Mumbai Police
Overview
 
The Mumbai Police (also known as Brihanmumbai Police) is the police force of the city of Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

, India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. It has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

. The department's motto is "" . Although considered one of the best police forces in the world for solving high profile, high stakes crimes, Mumbai police is also thought to be influenced by local politicians.

It is headed by the Commissioner of Mumbai Police, who is generally an Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
The Indian Police Service , simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India...

 (IPS) officer.
Encyclopedia
The Mumbai Police (also known as Brihanmumbai Police) is the police force of the city of Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

, India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. It has the primary responsibilities of law enforcement and investigation within the limits of Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

. The department's motto is "" . Although considered one of the best police forces in the world for solving high profile, high stakes crimes, Mumbai police is also thought to be influenced by local politicians.

It is headed by the Commissioner of Mumbai Police, who is generally an Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
The Indian Police Service , simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India...

 (IPS) officer. The current commissioner is Arup Patnaik.

Origins

During the 16th century up to 1655, the area of present day Mumbai was under Portuguese control. The Portuguese established a basic law enforcement structure in this area, with the establishment of a Police out-post in 1661.

In 1669 East India Company
East India Company
The East India Company was an early English joint-stock company that was formed initially for pursuing trade with the East Indies, but that ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and China...

 was given Bombay Island from king Charles II. who had acquired it when marrying a Portuguese princess a few years before. The origins of the present day Mumbai police can be traced back to a militia organised by Gerald Aungier
Gerald Aungier
Gerald Aungier was the second Governor of Bombay. He was made the president of the Surat factory and the governor of Bombay in 1672, which posts he held till 1675...

, the then Governor of Mumbai in 1669. This Bhandari Militia was composed of around 500 men and was head quartered at Mahim
Mahim
Mahim is a neighbourhood in Mumbai. It is also the name of a railway station in Mahim area, on the Mumbai suburban railway on the Western Railway railway line. In ancient times, the area was known as Maijim, Mejambu, Mahikawati....

, Sewree and Sion. In 1672, the judicial overview of police decisions by courts was introduced, although none of the judges had any actual lefal training. The situation remained unchanged through the Maratha wars. However, by 1682, policing remained stagnant - there was only one ensign for the whole Bhandari militia, and there were only three sergeants and two corporals.

Creation and early days

On 29 March 1780, the office of the Lieutenant of Police was dissolved and on its place, an office of Deputy of Police was created. James Tod
James Tod
Lieutenant-Colonel James Tod was an English officer of the British East India Company and an Oriental scholar.Tod was born in London and educated in Scotland, later joining the East India Company as a military officer. He travelled to India in 1799 as a cadet in the Bengal Army where he rose...

, the then Lieutenant of Police, was appointed as the first Deputy of Police on 5 April 1780. He was tried and dismissed for corruption in 1790. Subsequently, the designation was changed to "Deputy of Police and High Constable".

In 1793, Act XXXIII, Geo. III was promulgated. The post of Deputy of Police was abolished and a post of Superintendent of Police was created in its place, with a Deputy of Superintendent of Police assisting him. Mr. Simon Halliday was the first Superintendent of Police, and governed till 1808. During this time, a thorough revision and re-arrangement of policing in the area outside the Fort was carried out. The troublesome area known as "Dungree and the Woods" was split up into 14 Police divisions, each division being staffed by two English constables and a varying number of Peons (not exceeding 130 for the whole area), who were to be stationary in their respective charges and responsible for dealing with all illegal acts committed within their limits.

Post-1857

After the cementing of English Rule in India after the 1857 Mutiny
Indian Rebellion of 1857
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to...

, in 1864, the three Presidency towns of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras were given Commissioners of Police. On 14 December 1864, Sir Frank Souter was appointed the first Police Commissioner of Mumbai. He remained in office for 24 years, till July 3, 1888. During that year (1864), Khan Bahadur Sheikh Ibrahim Sheikh Imam became the first Indian appointed to a police officer's post.

In 1896 the Commissioner's office moved to an Anglo-Gothic revival building, which it still occupies to this day. The Police Headquarters building is a protected heritage site.

After 1947

After independence, many changes to the Mumbai Police were instituted. On 15 August 1947, J.S. Bharucha became the first Indian head of the Mumbai Police, taking over from the last British Commissioner, Mr. A.E. Caffin.

A dog squad was set up in 1965. Computers were first used by the Mumbai police in 1976. A Narcotics Cell and an anti-terrorist special operations squad were created in 1989. In 1995, the control room was computerised, and finally, in 1997, the Mumbai Police went online.

Modernisation and present day

Massive modernisation of Mumbai Police was done during 2005. New vehicles, guns and electronic equipment were procured for police use. The Tourist Squad was also created to patrol the beaches of Mumbai. On 30 May 2009 the Maharashtra government in Mumbai set up a police station dedicated to tackling cyber crime. It is third such facility in India after Bangalore and Hyderabad. The dedicated police station will now register first information report on its own and investigate the offences pertaining to cyber space. The police station will take care of all cyber cases in the city including that of terror e-mails.
The existing Cyber Crime Investigation Cell of the city police probes cyber offences, but the FIRs are registered in local police stations depending on the site of the offence.
A specially trained team of over 25 policemen, headed by an Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP), has been selected for the new job.
The facility will function under the supervision of Deputy Commissioner of Police (Preventive) and Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime).

Organisation

The Mumbai Police is headed by a Police Commissioner
Police Commissioner of Mumbai
The Police Commissioner of Mumbai is the chief of the Mumbai Police. The commissioner is appointed by the Maharashtra State Government. The headquarters are opposite Crawford Market in South Mumbai. The commissioner is an Indian Police Service officer....

, who is an IPS
Indian Police Service
The Indian Police Service , simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India...

 officer. The Mumbai Police comes under the state Home Ministry. The city is divided into Eleven police zones and Twenty Five traffic police
Mumbai traffic police
Mumbai traffic police is the organisation entrusted with the task of managing vehicular traffic in Mumbai, India....

 zones, each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police. The Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police.

Geographical division

Mumbai Police Has total 89 Police Stations in its Jurisdiction. For Administrative purpose Mumbai police is divided in to 12 Zones and one additional Port
Port
A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land....

 Zone. Police stations under Port Zone keep vigil on the Mumbai Port. Each Zone contains 3 to 4 Police Stations. Broadly Mumbai police is divided in to five regions namely Central, North, South, East and West. Each Region having 3 to 4 Zones.
The in charge of each zone is a DCP. And In charge of Police station is Police Inspector commonly known as Sr. Police Inspector which is an honorary designiation.

Hierarchy

Rank structure of the Mumbai Police
Rank Abbreviation Strength
Commissioner of Police  C.P 1
Joint Commissioner of Police  Jt.CP 5
Additional Commissioner of Police Addl.CP 12
Deputy Commissioner of Police  DCP 38
Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police Addl.DCP
Assistant Commissioner of Police  ACP 124
Police Inspector  PI 977
Assistant Police Inspector  API 756
Police Sub Inspector
Sub-inspector
Sub-inspector is a rank used extensively in the Indian Police, Pakistani Police and Sri Lankan Police, which is primarily based on the British model. It was formerly used in most British colonial police forces and in certain British police forces as well...

 
PSI 2850
Assistant Sub Inspector ASI 3329
Head Constable
Head Constable
Head constable was a rank used in some British and British colonial police forces, and is still used in the Indian police.-England:In the Liverpool City Police and a few very small borough police forces in the United Kingdom, the head constable was the chief officer, equivalent to the chief...

 
HC 8146
Police Naik PN 6010
Police Constable  PC 18666

Recruitment

Those who join the police force through the constabulary exam enter the force at the lowest ranks of the force. Their starting rank is that of a Police constable. Those who join the Police force through the state examination (Maharashtra state Public Service Commission) hold a starting rank of Sub Inspector of Police. Those who join the police force through the civil service examination (UPSC
Union Public Service Commission
The Union Public Service Commission is the central agency authorized to conduct the Civil Services Examination for entry-level appointments to the various Civil Services of India. The agency's charter is granted by the Constitution of India...

) also known as the IPS exam hold a starting rank of Deputy Commissioner of Police less than 10 years of service. Generally the IPS
Indian Police Service
The Indian Police Service , simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India...

 officers make it to the higher ranks of Joint Commissioner of Police or Commissioner of Police. The Commissioner of Police for Mumbai also holds the rank of Additional Director General of Police Maharashtra.

Subunits

Mumbai Police is divided into the following units:
  • Crime Branch
  • Cyber Cell
  • Detection Unit (Wrongly known as Mumbai Encounter Squad
    Mumbai Encounter Squad
    The Mumbai Encounter Squad was an unofficial group within the police force of Mumbai, which killed criminals in "encounters".It consisted of several high-profile officers from the Detection Unit. The squad primarily dealt with members of the Mumbai underworld and other criminal gangs and carried...

     Officially or unofficially Encounter squad does not exist. Its the name given by media )
  • Anti Terrorist Squad
  • Law and Order
  • Traffic Police
  • Administration
  • Social Service Cell
  • Narcotics Cell
  • Wireless Cell
  • Local Armed Police
  • Anti Robbery Squad
  • Anti-Extortion Cell
  • Modus Operandi Bureau
  • Missing Persons Bureau
  • Special Branch
    Special Branch
    Special Branch is a label customarily used to identify units responsible for matters of national security in British and Commonwealth police forces, as well as in the Royal Thai Police...

  • Protection & Security
  • Riot Control Police
  • Economic Offences Wing
  • Juvenile AID Protection Unit
  • Quick Response Team
  • Force One
    Force One
    The Force One is an elite commando force, which is a specialised counter terrorism unit to guard the Mumbai metropolitan area, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, formed by Government of Maharashtra on the lines of National Security Guards...



Each of these units have a commander
Commander
Commander is a naval rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. Commander is also used as a rank or title in some organizations outside of the armed forces, particularly in police and law enforcement.-Commander as a naval...

 who officially hold the rank of Joint Commissioner of Police.

26 November 2008 Mumbai attacks

Anti-Terrorism Squad Chief Hemant Karkare
Hemant Karkare
Hemant Karkare was the chief of the Mumbai Anti-Terrorist Squad. He was killed during the 2008 Mumbai attacks after being shot three times in the chest...

, Additional Commissioner of Police Ashok Kamte
Ashok Kamte
Ashok Kamte was the Additional Commissioner of Mumbai Police for the East Region. He was killed in terrorist action during the 2008 Mumbai attacks. His bravery was honoured with the Ashoka Chakra on 26 January 2009....

 and Encounter specialist Vijay Salaskar died while operating against terrorists. In the following year, as a response to these attacks, a specialized counter-terrorism unit, Force One
Force One
The Force One is an elite commando force, which is a specialised counter terrorism unit to guard the Mumbai metropolitan area, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, formed by Government of Maharashtra on the lines of National Security Guards...

 was formed and commissioned on November 24, 2009, two days before the anniversary of the 26/11 terror attacks.

Weapons

Rifles SMLE Mk III*, Ishapore 2A1,SUB Machine GUN CARBINE 9 mm 1A1, 7.62 MM 1A1, Assault Rifle 7.62 mm, 38 MM Multi Shot Riot Gun, INSAS 5.56 mm
INSAS 5.56 mm
INSAS is a family of infantry arms consisting of an assault rifle, a light machine gun and a carbine. It is manufactured by the Indian State Ordnance Factory Board at its Ishapore factory...

, AK-47
AK-47
The AK-47 is a selective-fire, gas-operated 7.62×39mm assault rifle, first developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov. It is officially known as Avtomat Kalashnikova . It is also known as a Kalashnikov, an "AK", or in Russian slang, Kalash.Design work on the AK-47 began in the last year...

(247 in total), FN-FAL

250 MP5 German automatic assault rifles have just been ordered., M4,M107 anti-material rifle and SWAT equipment.

Pistols Glock pistol
Glock pistol
The Glock pistol, sometimes referred to by the manufacturer as Glock "Safe Action" Pistol, is a series of semi-automatic pistols designed and produced by Glock Ges.m.b.H., located in Deutsch-Wagram, Austria. The company's founder, engineer Gaston Glock, had no experience with firearm design or...

, PISTOL AUTO 9mm 1A
Browning Hi-Power
The Browning Hi-Power is a single-action, 9 mm semi-automatic handgun. It is based on a design by American firearms inventor John Browning, and completed by Dieudonné Saive at Fabrique Nationale of Herstal, Belgium. Browning died in 1926, several years before the design was finalized...

, Smith & Wesson M&P
Smith & Wesson M&P
The Smith & Wesson Model 10, previously known as the Smith & Wesson Military & Police or the Smith & Wesson Victory Model, is a .38-caliber revolver developed from the Smith & Wesson .38 Hand Ejector Model of 1889. In production since 1899, it is a fixed-sight, six-shot handgun with a fluted...

.

Detail List of Mumbai police's Vehicles

C.P.Pool Mumbai Brakeup wise Vehicle Fleet
Sr.No. Vehicle Category wise Total Vehicle Fleet
1 Special Purpose Vehicle 49
2 Big Vehicle 206
3 Light Vehicle 282
4 Jeep Category 906
5 Car Category 155
6 Motor Cycle 1403
Total 3055


36 speed boats have been ordered.

Mumbai police in popular culture

Because Bollywood
Bollywood
Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai , Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centers producing...

, India's Hindi film industry, is primarily in Mumbai, the Mumbai police has been frequently portrayed in films:
  • Aan: Men at Work
    Aan: Men at Work
    Aan: Men At Work is a 2004 Bollywood film directed by Madhur Bhandarkar. The movie is about the life of a police officer fighting crime constantly.-Plot:Crime is at its highest peak in Mumbai with it split in three ways...

    (2004): Directed by Madhur Bhandarkar
    Madhur Bhandarkar
    Madhur Bhandarkar is a National Award-winning Indian film director, script writer, and producer. He is best known for his films such as Chandni Bar , Page 3 , Traffic Signal , and Fashion...

    , the movie is about the life of a common police officer.
  • Black Friday (2004): The movie dealt with the conspiracy and the police investigation of the 1993 Mumbai Bombings
    1993 Mumbai bombings
    The 1993 Bombay bombings were a series of 13 bomb explosions that took place in Bombay , Maharashtra, India on Friday, 12 March 1993. The coordinated attacks were the most destructive bomb explosions in Indian history...

    .
  • Khakee
    Khakee
    Khakee is a 2004 Bollywood action film directed by Rajkumar Santoshi and written by Santoshi and Shridhar Raghavan about corruption and law and order in India. The film stars Amitabh Bachchan, Akshay Kumar, Ajay Devgan, Atul Kulkarni, Prakash Raj, Aishwarya Rai, Tusshar Kapoor, Tanuja, and...

  • Shootout at Lokhandwala
    Shootout at Lokhandwala
    Shootout at Lokhandwala is a 2007 Hindi feature film directed by Apoorva Lakhia. It is based upon the 1991 Lokhandwala Complex shootout, a real-life gun battle between gangsters and Mumbai Police....

    (2007): Based on a shootout between the Mumbai Police and gangsters of the Maya Dolas gang of the Mumbai Underworld at Lokhandwala Complex
    Lokhandwala Complex
    Lokhandwala Complex Andheri, also known as Lokhandwala, is a large residential and commercial area in Oshiwara village of Andheri, Mumbai, India. It is approximately 8 km from Andheri station. The name Lokhandwala comes from the name of the developer with the construction firm of Lokhandwala...

     on November 16, 1991.
  • Mumbai Meri Jaan (2008): The film dealt with the aftermath of the 2006 Mumbai train bombings
    11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings
    The 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings were a series of seven bomb blasts that took place over a period of 11 minutes on the Suburban Railway in Mumbai, the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra and the nation's financial capital. The bombs were set off in pressure cookers on trains...

    . One of the main stories is about the trials and tribulations of two constables of the Mumbai police.
  • Dum
    Dum (2003 Hindi film)
    Dum is a Bollywood action film directed by E.Nivas and produced by Ali and Karim Morani. The film stars Vivek Oberoi, Diya Mirza, Govind Namdeo and Atul Kulkarni in lead roles. Sushant Singh, Mukesh Rishi and Sheeba have important supporting roles. The film's music was penned by Sandeep Chowta,...

  • Wanted
    Wanted (2004 film)
    Wanted is a 2004 Malayalam movie directed by Murali Nagavally. The movie features Mohanlal, Madhu Warrier and Nishanth Sagar in the lead roles.- Plot :...

  • Sarfarosh
    Sarfarosh
    Sarfarosh was a critically and commercially successful action film, released in 1999. It was directed by John Matthew Matthan and starred Aamir Khan, Sonali Bendre and Naseeruddin Shah. John started working on Sarfarosh in 1992...



Most of these films are based on the operational groups most commonly known as Encounter Squads. Officers like Pradeep Sharma, Vijay Salaskar, Daya Nayak, Sachin Waze have headed these squads. They are also known as demolition men.

Contact numbers

  • Emergency Number: 100, 22625052, 22621983, 22651855

Helpline No. :- 1090

See also

  • Mumbai
    Mumbai
    Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

  • History of Mumbai
    History of Mumbai
    The history of Mumbai recounts the growth of a collection of seven islands on the west coast of India, becoming the commercial capital of the nation, and one of the most populous cities in the world. Although human habitation existed since the Stone Age, the Kolis, a fishing community, were the...

  • Mumbai Fire Brigade
    Mumbai Fire Brigade
    The Mumbai Fire Brigade is responsible for the provision of fire protection in the City of Greater Mumbai as well as responding to building collapses, drowning cases, gas leakage, oil spillage, road and rail accidents, bird and animal rescues, fallen trees and taking appropriate action during...

  • Maharashtra Police
    Maharashtra Police
    Maharashtra State Police is the law enforcement agency responsible for the Indian state of Maharashtra. Maharashtra Police has one of the largest police forces in the country...


Literature

  • Kadam, B. S. Sri; Socio-Historical Study Of Police Administration in Bombay Presidency (1861 to 1947); Kolhapur 1993 (Diss. Shivaji University)
  • Kennedy, M. Notes On Criminal Classes in the Bombay Presidency Appendices regarding some Foreign Criminals who occasionally visit the Presidency: Including Hints on the Detection of Counterfeit Coin; Bombay 1908
  • Edwardes, Stephen M. (Commissioner of Police); The Bombay City Police: A Historical Sketch, 1672–1916; Bombay u.a. 1923
  • Edwardes, Stephen M.; Crime in India: Brief Review of the more Important Offences included in the Annual Criminal Returns with Chapters on Prostitution & Miscellaneous Matters; Oxford u.a. 1924
  • Statistiken: gedruckt im: Annual Report of Police for the Town and Island of Bombay, laufende Monatsstatistiken auf Mumbai Police


References

External links

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