Nowe Miasto Lubawskie
Nowe Miasto Lubawskie ' is a town in Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

, situated at river Drwęca
The Drwęca is a river in northern Poland and a tributary of the Vistula river near Toruń, forming a part of the city's administrative boundary. It has a length of 207 km and a basin area of 5,344 km², all in Poland.Towns:...

. The population is 11,104 (2004). Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is the capital of Nowe Miasto County
Nowe Miasto County
Nowe Miasto County is a unit of territorial administration and local government in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, northern Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998...

  and was assigned to the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, or Warmia-Masuria Province , is a voivodeship in northeastern Poland. Its capital and largest city is Olsztyn...

 in 1999.


The town of Neumark was granted Kulm law city rights in 1325 by the Teutonic Order. In 1454, the city joined the Prussian Confederation
Prussian Confederation
The Prussian Confederation was an organization formed in 1440 by a group of 53 gentry and clergy and 19 cities in Prussia to oppose the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights. It was based on the basis of an earlier similar organization, the Lizard Union...

, an association of cities and gentry that opposed the policy of the Order.

Neumark joined the Kingdom of Poland
Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569)
The Kingdom of Poland of the Jagiellons was the Polish state created by the accession of Jogaila , Grand Duke of Lithuania, to the Polish throne in 1386. The Union of Krewo or Krėva Act, united Poland and Lithuania under the rule of a single monarch...

 as part of western Prussia
Royal Prussia
Royal Prussia was a Region of the Kingdom of Poland and of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth . Polish Prussia included Pomerelia, Chełmno Land , Malbork Voivodeship , Gdańsk , Toruń , and Elbląg . It is distinguished from Ducal Prussia...

 in 1466 (Second Peace of Thorn), where it remained until 1772 (Partitions of Poland
Partitions of Poland
The Partitions of Poland or Partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth took place in the second half of the 18th century and ended the existence of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland for 123 years...


At the end of the 19th century, the town was capital of Landkreis Löbau in the Prussian district of Marienwerder, it had a Lutheran and a Catholic
The word catholic comes from the Greek phrase , meaning "on the whole," "according to the whole" or "in general", and is a combination of the Greek words meaning "about" and meaning "whole"...

 church, a Progymnasium, a court, a steam mill with grain trading, and (as of 1885) 2678 inhabitants. The monastery Maria-Lonk was nearby.

The town was again in Poland after the (Versailles Treaty) in January 1920 . During the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
The Second Polish Republic, Second Commonwealth of Poland or interwar Poland refers to Poland between the two world wars; a period in Polish history in which Poland was restored as an independent state. Officially known as the Republic of Poland or the Commonwealth of Poland , the Polish state was...

 Nowe Miasto Lubawskie was the capital of Nowe Miasto County in the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship, or Pomerania Province , is a voivodeship, or province, in north-central Poland. It comprises most of Pomerelia , as well as an area east of the Vistula River...


On 21 January 1945 town was captured by the Red Army
Red Army
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army started out as the Soviet Union's revolutionary communist combat groups during the Russian Civil War of 1918-1922. It grew into the national army of the Soviet Union. By the 1930s the Red Army was among the largest armies in history.The "Red Army" name refers to...

. After the war the town was returned to Poland.

Famous people

  • Zyta Gilowska
    Zyta Gilowska
    Zyta Gilowska is a Polish economist and politician. From 7 January until 23 June 2006 she was Deputy Prime Minister of Poland and Finance Minister in the Law and Justice government under Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz and then Jaroslaw Kaczynski.Gilowska is a former vice-chairman of the Citizens...

    , Polish economist and politician
  • Leonard Kniffel, American writer, published A Polish Son in the Motherland: An American's Journey Home, a travel memoir about contemporary life in the town of his ancestors.
  • Nikolaus von Vormann
    Nikolaus von Vormann
    Nikolaus von Vormann was a highly decorated General der Panzertruppe in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the 9th Army. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or...

    , Wehrmacht general.
  • Janina Wasilewska, subject, along with her husband, Tony Wasilewski, of the documentary film Tony and Janina's American Wedding, directed by Ruth Leitman.

Twin towns — Sister cities

Nowe Miasto Lubawskie is twinned
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

Hude is a municipality in the district of Oldenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated 15 km east of Oldenburg, and 25 km west of Bremen . The population is approximately 15000 and roughly one third of these people are retired....

, Šalčininkai
Šalčininkai is a city in Vilnius County, Lithuania, situated south-east of Vilnius, near the border with Belarus.Šalčininkai received its city rights in 1956 and is now a capital of the Šalčininkai district municipality. Šalčininkai features a multi-ethnic population of Poles , Lithuanians ,...

External links

Tygodnik Internetowy - weekly alternative newspaper online features top news stories, local information for Nowe Miasto area. Official town website

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