and the Province of Palermo
. The city is noted for its history
, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old. Palermo is located in the northwest of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea
The city was founded by the Phoenicia
ns, but named by the Ancient Greeks
as Panormus meaning “always fit for landing in.” Palermo became part of the Roman Republic
, the Roman Empire and eventually part of the Byzantine Empire
, for over a thousand years.
1072 Robert Guiscard conquers Palermo.
1194 Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI.
1849 Troops of the Two Sicilies take Palermo and crush the republican government of Sicily
1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins his attack on Palermo, Sicily, as part of the Italian Unification.
1943 World War II: Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
1963 Ciaculli massacre: a car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven between police officers and military personnel near Palermo.
1991 Libero Grassi, an Italian businessman from Palermo is killed by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.
1992 Anti-Mafia Judge Paolo Borsellino is killed by a Mafia car bomb in Palermo, Italy together with five police officers.
1993 Italian former minister and Christian Democracy leader Giulio Andreotti is accused of mafia allegiance by the tribunal of Palermo.