Putrajaya
Overview
 
Putrajaya is a planned city, located 25km south of Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the second largest city in Malaysia by population. The city proper, making up an area of , has a population of 1.4 million as of 2010. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.2 million...

, that serves as the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The seat of government was shifted in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya, due to the overcrowding and congestion in the Kuala Lumpur areas. Nevertheless, Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the second largest city in Malaysia by population. The city proper, making up an area of , has a population of 1.4 million as of 2010. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.2 million...

 remains Malaysia's national capital, being the seat of the King
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957 when the Federation of Malaya gained independence....

 and Parliament
Parliament of Malaysia
The Parliament of Malaysia is the national legislature of Malaysia, based on the Westminster system. The bicameral parliament consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The King as the Head of State is the third component of Parliament....

, as well as the country's commercial and financial centre.
Encyclopedia
Putrajaya is a planned city, located 25km south of Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the second largest city in Malaysia by population. The city proper, making up an area of , has a population of 1.4 million as of 2010. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.2 million...

, that serves as the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The seat of government was shifted in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya, due to the overcrowding and congestion in the Kuala Lumpur areas. Nevertheless, Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the second largest city in Malaysia by population. The city proper, making up an area of , has a population of 1.4 million as of 2010. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.2 million...

 remains Malaysia's national capital, being the seat of the King
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is the head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957 when the Federation of Malaya gained independence....

 and Parliament
Parliament of Malaysia
The Parliament of Malaysia is the national legislature of Malaysia, based on the Westminster system. The bicameral parliament consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The King as the Head of State is the third component of Parliament....

, as well as the country's commercial and financial centre. Putrajaya was the brainchild of former Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohammad. In 2001, Putrajaya became Malaysia's third Federal Territory after Kuala Lumpur and Labuan
Labuan
Labuan is a federal territory in East Malaysia. It is an island off the coast of the state of Sabah. Labuan's capital is Victoria and is best known as an offshore financial centre offering international financial and business services via Labuan IBFC since 1990 as well as being an offshore support...

.

Named after the first Malaysian Prime Minister
Prime Minister of Malaysia
The Prime Minister of Malaysia is the indirectly elected head of government of Malaysia. He is officially appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the head of state, who in HM's judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of that House of Representatives , the...

, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra
Tunku Abdul Rahman
Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah, AC, CH was Chief Minister of the Federation of Malaya from 1955, and the country's first Prime Minister from independence in 1957. He remained as the Prime Minister after Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore joined the...

, the city is situated within the Multimedia Super Corridor, beside the also newly developed Cyberjaya
Cyberjaya
Cyberjaya is a town with a science park as the core that forms a key part of the Multimedia Super Corridor in Malaysia. It is located in the district of Sepang, Selangor and is situated about 50 km south of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia...

. In Malay
Malay language
Malay is a major language of the Austronesian family. It is the official language of Malaysia , Indonesia , Brunei and Singapore...

/Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Sanskrit , is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism.Buddhism: besides Pali, see Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Today, it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand...

, the words "putra" or "putera" means "prince", and "jaya" means "success" or "victory". The development of Putrajaya started in early 1990s, and today major landmarks are completed and the population is expected to grow bigger by the days.

History and design

The vision to have a new Federal Government Administrative Centre to replace Kuala Lumpur as the administrative capital emerged in the late 1980s, during the tenure of Malaysia's 4th Prime Minister, Dr. Mahathir Bin Mohamad. The new city was proposed to be located between Kuala Lumpur and the new KL International Airport (KLIA)
Kuala Lumpur International Airport
Kuala Lumpur International Airport , or KLIA serves the capital city of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, and is one of Southeast Asia's largest airports. It is also Malaysia's main international airport. It is situated in the Sepang district, in the south of the state of Selangor, about from Kuala Lumpur...

.

The Federal government negotiated with the state of Selangor on the prospect of another Federal Territory and in the mid-1990s, the Federal government paid a substantial amount of money to Selangor for approximately 11320 acres (45.8 km²) of land in Prang Besar, Selangor. As a result of this land purchase, the state of Selangor now completely surrounds two Federal Territories within its borders, namely Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya.

Planned as a garden and intelligent city, 38% of the area is reserved for green spaces by emphasising the enhancement of natural landscape. A network of open spaces and wide boulevards were incorporated to the plan. Construction began in August 1995 and it was Malaysia's biggest project and one of Southeast Asia's largest with estimated final cost of US$ 8.1 billion. The entire project was designed and constructed by Malaysian companies with only 10% of the materials imported.

The Asian Financial Crisis of 1997/1998 had somewhat slowed the development of Putrajaya. In 1999, 300 staff members of the Prime Minister's office moved to Putrajaya and the remaining government servants moved in 2005. On 1 February 2001 Tun Dr. Mahathir declared Putrajaya as a Federal Territory with the ceremony of handing over Putrajaya township from the Selangor state authorities.

In 2002, a high speed rail link called KLIA Transit
KLIA Transit
KLIA Transit is a rail service linking Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia and KL International Airport as well as three other stops in between...

 was opened, linking Putrajaya to both Kuala Lumpur and KL International Airport in Sepang
Sepang
Sepang is a town and district located in the southern part of the state of Selangor in Malaysia. Formerly a small town, Sepang grew to several recent developments...

. However, construction of the Putrajaya Monorail
Putrajaya Monorail
The Putrajaya Monorail is an incomplete monorail system in Putrajaya. Putrajaya was originally to have a light rail system, and construction of tunnels for said system was ongoing, when plans were changed, and a monorail plan was selected...

 which was intended to be the city's metro system, was suspended due to costs. One of the monorail suspension bridges in Putrajaya remains unused.

In 2007, the population of Putrajaya was estimated to be over 30,000, which comprised mainly government servants.

Public buildings and monuments

  • Perdana Putra
    Perdana Putra
    The Perdana Putra is a building in Putrajaya, Malaysia which houses the office complex of the Prime Minister of Malaysia. Located on the main hill in Putrajaya, it has become synonymous with the executive branch of the Malaysian federal government.- History :...

     – office of the Prime Minister
  • Seri Perdana
    Seri Perdana
    Seri Perdana is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Malaysia. It is located in Putrajaya, Malaysia. Construction began in 1997 and was completed in 1999. The building shares similar architecture with Perdana Putra. The first resident of this house was Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad,...

     – official residence of the Prime Minister
  • Palace of Justice
  • Putrajaya Ministry of Finance
    Putrajaya Ministry of Finance
    The Ministry of Finance is a building complex housing the Malaysian Ministry of Finance. It is located opposite the Boulevard and Dataran Wawasan in Precinct 2 of Putrajaya....

  • Wisma Putra
    Wisma Putra
    Wisma Putra is another name for the Malaysian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. It is also the name of the RM170 million Ministry of Foreign Affairs complex located at the country’s administrative capital, Putrajaya....

     – Malaysian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • Melawati National Palace
    Melawati National Palace
    Istana Melawati is the second national palace of Malaysia's Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Putrajaya after the Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur. It serves as a royal retreat for the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.- History :...

  • Istana Darul Ehsan
    Istana Darul Ehsan
    Istana Darul Ehsan , located in Putrajaya, Malaysia, is one of the royal residences of the Sultan of Selangor ....

  • Putrajaya Convention Centre
  • Perdana Leadership Foundation
    Perdana Leadership Foundation
    Perdana Leadership Foundation is a foundation established to preserve, develop and spread information regarding former Prime Ministers of Malaysia...

  • Heritage Square
  • Selera Putra
  • Souq Putrajaya
  • Pusat Kejiranan Presint 9
  • Pusat Kejiranan Presint 16
  • Putra Mosque
    Putra Mosque
    The Putra Mosque, or Masjid Putra in Malay language, is the principal mosque of Putrajaya, Malaysia. Construction of the mosque began in 1997 and was completed two years later. It is located next to Perdana Putra which houses the Malaysian Prime Minister's office and man-made Putrajaya Lake...

  • Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Mosque
    Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Mosque
    The Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Mosque, or Iron Mosque is the second principal mosque in Putrajaya, Malaysia after Putra Mosque. It is located in Putrajaya's Precinct 3, opposite the Palace of Justice. Construction began since April 2004 and was fully completed on August 2009....

     (Iron Mosque (Masjid Besi))


Monuments
  • Putrajaya Landmark
    Putrajaya Landmark
    The Putrajaya Landmark or Mercu Tanda is the first landmark in Putrajaya where the site of federal administrative centre was established here in 1995. It is located in Putra Perdana Park . The Putrajaya Landmark symbolises the beginnings of Putrajaya with its time capsule structure...

  • Millennium Monument
    Millennium Monument (Malaysia)
    Millennium Monument is a national monument in Putrajaya, Malaysia which is analogous to the Washington Monument in Washington DC. It was the first national monument to be built in Putrajaya. It is uniquely shaped like an obelisk with etchings denoting important periods and milestones in the...


Open space

  • Putrajaya Lake
    Putrajaya Lake
    Putrajaya Lake is located at the centre of Putrajaya city, Malaysia. This 650ha man-made lake is designed to act as a natural cooling system for the city and also for recreation, fishing, water sports and water transport....

  • Putrajaya Independence Square
  • Putrajaya Wetlands Park
    Putrajaya Wetlands Park
    Putrajaya Wetlands in Putrajaya, Malaysia is believed to be the largest constructed freshwater wetlands in the tropics .It has a total area of 200 hactares . Putrajaya Wetlands consists of 24 wetland cells, Wetlands Park and the other Wetlands areas...

  • Taman Selatan
    Taman Selatan
    Taman Selatan or Southern Park ' is a cemetery in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It is analogous to Arlington National Cemetery in Washington DC, USA....


Education

Education in Putrajaya is provided by a few schools such as:
  • Kompleks Sekolah Presint 9, Fasa 1.
  • Kompleks Sekolah Presint 9, Fasa 2.
  • Kompleks Sekolah Presint 16, Fasa 1.
  • Kompleks Sekolah Presint 16, Fasa 2.
  • Kompleks Sekolah Presint 11(1).

There is also an elite fully residential school
Sekolah Berasrama Penuh
Sekolah Berasrama Penuh or Fully Residential School is a school system established to nurture selected outstanding students in a conducive and educational environment to excel in academics and extracurricular activities, creating a wholesome student. There is about 60 SBPs throughout Malaysia...

 in Putrajaya
  • Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah
    Sekolah Alam Shah
    Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah , or 'SAS' ', is an all-boys fully residential school located in Putrajaya, Malaysia...


Transport

Putrajaya is home to the world's largest roundabout with a diameter of 3.5 km. (2.7 miles)

Bridges

This is a list of bridges in Putrajaya.
  • Seri Perdana Bridge
    Seri Perdana Bridge
    Seri Perdana Bridge is a 370m long bridge which is built across the Putrajaya Lake in Putrajaya, Malaysia's federal administrative centre.It is based on royal Islamic architectural design...

  • Putra Bridge
    Putra Bridge
    Putra Bridge is the main bridge in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It is analogous to Khaju Bridge in Esfahan, Iran. With a span of 435 metres, this bridge connects the Government Precinct to the Mixed Development Precinct and links Putra Square with the Boulevard....

  • Seri Wawasan Bridge
    Seri Wawasan Bridge
    The Seri Wawasan Bridge is one of the main bridges in Putrajaya, the Malaysian federal administrative capital. This futuristic cable-stayed bridge which has a sail ship appearance, connects Precinct 2 on the Core Island to the residential area of Precinct 8....

  • Seri Bakti Bridge
    Seri Bakti Bridge
    Seri Bakti Bridge is one of the main bridges in Putrajaya, Malaysia....

  • Seri Saujana Bridge
    Seri Saujana Bridge
    The Seri Saujana Bridge is a main bridge in Putrajaya, the Malaysian federal administrative capital. The bridge's design is unique cable-stayed arch bridge....

  • Seri Bestari Bridge
    Seri Bestari Bridge
    Seri Bestari Bridge, also known as Jambatan Seri Bestari, is a large arch bridge in Putrajaya, Malaysia. The eastern end of the bridge starts in Precinct 16 and the western end starts near Wisma Putra on Core Island....

  • Seri Setia Bridge
    Seri Setia Bridge
    Seri Setia Bridge is a main bridge in Putrajaya, Malaysia....

  • Seri Gemilang Bridge
    Seri Gemilang Bridge
    Seri Gemilang Bridge is a ceremonial bridge in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It connects Heritage Square with Putrajaya Convention Centre.The bridge has a main span 120 metres long, with a 60-merer span at each end, for a total length of 240 metres . There are six traffic lanes, each 3.5 metres wide...

  • Monorail Suspension Bridge
    Monorail Suspension Bridge
    Monorail Suspension Bridge is one of the many bridges in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It was built to link several important landmarks in the Putrajaya area like the Putrajaya Convention Centre, Putra Mosque and the Government Administrative Complex in Parcel E. The bridge's main span has a length of...


Major highways in Putrajaya

  • Persiaran Persekutuan
    Persiaran Persekutuan, Putrajaya
    Persiaran Persekutuan is a major highway in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It connects Wetland Interchange of the South Klang Valley Expressway in the north to Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah in the south.-Lists of interchanges:...

  • Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah
    Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, Putrajaya
    Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah is the main thoroughfare in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It was named after Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong...

  • Persiaran Utara
    Persiaran Utara, Putrajaya
    Persiaran Utara is a major highway in Putrajaya, Malaysia. Connecting Putrajaya-Cyberjaya Expressway interchange in the west to Putra Interchange of the South Klang Valley Expressway in the north.-Lists of interchanges:...

  • Lebuh Sentosa
    Lebuh Sentosa, Putrajaya
    Lebuh Sentosa is a major highway in Putrajaya, Malaysia. Connecting Precinct 11 in the north to the Core Island of Putrajaya in the south.-Lists of interchanges:...

  • Persiaran Barat
    Putrajaya Link
    Putrajaya Link or Persiaran Barat is an expressway within North-South Expressway Central Link and also a major interchange in same expressway. The expressway connects Putrajaya Interchange until Lebuh Sentosa interchange-Route background:...

  • Persiaran Selatan
    Persiaran Selatan, Putrajaya
    Persiaran Selatan is a major highway in Putrajaya, Malaysia. It connects Cyberjaya South interchange in the west to Seri Setia interchange in the north.-Lists of interchanges:...

  • Persiaran Timur
    Persiaran Timur, Putrajaya
    Persiaran Timur is a major highway in Putrajaya, Malaysia. Connecting Persiaran Utara interchange in the north to Seri Setia interchange in the south.-Lists of interchanges:...

  • Persiaran Perdana
    Persiaran Perdana, Putrajaya
    Persiaran Perdana or Putrajaya Boulevard is a longest boulevard in Putrajaya, Malaysia. Connecting Dataran Putra in the north to the Dataran Gemilang in the south.- Lists of junctions :...

     (Boulevard)

Image gallery

See also

  • Alamanda Putrajaya
    Alamanda Putrajaya
    Alamanda Putrajaya is the first shopping centre built in Putrajaya, Malaysia. The Alamanda Shopping Centre, located in Precinct 1, cost about RM 380 million to build and was first opened at the end of August 2004...

  • List of countries with multiple capitals

Further readings

  • King, Ross: Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya: Negotiating Urban Space in Malaysia, Nias Press, 2008

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK