New International Encyclopedia
The New International Encyclopedia was an American encyclopedia first published in 1902 by Dodd, Mead and Company
Dodd, Mead and Company
Dodd, Mead and Company was one of the pioneer publishing houses of the United States, based in New York City. Under several names, the firm operated from 1839 until 1990. Its history properly began in 1870, with the retirement of its founder, Moses Woodruff Dodd. Control passed to his son Frank...

. It descended from the International Cyclopaedia (1884) and was updated in 1906, 1914 and 1926.


The New International Encyclopedia was the successor to the International Cyclopaedia (1884).

Initially, the International Cyclopaedia was largely a reprint of Alden's Library of Universal Knowledge, which was a reprint of the British Chambers's Encyclopaedia
Chambers's Encyclopaedia
Chambers's Encyclopaedia was founded in 1860 by W. & R. Chambers. It has no relationship with the Chambers' Cyclopaedia, or Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences of Ephraim Chambers in the 18th century, except that the latter shared the same name as the publisher of this.-History:The first...

 with American additions (including many biographical entries for Americans).

The International Cyclopaedia was much improved by editors Harry Thurston Peck
Harry Thurston Peck
Harry Thurston Peck was an American classical scholar, author, editor, and critic.-Biography:Peck was born in Stamford, Conn. He was educated in private schools and at Columbia College, graduating in 1881, where his literary gifts attracted wide attention...

 and Selim Peabody
Selim Peabody
Selim Hobart Peabody was an American educator, born at Rockingham, Vermont He graduated at the University of Vermont in 1852, during the following years held professorships of mathematics, physics, and engineering at several colleges, and from 1880 to 1891 was president of the University of Illinois...

. The title was changed to New International Encyclopedia in 1902, with editors Harry Thurston Peck, Daniel Coit Gilman
Daniel Coit Gilman
Daniel Coit Gilman was an American educator and academician, who was instrumental in founding the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale College, and who subsequently served as one of the earliest presidents of the University of California, the first president of Johns Hopkins University, and as...

, and Frank Moore Colby
Frank Moore Colby
Frank Moore Colby was an American educator and writer, born in Washington, D. C.. He graduated from Columbia University in 1888, was acting professor of history at Amherst College in 1890-91, lecturer on history at Columbia and instructor in history and economics at Barnard College from 1891 to...


In 1906 the New International Encyclopedia was expanded from 17 volumes to 20. The 2nd edition appeared in 1914 in 24 volumes, set up from new type and thoroughly revised. It was very strong in biography.

The 1926 material was printed in Cambridge, Massachusetts
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, in the Greater Boston area. It was named in honor of the University of Cambridge in England, an important center of the Puritan theology embraced by the town's founders. Cambridge is home to two of the world's most prominent...

 by The University Press
Yale University Press
Yale University Press is a book publisher founded in 1908 by George Parmly Day. It became an official department of Yale University in 1961, but remains financially and operationally autonomous....

. Boston Bookbinding Company of Cambridge produced the covers. Thirteen books enclosing twenty-three volumes comprise the encyclopedia, which includes a supplement after Volume 23. Each book contains about 1600 pages.

A great deal of biographic material is recorded in the New International Encyclopedia. An early description of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party , commonly referred to as the Nazi Party). He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and head of state from 1934 to 1945...

 and his activities from 1920 to 1924 is in the supplement to the 1926 edition. Many of the names used to describe the scientific identities of plants and animals are now obsolete.

Numerous colorful maps which display the nations, states, colonies, and protectorates which existed early in the twentieth century are included. The maps are valuable for their depictions of national and colonial borders in Europe, Asia, and Africa at the time of World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

. Drawings, illustrations, and photographs are plentiful.

Contributors and office editors

More than 500 men, and some women, submitted and composed the information contained in the New International Encyclopedia.

Editors of the First Edition
  • Daniel Coit Gilman, LL.D., President of Johns Hopkins University (1876–1901), President of Carnegie Institution.
  • Harry Thurston Peck, Ph.D., L.H.D.
  • Frank Moore Colby, M. A., formerly Professor in New York University
    New York University
    New York University is a private, nonsectarian research university based in New York City. NYU's main campus is situated in the Greenwich Village section of Manhattan...


Editors of the Second Edition
  • Frank Moore Colby, M. A.
  • Talcott Williams
    Talcott Williams
    Talcott Williams, , was an American journalist and educator, born at Abeih, Turkey, the son of Congregational missionaries. He graduated from Amherst in 1873. Afterwards. he was employed at the New York World, and as a correspondent for the New York Sun and the San Francisco Chronicle...

    , LL.D., L.H.D., Litt. D. Director of the School of Journalism, Columbia University
    Columbia University
    Columbia University in the City of New York is a private, Ivy League university in Manhattan, New York City. Columbia is the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York, the fifth oldest in the United States, and one of the country's nine Colonial Colleges founded before the...


External links

vol Internet Archive Wikisource
Wikisource is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation. Its aims are to host all forms of free text, in many languages, and translations. Originally conceived as an archive to store useful or important historical texts, it has...

Year Articles
1 IA 1 WS 1  1905 A - Aristogoras
2 IA 2 WS 2  1905 Aristarchus - Bessières
3 IA 3 WS 3  1905 Bessus - Cairns
4 IA 4 WS 4  1905 Cairo - Classification of Ships
5 IA 5 WS 5  1905 Classis - Da Vinci
6 IA 6 WS 6  1905 Davioud - Ellery
7 IA 7 WS 7  1905 Ellesmere - Fontanel
8 IA 8 WS 8  1905 Fontanes - Goethe
9 IA 9 WS 9  1905 Goethite - Heritable Jurisdictions
10 IA 10 WS 10  1905 Herjulfson - Ishpeming
11 IA 11 WS 11  1905 Ishtar - Latitudinarians
12 IA 12 WS 12  1905 Latium - Manna
13 IA 13 WS 13  1905 Manna-Croup - Morganitic Marriage
14 IA 14 WS 14  1905 Morgan City - Omul
15 IA 15 WS 15  1905 Ona - Pickering
16 IA 16 WS 16  1905 Pickersgill - Reid
17 IA 17 WS 17  1905 Reifferscheid - Servian Wall
18 IA 18 WS 18  1905 Service-berry - Tagus
19 IA 19 WS 19  1905 Taharka - Vampire
20 IA 20 WS 20 1905 Van - Zyrians

New International Encyclopedia (incomplete)
Volume Edition Year copyright last From To
Volume 3 2nd 1928 [1924] Bazaine Brock
Volume 4 2nd 1928 [1924] Brockelmann Chaeremon
Volume 5 2nd 1914
Volume 6 2nd 1928 Consul Didymograptus
Volume 8 2nd [1922] Enteritis Foraker
Volume 10 2nd 1928 [1922] Glacial Havre de Grace
Volume 12 2nd 1915
Volume 13 2nd 1915 [1915] Jovanovich Leprohon
Volume 17 2nd 1916
Volume 20 2nd 1916 [1916] Riggs Shilluck
Volume 21 2nd 1916
volume 22 2nd 1916
Volume 24 Sup 1930 1930 A. Ly.
Volume 25 Sup 1930 [1930] Municipal Zweig
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