in Los Angeles, California....

 
Viareggio
Viareggio
Viareggio is a city and comune located in northern Tuscany, Italy, on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. With a population of over 64,000 it is the main centre of the northern Tuscan Riviera known as Versilia, and the second largest city within the Province of Lucca.It is known as a seaside resort...

 
August 12, 1987
22.86 Brian Oldfield
Brian Oldfield
Brian Oldfield is a former American athlete and personality of the 1970s and early 1980s. A standout shot putter, Oldfield is credited with making the rotational technique popular. With his "Oldfield spin," he set the indoor and outdoor world records in the sport many times...

 
El Paso
El Paso, Texas
El Paso, is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County, Texas, United States, and lies in far West Texas. In the 2010 census, the city had a population of 649,121. It is the sixth largest city in Texas and the 19th largest city in the United States...

 
May 10, 1975
22.75 Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör is a former Swiss track and field athlete, who was the best shot putter in the history of Swiss track and field....

 
Bern  August 23, 1988
22.67 Kevin Toth
Kevin Toth
Kevin Toth is a former American shot put athlete.His personal best throw is 22.67 meters, which places him 7th on the all-time performers list.-References:* *...

 
Lawrence
Lawrence, Kansas
Lawrence is the sixth largest city in the U.S. State of Kansas and the county seat of Douglas County. Located in northeastern Kansas, Lawrence is the anchor city of the Lawrence, Kansas, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Douglas County...

 
April 19, 2003
22.64 Udo Beyer
Udo Beyer
Udo Beyer is a former East German track and field athlete who competed in the shot put.- Life :Beyer is the oldest of the six children of heating mechanic Hans-Georg Beyer and his wife Eva-Marie and was born in Stalinstadt, today Eisenhüttenstadt. He grew up in Breslack, , and in Eisenhüttenstadt...

 
Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

 
August 20, 1986
22.54 Christian Cantwell
Christian Cantwell
Christian Cantwell is a World Champion American shot putter. As of 2008 he is 6' 5" tall and weighs 300 or 335 lbs ....

 
Gresham
Gresham, Oregon
- Demographics :As of the census of 2000, there were 90,205 people, 33,327 households, and 22,695 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,071.6 people per square mile . There were 35,309 housing units at an average density of 1,593.8 per square mile...

 
June 5, 2004
22.52 John Brenner
John Brenner (athlete)
John Brenner is a retired shot putter from the United States. While a student at UCLA, Brenner was the 1984 NCAA champion in both the shot put and the discus throw. His collegiate record of 71-11, established in 1984, stood for eleven years.-References:* *...

 
Walnut
Walnut, California
Walnut is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 29,172 at the 2010 census and its current mayor is Tom King, a former Detective from the Los Angeles Police Department....

 
April 26, 1987
22.51 Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson is an elite American shotputter. A 1997 graduate of Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, Nelson has competed in two Olympic Games...

 
Gresham
Gresham, Oregon
- Demographics :As of the census of 2000, there were 90,205 people, 33,327 households, and 22,695 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,071.6 people per square mile . There were 35,309 housing units at an average density of 1,593.8 per square mile...

 
May 18, 2002

Women

MarkAthleteNationalityVenueDate
22.63 Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya is a former Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the shot put. Lisovskaya trained at Spartak in Moscow.She competed for the USSR in the 1988 Summer Olympics held in Seoul, South Korea where she won the gold medal...

 
Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

 
June 7, 1987
22.45 Ilona Briesenick  Potsdam
Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel, southwest of Berlin city centre....

 
May 11, 1980
22.32 Helena Fibingerová
Helena Fibingerová
Helena Fibingerová is a Czech shot putter who won an Olympic bronze medal and set three world records...

 
Nitra
Nitra
Nitra is a city in western Slovakia, situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the valley of the river Nitra. With a population of about 83,572, it is the fifth largest city in Slovakia. Nitra is also one of the oldest cities in Slovakia and the country's earliest political and cultural center...

 
August 20, 1977
22.19 Claudia Losch
Claudia Losch
Claudia Losch is a German track and field athlete.Losch won the German indoor championship in the shot put in 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, and 1989...

 
Hainfeld
Hainfeld
Hainfeld is a town in the district of Lilienfeld in the Austrian state of Lower Austria....

 
August 23, 1987
21.89 Ivanka Khristova   Bulgaria Belmeken  July 4, 1976
21.86 Marianne Adam
Marianne Adam
Marianne Adam is a retired shot putter who competed for East Germany in the 1970s. She was born in Luckenwalde. She was a member of SC Dynamo Berlin...

 
Leipzig
Leipzig
Leipzig Leipzig has always been a trade city, situated during the time of the Holy Roman Empire at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important trade routes. At one time, Leipzig was one of the major European centres of learning and culture in fields such as music and publishing...

 
June 23, 1979
21.76 Li Meisu
Li Meisu
Li Meisu is a retired Chinese shot putter who won the bronze medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul.She also won the Asian Games in 1982 and 1998, the Asian Championships in 1998 and the East Asian Games in 1997....

 
Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang is the capital and largest city of North China's Hebei province. Administratively a prefecture-level city, it is about south of Beijing...

 
April 23, 1988
21.73 Natalya Akhrimenko  Leselidze  May 21, 1988
21.69 Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh is a former athlete who specialised in the shot put....

 
Budapest
Budapest
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

 
August 15, 1998
21.66 Sui Xinmei
Sui Xinmei
Sui Xinmei is a Chinese shot putter who won the silver medal at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.She also won the 1991 IAAF World Indoor Championships as well as the Asian Games in 1990 and 1994 and the Asian Championships in 1995...

 
Beijing
Beijing
Beijing , also known as Peking , is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The city is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters for most of China's...

 
June 9, 1990

Men

Year
1983 Edward Sarul
Edward Sarul
Edward Sarul is a former Polish track and field athlete who competed in the shot put. He was the inaugural champion at the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. He also won the gold medal at the 1983 European Cup...

 
Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann
Ulf Timmermann is a German shot putter who broke many world records during the 1980s and is the first and one of only two people to ever throw over 23 metres ....

 
Remigius Machura
Remigius Machura
Remigius Machura is a retired shot putter who represented Czechoslovakia. His career highlights include a bronze medal at the first World Championships and a gold medal at the first World Indoor Championships. He also represented his country at the 1988 Summer Olympics where he finished fifth...

 
1987 Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör is a former Swiss track and field athlete, who was the best shot putter in the history of Swiss track and field....

 
Alessandro Andrei
Alessandro Andrei
Alessandro Andrei is a former Italian shot putter. He was born in Florence.He won the gold medal at the 1984 Summer Olympics held in Los Angeles, California....

 
John Brenner
John Brenner (athlete)
John Brenner is a retired shot putter from the United States. While a student at UCLA, Brenner was the 1984 NCAA champion in both the shot put and the discus throw. His collegiate record of 71-11, established in 1984, stood for eleven years.-References:* *...

 
1991 Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör is a former Swiss track and field athlete, who was the best shot putter in the history of Swiss track and field....

 
Lars Arvid Nilsen
Lars Arvid Nilsen
Lars Arvid Nilsen is a retired Norwegian shot putter. He represented Urædd Friidrett.He finished fifth at the 1986 European Championships, fifth at the 1987 World Indoor Championships, tenth at the 1990 European Indoor Championships, sixth at the 1990 European Championships and fifth at the 1991...

 
Alexander Klimenko 
1993 Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör
Werner Günthör is a former Swiss track and field athlete, who was the best shot putter in the history of Swiss track and field....

 
Randy Barnes
Randy Barnes
Eric Randolph Barnes is a former American shot putter who holds both the current outdoor and indoor World Records for the event. He won silver at the 1988 Olympics and gold at the 1996 Olympics....

 
Oleksandr Bagach
Oleksandr Bagach
Oleksandr Bagach born November 21, 1966 in Matusiv) is a former Ukrainian shot putter.During his career he won bronze medals at the Olympic Games and World Championships. Having originally won the gold medal at the 1997 World Championships, he failed a drug test for ephedrine and lost the medal...

 
1995 John Godina
John Godina
John Carl Godina is an American shot putter, whose record includes three World Championship wins and two Olympic medals. He also competes in discus.-High School Years:...

 
Mika Halvari
Mika Halvari
Mika Kristian Halvari is a Finnish shot putter who has quit active competition. When competing, he represented Kemin Kunto and Helsingin Kisa-Veikot, weighing in at 140 kg on his 190 cm frame....

 
Randy Barnes
Randy Barnes
Eric Randolph Barnes is a former American shot putter who holds both the current outdoor and indoor World Records for the event. He won silver at the 1988 Olympics and gold at the 1996 Olympics....

 
1997 John Godina
John Godina
John Carl Godina is an American shot putter, whose record includes three World Championship wins and two Olympic medals. He also competes in discus.-High School Years:...

 
Oliver-Sven Buder
Oliver-Sven Buder
Oliver-Sven Buder is a German track and field athlete, who in the 1990s belonged to the best shot-putters in the world. The high point of his career came at the World Championships in 1997 and 1999 where he won the silver medal...

 
Cottrell J. Hunter
C. J. Hunter
Cottrell J. Hunter, III is a former American shot putter and coach. He was the 1999 World Champion, but is perhaps best known for his involvement in the BALCO scandal and as the onetime spouse of sprinter Marion Jones. His personal best was 71' 9" , thrown during a 2nd place finish in the 2000 US...

 
1999 Cottrell J. Hunter
C. J. Hunter
Cottrell J. Hunter, III is a former American shot putter and coach. He was the 1999 World Champion, but is perhaps best known for his involvement in the BALCO scandal and as the onetime spouse of sprinter Marion Jones. His personal best was 71' 9" , thrown during a 2nd place finish in the 2000 US...

 
Oliver-Sven Buder
Oliver-Sven Buder
Oliver-Sven Buder is a German track and field athlete, who in the 1990s belonged to the best shot-putters in the world. The high point of his career came at the World Championships in 1997 and 1999 where he won the silver medal...

 
Oleksandr Bagach
Oleksandr Bagach
Oleksandr Bagach born November 21, 1966 in Matusiv) is a former Ukrainian shot putter.During his career he won bronze medals at the Olympic Games and World Championships. Having originally won the gold medal at the 1997 World Championships, he failed a drug test for ephedrine and lost the medal...

 
2001 John Godina
John Godina
John Carl Godina is an American shot putter, whose record includes three World Championship wins and two Olympic medals. He also competes in discus.-High School Years:...

 
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson is an elite American shotputter. A 1997 graduate of Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, Nelson has competed in two Olympic Games...

 
Arsi Harju
Arsi Harju
Arsi Ilari Harju is a Finnish shot putter with the team Perhon kiri. He won the gold medal at the 2000 Summer Olympics with a distance of 21.29 metres. His personal best is 21.39, which he put in the qualifiers for the same Olympics. Due to his success in the Olympics and elsewhere that year,...

 
2003 Andrei Mikhnevich
Andrei Mikhnevich
Andrei Anatolyevich Mikhnevich is a Belarusian shot putter with a personal best of 22.00 metres, set in 2008. He holds the Belarusian record indoors with a throw of 21.81 m at the national indoor championships....

 
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson is an elite American shotputter. A 1997 graduate of Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, Nelson has competed in two Olympic Games...

 
Yuriy Bilonoh
Yuriy Bilonoh
Yuriy Bilonoh is a Ukrainian shot putter. Born in Bilopillya, Sumy, he began athletics at a Children and Youth Sports School in Bilopillya, where his first trainer was Vladimir Belikov. Bilonoh won the gold medal in his event at the 2004 Summer Olympics. At the 2000 Olympics he had finished fifth....

 
2005 Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson is an elite American shotputter. A 1997 graduate of Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, Nelson has competed in two Olympic Games...

 
Rutger Smith
Rutger Smith
Rutger Smith is a Dutch track and field athlete competing in the shot put and discus throw. He was the first athlete to win medals at the World Championships in both events. He represented the Netherlands at the Summer Olympics in 2004 and 2008...

 
Ralf Bartels
Ralf Bartels
Ralf Bartels is a German shot putter. He became European Champion at the 2006 European Championships in Athletics in Gothenburg, Sweden after beating Belarusian Andrei Mikhnevich with a final put of 21.13 metres, two centimetres ahead of the Belarusian.Bartels also won bronze at the 2005...

 
2007 Reese Hoffa
Reese Hoffa
Reese Hoffa is an American shot putter. Reese won the shot put in the 2006 World Indoor Track and Field Championships in Moscow, Russia. As of 2007, his personal bests stand at 22.11 m indoor and 22.43 m outdoor. His outdoor performance ranks him 11th on the world all-time lists...

 
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson
Adam Nelson is an elite American shotputter. A 1997 graduate of Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, Nelson has competed in two Olympic Games...

 
Andrei Mikhnevich
Andrei Mikhnevich
Andrei Anatolyevich Mikhnevich is a Belarusian shot putter with a personal best of 22.00 metres, set in 2008. He holds the Belarusian record indoors with a throw of 21.81 m at the national indoor championships....

 
2009 Christian Cantwell
Christian Cantwell
Christian Cantwell is a World Champion American shot putter. As of 2008 he is 6' 5" tall and weighs 300 or 335 lbs ....

 
Tomasz Majewski
Tomasz Majewski
Tomasz Majewski is a Polish Olympic gold medalist shot putter. He is 204 cm tall and weighs 140 kg ....

 
Ralf Bartels
Ralf Bartels
Ralf Bartels is a German shot putter. He became European Champion at the 2006 European Championships in Athletics in Gothenburg, Sweden after beating Belarusian Andrei Mikhnevich with a final put of 21.13 metres, two centimetres ahead of the Belarusian.Bartels also won bronze at the 2005...

 

Women

Year
1983 Helena Fibingerová
Helena Fibingerová
Helena Fibingerová is a Czech shot putter who won an Olympic bronze medal and set three world records...

 
Helma Knorscheidt
Helma Knorscheidt
Helma Knorscheidt is an East German shot putter.She competed for the sports club SC Chemie Halle during her active career....

 
Ilona Slupianek
Ilona Slupianek
Ilona Briesenick, née Schoknecht divorced Slupianek is a retired German athlete, who starred mainly in the shot put...

 
1987 Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya is a former Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the shot put. Lisovskaya trained at Spartak in Moscow.She competed for the USSR in the 1988 Summer Olympics held in Seoul, South Korea where she won the gold medal...

 
Kathrin Neimke
Kathrin Neimke
Kathrin Neimke , is a German track and field athlete. During the 1980s and 1990s she was one of the world's best in the shot put. Until 1990 she represented East Germany...

 
Ines Müller
Ines Müller
Ines Müller, née Reichenbach , is a German track and field athlete who represented East Germany in the shot put during the 1980s...

 
1991 Huang Zhihong
Huang Zhihong
Huang Zhihong is a former shot put athlete from China. An Olympic silver medallist and a double world champion, she was in fact the first Asian to win a world championship in athletics. Her personal best throw is 21.52, achieved in Beijing 1990....

 
Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya
Natalya Lisovskaya is a former Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the shot put. Lisovskaya trained at Spartak in Moscow.She competed for the USSR in the 1988 Summer Olympics held in Seoul, South Korea where she won the gold medal...

 
Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Vladimirovna Krivelyova is an athlete who specialises in the shot put....

 
1993 Huang Zhihong
Huang Zhihong
Huang Zhihong is a former shot put athlete from China. An Olympic silver medallist and a double world champion, she was in fact the first Asian to win a world championship in athletics. Her personal best throw is 21.52, achieved in Beijing 1990....

 
Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Vladimirovna Krivelyova is an athlete who specialises in the shot put....

 
Kathrin Neimke
Kathrin Neimke
Kathrin Neimke , is a German track and field athlete. During the 1980s and 1990s she was one of the world's best in the shot put. Until 1990 she represented East Germany...

 
1995 Astrid Kumbernuss
Astrid Kumbernuss
Astrid Kumbernuss is a former German female shot putter and discus thrower.Her career started at the SC Neubrandenburg sports club. Her greatest successes were gold medals at the 1995, 1997 and 1999 World Championships in Athletics, and the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta...

 
Huang Zhihong
Huang Zhihong
Huang Zhihong is a former shot put athlete from China. An Olympic silver medallist and a double world champion, she was in fact the first Asian to win a world championship in athletics. Her personal best throw is 21.52, achieved in Beijing 1990....

 
Svetla Mitkova
Svetla Mitkova-Sinirtas
Svetla Ivanova Mitkova-Sinirtas is a retired athlete who competed in shot put and discus throw. She represented her home country Bulgaria up to 1999, when she gained a Turkish citizenship by marriage. She competed in every World Championship from the inaugural 1983 edition to 1999, the highlight...

 
1997 Astrid Kumbernuss
Astrid Kumbernuss
Astrid Kumbernuss is a former German female shot putter and discus thrower.Her career started at the SC Neubrandenburg sports club. Her greatest successes were gold medals at the 1995, 1997 and 1999 World Championships in Athletics, and the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta...

 
Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh is a former athlete who specialised in the shot put....

 
Stephanie Storp
Stephanie Storp
Stephanie Storp is a retired female shot putter from Germany. Her best performance was winning the bronze medal at the 1997 World Championships, with a throw of 19.22 metres. She also won the silver medal at the 1993 World Indoor Championships, and represented her country in the Summer Olympics of...

 
1999 Astrid Kumbernuss
Astrid Kumbernuss
Astrid Kumbernuss is a former German female shot putter and discus thrower.Her career started at the SC Neubrandenburg sports club. Her greatest successes were gold medals at the 1995, 1997 and 1999 World Championships in Athletics, and the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta...

 
Nadine Kleinert
Nadine Kleinert
', since 1999 married Schmitt is a German shot putter.Her personal best throw is 20.20 metres, achieved in August 2009 in Berlin.-Achievements:-References:...

 
Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Vladimirovna Krivelyova is an athlete who specialises in the shot put....

 
2001 Yanina Karolchyk-Pravalinskaya  Nadine Kleinert
Nadine Kleinert
', since 1999 married Schmitt is a German shot putter.Her personal best throw is 20.20 metres, achieved in August 2009 in Berlin.-Achievements:-References:...

 
Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh is a former athlete who specialised in the shot put....

 
2003 Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Krivelyova
Svetlana Vladimirovna Krivelyova is an athlete who specialises in the shot put....

 
Nadzeya Astapchuk  Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh
Vita Pavlysh is a former athlete who specialised in the shot put....

 
2005 Nadzeya Astapchuk  Olga Ryabinkina
Olga Ryabinkina
Olga Sergeyevna Ryabinkina is a female shot putter from Russia.She finished tenth at the 2000 Summer Olympics. At the 2004 Summer Olympics she failed to progress from the initial round....

 
Valerie Vili
Valerie Vili
Valerie Kasanita Adams , ONZM is a shot putter from New Zealand. She is the reigning Olympic, world and Commonwealth champion...

 
2007 Valerie Vili
Valerie Vili
Valerie Kasanita Adams , ONZM is a shot putter from New Zealand. She is the reigning Olympic, world and Commonwealth champion...

 
Nadzeya Astapchuk  Nadine Kleinert
Nadine Kleinert
', since 1999 married Schmitt is a German shot putter.Her personal best throw is 20.20 metres, achieved in August 2009 in Berlin.-Achievements:-References:...

 
2009 Valerie Vili
Valerie Vili
Valerie Kasanita Adams , ONZM is a shot putter from New Zealand. She is the reigning Olympic, world and Commonwealth champion...

 
Nadine Kleinert
Nadine Kleinert
', since 1999 married Schmitt is a German shot putter.Her personal best throw is 20.20 metres, achieved in August 2009 in Berlin.-Achievements:-References:...

 
Gong Lijiao
Gong Lijiao
Gong Lijiao is a Chinese shot putter.-Career:She finished seventh at the 2007 World Championships, her international debut...

 

Men

Year
1974 Geoff Capes
Geoff Capes
Geoffrey Lewis Capes is a former athlete, strongman and professional Highland Games competitor...

 
Mike Winch
Mike Winch
Mike Winch is a retired British shot putter who won a Commonwealth silver medal in the 1974 Christchurch and 1982 Brisbane Commonwealth Games....

 
Bruce Pirnie 
1978 Geoff Capes
Geoff Capes
Geoffrey Lewis Capes is a former athlete, strongman and professional Highland Games competitor...

 
Bruno Pauletto  Bishop Dolegiewicz
Bishop Dolegiewicz
Zbigniew "Bishop" Dolegiewicz was a Canadian professional track and field athlete and coach who specialized in the shot put and the discus throw....

 
1982 Bruno Pauletto  Mike Winch
Mike Winch
Mike Winch is a retired British shot putter who won a Commonwealth silver medal in the 1974 Christchurch and 1982 Brisbane Commonwealth Games....

 
Luby Chambul 
1986 Billy Cole  Joe Quigley  Stuart Gyngell 
1990 Simon Williams
Simon Williams
Simon Williams may refer to:* Simon Williams , English actor best known for playing James Bellamy in Upstairs, Downstairs* Simon Williams , Professor at the University of Warwick....

 
Adewale Olukoju
Adewale Olukoju
Adewale Olukoju is a Nigerian athlete who competed in discus throw and shot put. He was very prominent in African athletics in the late 1980s and early 1990s, winning four gold medals in total at the All-Africa Games....

 
Paul Edwards
Paul Edwards (athlete)
Paul Michael Edwards is a retired athlete who competed in the men's shot put event during his career. He competed for both Wales and England during his career and twice represented Great Britain at the Summer Olympics: 1988 and 1992. Edwards was affiliated with the Walton Athletic Club and...

 
1994 Matt Simson  Courtney Ireland
Courtney Ireland
Courtney W. Ireland is a New Zealand athlete specialising in the shot put.He competed in the Commonwealth Games in 1990, and in 1994 when he won silver.He was in the USA on a scholarship 1991-94, and later played rugby in Japan for Coca-Cola....

 
Chima Ugma 
1998 Burger Lambrechts
Burger Lambrechts
Burger Lambrechts is a South African shot putter.He attended Laerskool Nelspruit, where he was head-boy in 1986 and Hoërskool Waterkloof, where he was vice head-boy in 1991....

 
Michalis Louca  Shaun Pickering 
2002 Justin Anlezark
Justin Anlezark
Justin Anlezark is a male shot putter from Australia. His personal best throw is 20.96 metres, achieved in April 2003 in Brisbane....

 
Janus Roberts  Carl Myerscough
Carl Myerscough
Carl Myerscough is an English athlete. He specialises in the Shot put event and is the British record holder as of 2006....

 
2006 Janus Roberts  Dorian Scott
Dorian Scott
Dorian Armand Scott is a Jamaican shot putter. His personal best is 21.45 meters, achieved in March 2008 in Tallahassee, Florida...

 
Scott Martin
Scott Martin
Scott Martin is an Australian shot putter and discus throw competitor. He rose to prominence in a National Australia Bank advertisement promoting the 2006 Commonwealth Games; in the ad, Martin was shown taking part in a ballet class to improve his discus technique...

 

Women

Year
1974 Jane Haist
Jane Haist
Jane Haist was a female discus thrower and shot putter, who represented Canada at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. She is best known for winning two gold medals for Canada at the 1974 Commonwealth Games: in the women's discus throw and in the women's shot put event.-References:*...

 
Val Young
Val Young
Val Young , is an Urban/Dance-pop artist from Detroit, Michigan, who achieved success during the 1980s. She is now based in Los Angeles.- Career :...

 
Jean Roberts
Jean Roberts
Jean Roberts is a former Australian Olympic athlete who competed in the shot put and discus events.She competed for the Coburg club, alongside athletes such as Raelene Boyle and Carolyn Lewis....

 
1978 Gael Mulhall
Gael Martin
Gael Patricia Mulhall-Martin is a former Australian athlete, daughter of footballer Ken Mulhall, an Australian rules footballer with the St Kilda Football Club.She competed in the shot put and in the discus throw....

 
Carmen Ionescu
Carmen Ionescu (athlete)
Carmen Ionescu is a retired female discus thrower and shot putter, who competed for Romania and Canada at the Summer Olympics.She represented Romania in her first Olympic appearance, at Munich in 1972...

 
Judy Oaks 
1982 Judy Oaks  Gael Mulhall
Gael Martin
Gael Patricia Mulhall-Martin is a former Australian athlete, daughter of footballer Ken Mulhall, an Australian rules footballer with the St Kilda Football Club.She competed in the shot put and in the discus throw....

 
Rose Haunch 
1986 Gael Martin
Gael Martin
Gael Patricia Mulhall-Martin is a former Australian athlete, daughter of footballer Ken Mulhall, an Australian rules footballer with the St Kilda Football Club.She competed in the shot put and in the discus throw....

 
Judy Oaks  Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Sharon Mary Augee is a retired English shot putter. Her personal best put was 19.03 metres, achieved in June 1990 in Cardiff. This places her second on the British outdoor list, behind Judy Oakes. She was also a World Champion in powerlifting.-Achievements:-References:*...

 
1990 Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Sharon Mary Augee is a retired English shot putter. Her personal best put was 19.03 metres, achieved in June 1990 in Cardiff. This places her second on the British outdoor list, behind Judy Oakes. She was also a World Champion in powerlifting.-Achievements:-References:*...

 
Judy Oaks  Yvonne Hanson-Nortey
Yvonne Hanson-Nortey
Yvonne W. A. Hanson-Nortey is a retired female shot putter from England. She was affiliated with Hallamshire Harriers.Her personal best put was 17.45 metres, achieved in July 1989 in London...

 
1994 Judy Oaks  Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Sharon Mary Augee is a retired English shot putter. Her personal best put was 19.03 metres, achieved in June 1990 in Cardiff. This places her second on the British outdoor list, behind Judy Oakes. She was also a World Champion in powerlifting.-Achievements:-References:*...

 
Lisa-Maria Vizaniari 
1998 Judy Oaks  Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Augee
Myrtle Sharon Mary Augee is a retired English shot putter. Her personal best put was 19.03 metres, achieved in June 1990 in Cardiff. This places her second on the British outdoor list, behind Judy Oakes. She was also a World Champion in powerlifting.-Achievements:-References:*...

 
Johanna Abrahamse 
2002 Vivian Chukwuemeka
Vivian Chukwuemeka
Vivian Chukwuemeka is a Nigerian shot putter and two-time Olympian. She won the gold medal in the shot put at the 2002 Commonwealth Games and has won three consecutive titles at the All-Africa Games from 1999 to 2007. She was the African Champion in the event in 2002, 2006 and 2008...

 
Valerie Adams  Johanna Abrahamse 
2006 Valerie Vili
Valerie Vili
Valerie Kasanita Adams , ONZM is a shot putter from New Zealand. She is the reigning Olympic, world and Commonwealth champion...

 
Vivian Chukwuemeka
Vivian Chukwuemeka
Vivian Chukwuemeka is a Nigerian shot putter and two-time Olympian. She won the gold medal in the shot put at the 2002 Commonwealth Games and has won three consecutive titles at the All-Africa Games from 1999 to 2007. She was the African Champion in the event in 2002, 2006 and 2008...

 
Cleapatra Borel-Brown 

Men

YearDistance1964 20.68 Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

1965 21.52 College Station
1966 21.09 Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

1967 21.78 College Station
1968 21.30 Walnut
Walnut, California
Walnut is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 29,172 at the 2010 census and its current mayor is Tom King, a former Detective from the Los Angeles Police Department....

1969 20.64
Eugene
Eugene, Oregon
Eugene is the second largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Lane County. It is located at the south end of the Willamette Valley, at the confluence of the McKenzie and Willamette rivers, about east of the Oregon Coast.As of the 2010 U.S...


Budapest
Budapest
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

1970 21.75 Berkeley
Berkeley, California
Berkeley is a city on the east shore of the San Francisco Bay in Northern California, United States. Its neighbors to the south are the cities of Oakland and Emeryville. To the north is the city of Albany and the unincorporated community of Kensington...

1971 21.12 Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

1972 21.54 Potsdam
Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel, southwest of Berlin city centre....

1973 21.82 San Jose
San Jose, California
San Jose is the third-largest city in California, the tenth-largest in the U.S., and the county seat of Santa Clara County which is located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay...

1974 21.70 Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

1975 22.86 El Paso
El Paso
El Paso, a city in the U.S. state of Texas, on the border with Mexico.El Paso may also refer to:-Geography:Colombia:* El Paso, CesarSpain:*El Paso, Santa Cruz de TenerifeUnited States:...

1976 22.45 El Paso
El Paso
El Paso, a city in the U.S. state of Texas, on the border with Mexico.El Paso may also refer to:-Geography:Colombia:* El Paso, CesarSpain:*El Paso, Santa Cruz de TenerifeUnited States:...

1977 21.74 Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and centre of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region.Düsseldorf is an important international business and financial centre and renowned for its fashion and trade fairs. Located centrally within the European Megalopolis, the...

1978 22.15 Gothenburg
Gothenburg
Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries. Situated on the west coast of Sweden, the city proper has a population of 519,399, with 549,839 in the urban area and total of 937,015 inhabitants in the metropolitan area...

1979 21.74 Linz
Linz
Linz is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria . It is located in the north centre of Austria, approximately south of the Czech border, on both sides of the river Danube. The population of the city is , and that of the Greater Linz conurbation is about...

1980
1980 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*Olympic Boycott Games*Olympic Games*World Cross Country Championships-World Best Year Performance:-January:*January 1 — Masumi Aya, Japanese hammer thrower*January 2 — Yusuke Yachi, Japanese race walker...

21.98 Erfurt
Erfurt
Erfurt is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of Germany, located 100 km SW of Leipzig, 150 km N of Nuremberg and 180 km SE of Hannover. Erfurt Airport can be reached by plane via Munich. It lies in the southern part of the Thuringian...

1981
1981 in athletics (track and field)
-International events:*Asian Championships*Central American and Caribbean Championships*European Indoor Championships*South American Championships*World Cross Country Championships-100 metres:-200 metres:-400 metres:-800 metres:-1,500 metres:...

22.02 Modesto
1982
1982 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*African Championships*Asian Games*Central American and Caribbean Championships*Commonwealth Games*European Championships*European Indoor Championships*World Cross Country Championships-Men:-Women:...

22.02 Koblenz
Koblenz
Koblenz is a German city situated on both banks of the Rhine at its confluence with the Moselle, where the Deutsches Eck and its monument are situated.As Koblenz was one of the military posts established by Drusus about 8 BC, the...

1983
1983 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*Asian Championships*Balkan Games*Central American and Caribbean Championships*European Indoor Championships*Mediterranean Games*Pan American Games*South American Championships*World Championships*World Cross Country Championships...

22.22 Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

1984
1984 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*African Championships in Rabat, Morocco*Balkan Games in Athens, Greece*European Indoor Championships in Gothenburg, Sweden*World Cross Country Championships in New York, United States*Olympic Games in Los Angeles, United States-Men:...

22.19 San Jose
San Jose, California
San Jose is the third-largest city in California, the tenth-largest in the U.S., and the county seat of Santa Clara County which is located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay...

1985
1985 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Balkan Games* Bolivarian Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* European Indoor Championships* South American Championships* Pan Arab Games* World Cross Country Championships...

22.62 Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

1986
1986 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* Asian Games* Balkan Games* European Championships* European Indoor Championships* Commonwealth Games* Goodwill Games* World Junior Championships-Men:-Women:...

22.64 Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

1987
1987 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* All-Africa Games* Asian Championships* Central American and Caribbean Championships* European Indoor Championships* Mediterranean Games* Pan American Games* World Championships* World Indoor Championships...

22.91 Viareggio
Viareggio
Viareggio is a city and comune located in northern Tuscany, Italy, on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. With a population of over 64,000 it is the main centre of the northern Tuscan Riviera known as Versilia, and the second largest city within the Province of Lucca.It is known as a seaside resort...

1988
1988 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Balkan Games* European Indoor Championships* Olympic Games* World Cross Country Championships* World Junior Championships-Men:...

23.06 Hania
1989
1989 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Bolivarian Games* European Indoor Championships* Jeux de la Francophonie* South American Championships...

22.19 Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

1990
1990 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Asian Games* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Commonwealth Games* European Championships* European Indoor Championships* Goodwill Games* World Cross Country Championships...

23.12 Westwood
Westwood, California
Westwood is a census-designated place in Lassen County, California, United States. Westwood is located west-southwest of Susanville, at an elevation of 5128 feet...

1991
1991 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* All-Africa Games* Asian Championships* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Mediterranean Games* Pan American Games* South American Championships* World Championships* World Cross Country Championships...

22.03 Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

1992
1992 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Balkan Games* European Indoor Championships* Olympic Games* Pan Arab Games* World Cross Country Championships* World Junior Championships-Men:-Women:-100 metres:-200 metres:-400 metres:-800 metres:...

21.98 Los Gatos
1993
1993 in athletics (track and field)
-International events:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Bolivarian Games* Central American and Caribbean Games* Central American Championships* East Asian Games* Maccabiah Games* Mediterranean Games* Chinese National Games...

21.98 Linz
Linz
Linz is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria . It is located in the north centre of Austria, approximately south of the Czech border, on both sides of the river Danube. The population of the city is , and that of the Greater Linz conurbation is about...

1994
1994 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* Asian Games* Balkan Games* Commonwealth Games* European Championships* European Indoor Championships* Jeux de la Francophonie* Goodwill Games* World Cross Country Championships* World Junior Championships-Women:...

21.09 New York City
New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

1995 22.00 Knoxville
1996 22.40 Rüdlingen
Rüdlingen
Rüdlingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland.-Geography:Rüdlingen has an area, , of . Of this area, 47.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 33.8% is forested...

1997 22.03 Indianapolis
Indianapolis
Indianapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Indiana, and the county seat of Marion County, Indiana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population is 839,489. It is by far Indiana's largest city and, as of the 2010 U.S...

1998
1998 in athletics (track and field)
This page shows the main events during the 1998 year in athletics throughout the world.-Championships:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Asian Games* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Games* Commonwealth Games...

21.78 Walnut
Walnut, California
Walnut is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 29,172 at the 2010 census and its current mayor is Tom King, a former Detective from the Los Angeles Police Department....

1999
1999 in athletics (track and field)
This page shows the main events during the 1999 year in athletics throughout the world.-International Events:* All-Africa Games* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Pan American Games* Pan Arab Games...

22.02 Eugene
Eugene, Oregon
Eugene is the second largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Lane County. It is located at the south end of the Willamette Valley, at the confluence of the McKenzie and Willamette rivers, about east of the Oregon Coast.As of the 2010 U.S...

2000
2000 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2000.The primary athletics competition for the 2000 season was at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.-World:...

22.12 Sacramento
Sacramento
Sacramento is the capital of the state of California, in the United States of America.Sacramento may also refer to:- United States :*Sacramento County, California*Sacramento, Kentucky*Sacramento – San Joaquin River Delta...

2001
2001 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2001.The foremost competition of the season was the 2001 World Championships in Athletics in Edmonton, Canada...

21.97 Eugene
Eugene, Oregon
Eugene is the second largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Lane County. It is located at the south end of the Willamette Valley, at the confluence of the McKenzie and Willamette rivers, about east of the Oregon Coast.As of the 2010 U.S...

2002
2002 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2002.There was no primary championships that season, although continental championships were held in Africa, Asia and Europe. The foremost athletics competitions at...

22.51 Gresham
Gresham, Oregon
- Demographics :As of the census of 2000, there were 90,205 people, 33,327 households, and 22,695 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,071.6 people per square mile . There were 35,309 housing units at an average density of 1,593.8 per square mile...

2003
2003 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2003.The foremost competition of the year was the 2003 World Championships in Athletics, followed by the 2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships...

22.67 Lawrence
Lawrence, Kansas
Lawrence is the sixth largest city in the U.S. State of Kansas and the county seat of Douglas County. Located in northeastern Kansas, Lawrence is the anchor city of the Lawrence, Kansas, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Douglas County...

2004
2004 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2004.The major competition of the year was the 2004 Summer Olympics. At the event, Yelena Isinbayeva cleared a world record 4.91 m in the pole vault...

22.54 Gresham
Gresham, Oregon
- Demographics :As of the census of 2000, there were 90,205 people, 33,327 households, and 22,695 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,071.6 people per square mile . There were 35,309 housing units at an average density of 1,593.8 per square mile...

2005
2005 in athletics (track and field)
This page shows the main events during the 2005 year in athletics throughout the world.-World:* World Championships* World Athletics Final* World Cross Country Championships* World Half Marathon Championships* World Youth Championships...

22.20 Carson
The Home Depot Center
The Home Depot Center is a multiple-use sports complex located on the campus of California State University, Dominguez Hills in Carson, California. It is located approximately 10 miles south of Downtown Los Angeles. Its title sponsor is hardware retailer The Home Depot. The $150 million complex was...

2006
2006 in athletics (track and field)
The following events in athletics took place in 2006:-Championships:* March: 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships * March: 2006 Commonwealth Games...

22.45 Gateshead
Gateshead
Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England and is the main settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead. Historically a part of County Durham, it lies on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne and together they form the urban core of Tyneside...

2007
2007 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2007.-World:*World Championships in Athletics*World Athletics Final*World Cross Country Championships...

22.43 London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

2008
2008 in athletics (track and field)
-International events:*2008 Summer Olympic Games, held in Beijing, China*African Championships, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia*European Cup, super league held in Annecy, France*World Indoor Championships, held in Valencia, Spain...

22.12 Manhattan
Manhattan
Manhattan is the oldest and the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City. Located primarily on the island of Manhattan at the mouth of the Hudson River, the boundaries of the borough are identical to those of New York County, an original county of the state of New York...

2009
2009 in athletics (track and field)
This page contains an overview of the year 2009 in athletics.The major competition of the year was the 2009 World Championships in Athletics. At the event, Usain Bolt reaffirmed himself as one of the world's foremost athletes with world records in the 100 and 200 metres...

22.16 Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately above sea level. According to the last official census, Zagreb's city...

2010
2010 in athletics (track and field)
In 2010 there was no obvious, primary athletics championship, as neither the Summer Olympics nor the World Championships in Athletics occurred in the year...

22.41 Eugene
Eugene, Oregon
Eugene is the second largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Lane County. It is located at the south end of the Willamette Valley, at the confluence of the McKenzie and Willamette rivers, about east of the Oregon Coast.As of the 2010 U.S...


Women

YearDistance1968 19.61 Mexico City
Mexico City
Mexico City is the Federal District , capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole...

1969 20.43 Athens
Athens
Athens , is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded history spans around 3,400 years. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state...

1970 19.69 Erfurt
Erfurt
Erfurt is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of Germany, located 100 km SW of Leipzig, 150 km N of Nuremberg and 180 km SE of Hannover. Erfurt Airport can be reached by plane via Munich. It lies in the southern part of the Thuringian...

1971 20.43 Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

1972 21.03 Munich
Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

1973 21.45 Varna
Varna
Varna is the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and third-largest in Bulgaria after Sofia and Plovdiv, with a population of 334,870 inhabitants according to Census 2011...

1974 21.57 Gottwaldov
1975 21.60 Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

1976 21.99 Opava
Opava
Opava is a city in the northern Czech Republic on the river Opava, located to the north-west of Ostrava. The historical capital of Czech Silesia, Opava is now in the Moravian-Silesian Region and has a population of 59,843 as of January 1, 2005....

1977 22.32 Nitra
Nitra
Nitra is a city in western Slovakia, situated at the foot of Zobor Mountain in the valley of the river Nitra. With a population of about 83,572, it is the fifth largest city in Slovakia. Nitra is also one of the oldest cities in Slovakia and the country's earliest political and cultural center...

1978 22.06 Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

1979 22.04 Potsdam
Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel, southwest of Berlin city centre....

1980
1980 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*Olympic Boycott Games*Olympic Games*World Cross Country Championships-World Best Year Performance:-January:*January 1 — Masumi Aya, Japanese hammer thrower*January 2 — Yusuke Yachi, Japanese race walker...

22.45 Potsdam
Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel, southwest of Berlin city centre....

1981
1981 in athletics (track and field)
-International events:*Asian Championships*Central American and Caribbean Championships*European Indoor Championships*South American Championships*World Cross Country Championships-100 metres:-200 metres:-400 metres:-800 metres:-1,500 metres:...

21.61 Potsdam
Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel, southwest of Berlin city centre....

1982
1982 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*African Championships*Asian Games*Central American and Caribbean Championships*Commonwealth Games*European Championships*European Indoor Championships*World Cross Country Championships-Men:-Women:...

21.80 Potsdam
Potsdam
Potsdam is the capital city of the German federal state of Brandenburg and part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel, southwest of Berlin city centre....

1983
1983 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*Asian Championships*Balkan Games*Central American and Caribbean Championships*European Indoor Championships*Mediterranean Games*Pan American Games*South American Championships*World Championships*World Cross Country Championships...

22.40 Berlin
Berlin
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and is one of the 16 states of Germany. With a population of 3.45 million people, Berlin is Germany's largest city. It is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union...

1984
1984 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:*African Championships in Rabat, Morocco*Balkan Games in Athens, Greece*European Indoor Championships in Gothenburg, Sweden*World Cross Country Championships in New York, United States*Olympic Games in Los Angeles, United States-Men:...

22.53 Sochi
Sochi
Sochi is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated just north of Russia's border with the de facto independent republic of Abkhazia, on the Black Sea coast. Greater Sochi sprawls for along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains...

1985
1985 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Balkan Games* Bolivarian Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* European Indoor Championships* South American Championships* Pan Arab Games* World Cross Country Championships...

21.73 Erfurt
Erfurt
Erfurt is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of Germany, located 100 km SW of Leipzig, 150 km N of Nuremberg and 180 km SE of Hannover. Erfurt Airport can be reached by plane via Munich. It lies in the southern part of the Thuringian...

1986
1986 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* Asian Games* Balkan Games* European Championships* European Indoor Championships* Commonwealth Games* Goodwill Games* World Junior Championships-Men:-Women:...

21.70 Tallinn
Tallinn
Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of with a population of 414,940. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list...

1987
1987 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* All-Africa Games* Asian Championships* Central American and Caribbean Championships* European Indoor Championships* Mediterranean Games* Pan American Games* World Championships* World Indoor Championships...

22.63 Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

1988
1988 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Balkan Games* European Indoor Championships* Olympic Games* World Cross Country Championships* World Junior Championships-Men:...

22.55 Tallinn
Tallinn
Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of with a population of 414,940. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list...

1989
1989 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Bolivarian Games* European Indoor Championships* Jeux de la Francophonie* South American Championships...

20.82 Prague
Prague
Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 2.3 million...

1990
1990 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Asian Games* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Commonwealth Games* European Championships* European Indoor Championships* Goodwill Games* World Cross Country Championships...

21.66 Beijing
Beijing
Beijing , also known as Peking , is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The city is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters for most of China's...

1991
1991 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* All-Africa Games* Asian Championships* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Mediterranean Games* Pan American Games* South American Championships* World Championships* World Cross Country Championships...

21.12 Frankfurt
Frankfurt
Frankfurt am Main , commonly known simply as Frankfurt, is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a 2010 population of 688,249. The urban area had an estimated population of 2,300,000 in 2010...

1992
1992 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* African Championships* Balkan Games* European Indoor Championships* Olympic Games* Pan Arab Games* World Cross Country Championships* World Junior Championships-Men:-Women:-100 metres:-200 metres:-400 metres:-800 metres:...

21.06 Barcelona
Barcelona
Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the capital of Catalonia, with a population of 1,621,537 within its administrative limits on a land area of...

1993
1993 in athletics (track and field)
-International events:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Bolivarian Games* Central American and Caribbean Games* Central American Championships* East Asian Games* Maccabiah Games* Mediterranean Games* Chinese National Games...

20.84 Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

1994
1994 in athletics (track and field)
-International Events:* Asian Games* Balkan Games* Commonwealth Games* European Championships* European Indoor Championships* Jeux de la Francophonie* Goodwill Games* World Cross Country Championships* World Junior Championships-Women:...

20.54 Beijing
Beijing
Beijing , also known as Peking , is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The city is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters for most of China's...

1995 21.22 Gothenburg
Gothenburg
Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries. Situated on the west coast of Sweden, the city proper has a population of 519,399, with 549,839 in the urban area and total of 937,015 inhabitants in the metropolitan area...

1996 20.97 Duisburg
Duisburg
- History :A legend recorded by Johannes Aventinus holds that Duisburg, was built by the eponymous Tuisto, mythical progenitor of Germans, ca. 2395 BC...

1997 21.22 Hamburg
Hamburg
-History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...

1998
1998 in athletics (track and field)
This page shows the main events during the 1998 year in athletics throughout the world.-Championships:* African Championships* Asian Championships* Asian Games* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Games* Commonwealth Games...

21.69 Budapest
Budapest
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

1999
1999 in athletics (track and field)
This page shows the main events during the 1999 year in athletics throughout the world.-International Events:* All-Africa Games* Balkan Games* Central American and Caribbean Championships* Pan American Games* Pan Arab Games...

20.26 Tula
Tula, Russia
Tula is an industrial city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast, Russia. It is located south of Moscow, on the Upa River. Population: -History:...

2000
2000 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2000.The primary athletics competition for the 2000 season was at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.-World:...

21.46 Moscow
Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

2001
2001 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2001.The foremost competition of the season was the 2001 World Championships in Athletics in Edmonton, Canada...

20.79 Tula
Tula, Russia
Tula is an industrial city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast, Russia. It is located south of Moscow, on the Upa River. Population: -History:...

2002
2002 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2002.There was no primary championships that season, although continental championships were held in Africa, Asia and Europe. The foremost athletics competitions at...

20.64 Munich
Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

2003
2003 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2003.The foremost competition of the year was the 2003 World Championships in Athletics, followed by the 2003 IAAF World Indoor Championships...

20.77 Tula
Tula, Russia
Tula is an industrial city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast, Russia. It is located south of Moscow, on the Upa River. Population: -History:...

2004
2004 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2004.The major competition of the year was the 2004 Summer Olympics. At the event, Yelena Isinbayeva cleared a world record 4.91 m in the pole vault...

20.79 Tula
Tula, Russia
Tula is an industrial city and the administrative center of Tula Oblast, Russia. It is located south of Moscow, on the Upa River. Population: -History:...

2005
2005 in athletics (track and field)
This page shows the main events during the 2005 year in athletics throughout the world.-World:* World Championships* World Athletics Final* World Cross Country Championships* World Half Marathon Championships* World Youth Championships...

21.09 Minsk
Minsk
- Ecological situation :The ecological situation is monitored by Republican Center of Radioactive and Environmental Control .During 2003–2008 the overall weight of contaminants increased from 186,000 to 247,400 tons. The change of gas as industrial fuel to mazut for financial reasons has worsened...

2006
2006 in athletics (track and field)
The following events in athletics took place in 2006:-Championships:* March: 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships * March: 2006 Commonwealth Games...

20.56 Minsk
Minsk
- Ecological situation :The ecological situation is monitored by Republican Center of Radioactive and Environmental Control .During 2003–2008 the overall weight of contaminants increased from 186,000 to 247,400 tons. The change of gas as industrial fuel to mazut for financial reasons has worsened...

2007
2007 in athletics (track and field)
This article contains an overview of the sport of athletics, including track and field, cross country and road running, in the year 2007.-World:*World Championships in Athletics*World Athletics Final*World Cross Country Championships...

20.54 Osaka
Osaka
is a city in the Kansai region of Japan's main island of Honshu, a designated city under the Local Autonomy Law, the capital city of Osaka Prefecture and also the biggest part of Keihanshin area, which is represented by three major cities of Japan, Kyoto, Osaka and Kobe...

2008
2008 in athletics (track and field)
-International events:*2008 Summer Olympic Games, held in Beijing, China*African Championships, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia*European Cup, super league held in Annecy, France*World Indoor Championships, held in Valencia, Spain...

20.98 Minsk
Minsk
- Ecological situation :The ecological situation is monitored by Republican Center of Radioactive and Environmental Control .During 2003–2008 the overall weight of contaminants increased from 186,000 to 247,400 tons. The change of gas as industrial fuel to mazut for financial reasons has worsened...

2009
2009 in athletics (track and field)
This page contains an overview of the year 2009 in athletics.The major competition of the year was the 2009 World Championships in Athletics. At the event, Usain Bolt reaffirmed himself as one of the world's foremost athletes with world records in the 100 and 200 metres...

21.07 Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki , historically also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of the region of Central Macedonia as well as the capital of the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace...

2010
2010 in athletics (track and field)
In 2010 there was no obvious, primary athletics championship, as neither the Summer Olympics nor the World Championships in Athletics occurred in the year...

20.95 Grodno

See also

  • Pundo
    Pundo
    Pundo is a traditional Bhutanese sport. It is a game played by laymen and consists of throwing a stone weighing over a kilo as far as possible. The throwing movement is from the shoulder, with the stone held flat in the hand....

  • Stone put
    Stone put
    The stone put is one of the main Scottish heavy athletic events at modern-day Highland games gatherings. Similar to the shot put, the stone put more frequently uses an ordinary stone or rock instead of a steel ball...

  • World record progression shot put men
    World record progression shot put men
    The first world record in the men's shot put was recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1912. That inaugural record was the 15.54 m performance by Ralph Rose in 1909....

  • World record progression shot put women
    World record progression shot put women
    The first world record in the women's shot put was recognised by the Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale in 1924. The FSFI was absorbed by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1936....

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