's three Maritime provinces
and is the most populous province in Atlantic Canada
. The name of the province is Latin for "New Scotland," but "Nova Scotia
" is the recognized, English-language name of the province. The provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest province in Canada with an area of 55284 square kilometre. As of 2009, the population is 946,397, which makes Nova Scotia the second-most-densely populated province.
Nova Scotia was already home to the Mi'kmaq people when French
colonists established the first permanent European settlement in Canada and the first north of Florida
1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.
1745 British troops take Cape Breton Island, which is now part of Nova Scotia, Canada.
1745 Sir William Pepperell captures the French Fortress Louisbourg in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia during the War of the Austrian Succession.
1749 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded.
1750 Halifax, Nova Scotia is almost completely destroyed by fire.
1755 British governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council order the deportation of the Acadians. Thousands of Acadians are sent to the British Colonies in America, France and England. Some later move to Louisiana, while others resettle in New Brunswick.
1755 Charles Lawrence gives expulsion orders to remove the Acadians from Nova Scotia beginning the Great Upheaval.
1758 Seven Years' War: the island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken.
1760 Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada taken from the Acadians.
1782 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.