Mount Gambier, South Australia
Overview
 
Mount Gambier is the largest regional city
City
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 in South Australia
South Australia
South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent; with a total land area of , it is the fourth largest of Australia's six states and two territories.South Australia shares borders with all of the mainland...

 located approximately 450 kilometres south of the capital Adelaide
Adelaide
Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.2 million...

 and just 17 kilometres from the Victorian border.

It takes its name from the Mount Gambier
Mount Gambier (volcano)
Mount Gambier is a maar complex in South Australia associated with the Newer Volcanics Province. It contains four lake-filled maars called Blue Lake, Valley Lake, Leg of Mutton Lake, and Brownes Lake...

, a crater sighted in 1800 by Lieutenant James Grant
James Grant (navigator)
James Grant was a British Royal Navy officer and navigator in the early nineteenth century. He made several voyages to Australia and Tasmania, and was the first to map parts of the south coast of Australia.-Early life:...

 from the survey brig, HMS Lady Nelson
Lady Nelson
The Royal Navy purchased Lady Nelson in 1799. She spent her career exploring the coast of Australia in the early years of the 19th century. She was the first known vessel to sail eastward through Bass Strait, the first to sail along the South coast of Victoria, as well as the first to enter Port...

, and named for Lord James Gambier, Admiral of the Fleet.

It is known for its interesting geography, particularly its volcanic features and the Blue Lake
Blue Lake (South Australia)
The Blue Lake in Mount Gambier, South Australia is a large monomictic lake located in an extinct volcanic maar associated with the Mount Gambier maar complex. It is one of four crater lakes on Mount Gambier...

.
Before European settlement, the Buandig
Buandig
The Buandig people are Indigenous Australians from the Mount Gambier region in western Victoria and south-eastern South Australia.-Traditional Lands:...

 (or Boandik) people were the original Aboriginal inhabitants of the area.
Encyclopedia
Mount Gambier is the largest regional city
City
A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law.For example, in the U.S...

 in South Australia
South Australia
South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent; with a total land area of , it is the fourth largest of Australia's six states and two territories.South Australia shares borders with all of the mainland...

 located approximately 450 kilometres south of the capital Adelaide
Adelaide
Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.2 million...

 and just 17 kilometres from the Victorian border.

It takes its name from the Mount Gambier
Mount Gambier (volcano)
Mount Gambier is a maar complex in South Australia associated with the Newer Volcanics Province. It contains four lake-filled maars called Blue Lake, Valley Lake, Leg of Mutton Lake, and Brownes Lake...

, a crater sighted in 1800 by Lieutenant James Grant
James Grant (navigator)
James Grant was a British Royal Navy officer and navigator in the early nineteenth century. He made several voyages to Australia and Tasmania, and was the first to map parts of the south coast of Australia.-Early life:...

 from the survey brig, HMS Lady Nelson
Lady Nelson
The Royal Navy purchased Lady Nelson in 1799. She spent her career exploring the coast of Australia in the early years of the 19th century. She was the first known vessel to sail eastward through Bass Strait, the first to sail along the South coast of Victoria, as well as the first to enter Port...

, and named for Lord James Gambier, Admiral of the Fleet.

It is known for its interesting geography, particularly its volcanic features and the Blue Lake
Blue Lake (South Australia)
The Blue Lake in Mount Gambier, South Australia is a large monomictic lake located in an extinct volcanic maar associated with the Mount Gambier maar complex. It is one of four crater lakes on Mount Gambier...

.

History

Before European settlement, the Buandig
Buandig
The Buandig people are Indigenous Australians from the Mount Gambier region in western Victoria and south-eastern South Australia.-Traditional Lands:...

 (or Boandik) people were the original Aboriginal inhabitants of the area. They called it 'ereng balam' or 'egree belum', meaning 'home of the eagle hawk'.

The peak of the extinct Mount Gambier crater was sighted in 1800 by Lieutenant James Grant
James Grant (navigator)
James Grant was a British Royal Navy officer and navigator in the early nineteenth century. He made several voyages to Australia and Tasmania, and was the first to map parts of the south coast of Australia.-Early life:...

 from the survey brig, HMS Lady Nelson
Lady Nelson
The Royal Navy purchased Lady Nelson in 1799. She spent her career exploring the coast of Australia in the early years of the 19th century. She was the first known vessel to sail eastward through Bass Strait, the first to sail along the South coast of Victoria, as well as the first to enter Port...

, and named for Lord James Gambier, Admiral of the Fleet.

The Henty brothers who owned large holdings in Portland
Portland, Victoria
The city of Portland is the oldest European settlement in what is now the state of Victoria, Australia. It is the main urban centre of the Shire of Glenelg. It is located on Portland Bay.-History:...

, Western Victoria claim to the land, were forced to retreat when the lands were granted to Evelyn Sturt
Evelyn Pitfield Shirley Sturt
Evelyn Sturt was born in Dorset, England. He was the son of Thomas Lenox Napier Sturt, who became a puisne judge in Bengal for the British East India Company. His mother was Jeannette, née Wilson...

, the brother of the explorer Charles Sturt
Charles Sturt
Captain Charles Napier Sturt was an English explorer of Australia, and part of the European Exploration of Australia. He led several expeditions into the interior of the continent, starting from both Sydney and later from Adelaide. His expeditions traced several of the westward-flowing rivers,...

. Industries soon began to appear. The Post Office opened on 22 September 1846,
John Byng built the Mount Gambier Hotel in 1847, and Dr Edward Wehl arrived in 1849 to begin a flour-milling operation.

Hastings Cunningham founded "Gambierton" in 1854 by subdividing a block of 77 acres (31.2 ha).
From 1861 to 1878 the Post Office was known by this name before reverting to Mount Gambier.
Local government appeared in 1863 when Dr Wehl, who now owned a substantial millhouse on Commercial Road, was elected chairman of the District Council of Mount Gambier. In December 1864 this became the District Council of Mount Gambier West and, at the same time, a separate District Council of Mount Gambier East was formed.

Incorporation in 1876 saw a further division, with the creation of the Town Council and Mr. John Watson elected Mayor
Mayor
In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

. Mount Gambier was governed in this fashion until 1932, when the District Council of East and West merged to form a single District Council of Mount Gambier once more.

On 9 December 1954, Mount Gambier was officially declared a city, and is now widely recognised as having the prestigious title of most important centre in south-east South Australia.

Geography

The urban area is located mainly along the northern slopes and plain of a maar
Maar
A maar is a broad, low-relief volcanic crater that is caused by a phreatomagmatic eruption, an explosion caused by groundwater coming into contact with hot lava or magma. A maar characteristically fills with water to form a relatively shallow crater lake. The name comes from the local Moselle...

 volcano
Volcano
2. Bedrock3. Conduit 4. Base5. Sill6. Dike7. Layers of ash emitted by the volcano8. Flank| 9. Layers of lava emitted by the volcano10. Throat11. Parasitic cone12. Lava flow13. Vent14. Crater15...

 of the same name, Mount Gambier
Mount Gambier (volcano)
Mount Gambier is a maar complex in South Australia associated with the Newer Volcanics Province. It contains four lake-filled maars called Blue Lake, Valley Lake, Leg of Mutton Lake, and Brownes Lake...

. Comprising several crater
Volcanic crater
A volcanic crater is a circular depression in the ground caused by volcanic activity. It is typically a basin, circular in form within which occurs a vent from which magma erupts as gases, lava, and ejecta. A crater can be of large dimensions, and sometimes of great depth...

s it is part of the Newer Volcanics Province
Newer Volcanics Province
The Newer Volcanics Province is a complex of volcanic centres formed by the East Australia hotspot across south-eastern Australia. It has an area of 6,000 square miles with over 400 vents and contains the youngest volcanoes in Australia...

 complex of volcanoes. One of these contains a huge lake of high-quality artesian
Artesian aquifer
An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure. This causes the water level in a well to rise to a point where hydrostatic equilibrium has been reached. This type of well is called an artesian well...

 drinking water which changes colour with the seasons. In winter, it is a steel grey and then changes to a spectacular cobalt blue in the summer, giving rise to its name, Blue Lake
Blue Lake (South Australia)
The Blue Lake in Mount Gambier, South Australia is a large monomictic lake located in an extinct volcanic maar associated with the Mount Gambier maar complex. It is one of four crater lakes on Mount Gambier...

. This 70-metre deep lake also accommodates a range of unusual aquatic flora and fauna, in particular fields of large stromatolites. There are several other craters in the city including Valley Lake and Mount Schank
Mount Schank
Mount Schank is an inactive maar volcano in the south-east of South Australia, near Mount Gambier. It was named by James Grant in 1800 after Admiral John Schank, designer of Grant's ship, the HMS Lady Nelson....

 and the region has many water-filled caves and sinkhole
Sinkhole
A sinkhole, also known as a sink, shake hole, swallow hole, swallet, doline or cenote, is a natural depression or hole in the Earth's surface caused by karst processes — the chemical dissolution of carbonate rocks or suffosion processes for example in sandstone...

s.

The Mount Gambier urban area extends to suburbs including Suttontown, Mil Lel
Mil Lel, South Australia
Mil Lel is a settlement in South Australia....

 and Worrolong to the north, Glenburnie to the east, Compton to the west and Moorak
Moorak, South Australia
Moorak is a settlement in South Australia. At the 2006 census, Moorak had a population of 958....

 and O B Flat to the south.

Demographics

The government in the south-east area of the state, consisting of three local councils, was based around a single administration, many residents of Victoria used to look across the border to Mount Gambier as their centre. Consequently, during the 1970s many elderly locals relocated to Victor Harbor and Moonta, both rural areas but with more resources available to cope with an ageing population. A 1976 study found that less than 10 per cent (around 160 people) of residents aged over 65 had lived in the area for less than 5 years, leading to a lack of specific aged-care facilities.

According to the 2006 Census the population of the Mount Gambier census area was 23,494 people, making it the largest urban area in the state outside of Adelaide, and the 50th largest urban area in Australia
Australia
Australia , officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area...

. Approximately 51.7% of the population were female, 84.9% were Australian born, over 91.5% of residents were Australian citizens and 1.6% were indigenous.

The most popular industries for employment were Log Sawmilling and Timber Dressing (8%), School Education (4.8%) and Retail Trade (3.8%), while the unemployment rate is approx. 7%. The median weekly household income is A$814 or more per week, compared with $924 in Adelaide. 26.9% of the population identify themselves as being free of religion, a lower 21.5% regard themselves as Catholic
Catholic
The word catholic comes from the Greek phrase , meaning "on the whole," "according to the whole" or "in general", and is a combination of the Greek words meaning "about" and meaning "whole"...

.

2007 population estimates have Mount Gambier's population at 23,640, an increase of 146 people or 0.6%.

Climate

Mount Gambier has a temperate climate with warm dry summers and cool wet winters. July is the wettest month with an average of 99.4mm falling on 21 days whilst February normally records the lowest rainfall with an average of 25 mm on an average 8 days. The highest ever temperature recorded in Mount Gambier was 43.6 °C on 16 February 1983 (Ash Wednesday fires
Ash Wednesday fires
The Ash Wednesday bushfires, known in South Australia as Ash Wednesday II, were a series of bushfires that occurred in south-eastern Australia on 16 February 1983. Within twelve hours, more than 180 fires fanned by winds of up to 110 km per hour caused widespread destruction across the states...

) and the lowest ever temperature recorded was -3.9 °C on 20 June 1950 and 2 July 1960.

The town is located within a climatic transition zone between oceanic
Oceanic climate
An oceanic climate, also called marine west coast climate, maritime climate, Cascadian climate and British climate for Köppen climate classification Cfb and subtropical highland for Köppen Cfb or Cwb, is a type of climate typically found along the west coasts at the middle latitudes of some of the...

 and Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
A Mediterranean climate is the climate typical of most of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, and is a particular variety of subtropical climate...

.

Economy

The town's major industries are agriculture, forestry
Forestry
Forestry is the interdisciplinary profession embracing the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and associated resources in a sustainable manner to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands...

, trucking
Road transport
Road transport or road transportation is transport on roads of passengers or goods. A hybrid of road transport and ship transport is the historic horse-drawn boat.-History:...

 and tourism
Tourism
Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".Tourism has become a...

.

Tourism

Tourism generates around $100 million for the Mount Gambier economy. The city is a major accommodation gateway for the region. Major tourism attractions include the Blue Lake and Valley Lake wildlife park and caves. The region also has many water-filled caves and sinkhole
Sinkhole
A sinkhole, also known as a sink, shake hole, swallow hole, swallet, doline or cenote, is a natural depression or hole in the Earth's surface caused by karst processes — the chemical dissolution of carbonate rocks or suffosion processes for example in sandstone...

s which attract cave
Cave
A cave or cavern is a natural underground space large enough for a human to enter. The term applies to natural cavities some part of which is in total darkness. The word cave also includes smaller spaces like rock shelters, sea caves, and grottos.Speleology is the science of exploration and study...

 divers from around the globe, and such places as Ewens Ponds
Ewens Ponds (South Australia)
Ewens Ponds are a series of three limestone sinkholes on Eight Mile Creek south of Mount Gambier and east of Port Macdonnell, South Australia...

, Piccaninnie Ponds, Tantanoola Caves, Umpherston Sinkhole, Cave Gardens and Engelbrecht Cave.

Roads

Mount Gambier sits on a number of highways which connect the city to other major towns in the region, as well as to Adelaide and Melbourne.
  • Princes Highway
    Princes Highway
    The Princes Highway extends from Sydney to Port Augusta via the coast through the states of New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia, a distance of 1941 km or 1898 km via the former alignments of the highway ....

     (Jubilee Highway) travels through the city east to west.
    • to Melbourne
      Melbourne
      Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater...

       via Dartmoor
      Dartmoor, Victoria
      Dartmoor is a rural township on the Princes Highway and the Glenelg River between Heywood and the South Australian border, in South Western Victoria. At the 2006 census, Dartmoor had a population of 218.-History:...

      , Portland
      Portland, Victoria
      The city of Portland is the oldest European settlement in what is now the state of Victoria, Australia. It is the main urban centre of the Shire of Glenelg. It is located on Portland Bay.-History:...

       and Warrnambool
    • to Adelaide
      Adelaide
      Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.2 million...

       via Millicent
      Millicent, South Australia
      Millicent is a town in South Australia, south-east of Adelaide, and north of Mount Gambier. At the 2006 Census, the population was 4,771.The town is home to the Millicent National Trust Museum, and is nearby to the Tantanoola Caves Conservation Park and the Canunda National Park.The Millicent...

      , Kingston S.E.
      Kingston SE, South Australia
      Kingston SE is a town approximately 297 km southeast of Adelaide, the capital of South Australia, and 44 km from the town of Robe. It is at the southeastern end of Encounter Bay and the Coorong. At the 2006 census, Kingston SE had a population of 1,443.-History:The town was named after...

       and Meningie
  • Riddoch Highway
    Riddoch Highway
    The Riddoch Highway in south-eastern South Australia branches from the Dukes Highway at Keith and travels south through Padthaway, Naracoorte, Penola, Nangwarry, Tarpeena, and Mount Gambier to Port MacDonnell and nearby Cape Northumberland....

     (Penola / Bay Road) travels through the city north to south.
    • to Adelaide
      Adelaide
      Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.2 million...

       via Naracoorte and Keith
      Keith, South Australia
      Keith is a small farming town in the south-east of South Australia. It is approximately 225 km from Adelaide at the junction of the Dukes Highway and the Riddoch Highway. It is sometimes referred to as the 'lucerne capital of Australia' due to the high number of lucerne growers in the region...

    • to Port Macdonnell

Railways

Before conversion of the Melbourne-Adelaide railway to standard gauge in 1995, Mount Gambier was connected to Adelaide on the broad gauge network via Naracoorte, Keith and Tailem Bend. Normal commercial passenger services to Adelaide ceased in 1990, while limited freight services operated until the line was disconnected from the national network.

The Limestone Coast Railway
Limestone Coast Railway
The Limestone Coast Railway was a former tourist railway that operated around Mount Gambier in South Australia's Limestone Coast region. Due to problems with public liability insurance, it was forced to suspend operations in about the year 2000...

, operated tourist services on the abandoned lines from Mount Gambier to Penola and Coonawarra for a number of years with retired suburban railcars. However due to increased insurance costs they ceased services in 2006.

Airlines

Mount Gambier Airport
Mount Gambier Airport
Mount Gambier Airport is an airport in Mount Gambier, South Australia.Located north of Mount Gambier, it is situated on the Riddoch Highway, and is the only commercial airport servicing the south east of South Australia...

 is located a few kilometres north of the city via the Riddoch Highway. The city is served only by Regional Express
Regional Express Airlines
Regional Express Pty Ltd is an airline based in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia. It operates scheduled regional services. It is Australia's largest regional airline outside the Qantas group of companies and serves New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, North Queensland and Tasmania...

, which flies Saab 340
Saab 340
The Saab 340 is a discontinued Swedish two-engine turboprop aircraft designed and initially produced by a partnership between Saab and Fairchild Aircraft in a 65:35 ratio...

 aircraft to Adelaide
Adelaide
Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.2 million...

 and Melbourne
Melbourne
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater...

 a number of times a day.

The airport was once the main base of O'Connor Airlines
O'Connor Airlines
O'Connor Airlines was an airline based at Mount Gambier, South Australia, Australia. It operated scheduled services from Mount Gambier to destinations in South Australia and Victoria. Its main base was Mount Gambier Airport, with a hub at Adelaide Airport, which serviced Mildura Airport and Port...

, which also flew to Adelaide and Melbourne. However the company ceased trading in December 2007.

Coaches

Premier Stateliner operates to Mount Gambier from Adelaide. One Daily service operates via Kingstone and Robe, while another Daily service operates via Keith and Naracoorte.
Vline operates a daily interstate coach service from Mount Gambier to Warnambool, with an interchange at Warnambool for a rail service to Melbourne
Melbourne
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia. The Melbourne City Centre is the hub of the greater metropolitan area and the Census statistical division—of which "Melbourne" is the common name. As of June 2009, the greater...

.

Education

The town is serviced by five Reception to Year 7 (R-7) Primary schools:
  • Reidy Park Primary School;
  • Mount Gambier North Primary School;
  • McDonald Park;
  • Melaleuca Park; and
  • Mulga Street Primary School.


There are two Reception to Year 12 (R-12) colleges:
  • Tenison Woods College
    Tenison Woods College
    Tenison Woods College is a co-educational Roman Catholic secondary school in Mount Gambier, South Australia. It is named after the pioneer priest, scientist and educator Fr. Julian Tenison Woods in recognition of his contribution to Catholic education...

     and
  • St Martins Lutheran College.


There are two High Schools for Year 8 to 12:
  • Mount Gambier High School and
  • Grant High School
    Grant High School (Mount Gambier)
    for schools of the same name.Grant High School is a public secondary school situated in Mount Gambier, South Australia.- Facilities :...

    .

  • TAFE SA has a campus in Mount Gambier providing an extensive variety of vocational study.
  • University of South Australia
    University of South Australia
    The University of South Australia is a public university in the Australian state of South Australia. It was formed in 1991 with the merger of the South Australian Institute of Technology and Colleges of Advanced Education. It is the largest university in South Australia, with more than 36,000...

     has a campus in Mount Gambier which offers full-time or part-time undergraduate degrees in Accountancy, Nursing and Social Work.

Newspapers

The local newspaper for Mount Gambier, the Limestone Coast and South East region of South Australia is The Border Watch
The Border Watch
The Border Watch is an Australian newspaper based in Mount Gambier, South Australia, owned by the Scott Group of Companies. Published Tuesday through Friday, the paper serves the City of Mount Gambier, the South Australian Limestone Coast and parts of Western Victoria...

. It is published and available in the local area every Tuesday through Friday (with the exception of some public holidays such as Christmas Day). Daily newspapers from Melbourne (Herald Sun
Herald Sun
The Herald Sun is a morning tabloid newspaper based in Melbourne, Australia. It is published by The Herald and Weekly Times, a subsidiary of News Limited, itself a subsidiary of News Corporation. It is available for purchase throughout Melbourne, Regional Victoria, Tasmania, the Australian Capital...

and The Age
The Age
The Age is a daily broadsheet newspaper, which has been published in Melbourne, Australia since 1854. Owned and published by Fairfax Media, The Age primarily serves Victoria, but is also available for purchase in Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and border regions of South Australia and...

) and Adelaide (The Advertiser) as well as national newspapers such as The Australian
The Australian
The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964. The editor in chief is Chris Mitchell, the editor is Clive Mathieson and the 'editor-at-large' is Paul Kelly....

and The Australian Financial Review
The Australian Financial Review
The Australian Financial Review is a leading business and finance newspaper in Australia.Fairfax Media publishes it in a compact format six days a week, Monday to Saturday....

are also available in Mount Gambier and the southeast SA region. Some newspapers from nearby towns such as Millicent
Millicent, South Australia
Millicent is a town in South Australia, south-east of Adelaide, and north of Mount Gambier. At the 2006 Census, the population was 4,771.The town is home to the Millicent National Trust Museum, and is nearby to the Tantanoola Caves Conservation Park and the Canunda National Park.The Millicent...

 and Penola, specialty newspapers like the British International Express
International Express
The International Express is an express train between Bangkok, Thailand and Butterworth, Penang, Malaysia.This train's passenger cars include 1st- and 2nd-class air-conditioned sleepers, and an air-conditioned dining car...

weekly newspaper, agricultural newspapers such as The Weekly Times newspaper from Victoria and The South Australian Stock Journal (published by Rural Press
Rural Press
Rural Press Limited was an Australian media company which owned approximately 170 newspaper and magazine titles, The Canberra Times being the most prominent. These were predominantly in rural Australia, though it also owned a number of agricultural publications in the United States and New Zealand...

) and The Independent Weekly
The Independent Weekly
The Independent Weekly, established in September 2004, is an independent newspaper published and circulated in Adelaide, capital of South Australia...

from Adelaide are also available from local newsagents.

Television

  • The Australian Broadcasting Corporation
    Australian Broadcasting Corporation
    The Australian Broadcasting Corporation, commonly referred to as "the ABC" , is Australia's national public broadcaster...

     (ABC) - ABC1
    ABC1
    ABC1 was a United Kingdom based television channel from Disney using the branding of the Disney owned American network, ABC.The channel initially launched exclusively on the British digital terrestrial television platform Freeview on 27 September 2004. On 10 December 2004 it was launched on...

    , ABC2
    ABC2
    ABC2 is a national public television channel in Australia. Launched on 7 March 2005, it is the responsibility of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's television division, and is available nationally to digital television viewers in Australia...

    , ABC3
    ABC3
    -Future shows:Programming confirmed for future broadcast will include:* After School Care * Bindi's Boot Camp * Bushwacked! * Dance Academy * Dancing Down Under...

    , ABC News 24
    ABC News 24
    ABC News 24 is an Australian 24-hour news channel launched and owned by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. The channel replaced the former ABC High Definition simulcast of ABC1 and commenced broadcasting at 7:30pm 5:30 on Thursday, 22 July 2010.-Pre-launch:The ABC announced in January 2010...

     (digital channels)
  • The Special Broadcasting Service
    Special Broadcasting Service
    The Special Broadcasting Service is a hybrid-funded Australian public broadcasting radio and television network. The stated purpose of SBS is "to provide multilingual and multicultural radio and television services that inform, educate and entertain all Australians and, in doing so, reflect...

     (SBS) - SBS One, SBS Two (digital channels)
  • WIN Television
    WIN Television
    WIN Television is an Australian television network owned by the WIN Corporation that is based in Wollongong, New South Wales. WIN commenced transmissions on 18 March 1962 as a single Wollongong-only station, and has since expanded to 24 owned-and-operated stations with transmissions covering a...

     (7, 9 & 10) as SES-8
    SES/RTS
    SES/RTS, part of the WIN Television network, are Australian television stations licensed to, and serving Mount Gambier and Riverland in South Australia. The station commenced transmissions on 25 March 1966.-History:...

     - SES-8 relays the programming from Seven Network
    Seven Network
    The Seven Network is an Australian television network owned by Seven West Media Limited. It dates back to 4 November 1956, when the first stations on the VHF7 frequency were established in Melbourne and Sydney.It is currently the second largest network in the country in terms of population reach...

     (Seven SA), Nine Network
    Nine Network
    The Nine Network , is an Australian television network with headquarters based in Willoughby, a suburb located on the North Shore of Sydney. For 50 years since television's inception in Australia, between 1956 and 2006, it was the most watched television network in Australia...

     (WIN SA) & Network Ten
    Network Ten
    Network Ten , is one of Australia's three major commercial television networks. Owned-and-operated stations can be found in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and Perth, while affiliates extend the network to cover most of the country...

     (Ten SA). WIN Television produces an evening news bulletin combining local, state, national and international news screening Monday to Friday at 6.30pm on the WIN SA channel.
  • Austar
    Austar
    Austar is an Australian telecommunications company. Its main business activity is Subscription Television but it is also involved with internet access and mobile phones...

     - Subscription Television service Austar
    Austar
    Austar is an Australian telecommunications company. Its main business activity is Subscription Television but it is also involved with internet access and mobile phones...

     is also available via satellite.


WIN Television
WIN Television
WIN Television is an Australian television network owned by the WIN Corporation that is based in Wollongong, New South Wales. WIN commenced transmissions on 18 March 1962 as a single Wollongong-only station, and has since expanded to 24 owned-and-operated stations with transmissions covering a...

 broadcasts Nine Network programming, Channel Seven
Seven Network
The Seven Network is an Australian television network owned by Seven West Media Limited. It dates back to 4 November 1956, when the first stations on the VHF7 frequency were established in Melbourne and Sydney.It is currently the second largest network in the country in terms of population reach...

 broadcasts Seven Network programming & Channel Ten broadcasts Network Ten programming.
The programming schedules for these channels is the same as Channel Nine, Channel Seven and Channel Ten in Adelaide, with local commercials inserted and some variations for coverage of Australian Football League
Australian Football League
The Australian Football League is both the governing body and the major professional competition in the sport of Australian rules football...

 or National Rugby League
National Rugby League
The National Rugby League is the top league of professional rugby league football clubs in Australasia. The NRL's main competition, called the Telstra Premiership , is contested by sixteen teams, fifteen of which are based in Australia with one based in New Zealand...

 matches, local and national news and current affairs programs, some lifestyle and light entertainment shows and infomercials.

Due to the close proximity to the Victoria\South Australia state border, most people in Mount Gambier and some adjacent areas of southeast South Australia can receive television services from Western Victoria. These channels broadcast from the Mount Dundas transmitter near the town of Cavendish, Victoria
Cavendish, Victoria
Cavendish is a township in the Shire of Southern Grampians in the Western District of Victoria, Australia on the Wannon River. At the 2006 census, Cavendish and the surrounding area had a population of 454....

. The transmitter site is located approximately 100 kilometres northeast of Mount Gambier and broadcasts all the television channels from Western Victoria (Prime7 Television (AMV), WIN Television
WIN Television
WIN Television is an Australian television network owned by the WIN Corporation that is based in Wollongong, New South Wales. WIN commenced transmissions on 18 March 1962 as a single Wollongong-only station, and has since expanded to 24 owned-and-operated stations with transmissions covering a...

 Victoria (VTV
VTV (TV station)
VTV is an Australian television station broadcasting in regional Victoria in Australia. The network was owned by ENT Ltd., before being purchased by the WIN Corporation.-Network history:...

), Southern Cross Ten
Southern Cross Ten
Southern Cross Ten is an Australian television channel broadcast by the Macquarie Media Group in Queensland, New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria and South Australia. The channel is owned by the Macquarie Media Group as is affiliated to Network Ten...

 (BCV), the ABC and SBS Victorian services) as well as the new digital free-to-air channels such as ONE, Eleven
Eleven (TV channel)
Eleven is an Australian free-to-air standard definition digital television channel, which was launched by ElevenCo, on 11 January 2011.-Joint venture:...

, GO!
Go! (Australian TV channel)
GO! is an Australian free-to-air standard definition digital television channel launched by the Nine Network on Sunday 9 August 2009.-Origins:...

, GEM
GEM (Australian TV channel)
GEM is an Australian free-to-air high definition digital television channel, launched by the Nine Network on Sunday 26 September 2010 at 6am...

 (an acronym of General Entertainment and Movies), 7Two
7Two
7TWO is an Australian free-to-air standard definition digital television channel which was launched by the Seven Network on Sunday 1 November 2009 at 12pm....

 (an acronym of "72") and 7mate
7mate
7mate is an Australian free-to-air high definition digital television channel, which was launched by the Seven Network on 25 September 2010.The network stated that 7mate would contain sport and regular programs aimed primarily at a male audience, with programming drawn from a combination of new...

 that are not currently provided by the local WIN TV station in Mount Gambier, but WIN hope to have these channels up and running by November 2011.

Radio

ABC
  • ABC South East SA
    ABC South East SA
    ABC South East SA is an ABC Local Radio station based in Mount Gambier, South Australia. The station broadcasts to the Limestone Coast region including the towns of Naracoorte, Millicent, Robe, Kingston, Bordertown and Keith....

     (1476 AM)
  • ABC Triple J
    Triple J
    triple j is a nationally networked Australian radio station intended to appeal to listeners between the ages of 18 and 30. The government-funded station is a division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation...

     (102.5 FM)
  • ABC Radio National
    Radio National
    ABC Radio National is an Australia-wide non-commercial radio network run by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.Radio National broadcasts national programming in areas that include news and current affairs, the arts, social issues, science, drama and comedy...

     (103.3 FM)
  • ABC Classic FM
    ABC Classic FM
    ABC Classic FM is a classical music radio station available in Australia, and internationally online. It is operated by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation . It was established in 1976 as "ABC-FM", and later for a short time was known as "ABC Fine Music" , before adopting its current name...

     (104.1 FM)
  • ABC NewsRadio
    ABC NewsRadio
    ABC NewsRadio is an Australian Broadcasting Corporation radio service devoted to delivering live and 24-hour news updates and information. The service is available on a number of broadcasts right around Australia, including AM/FM radio, some pay-TV platforms and online via the Internet.Originally...

     (105.7 FM)

Commercial
  • Radio TAB
    Radio TAB
    Radio TAB is operated by UNITAB Limited, which operates the Totalisator Agency Board's based in Queensland, South Australia and Northern Territory...

  • 5SE (963 AM)
  • Star FM
    Star FM (Australian radio network)
    Star FM is an Australian radio network, consisting of stations in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia.The brand was created in 1999 by DMG Radio Australia. In 2004 Macquarie Regional RadioWorks bought all the stations except Star 104.5FM on the New South Wales Central Coast which is...

     (96.1 FM)
  • 5GTR FM (100.1 FM)
  • LIME FM (104.9 FM) (Formerly Rhema FM
    Rhema FM
    Rhema FM is the name of a number of Christian radio stations formerly affiliated with United Christian Broadcasters in Australia. Each is run and programmed locally, with predominantly local announcing...

    )


Some ABC radio services can also be received from the nearby town of Naracoorte and from Western Victoria.
Mount Gambier Pioneers

The town has only one national sporting side which is the Mount Gambier Pioneers.The Pioneers entered the South Eastern Basketball League in 1988 and now called the SEABL (South East Australian Basketball League). The Pioneers play at the Icehouse (Mount Gambier Basketball Stadium) which seats over 1,000 people and is also home to the Mount Gambier Basketball Association. The Pioneers have had one championship which occurred in 2003, the side was rated second in the top 5 sides to have ever played in the league by a group of special selectors. In 2011 the current President Dave Bowden, Head Coach Andrew Summerville and Club Captain Dallas Jefree will lead the team into its 24th season in the SEABL, with two new imports Fernandez Lockett and C.J. Webster. The 2011 side will have 9 senior players with 7 development squad members.

The town also has four Australian rules football
Australian rules football
Australian rules football, officially known as Australian football, also called football, Aussie rules or footy is a sport played between two teams of 22 players on either...

 teams competing in the Western Border Football League
Western Border Football League
The Western Border Football League is an Australian rules football competition based in the Lower South East region of South Australia, and south-western border region of Victoria. It is an affiliated member of the South Australian National Football League and the Victorian Football League...

: North Gambier, East Gambier, South Gambier and West Gambier.

There is also a range of different sporting leagues and clubs in Mount Gambier and surrounding regions, including soccer, netball
Netball
Netball is a ball sport played between two teams of seven players. Its development, derived from early versions of basketball, began in England in the 1890s. By 1960 international playing rules had been standardised for the game, and the International Federation of Netball and Women's Basketball ...

, basketball, tennis, hockey, cricket, swimming, cycling, triathlon and golf.

Mount Gambier is the home of "The Alex Roberts 100 Mile Classic", a cycling event that lays claim to
the longest continuing open cycling event in South Australia. The event held annually by the Mount Gambier Cycling and Triathlon Club.

The 120m Mount Gambier Gift held annually on the first Saturday in December at Vansittart Oval is the 2nd richest professional footrace in South Australia. Resurrected in 2001 the athletic carnival includes races from 70m to 1600m and attracts athletes from all over Australia, mostly from South Australia and Victoria. Of the ten Mount Gambier athletic carnivals held to date, three Victorians have won the 120 m Gift. On 4 December 2010, the race was won by 20-year-old Wallace Long-Scafidi.

Mount Gambier Gift winners

  • 2010 Wallace Long-Scafidi (SA)
  • 2009 Shaun Hargreaves (Vic)
  • 2008 Aaron Rouge-Serrett (Vic)
  • 2007 Dale Woodhams (SA)
  • 2006 Keith Sheehy (SA)
  • 2005 Keith Sheehy (SA)
  • 2004 Andrew Steele (SA)
  • 2003 Chris Burckhardt (SA)
  • 2002 Matthew Callard (Vic)
  • 2001 Shane McKenzie (SA)

State & Federal




2006 State Election
  Independent
Independent (politician)
In politics, an independent or non-party politician is an individual not affiliated to any political party. Independents may hold a centrist viewpoint between those of major political parties, a viewpoint more extreme than any major party, or they may have a viewpoint based on issues that they do...

38.1%
  Liberal
Liberal Party of Australia
The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party.Founded a year after the 1943 federal election to replace the United Australia Party, the centre-right Liberal Party typically competes with the centre-left Australian Labor Party for political office...

32.8%
  Labor
Australian Labor Party
The Australian Labor Party is an Australian political party. It has been the governing party of the Commonwealth of Australia since the 2007 federal election. Julia Gillard is the party's federal parliamentary leader and Prime Minister of Australia...

19.6%
  Family First
Family First Party
The Family First Party is a socially conservative minor political party in Australia. It has two members in the South Australian Legislative Council...

4.0%
  Democrats
Australian Democrats
The Australian Democrats is an Australian political party espousing a socially liberal ideology. It was formed in 1977, by a merger of the Australia Party and the New LM, after principals of those minor parties secured the commitment of former Liberal minister Don Chipp, as a high profile leader...

2.6%
  Greens
Australian Greens
The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, is an Australian green political party.The party was formed in 1992; however, its origins can be traced to the early environmental movement in Australia and the formation of the United Tasmania Group , the first Green party in the world, which...

2.2%

2007 Federal Election
  Liberal
Liberal Party of Australia
The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party.Founded a year after the 1943 federal election to replace the United Australia Party, the centre-right Liberal Party typically competes with the centre-left Australian Labor Party for political office...

40.19%
  Labor
Australian Labor Party
The Australian Labor Party is an Australian political party. It has been the governing party of the Commonwealth of Australia since the 2007 federal election. Julia Gillard is the party's federal parliamentary leader and Prime Minister of Australia...

39.62%
  National
National Party of Australia
The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party.Traditionally representing graziers, farmers and rural voters generally, it began as the The Country Party, but adopted the name The National Country Party in 1975, changed to The National Party of Australia in 1982. The party is...

5.85%
  Family First
Family First Party
The Family First Party is a socially conservative minor political party in Australia. It has two members in the South Australian Legislative Council...

5.85%
  Greens
Australian Greens
The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, is an Australian green political party.The party was formed in 1992; however, its origins can be traced to the early environmental movement in Australia and the formation of the United Tasmania Group , the first Green party in the world, which...

5.73%
  Democrats
Australian Democrats
The Australian Democrats is an Australian political party espousing a socially liberal ideology. It was formed in 1977, by a merger of the Australia Party and the New LM, after principals of those minor parties secured the commitment of former Liberal minister Don Chipp, as a high profile leader...

2.77%



Mount Gambier is part of the state electoral district of Mount Gambier
Electoral district of Mount Gambier
Mount Gambier is an electorate for the South Australian House of Assembly. It covers the southeast part of the state centered on the city and extinct volcano of Mount Gambier....

, which has been held since 1997 by Independent Minister for Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Minister for State/Local Government Relations, and Minister for Forests, Rory McEwen
Rory McEwen
Rory McEwen , Australian politician, was the independent member for the seats of Gordon and Mount Gambier in the South Australian House of Assembly....

. The seat is held by a margin of 12.2%. In federal politics, the city is part of the division of Barker
Division of Barker
The Division of Barker is an Australian Electoral Division in the south-east of South Australia.The division was created in 1903 and is named for Collet Barker, an early explorer of the region at the mouth of the Murray River...

, and has been represented by Liberal MP Patrick Secker
Patrick Secker
Patrick Damien Secker , Australian politician, has been a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives since October 1998, representing the Division of Barker, South Australia....

 since 1998. Barker is held with a margin of 19.10% and is considered safe-liberal. The results shown are from the largest polling station in Mount Gambier — which is located at Mount Gambier High School, on Brownes Road.

Local

The City of Mount Gambier
City of Mount Gambier
The City of Mount Gambier is a local government area centred in Mount Gambier in the Limestone Coast region of South Australia.While it is the southernmost city council in the state, the District Council of Grant is the southernmost council because it completely surrounds but does not include the...

 local government area consists of a mayor and ten councillor
Councillor
A councillor or councilor is a member of a local government council, such as a city council.Often in the United States, the title is councilman or councilwoman.-United Kingdom:...

s, elected equally from the East and West wards. , the unpopular Mayor of Mount Gambier council is Steve Perryman. The City of Mount Gambier
City of Mount Gambier
The City of Mount Gambier is a local government area centred in Mount Gambier in the Limestone Coast region of South Australia.While it is the southernmost city council in the state, the District Council of Grant is the southernmost council because it completely surrounds but does not include the...

 is surrounded by the District Council of Grant
District Council of Grant
The District Council of Grant is a local government area located in the Limestone Coast region of South Australia, and is the southernmost council in the state....

 local government area.

See also

  • Blue Lake (South Australia)
    Blue Lake (South Australia)
    The Blue Lake in Mount Gambier, South Australia is a large monomictic lake located in an extinct volcanic maar associated with the Mount Gambier maar complex. It is one of four crater lakes on Mount Gambier...

  • Mount Gambier Airport
    Mount Gambier Airport
    Mount Gambier Airport is an airport in Mount Gambier, South Australia.Located north of Mount Gambier, it is situated on the Riddoch Highway, and is the only commercial airport servicing the south east of South Australia...

  • Mount Gambier Prison
    Mount Gambier Prison
    Mount Gambier Prison is an Australian prison located in Mount Gambier, South Australia.It is the first prison in South Australia to be privately managed by GSL Custodial Services Pty Ltd , the Prison caters principally for medium and low security, male sentenced prisoners; can also accommodate...

  • McNamara Park
    McNamara Park
    McNamara Park, commonly known as Mac Park, is a motor racing circuit, located near Mount Gambier in South Australia. The 2.4 km track has 12 corners and runs clockwise. Owned and run by the Mount Gambier Motorcycle and Light Car Club Inc., the circuit is used for motorcycle and kart racing only...


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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