Lucius Licinius Crassus
Lucius Licinius Crassus (140 BC – 91 BC) was a Roman consul
Consul was the highest elected office of the Roman Republic and an appointive office under the Empire. The title was also used in other city states and also revived in modern states, notably in the First French Republic...

. He was considered the greatest Roman orator of his day, by his pupil Cicero.

He became consul in 95 BC. During his consulship a law was passed (the lex Licinia Mucia) requiring all but citizens to leave Rome, an edict which provoked the Social War. In 92 BC he was elected censor with Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus.

Licinius Crassus was married to Mucia
Mucia is a genus of skippers in the family Hesperiidae.-References:*...

, younger daughter of the Consul
Roman consul
A consul served in the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic.Each year, two consuls were elected together, to serve for a one-year term. Each consul was given veto power over his colleague and the officials would alternate each month...

 Quintus Mucius Scaevola Augur
Quintus Mucius Scaevola Augur
Quintus Mucius Scaevola Augur was a politician of the Roman Republic and an early authority on Roman law. He was first educated in law by his father and in philosophy by the stoic Panaetius of Rhodes....

 by his wife Laelia, daughter of Gaius Laelius Sapiens. They had two surviving daughters:
  • Licinia Crassa Prima or Major married to the Praetor
    Praetor was a title granted by the government of Ancient Rome to men acting in one of two official capacities: the commander of an army, usually in the field, or the named commander before mustering the army; and an elected magistratus assigned varied duties...

     of 93 BC, Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica, the son of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio
    Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio (consul 111 BC)
    Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio , son of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio and wife Caecilia Metella, was a Consul in 111 BC and a Praetor in 98 BC.-Family:...

     and descendant of Scipio Africanus
    Scipio Africanus
    Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus , also known as Scipio Africanus and Scipio the Elder, was a general in the Second Punic War and statesman of the Roman Republic...

     and Scipio Nasica
    Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum
    Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum was a Roman statesman and member of the gens Cornelia.Corculum was the son of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica , and was thus a first cousin once removed of the Roman general Scipio Africanus...

    , and by whom she had issue
  • Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius
    Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius
    Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius was a pro-Sullan politician and general. He was named Pius because of his 99 BC petition to return his father from exile and was true to his cognomen for the constance and inflexibility with which he always fought for his father's rehabilitation and return to...

    , eventually Pontifex Maximus
    Pontifex Maximus
    The Pontifex Maximus was the high priest of the College of Pontiffs in ancient Rome. This was the most important position in the ancient Roman religion, open only to patricians until 254 BC, when a plebeian first occupied this post...

     adopted their son, who then became known as Metellus Scipio
    Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica
    Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica , in modern scholarship often as Metellus Scipio, was a Roman consul and military commander in the Late Republic. During the civil war between Julius Caesar and the senatorial faction led by Pompeius Magnus , he remained a staunch optimate...


According to both Plutarch
Plutarch then named, on his becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus , c. 46 – 120 AD, was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia...

 and Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero , was a Roman philosopher, statesman, lawyer, political theorist, and Roman constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists.He introduced the Romans to the chief...

, a Licinia, daughter of this man, was married to Gaius Marius the Younger
Gaius Marius the Younger
Gaius Marius Minor, also known in English as Marius the Younger or informally "the younger Marius" , was the adopted son of Gaius Marius, who was seven times consul, and a famous military commander. Appian first describes him as the son of the great Marius, but in a subsequent passage, he is...

. The marriage may have taken place around 95 BC, though the date is pure supposition by scholars, based on the known political alliance between the two fathers (Crassus and Gaius Marius
Gaius Marius
Gaius Marius was a Roman general and statesman. He was elected consul an unprecedented seven times during his career. He was also noted for his dramatic reforms of Roman armies, authorizing recruitment of landless citizens, eliminating the manipular military formations, and reorganizing the...

), the fact that men could not marry before they turned 14, but that leading families tended to marry early to cement alliances. Nothing is known of Licinia after Marius the Younger's death in 82 BC, although in the time of Caesar a Pseudo-Marius appeared in Rome claiming to be their son - Cicero seems to have accepted the possibility that he might indeed be a Marius, though he tried not to involve himself in a politically difficult situation.
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