Saturation or saturated may refer to:


  • Dew point
    Dew point
    The dew point is the temperature to which a given parcel of humid air must be cooled, at constant barometric pressure, for water vapor to condense into liquid water. The condensed water is called dew when it forms on a solid surface. The dew point is a saturation temperature.The dew point is...

    , which is a temperature that occurs when atmospheric humidity reaches 100% and the air is saturated with moisture


  • Saturation (magnetic)
    Saturation (magnetic)
    Seen in some magnetic materials, saturation is the state reached when an increase in applied external magnetizing field H cannot increase the magnetization of the material further, so the total magnetic field B levels off...

    , the state when a magnetic material is fully magnetized
  • Saturation current
    Saturation current
    Saturation current is a term used in relation to semiconductor diodes. It is more fully, and accurately, named reverse saturation current and is "part of the reverse current in a diode caused by diffusion of minority carriers from the neutral regions to the depletion region...

    , limit of flowing current through a device
  • Saturated fluid or saturated vapor, contains as much thermal energy as it can without boiling or condensing
  • Saturated transistor, a BJT transistor or field-effect transistor
    Field-effect transistor
    The field-effect transistor is a transistor that relies on an electric field to control the shape and hence the conductivity of a channel of one type of charge carrier in a semiconductor material. FETs are sometimes called unipolar transistors to contrast their single-carrier-type operation with...

     that is fully turned on
  • Saturation velocity
    Saturation velocity
    Saturation velocity is the maximum velocity a charge carrier in a semiconductor, generally an electron, attains in the presence of very high electric fields. Charge carriers normally move at an average drift speed proportional to the electric field strength they experience temporally. The...

    , the maximum velocity a charge carrier in a semiconductor attains in the presence of very high electric fields
  • Saturated absorption
    Saturated absorption
    In experimental physics, saturated absorption is a set-up that enables the precise determination of the transition frequency of an atom between its ground state and an optically excited state. The accuracy to which these frequencies can be determined should ideally be only limited by the width of...

    , a set-up that enables the precise determination of the transition frequency of an atom between its ground state and an optically excited state


  • In the earth sciences, saturation generally refers to the water content in the soil, where the unsaturated zone
    Vadose zone
    The vadose zone, also termed the unsaturated zone, is the portion of Earth between the land surface and the top of the phreatic zone i.e. the position at which the groundwater is at atmospheric pressure . Hence the vadose zone extends from the top of the ground surface to the water table...

    is above the water table and the saturated zone is below


  • Saturation (genetic)
    Saturation (genetic)
    Genetic saturation is the reduced appearance, which occurs over time, of sequence divergence rate that results from reverse mutations, homoplasies and other multiple changes occurring at single sites along two lineages....

    , in mutation studies, the observed number of mutations relative to the maximum amount possible (usually undefined)
  • Oxygen saturation
    Oxygen saturation
    Oxygen saturation or dissolved oxygen is a relative measure of the amount of oxygen that is dissolved or carried in a given medium. It can be measured with a dissolved oxygen probe such as an oxygen sensor or an optode in liquid media, usually water.It has particular significance in medicine and...

    , a clinical measure of the amount of oxygen in a patient's blood
  • Saturated fat
    Saturated fat
    Saturated fat is fat that consists of triglycerides containing only saturated fatty acids. Saturated fatty acids have no double bonds between the individual carbon atoms of the fatty acid chain. That is, the chain of carbon atoms is fully "saturated" with hydrogen atoms...

    , fat that consists of triglycerides containing only saturated fatty acid radicals
  • Saturation pollination
    Saturation pollination
    Saturation pollination is a pollination technique for agricultural crops in areas dominated by non-crop plant species that are preferred by pollinators. The technique involves keeping a larger number of bee colonies than normally maintained for honey production so as to exhaust the preferred plants...

    , a pollination technique
  • Saturated mutagenesis
    Saturated mutagenesis
    Saturation mutagenesis is a form of site-directed mutagenesis, in which one tries to generate all possible mutations at a specific site, or narrow region of a gene. This is a common technique used in directed evolution....

    , a form of site-directed mutagenesis


  • Saturated model
    Saturated model
    In mathematical logic, and particularly in its subfield model theory, a saturated model M is one which realizes as many complete types as may be "reasonably expected" given its size...

    , a concept in mathematical logic
  • Saturation arithmetic
    Saturation arithmetic
    Saturation arithmetic is a version of arithmetic in which all operations such as addition and multiplication are limited to a fixed range between a minimum and maximum value. If the result of an operation is greater than the maximum it is set to the maximum, while if it is below the minimum it is...

    , in arithmetic, a version of arithmetic in which all operations are limited to fixed range
  • Saturation (graph theory)
    Saturation (graph theory)
    Let G be a graph and M a matching in G. A vertex v\in V is said to be saturated by M if there is an edge in M incident to v. A vertex v\in V with no such edge is said to be unsaturated by M. We also say that M saturates v....

    , a categorization of vertices in graph theory
  • Saturated measure
    Saturated measure
    In mathematics, a measure is said to be saturated if every locally measurable set is also measurable. A set E, not necessarily measurable, is said to be locally measurable if for every measurable set A of finite measure, E \cap A is measurable. \sigma-finite measures, and measures arising as the...

    , if every locally measurable set is also measurable


When the amount of product provided in a market has been maximized in the current state of the marketplace. At the point of saturation, further growth can only be achieved through product improvements, market share gains or a rise in overall consumer demand.

Arts and Entertainment

  • Saturation (album)
    Saturation (album)
    Saturation is the fourth album by American alternative rock group Urge Overkill, released in 1993 and produced by the Butcher Bros. Saturation was Urge Overkill's debut on Geffen Records, and a deliberate attempt at a hit record. The label released "Sister Havana" and "Positive Bleeding" as singles...

    , a 1993 album by the alternative rock band Urge Overkill
  • Saturation (color theory)
    Saturation (color theory)
    In colorimetry and color theory, colorfulness, chroma, and saturation are related but distinct concepts referring to the perceived intensity of a specific color. Colorfulness is the degree of difference between a color and gray. Chroma is the colorfulness relative to the brightness of another color...

    , the intensity of a specific hue
    • Saturation intent, a rendering intent in color management
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.