Santa Ana, El Salvador
Santa Ana is the second largest city in El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador or simply Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital city and largest city is San Salvador; Santa Ana and San Miguel are also important cultural and commercial centers in the country and in all of Central America...

, located 64 kilometers west of San Salvador, the capital city. Santa Ana has approximately 274,830 (2006) inhabitants and serves both as the capital of the department of Santa Ana
Santa Ana Department
Santa Ana is a department of El Salvador in the northwest of the country. The capital is Santa Ana.- General information :It has 2,023 km² and a population of over 600,000. This department was created on February 8, 1855...

as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality
A municipality is essentially an urban administrative division having corporate status and usually powers of self-government. It can also be used to mean the governing body of a municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district...

 of the same name. For its administration the municipality is divided into 35 colonias (neighborhoods) and 318 small villages.

A major processing center for El Salvador's sizable coffee
Coffee is a brewed beverage with a dark,init brooo acidic flavor prepared from the roasted seeds of the coffee plant, colloquially called coffee beans. The beans are found in coffee cherries, which grow on trees cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in equatorial Latin America, Southeast Asia,...

 industry is located near Santa Ana.

Santa Ana which is the second city
Second City
Second City or The Second City may refer to:* The second largest city in a country. See: List of largest cities and second largest cities by country...

 in importance in El Salvador, has become a very popular tourist destination, especially for the tourists eager to learn about the Salvadoran culture and traditions.

Currently, the mayor of Santa Ana is Francisco Polanco, from the FMLN (Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front), a left-wing political party.


The city of Santa Ana is located on a meseta
Meseta may refer to:*Meseta Central , the high plains of central Spain*Meseta , partially collapsed volcanic vent of Volcán de Fuego in Guatemala*Meseta, fictional currency of the Phantasy Star video game series...

 about 665 meters above sea level. The city has year-round warm climate with an average temperature of around 25 °C. The main river is the Guajoyo river which is a major tributary of the much larger Lempa River
Lempa River
The Lempa River is a 422 km long river in Central America. Its sources are located in between the Sierra Madre and the Sierra del Merendón in southern Guatemala, near the town of Olopa. In Guatemala the river is called Río Olopa and flows southwards for 30.4 km before entering Honduras and...

. There is a major Hydroelectric Power station at the Guajoyo river that provides electricity to most of the western sector of the country.

The city is situated among many beautiful green hills such as Tecana hill and Hills of Santa Lucía, among others.
In the southern part of the municipality is the Ilamatepec volcano, the highest volcano in the country, which had a moderate eruption in 2005 that killed two people. Close to it is another famous volcano, Izalco, known to sailors throughout the mid-19th century and early 20th century as "The lighthouse of the Pacific" due to its constant eruptions.

Surrounding mountains

The main hills in the municipality are: Cerro Tecan, Cerro Santa Lucia, Cerro Camones, Mount Loquat,, Cerro La Tortuga, Kimberly and Cerro El Pinar, Santa Dela. On the other hand, the highest elevation in the town is the Santa Ana volcano (which measures 2365.07 m).

Physio-graphic regions

The relief of the municipality may be divided into three physiographic regions, which are:

The range Apaneca, which is located in the southern part of town and home to the Santa Ana volcano (which is the highest volcano in the country), the volcano of Izalco (which the youngest volcano in the country having originated in 1770) and the Cerro Verde, which is located in the Natural Park of Cerro Verde (which was re-opened after a closure in 2001, motivated by the earthquakes occurring in that year).

Apaneca from the mountains to the center of town lies a plain or plain, which lies on the plateau where the city is located.,_El_Salvador&action=edit§ion=1
North of the plateau is the mountain range-Comecayo Mita, in which small rise orographic configurations such as the hills Tecan, Pinalito, Pinalón, Santa Lucia and Camones.


Guajoyo River is one of the major rivers in the municipality of Santa Ana

The city and the greater part thereof is located in the Lempa River basin region, while the remaining parts of the municipality are in the basin region of Coatepeque. Within the Lempa River basin region, the city and Most of the municipality is located in the upper Lempa River.

The city is surrounded both above aquifers located in the basement, of which most are moderate vulnerability.

Surface waters of the municipality.

Within the streams that flow through the territory of the municipality including the City, the main rivers are:

Lempa River, which forms the border with the municipality of Nueva Concepcion Guajoyo River, which flows into the River Drainage (in Guajoyo River Hydroelectric Plant is Guajoyo) and Suquiapa River, which forms the confluence of the Apanchacal rivers and Zarco (forms the border with the town of Coatepeque).

In addition, another 15 rivers and 52 minor streams flow through the municipality of Santa Ana Of these 15 rivers listed above, the city is crisscrossed by rivers: El Molino, and Apanchacal Apanteos o Sauce.

In the southern part of the town is connected with Lake Coatepeque, which has become one of the main attractions of the entire Department of Santa Ana.



The city of Santa Ana has pre-Columbian origins, whose founders were the Pocomame tribes, later the Pipiles entered and conquered the zone in 1200 AD. The indigenous name of the region in Nahuatl
Nahuatl is thought to mean "a good, clear sound" This language name has several spellings, among them náhuatl , Naoatl, Nauatl, Nahuatl, Nawatl. In a back formation from the name of the language, the ethnic group of Nahuatl speakers are called Nahua...

 is Sihuatehuacán, "place of priestesses". There are some archeological traces of Sihuatehuacán in the present day district of Santa Barbara west of the Apanteos and Apanchacal rivers.

On July 26, 1569 the Guatemalan bishop Bernardino Villalpando changed the name from Sihuatehuacán to Santa Ana. The new town at the time was part of the Greater Mayorship of San Salvador. In June 1812 Santa Ana was designated with the title of "town" and in 1824 it was given the title of "city".

In 1894 the revolution of the 44
Revolution of the 44
The Revolution of the 44 or Revolución de los 44 refers to a group of Guatemalan rebels, known as the 44 who rebelled against the government of the general Carlos Ezeta in 1894 in El Salvador. They took the city of Santa Ana. and forced the authorities and the president out.- Background:Carlos...

 overthrew president Carlos Ezeta
Carlos Ezeta
Carlos Basilio Ezeta was President of El Salvador 22 June 1890 - 9 June 1894.He was a military ruler....

, who had governed the country as a dictator. The revolt began in Santa Ana then spread throughout the country, which is why the city from then on was known as the "heroic city".

At the time of the golden era of coffee in El Salvador, Santa Ana was the most prosperous city in the country. Many industrialists who cultivated it lived in Santa Ana, and coffee haciendas sprouted all around the city generating a surplus of income when coffee prices sky-rocketed in the latter part of the 19th Century. This led to the construction of architectural jewels such as the gothic Cathedral of Santa Ana and the Teatro de Santa Ana.

Notable Salvadoran personalities born in Santa Ana are the writers David Escobar Galindo and Guillermo Flores, the poet Jose Valdez and ex- presidents Tomás Regalado and Pedro Jose Escalón.


The city of Santa Ana has 183 schools according to statistics from the Salvadoran Ministry of Education, out of those 53 are private. Some of the best known schools are:
  1. Colegio Bautista
  2. Liceo San Luis
  3. Escuela Interamericana
  4. Colegio Latinoamericano
  5. Colegio Salesiano San José
  6. Colegio Santa María
  7. CE INSA
    CE INSA is a high school located in Santa Ana, El Salvador....

Santa Ana has a few universities, some of the major ones are: Universidad Católica de El Salvador, Universidad de El Salvador Facultad Multidiciplinaria de Occidente, Universidad Francisco Gavidia, and Universidad Autónoma de Santa Ana
Universidad Autónoma de Santa Ana
The Universidad Autónoma de Santa Ana is a university in Santa Ana, El Salvador.The university was founded on April 26, 1982 by lawyer Mauricio Gutiérrez Castro and the doctor Hector Abel Tobar....



Santa Ana today is the second largest city in population and importance in El Salvador. The main economic engines of the city are in retail and manufacturing. In the north and west of the city are factories and assembly plants mostly of foreign origin. The southern part of the city is more commercially developed, containing many restaurants, commercial banks, hotels and shopping malls. The largest shopping mall in the city is metrocentro.

Santa Ana has two main markets: the Colón and Central Markets, only a few streets from one another, offering a great variety of products.

With respect to tourism, the city has old architectural jewels such as: Catedral de Santa Ana
Catedral de Santa Ana
The Cathedral of Saint Anne , is a neo-Gothic cathedral located in Santa Ana, El Salvador.-History:Construction on January 21, 1906, and it was consecrated on February 11, 1913...

 (The Cathedral of Saint Anne), Alcaldía Municipal de Santa Ana (Santa Ana City Hall
City hall
In local government, a city hall, town hall or a municipal building or civic centre, is the chief administrative building of a city...

) and the Teatro de Santa Ana (Santa Ana Theater).

The only museum in the city registered by the Concultura is the Occidental Regional Museum, also known as the Museum of the West. There are also the Apanteos and Sihuatehuacán water parks.


Santa Ana is home to C.D FAS, one of the most famous football (soccer) clubs in El Salvador. Their home stadium is "Estadio Oscar Quiteño", with an approximate capacity of 15,000 fans.


In regard to religion, as in the rest of the country, the population is mostly Catholic, being the host city of the Diocese of Santa Ana, which occupies the departments of Santa Ana and Ahuachapán. And part of the ecclesiastical province of El Salvador.

Among his most important Catholic churches are the Cathedral of Santa Ana, (where is the image of the patron saint of the city), the El Calvario church (rebuilt in the late 19th century by Fray Felipe de Jesús Moraga, which was destroyed partially by the earthquake of January 13, 2001, and subsequently rebuilt), Church El Carmen (which is administered by the Dominican priests since 1929),the Church of Santa Lucia, San Lorenzo church, Santa Barbara Church, the Mother of the Saviour parish church and the San José Obrero.

Also, several Christian evangelical churches, which have seen an increased influx of believers and as an important part of popular faith and, it is claimed, have more worshippers than does the Roman Catholic Church.

Other Christian denominations, such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (better known as Mormons) and Jehovah's Witnesses also have a place in the town and the city of Santa Ana.

Sister cities

The City of Santa Ana has sister-ship with Ciudades hermanadas the following cities: La Ceiba
La Ceiba
La Ceiba is a port city on the northern coast of Honduras in Central America. It is located on the southern edge of the Caribbean, forming part of the south eastern boundary of the Gulf of Honduras...

, Honduras
Honduras is a republic in Central America. It was previously known as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize...

 Santa Ana (California), USA León, Nicaragua
Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 and 14 degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean...

Piracicaba is a city located in the Brazilian state of São Paulo. The population in 2009 was 368,843 in an area of 1,369.511 km², at an elevation of 547 m above sea level.-Name:...

, Brasil Miramar (Florida), USA Gävle
Gävle is a city in Sweden, the seat of Gävle Municipality and the capital of Gävleborg County. It had 71,033 inhabitants in 12/31 2010. It is the oldest city in the historical Norrland , having received its charter in 1446 from Christopher of Bavaria.-History:It is believed that the name Gävle...

, Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

 Nueva Trinidad
Nueva Trinidad
Nueva Trinidad is a municipality in the Chalatenango department of El Salvador....

, El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador or simply Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital city and largest city is San Salvador; Santa Ana and San Miguel are also important cultural and commercial centers in the country and in all of Central America...

Nejapa is a municipality in the San Salvador department of El Salvador. It is the city after Apopa and before Quezaltepeque. People from Nejapa Are known as Nejapenses. One of the major traditions of Nejapa is "Las Bolas De Fuego" . It is celebrated Every 31st of August. Las Bolas de Fuego has two...

, El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador or simply Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital city and largest city is San Salvador; Santa Ana and San Miguel are also important cultural and commercial centers in the country and in all of Central America...

Acajutla is a seaport and municipality in Sonsonate Department, El Salvador. The town is located at on the Pacific Coast of Central America and is El Salvador's principal seaport from which a large portion of the nation's exports of coffee, sugar, and balsam are shipped. As a municipality,...

, El Salvador
El Salvador
El Salvador or simply Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital city and largest city is San Salvador; Santa Ana and San Miguel are also important cultural and commercial centers in the country and in all of Central America...

External links

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