Root vegetable
Overview
Root vegetables are plant roots used as vegetable
Vegetable
The noun vegetable usually means an edible plant or part of a plant other than a sweet fruit or seed. This typically means the leaf, stem, or root of a plant....

s. Here "root" means any underground part of a plant.

Root vegetables are generally storage organ
Storage organ
A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy or water. Storage organs often grow underground, where they are better protected from attack by herbivores. Plants that have an underground storage organ are called geophytes in the Raunkiær plant life-form...

s, enlarged to store energy in the form of carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
A carbohydrate is an organic compound with the empirical formula ; that is, consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 . However, there are exceptions to this. One common example would be deoxyribose, a component of DNA, which has the empirical...

s. They differ in the concentration and the balance between sugar
Sugar
Sugar is a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose, characterized by a sweet flavor.Sucrose in its refined form primarily comes from sugar cane and sugar beet...

s, starch
Starch
Starch or amylum is a carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined together by glycosidic bonds. This polysaccharide is produced by all green plants as an energy store...

es, and other types of carbohydrate. Of particular economic importance are those with a high carbohydrate concentration in the form of starch. Starchy root vegetables are important staple food
Staple food
A staple food is one that is eaten regularly and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a diet, and that supplies a high proportion of energy and nutrient needs. Most people live on a diet based on one or more staples...

s, particularly in tropical regions, overshadowing cereal
Cereal
Cereals are grasses cultivated for the edible components of their grain , composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran...

s throughout much of West Africa
West Africa
West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. Geopolitically, the UN definition of Western Africa includes the following 16 countries and an area of approximately 5 million square km:-Flags of West Africa:...

, Central Africa
Central Africa
Central Africa is a core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda....

, and Oceania
Oceania
Oceania is a region centered on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Conceptions of what constitutes Oceania range from the coral atolls and volcanic islands of the South Pacific to the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas, including Australasia and the Malay Archipelago...

, where they are used directly or mashed to make fufu
Fufu
Fufu, , is a staple snack of West and Central Africa. It is a thick paste usually made by boiling starchy root vegetables in water and pounding with a mortar and pestle until the desired consistency is reached...

 or poi
Poi (food)
Poi is a Hawaiian word for the primary Polynesian staple food made from the corm of the taro plant . Poi is produced by mashing the cooked corm until it is a highly viscous fluid...

.

Botany
Botany
Botany, plant science, or plant biology is a branch of biology that involves the scientific study of plant life. Traditionally, botany also included the study of fungi, algae and viruses...

 distinguishes true root
Root
In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil. This is not always the case, however, since a root can also be aerial or aerating . Furthermore, a stem normally occurring below ground is not exceptional either...

s such as tuberous roots and taproot
Taproot
A taproot is an enlarged, somewhat straight to tapering plant root that grows vertically downward. It forms a center from which other roots sprout laterally.Plants with taproots are difficult to transplant...

s from non-roots such as tuber
Tuber
Tubers are various types of modified plant structures that are enlarged to store nutrients. They are used by plants to survive the winter or dry months and provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during the next growing season and they are a means of asexual reproduction...

s, rhizome
Rhizome
In botany and dendrology, a rhizome is a characteristically horizontal stem of a plant that is usually found underground, often sending out roots and shoots from its nodes...

s, corm
Corm
A corm is a short, vertical, swollen underground plant stem that serves as a storage organ used by some plants to survive winter or other adverse conditions such as summer drought and heat ....

s, and bulb
Bulb
A bulb is a short stem with fleshy leaves or leaf bases. The leaves often function as food storage organs during dormancy.A bulb's leaf bases, known as scales, generally do not support leaves, but contain food reserves to enable the plant to survive adverse conditions. At the center of the bulb is...

s, though some contain both taproot and hypocotyl
Hypocotyl
The hypocotyl is the stem of a germinating seedling, found below the cotyledons and above the radicle .-Dicots:...

 tissue, making it difficult to tell some types apart.
Encyclopedia
Root vegetables are plant roots used as vegetable
Vegetable
The noun vegetable usually means an edible plant or part of a plant other than a sweet fruit or seed. This typically means the leaf, stem, or root of a plant....

s. Here "root" means any underground part of a plant.

Root vegetables are generally storage organ
Storage organ
A storage organ is a part of a plant specifically modified for storage of energy or water. Storage organs often grow underground, where they are better protected from attack by herbivores. Plants that have an underground storage organ are called geophytes in the Raunkiær plant life-form...

s, enlarged to store energy in the form of carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
A carbohydrate is an organic compound with the empirical formula ; that is, consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 . However, there are exceptions to this. One common example would be deoxyribose, a component of DNA, which has the empirical...

s. They differ in the concentration and the balance between sugar
Sugar
Sugar is a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose, characterized by a sweet flavor.Sucrose in its refined form primarily comes from sugar cane and sugar beet...

s, starch
Starch
Starch or amylum is a carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined together by glycosidic bonds. This polysaccharide is produced by all green plants as an energy store...

es, and other types of carbohydrate. Of particular economic importance are those with a high carbohydrate concentration in the form of starch. Starchy root vegetables are important staple food
Staple food
A staple food is one that is eaten regularly and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a diet, and that supplies a high proportion of energy and nutrient needs. Most people live on a diet based on one or more staples...

s, particularly in tropical regions, overshadowing cereal
Cereal
Cereals are grasses cultivated for the edible components of their grain , composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran...

s throughout much of West Africa
West Africa
West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. Geopolitically, the UN definition of Western Africa includes the following 16 countries and an area of approximately 5 million square km:-Flags of West Africa:...

, Central Africa
Central Africa
Central Africa is a core region of the African continent which includes Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda....

, and Oceania
Oceania
Oceania is a region centered on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. Conceptions of what constitutes Oceania range from the coral atolls and volcanic islands of the South Pacific to the entire insular region between Asia and the Americas, including Australasia and the Malay Archipelago...

, where they are used directly or mashed to make fufu
Fufu
Fufu, , is a staple snack of West and Central Africa. It is a thick paste usually made by boiling starchy root vegetables in water and pounding with a mortar and pestle until the desired consistency is reached...

 or poi
Poi (food)
Poi is a Hawaiian word for the primary Polynesian staple food made from the corm of the taro plant . Poi is produced by mashing the cooked corm until it is a highly viscous fluid...

.

Botany
Botany
Botany, plant science, or plant biology is a branch of biology that involves the scientific study of plant life. Traditionally, botany also included the study of fungi, algae and viruses...

 distinguishes true root
Root
In vascular plants, the root is the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil. This is not always the case, however, since a root can also be aerial or aerating . Furthermore, a stem normally occurring below ground is not exceptional either...

s such as tuberous roots and taproot
Taproot
A taproot is an enlarged, somewhat straight to tapering plant root that grows vertically downward. It forms a center from which other roots sprout laterally.Plants with taproots are difficult to transplant...

s from non-roots such as tuber
Tuber
Tubers are various types of modified plant structures that are enlarged to store nutrients. They are used by plants to survive the winter or dry months and provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during the next growing season and they are a means of asexual reproduction...

s, rhizome
Rhizome
In botany and dendrology, a rhizome is a characteristically horizontal stem of a plant that is usually found underground, often sending out roots and shoots from its nodes...

s, corm
Corm
A corm is a short, vertical, swollen underground plant stem that serves as a storage organ used by some plants to survive winter or other adverse conditions such as summer drought and heat ....

s, and bulb
Bulb
A bulb is a short stem with fleshy leaves or leaf bases. The leaves often function as food storage organs during dormancy.A bulb's leaf bases, known as scales, generally do not support leaves, but contain food reserves to enable the plant to survive adverse conditions. At the center of the bulb is...

s, though some contain both taproot and hypocotyl
Hypocotyl
The hypocotyl is the stem of a germinating seedling, found below the cotyledons and above the radicle .-Dicots:...

 tissue, making it difficult to tell some types apart. In ordinary, agricultural, and culinary use, "root vegetable" can apply to all these types.

The following list classifies root vegetables according to anatomy.

True root

  • Taproot
    Taproot
    A taproot is an enlarged, somewhat straight to tapering plant root that grows vertically downward. It forms a center from which other roots sprout laterally.Plants with taproots are difficult to transplant...

     (some types may incorporate substantial hypocotyl
    Hypocotyl
    The hypocotyl is the stem of a germinating seedling, found below the cotyledons and above the radicle .-Dicots:...

     tissue)
    • Arracacia xanthorrhiza (arracacha)
    • Abelmoschus moschatus
      Abelmoschus moschatus
      Abelmoschus moschatus Abelmoschus moschatus Abelmoschus moschatus (Abelmosk, Ambrette seeds, Annual hibiscus, Bamia Moschata, Galu Gasturi, Muskdana, Musk mallow, Musk okra, Musk seeds, Ornamental okra, Rose mallow seeds, Tropical jewel hibiscus, Yorka okra; syn...

       (bush carrot)
    • Beta vulgaris (beet
      Beet
      The beet is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family which is now included in Amaranthaceae family. It is best known in its numerous cultivated varieties, the most well known of which is the purple root vegetable known as the beetroot or garden beet...

       and mangelwurzel
      Mangelwurzel
      Mangelwurzel or mangold wurzel , also called mangold, mangel beet, field beet and fodder beet, is a cultivated root vegetable derived from Beta vulgaris...

      )
    • Brassica
      Brassica
      Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family . The members of the genus may be collectively known either as cabbages, or as mustards...

       spp. (rutabaga
      Rutabaga
      The rutabaga, swede , turnip or yellow turnip is a root vegetable that originated as a cross between the cabbage and the turnip; see Triangle of U...

       and turnip)
    • Bunium persicum
      Bunium persicum
      Bunium persicum is a plant species in the family Apiaceae. It is related to cumin and commonly called "black cumin", though this term is ambiguous and if anything refers to the unrelated Nigella sativa more often than to B. persicum...

       (black cumin)
    • Burdock
      Burdock
      Burdock is any of a group of biennial thistles in the genus Arctium, family Asteraceae. Native to the Old World, several species have been widely introduced worldwide....

       (Arctium, family Asteraceae)
    • Carrot
      Carrot
      The carrot is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour, though purple, red, white, and yellow varieties exist. It has a crisp texture when fresh...

       (Daucus carota subsp. sativus)
    • Celeriac
      Celeriac
      Celeriac is also known as celery root, turnip-rooted celery or knob celery. It is a kind of celery, grown as a root vegetable primarily for its large and bulbous hypocotyl rather than for its stem and leaves. The swollen hypocotyl is typically used when it is about 10–12 cm in...

       - (Apium graveolens rapaceum)
    • Daikon
      Daikon
      Daikon , Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus, also called White Radish, Japanese radish, Oriental radish, Chinese radish, lo bok and Mooli , is a mild flavoured, very large, white East Asian radish...

       - East Asian radish (Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus)
    • Lepidium meyenii
      Lepidium meyenii
      Lepidium meyenii, known commonly as maca, is an herbaceous biennial plant or annual plant native to the high Andes of Peru and Bolivia. It is grown for its fleshy hypocotyl , which is used as a root vegetable and a medicinal herb...

       (maca)
    • Microseris scapigera (yam daisy)
    • Pachyrhizus
      Pachyrhizus
      Pachyrhizus is a small genus of five or six species of tropical and subtropical plants growing from large, often edible taproots.- Jícama :...

       spp. (jicama
      Jícama
      Pachyrhizus erosus, commonly known as Jícama , Yam, and Mexican Turnip, is the name of a native Mexican vine, although the name most commonly refers to the plant's edible tuberous root. Jícama is one species in the genus Pachyrhizus. Plants in this genus are commonly referred to as yam bean,...

       and ahipa)
    • Parsnip
      Parsnip
      The parsnip is a root vegetable related to the carrot. Parsnips resemble carrots, but are paler than most carrots and have a sweeter taste, especially when cooked. The buttery, slightly spicy, sweet flavor of cooked mature parsnips is reminiscent of butterscotch, honey, and subtle cardamom...

       (Pastinaca sativa)
    • Petroselinum
      Petroselinum
      Petroselinum is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to western and southern Europe and northern Africa. They are bright green hairless biennial herbaceous plants, rarely annual plants...

       spp. (parsley
      Parsley
      Parsley is a species of Petroselinum in the family Apiaceae, native to the central Mediterranean region , naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and widely cultivated as an herb, a spice and a vegetable.- Description :Garden parsley is a bright green hairless biennial herbaceous plant in temperate...

       root)
    • Radish
      Radish
      The radish is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe, in pre-Roman times. They are grown and consumed throughout the world. Radishes have numerous varieties, varying in size, color and duration of required cultivation time...

       -
    • Scorzonera hispanica (black salsify)
    • Sium sisarum
      Sium sisarum
      Sium sisarum is a perennial plant of the family Apiaceae sometimes grown as a root vegetable. It has a cluster of sweet, bright white roots which are similar to sweet potatoes, but longer . Skirrets may be boiled, stewed, or roasted...

       (skirret)
    • Tragopogon spp. (salsify)
    • Vigna lanceolata
      Vigna lanceolata
      Vigna lanceolata, known as the pencil yam, is an Australian native plant. Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is Merne arlatyeye....

       (bush potato)
  • Tuberous root
    • Amorphophallus glabra (Yellow lily yam)
    • Conopodium majus
      Conopodium majus
      Conopodium majus is a small perennial herb, whose underground part resembles a chestnut and is sometimes eaten as a wild or cultivated root vegetable....

       (pignut or earthnut)
    • Hornstedtia scottiana (Native ginger)
    • Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)
    • Ipomoea costata
      Ipomoea costata
      Ipomoea costata, commonly known as Rock Morning Glory, is an Australian native plant. It is found in northern Australia, from Western Australia, through the Northern Territory, to Queensland....

       (desert yam)
    • Manihot esculenta (cassava or yuca or manioc)
    • Mirabilis extensa (mauka or chago)
    • Psoralea esculenta
      Psoralea esculenta
      Psoralea esculenta is an herbaceous perennial plant native to prairies and dry woodlands of central North America, which bears a starchy tuberous root edible as a root vegetable. English names for the plant include tipsin, teepsenee, breadroot, breadroot scurf pea, pomme blanche, and prairie turnip...

       (breadroot, tipsin, or prairie turnip)
    • Smallanthus sonchifolius (yacón)

Modified plant stem

  • Corm
    Corm
    A corm is a short, vertical, swollen underground plant stem that serves as a storage organ used by some plants to survive winter or other adverse conditions such as summer drought and heat ....

    • Amorphophallus konjac (konjac)
    • Colocasia esculenta
      Colocasia esculenta
      Colocasia esculenta is a tropical plant grown primarily for its edible corms, the root vegetables whose many names include Taro and Eddoe. It is believed to be one of the earliest cultivated plants.-Description:Rhizomes of different shapes and sizes...

       (taro)
    • Eleocharis dulcis
      Eleocharis dulcis
      The Chinese water chestnut , more often called simply the water chestnut, is a grass-like sedge grown for its edible corms. The water chestnut is actually not a nut at all, but an aquatic vegetable that grows in marshes, underwater in the mud...

       (Chinese water chestnut)
    • Ensete
      Ensete
      Ensete, or Enset, is a genus of plants, native to tropical regions of Africa and Asia. It is one of the three genera in the banana family, Musaceae.- Domesticated enset in Ethiopia :...

       spp. (enset)
    • Nelumbo nucifera
      Nelumbo nucifera
      Nelumbo nucifera, known by a number of names including Indian Lotus, Sacred Lotus, Bean of India, or simply Lotus, is a plant in the monogeneric family Nelumbonaceae...

    • Nymphaea
      Nymphaea
      Nymphaea is a genus of aquatic plants in the family Nymphaeaceae. There are about 50 species in the genus, which has a cosmopolitan distribution.-Name:The common name, shared with some other genera in the same family, is Water Lily....

       spp. (waterlily)
    • Pteridium esculentum
      Pteridium esculentum
      Pteridium esculentum, commonly known as Austral bracken or simply bracken, is a species of the bracken genus native to a number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere....

    • Sagittaria
      Sagittaria
      Sagittaria is a genus of about 30 species of aquatic plants whose members go by a variety of common names, including arrowhead, duck potato, iz-ze-kn, katniss, kuwai , swan potato, tule potato, and wapato...

       spp. (arrowhead or wapatoo)
    • Typha
      Typha
      Typha is a genus of about eleven species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Typhaceae. The genus has a largely Northern Hemisphere distribution, but is essentially cosmopolitan, being found in a variety of wetland habitats...

       spp.
    • Xanthosoma
      Xanthosoma
      Xanthosoma is a genus of about 50 species of tropical and sub-tropical arums in the flowering plant family, Araceae, all native to tropical America...

       spp. (malanga, cocoyam, tannia, and other names)
  • Rhizome
    Rhizome
    In botany and dendrology, a rhizome is a characteristically horizontal stem of a plant that is usually found underground, often sending out roots and shoots from its nodes...

    • Curcuma longa (turmeric)
    • Panax ginseng (ginseng)
    • Arthropodium
      Arthropodium
      Arthropodium is a genus of herbaceous perennial plants native to the Southern Hemisphere placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Lomandroideae....

       spp. (rengarenga, vanilla lily, and others)
    • Canna
      Canna (plant)
      Canna is a genus of nineteen species of flowering plants. The closest living relations to cannas are the other plant families of the order Zingiberales, that is the gingers, bananas, marantas, heliconias, strelitzias, etc.Canna is the only genus in the family Cannaceae...

       spp. (canna)
    • Cordyline fruticosa (ti)
    • Maranta arundinacea (arrowroot)
    • Nelumbo nucifera
      Nelumbo nucifera
      Nelumbo nucifera, known by a number of names including Indian Lotus, Sacred Lotus, Bean of India, or simply Lotus, is a plant in the monogeneric family Nelumbonaceae...

       (lotus root)
    • Typha
      Typha
      Typha is a genus of about eleven species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Typhaceae. The genus has a largely Northern Hemisphere distribution, but is essentially cosmopolitan, being found in a variety of wetland habitats...

       spp. (cattail or bulrush)
    • Zingiber officinale (ginger, galangal)
  • Tuber
    Tuber
    Tubers are various types of modified plant structures that are enlarged to store nutrients. They are used by plants to survive the winter or dry months and provide energy and nutrients for regrowth during the next growing season and they are a means of asexual reproduction...

    • Apios americana
      Apios americana
      Apios americana, sometimes called the potato bean, hopniss, Indian potato or groundnut is a perennial vine native to eastern North America, and bears edible beans and large edible tubers. It grows to 3–4 m long, with pinnate leaves 8–15 cm long with 5–7 leaflets...

       (hog potato or groundnut)
    • Cyperus esculentus
      Cyperus esculentus
      Cyperus esculentus is a species of sedge native to warm temperate to subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere, often cultivated for its edible tubers . It is an annual or perennial plant, growing to 90 cm tall, with solitary stems growing from a tuber...

       (tigernut or chufa)
    • Dioscorea
      Dioscorea
      Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates...

       spp. (yam
      Yam (vegetable)
      Yam is the common name for some species in the genus Dioscorea . These are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania...

      s, ube
      Ube
      Dioscorea alata, known as purple yam and many other names, is a species of yam, a tuberous root vegetable, that is bright lavender in color. It is sometimes confused with taro and the Okinawa sweet potato . With its origins in the Asian tropics, D...

      )
    • Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke or sunchoke)
    • Hemerocallis spp. (daylily)
    • Lathyrus tuberosus
      Lathyrus tuberosus
      Lathyrus tuberosus, also known as the Tuberous Pea, Tuberous Vetchling, Earthnut Pea, or Aardaker, is a small, climbing perennial plant, native in moist temperate parts of Europe and Western Asia....

       (earthnut pea)
    • Oxalis tuberosa (oca or New Zealand yam)
    • Plectranthus edulis
      Plectranthus edulis
      Plectranthus edulis, also known as Welayta dinich , is a species of annual plant in the Lamiaceae family. It is indigenous to Ethiopia, where it is grown for its edible tubers. The tubers are cooked before they are eaten....

       and P. esculentus
      Plectranthus esculentus
      Plectranthus esculentus is a species of plant in the Lamiaceae family. It is indigenous to Africa, where it is grown for its edible tubers. It is more difficult to cultivate than Plectranthus rotundifolius, but able to give greater yields....

       (kembili, dazo, and others)
    • Solanum tuberosum (potato)
    • Stachys affinis
      Stachys affinis
      Stachys affinis, the Chinese artichoke, chorogi, knotroot, artichoke betony, or crosne, is an herbaceous perennial plant of the family Lamiaceae. Its tuber can be grown as a root vegetable. While the plant is easy to grow, the tubers are small, convoluted, and indented, so they are difficult to...

       (Chinese artichoke or crosne)
    • Tropaeolum tuberosum (mashua or añu)
    • Ullucus tuberosus (ulluco)

Bulb

    • Allium
      Allium
      Allium is a monocot genus of flowering plants, informally referred to as the onion genus. The generic name Allium is the Latin word for garlic....

       spp. (garlic
      Garlic
      Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. Dating back over 6,000 years, garlic is native to central Asia, and has long been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent...

      , onion
      Onion
      The onion , also known as the bulb onion, common onion and garden onion, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion The onion...

      , shallot
      Shallot
      The shallot is the botanical variety of Allium cepa to which the multiplier onion also belongs. It was formerly classified as the species A. ascalonicum, a name now considered a synonym of the correct name...

      , et cetera)
    • Camassia quamash (quamash)
    • Cyperus bulbosus
      Cyperus bulbosus
      Cyperus bulbosus is a species of sedge found across Africa, India, and Australia. In the latter it is commonly called Bush Onion or "wild onion", but is not related to the onion or other alliaceae. It is a component of Australian bushfood but is considered an agricultural weed in other...

       (bush onion)
    • Caladenia
      Caladenia
      The genus Caladenia belongs to the subfamily Orchidoideae of the orchid family . The abbreviation Calda. is often used in trade journals to indicate the genus....

    • Cryptostylis
      Cryptostylis
      Cryptostylis is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It was first defined by the prolific Scottish botanist, Robert Brown in 1810. The type species has since been designated as Cryptostylis erecta. Other species include Cryptostylis hunteriana and Cryptostylis subulata...

    • Cymbidium canaliculatum
      Cymbidium canaliculatum
      The Small Groof-leafed Cymbidium is a species of orchid, also known as the Banana Orchid or Queensland Black Orchid....

    • Diuris
      Diuris
      Diuris is a genus of herbaceous plant belonging to the orchid family , with more than fifty described species. The genus is presently being revised, with many newly described species....

    • Dipodium
      Dipodium
      Dipodium is a genus of more than 20 species of orchids native to tropical and subtropical regions of China, Malaysia, New Guinea, the Pacific Islands through Australia. It is the only genus of its alliance, Dipodium....

    • Erythronium
      Erythronium
      Erythronium is a genus of 20-30 species of spring-flowering perennial plants with long, tooth-like bulbs and attractive pendant flowers, native to forest and meadow in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.-Species:-Uses:The bulb is edible as a root vegetable, cooked or dried, and can be...

       spp. (katakuri)
    • Foeniculum
      Foeniculum
      Foeniculum is a genus of fewer than half a dozen species, in the family Apiaceae .It is best known for Fennel , treated by some botanists as the sole species in the genus. The name of the genus is derived from Latin feniculum, fœniculum, diminutive of fenum, fœnum, "hay"....

       vulgare (fennel
      Fennel
      Fennel is a plant species in the genus Foeniculum . It is a member of the family Apiaceae . It is a hardy, perennial, umbelliferous herb, with yellow flowers and feathery leaves...

      )
    • Geodorum
      Geodorum
      Geodorum is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae.- References :*Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. . Genera Orchidacearum 1. Oxford Univ. Press....

    • Glossodia
      Glossodia
      Glossodia is a genus of mostly purple orchids from Australia. In spring vast numbers of Glossodia major flower on uncleared land.There are only two recognised species:...

    • Lilium
      Lilium
      Lilium is a genus of herbaceous flowering plants growing from bulbs. Most species are native to the temperate northern hemisphere, though the range extends into the northern subtropics...

       spp. (lilies)
    • Lypernathus
    • Microtis
      Microtis
      Microtis is a small genus in the orchid family Orchidaceae.- Description :These orchids occur from South China to Japan, Australia , New Zealand and the south west Pacific, in grassland and scrub....

    • Prasophyllum
      Prasophyllum
      Prasophyllum is a genus in the orchid family . Species of this genus are commonly called "Leek Orchids". There is no designated type species. Prasophyllum australe R.Br...

    • Pterostylis
      Pterostylis
      Pterostylis is a terrestrial deciduous genus of some 100 or so species of orchids found mainly in New Zealand, Australia, Papua New Guinea and New Caledonia. The common name of this orchid is Greenhood - a number of species have green flowers with the dorsal sepal forming a "hood" over the rest of...

    • Tacca leontopetaloides
      Tacca leontopetaloides
      Tacca leontopetaloides is a species of flowering plant in the yam family Dioscoreaceae, that is native to tropical Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, northern Australia, New Guinea, Samoa, Micronesia, and Fiji. It was intentionally brought to tropical Pacific Islands with early human migrations...

    • Thelymitra
      Thelymitra
      Thelymitra is a genus of orchids known as 'sun orchids' in reference to their habit of only opening in warm weather.- Description :They are about 100 species distributed in higher rainfall areas across Australia , New Zealand , New Caledonia , Timor, Java, and the Philippines.The type species is...


External links

  • Root and tuber crops at the University of Georgia
    University of Georgia
    The University of Georgia is a public research university located in Athens, Georgia, United States. Founded in 1785, it is the oldest and largest of the state's institutions of higher learning and is one of multiple schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States...

  • Vegetables From Underground from Wayne's Word at Palomar College
    Palomar College
    Palomar College is a community college with one campus and six education sites in San Diego County, California. The main campus is located in San Marcos, while the six education sites are located elsewhere throughout north San Diego County. The largest of these is the education center located in...

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