Nakidka is a Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n Radar-absorbent material (RAM) camouflage that "eliminates the use of precision-guided weapons
Precision-guided munition
A precision-guided munition is a guided munition intended to precisely hit a specific target, and to minimize damage to things other than the target....

" Nakidka reduces the Infrared
Infrared light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength longer than that of visible light, measured from the nominal edge of visible red light at 0.74 micrometres , and extending conventionally to 300 µm...

, Thermal
A thermal column is a column of rising air in the lower altitudes of the Earth's atmosphere. Thermals are created by the uneven heating of the Earth's surface from solar radiation, and are an example of convection. The sun warms the ground, which in turn warms the air directly above it...

, and Radar
Radar is an object-detection system which uses radio waves to determine the range, altitude, direction, or speed of objects. It can be used to detect aircraft, ships, spacecraft, guided missiles, motor vehicles, weather formations, and terrain. The radar dish or antenna transmits pulses of radio...

 band signatures of an object. It can be mounted on Armored fighting vehicles, Field fortifications, Command posts, permanent air and vehicle sheds, and ammunition and fuel depots by Infantry
Infantrymen are soldiers who are specifically trained for the role of fighting on foot to engage the enemy face to face and have historically borne the brunt of the casualties of combat in wars. As the oldest branch of combat arms, they are the backbone of armies...

 with no special equipment.

According to NII Stali (Scientific Research Institute of Steel), who designed Nakidka, it reduces the chances of detection by Day/Night
Night vision
Night vision is the ability to see in low light conditions. Whether by biological or technological means, night vision is made possible by a combination of two approaches: sufficient spectral range, and sufficient intensity range...

 viewers and TV
Television is a telecommunication medium for transmitting and receiving moving images that can be monochrome or colored, with accompanying sound...

 systems and seekers by thirty percent, Infrared seekers by two to three fold, radar by six fold, and reduces the thermal-radar signature to near-background levels. Nakidka is efficient in the optical, IR and radar wavelength bands up to 12 cm, and also reduces the Radar cross section
Radar cross section
Radar cross section is a measure of how detectable an object is with a radar. A larger RCS indicates that an object is more easily detected.An object reflects a limited amount of radar energy...

 by 10 db
The decibel is a logarithmic unit that indicates the ratio of a physical quantity relative to a specified or implied reference level. A ratio in decibels is ten times the logarithm to base 10 of the ratio of two power quantities...


Nakidka weighs 2 kg per square meter and can be deployed in 0.4–1.0 man hours per square meter. It is also capable of withstanding combat conditions, such as taking Small arms
Small arms
Small arms is a term of art used by armed forces to denote infantry weapons an individual soldier may carry. The description is usually limited to revolvers, pistols, submachine guns, carbines, assault rifles, battle rifles, multiple barrel firearms, sniper rifles, squad automatic weapons, light...

 fire or a Napalm
Napalm is a thickening/gelling agent generally mixed with gasoline or a similar fuel for use in an incendiary device, primarily as an anti-personnel weapon...

 attack.It is said to have a long, maintenance free service life.

In 2006, during the Russian Expo Arms
Russian Expo Arms
Russian Expo Arms is the international exhibition of arms, military equipment and ammunition that is regularly held in Nizhny Tagil, Russia since 1999....

 and International Defense Exhibition of Land Forces, a T-72BM "Rogatka"
T-72 operators and variants
The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1971. It replaced the T-54/55 series as the workhorse of Soviet tank forces . In front-line Russian service T-72 are being replaced by T-90, a modernized version of the T-72...

 (an upgraded T-72
The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1970. It is developed directly from Obyekt-172, and shares parallel features with the T-64A...

B) fitted with Nakidka was demonstrated. A T-72B and a T-90
The T-90 is a Russian third-generation main battle tank that is a modernisation of the T-72 . It is currently the most modern tank in service with the Russian Ground Forces and Naval Infantry...

S fitted with a signature reduction package based on Nakidka were also featured. Since then, that "signature reduction package" has become a standard component of the T-72B.

During that same Expo, questions were raised whether or not fitting Cage armor
Cage armor
Slat armor is a type of vehicle armor designed to protect against anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade attacks...

 along with Nakidka would be effective. Because Metallic materials will tend to reflect off a large RCS, adding steel cage armor along with Nakidka, would negate the camouflage properties of Nakidka.

None the less, NII Stali still offers Nakidka with "special rubber side screens", which would further reduce the RCS of the vehicle, as compared to a vehicle with Nakidka only. That option was intended for large-scale conflicts, where long range Surveillance
Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people. It is sometimes done in a surreptitious manner...

and precision guided munitions were common.
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