tradition Homer (ˈhoʊmər; Ancient Greek
: , Hómēros), is the author of the Iliad
and the Odyssey
, and is revered as the greatest ancient Greek epic
. These epics lie at the beginning of the Western canon
of literature, and have had an enormous influence on the history of literature
When he lived is controversial. Herodotus
estimates that Homer lived 400 years before Herodotus' own time, which would place him at around 850 BC
; while other ancient sources claim that he lived much nearer to the supposed time of the Trojan War
, in the early 12th century BC.
For modern scholars "the date of Homer" refers not to an individual, but to the period when the epics were created.
The will of Zeus was accomplished.
Then looking at him darkly resourceful Odysseus spoke to him: "What is this word that broke through the fence of your teeth, Atreides?"
As is the generation of leaves, so is that of humanity. The wind scatters the leaves on the ground, but the live timber burgeons with leaves again in the season of spring returning. So one generation of men will grow while another dies.
So they spoke, and both springing down from behind their horses gripped each other's hands and exchanged the promise of friendship; but Zeus the son of Kronos stole away the wits of Glaukos who exchanged with Diomedes the son of Tydeus armour of gold for bronze, for nine oxen's worth the worth of a hundred.
Victory passes back and forth between men.
Man, supposing you and I, escaping this battle, would be able to live on forever, ageless, immortal, so neither would I myself go on fighting in the foremost, nor would I urge you into the fighting where men win glory. But now, seeing that the spirits of death stand close about us in their thousands, no man can turn aside or escape them, let us go on and win glory for ourselves, or yield it to others.
Among all creatures that breathe on earth and crawl on it there is not anywhere a thing more dismal than man is.
I have gone through what no other mortal on earth has gone through; I put my lips to the hands of the man who has killed my children.
And you, old sir, we are told you prospered once.
These things surely lie on the knees of the gods.