Lithuanian Christian Democrats
|Performance in legislative election|
|Years|| Seats in Seimas
The Seimas is the unicameral Lithuanian parliament. It has 141 members that are elected for a four-year term. About half of the members of this legislative body are elected in individual constituencies , and the other half are elected by nationwide vote according to proportional representation...
|1922-1923||38 seats (out of 78)|
|1923-1926||40 seats (out of 78)|
|1926-1927||30 seats (out of 85)|
|1990-1992||2 seats (out of 141)|
|1992-1996||10 seats (out of 141)|
|1996-2000||16 seats (out of 141)|
|2000-2004||2 seats (out of 141)|
|2004-2008||No seats (out of 141)|
The Lithuanian Christian Democrats (Lithuanian: Lietuvos krikščionys demokratai or krikdemai) or LKD was a Christian-democratic political party in Lithuania
Lithuania , officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, the biggest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, whereby to the west lie Sweden and Denmark...
. Originally established in 1905, it was closely associated with the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...
. Although it dominated Lithuanian politics in the early 1920s, it became inactive in the wake of the 1926 Lithuanian coup d'état
1926 Lithuanian coup d'état
The 1926 Lithuanian coup d'état was a military coup d'etat in Lithuania that resulted in the replacement of the democratically elected government with a conservative authoritarian government led by Antanas Smetona. The coup took place on December 17, 1926 and was largely organized by the military;...
, and was not re-established until 1989.
LKD performed well in the 1992 general elections, and in November 1996 it formed a coalition with the Homeland Union
Homeland Union (Conservatives, Political Prisoners and Deportees, Christian Democrats)
The Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats , before 2008 Homeland Union or TS, is a centre-right political party in Lithuania...
and formed a new government. However, the coalition broke up in June 1999. Disappointing results in the 2000 elections triggered a merger with the Christian Democrat Union (KDS). A faction opposed to the merger formed a new party, the Lietuvos krikščioniškosios demokratijos partija, chaired by Zigmas Zinkevičius
Zigmas Zinkevičius is a leading Lithuanian linguist-historian, professor at Vilnius University, and a true member of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences. He has contributed to studies in the history of languages, onomastics and other areas. Zinkevičius is a recipient of the Herder Prize, which was...
. LKD was a member of the European People's Party
European People's Party
The European People's Party is a pro-European centre-right European political party. The EPP was founded in 1976 by Christian democratic parties, but later it increased its membership to include conservative parties and parties of other centre-right perspectives.The EPP is the most influential of...
(EPP) as well as the European Christian Political Movement
European Christian Political Movement
The European Christian Political Movement, abbreviated to ECPM, is a political party at European level that unites national parties from across Europe that share Christian democratic politics. The member parties are generally more socially conservative and Eurosceptic than the European People's...
The party merged to the Homeland Union on May 17, 2008. Its name was changed to Homeland Union - Lithuanian Christian Democrats as a result.