Military deployment
Military deployment is the movement of armed forces and their logistical support infrastructure around the world.

United States

The United States Military  defines the term as follows:
  1. In naval usage, the change from a cruising approach or contact disposition to a disposition for battle.
  2. The movement of forces within operational areas.
  3. The outer positioning of forces into a formation for battle.
  4. The relocation of forces and materiel
    Materiel is a term used in English to refer to the equipment and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management....

     to desired operational areas.
  5. In army usage, the term "downrange" is also common.

Deployment encompasses all activities from origin or home station through destination, specifically including intra-continental United States, intertheater, and intratheater movement legs, staging, and holding areas.

Deployments consist of women and men who leave their families and their homes with other soldiers (airmen, etc) and go to another country and earn combat pay. These deployments can last anywhere from 90 days to 15 months. In the United States Army, members receive what is known as a combat patch to wear on their uniforms (ACU's) and Dress Uniforms (Class A's).

In most of the world's navies
A navy is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake- or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions...

, a deployment designates an extended period of duty at sea. The United States Navy
United States Navy
The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The U.S. Navy is the largest in the world; its battle fleet tonnage is greater than that of the next 13 largest navies combined. The U.S...

 recognizes those who complete deployments with a special decoration known as the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon.

Redeployment is known as the return of Soldiers in a combat zone to their prior station (i.e. where they are stationed with families, where they were prior to deploying).

List of deployments

  • Deployments of the United States Military
    Deployments of the United States Military
    The military of the United States is deployed in more than 150 countries around the world, with more than 369,000 of its 1,580,255 active-duty personnel serving outside the United States and its territories. Most of these overseas personnel are deployed in combat zones in the Middle east, as part...

  • Deployments of the French military
    Deployments of the French military
    The military of France has several deployments throughout the world. Currently, France has about 36,000 troops deployed abroad: 23,000 of these troops act as sovereign forces while the other 13,000 are part of peacekeeping operations under international or defense agreements.-Deployments:The...

Nuclear weapons

New START is a nuclear arms reduction treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation with the formal name of Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms...

The term "deployed launcher of ICBMs" means an ICBM launch
Launch facility (ICBM)
A launch facility , also known as a missile silo, is an underground vertical cylindrical container for the storage and launching of intercontinental ballistic missiles . They typically have the missile some distance under the surface, protected by a large "blast door" on top...

er that contains an ICBM
Intercontinental ballistic missile
An intercontinental ballistic missile is a ballistic missile with a long range typically designed for nuclear weapons delivery...

 and is not an ICBM test
launcher, an ICBM training launcher, or an ICBM launcher located at a space launch facility.

The term "deployed ICBM" means an ICBM that is contained in or on a deployed launcher of ICBMs.
The term "deployed launcher of SLBMs" means an SLBM launcher installed on a submarine
A submarine is a watercraft capable of independent operation below the surface of the water. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability...

 that has been launched, that contains an SLBM, and is not intended for testing or training.

The term "deployed SLBM" means an SLBM that is contained in a deployed launcher of SLBMs.
The term "deployed heavy bomber" means a heavy bomber
Heavy bomber
A heavy bomber is a bomber aircraft of the largest size and load carrying capacity, and usually the longest range.In New START, the term "heavy bomber" is used for two types of bombers:*one with a range greater than 8,000 kilometers...

equipped for nuclear armaments, other than a test heavy bomber or a heavy bomber located at a repair facility or at a production facility.
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