Miass is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast
Chelyabinsk Oblast
-External links:*...

, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

, located 96 kilometres (59.7 mi) west of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk is a city and the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the northwestern side of the oblast, south of Yekaterinburg, just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on the Miass River. Population: -History:...

, on the eastern slope of the southern Urals
Ural Mountains
The Ural Mountains , or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan. Their eastern side is usually considered the natural boundary between Europe and Asia...

, on the bank of the Miass River
Miass River
Miass River is a river on the eastern side of the Ural Mountains near Chelyabinsk. It flows mainly northeast to join the Iset River which continues northeast to join the north-flowing Tobol River which leads to the Ob River and the Arctic Ocean. Located mostly in Chelyabinsk Oblast and Kurgan...

. Population:


Miass was founded in 1773 as a copper mining factory. During the 19th century, the development was driven by the discovery of the richest gold
Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and an atomic number of 79. Gold is a dense, soft, shiny, malleable and ductile metal. Pure gold has a bright yellow color and luster traditionally considered attractive, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water. Chemically, gold is a...

 deposits in the Urals. Average annual extraction of gold from the Miass region was about 640 kilograms (1,411 lb). In the mid-19th century, the volume of gold mining went down, and the development of Miass also slowed. Town status was granted to Miass in 1923. In 1941, an automobile factory (which still operates as UralAZ) was built.

Economy and education

Currently Miass is a major machinery center. The truck manufacturer UralAZ is one of its most important factories.

There are 39 schools, 5 vocational training schools, 2 technical secondary schools, 5 colleges (including a branch of Chelyabinsk College of Law), four branches of universities, the Institute of Mineralogy of Ural Department of Russian Academy of Sciences, an art school, and 13 sports schools in Miass. A total of 260 businesses operate in Miass.


The enterprise produces three-axle, full-drive trucks of high cross-country passability and exports 8% of the trucks. "UralAZ" was included in the rating of 200 biggest Russian companies in 2000 in volume of sales, and employs 105,000 people. It was established in 1942, when the ZiS
ZIL and similar may refer to:*Zil, a village in the Tabasaran rayon of Dagestan, Russia*Zil stands for Zulfikar Industries Pvt. Ltd. Pakistan, a Chemical factory in Pakistan producting soaps and related chemical products since 1976...

 factory was evacuated from Moscow
Moscow is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent...

 during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

The State Rocket Center "Makeyev Rocket Design Bureau"

This enterprise creates ballistic missiles for nuclear submarines. In 1955, it was moved from Zlatoust
Zlatoust is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Ay River , west of Chelyabinsk. Population: 181,000 ; 161,000 ; 99,000 ; 48,000 ; 21,000 ....

, where it was established at 1947, to Miass.


The old part of the city comprises 19th-century wooden houses with original balconies
Balcony , a platform projecting from the wall of a building, supported by columns or console brackets, and enclosed with a balustrade.-Types:The traditional Maltese balcony is a wooden closed balcony projecting from a...

, jambs, and lintels. The house of the gold mine's administrator, Simonov, has also been preserved.

Lake Turgoyak
Lake Turgoyak
Turgoyak is a lake in Chelyabinsk Oblast, near the city of Miass, Russia. It has a surface of 2638 hectares. The water of the lake has a great transparency...

is located near Miass and is a popular tourist location, with crystal clear water.

Miass has a rich mineralogical museum, as it is close to the Ilmensky Mineral conservation area.

External links

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