List of medical inhalants

Inhalational anesthetic agents

  • aliflurane
  • chloroform
    Chloroform is an organic compound with formula CHCl3. It is one of the four chloromethanes. The colorless, sweet-smelling, dense liquid is a trihalomethane, and is considered somewhat hazardous...

  • cyclopropane
    Cyclopropane is a cycloalkane molecule with the molecular formula C3H6, consisting of three carbon atoms linked to each other to form a ring, with each carbon atom bearing two hydrogen atoms...

  • desflurane
    Desflurane is a highly fluorinated methyl ethyl ether used for maintenance of general anesthesia. Like halothane, enflurane and isoflurane, it is a racemic mixture of and optical isomers...

  • diethyl ether
    Diethyl ether
    Diethyl ether, also known as ethyl ether, simply ether, or ethoxyethane, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula . It is a colorless, highly volatile flammable liquid with a characteristic odor...

  • enflurane
    Enflurane is a halogenated ether that was commonly used for inhalational anesthesia during the 1970s and 1980s. Developed by Ross Terrell in 1963, it was first used clinically in 1966....

  • ethylene
    Ethylene is a gaseous organic compound with the formula . It is the simplest alkene . Because it contains a carbon-carbon double bond, ethylene is classified as an unsaturated hydrocarbon. Ethylene is widely used in industry and is also a plant hormone...

  • halothane
    Halothane is an inhalational general anesthetic. Its IUPAC name is 2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane. It is the only inhalational anesthetic agent containing a bromine atom; there are several other halogenated anesthesia agents which lack the bromine atom and do contain the fluorine and...

  • isoflurane
    Isoflurane is a halogenated ether used for inhalational anesthesia. Together with enflurane and halothane, it replaced the flammable ethers used in the pioneer days of surgery. Its name comes from being a structural isomer of enflurane, hence they have the same empirical formula...

  • methoxyflurane
    Methoxyflurane is a halogenated ether that was in clinical use as an volatile inhalational anesthetic from its introduction by Joseph F. Artusio et al in 1960 until around 1974. It was first synthesized in the late 1940s by William T...

  • methoxypropane
  • nitrous oxide
    Nitrous oxide
    Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or sweet air, is a chemical compound with the formula . It is an oxide of nitrogen. At room temperature, it is a colorless non-flammable gas, with a slightly sweet odor and taste. It is used in surgery and dentistry for its anesthetic and analgesic...

  • roflurane
  • sevoflurane
    Sevoflurane , also called fluoromethyl hexafluoroisopropyl ether, is a sweet-smelling, nonflammable, highly fluorinated methyl isopropyl ether used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. Together with desflurane, it is replacing isoflurane and halothane in modern anesthesiology...

  • teflurane
  • trichloroethylene
    The chemical compound trichloroethylene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent. It is a clear non-flammable liquid with a sweet smell. It should not be confused with the similar 1,1,1-trichloroethane, which is commonly known as chlorothene.The IUPAC name is...

  • vinyl ether
    Vinyl ether
    Vinyl ether, also known as divinyl ether, divinyl oxide, Vinethene and ethenoxyethene , is a clear, nearly colorless, volatile liquid which was briefly used as an inhalation anesthetic...

  • xenon
    Xenon is a chemical element with the symbol Xe and atomic number 54. The element name is pronounced or . A colorless, heavy, odorless noble gas, xenon occurs in the Earth's atmosphere in trace amounts...


  • Arformoterol
    Arformoterol is a long acting beta-adrenoceptor agonist drug indicated for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease . It is sold by Sunovion, under the trade name Brovana, as a solution of arformoterol tartrate to be administered twice daily by nebulization.It is the active...

  • Bitolterol
    Bitolterol mesylate is a β2-adrenergic receptor agonist used for the relief of bronchospasm in conditions such as asthma and COPD.Bitolterol has a rapid onset of action and may last up to 6–8 hours....

  • Epinephrine
  • Formoterol
    Formoterol or eformoterol is a long-acting β2-agonist used in the management of asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...

  • Ipratropium
    Ipratropium bromide is an anticholinergic drug used for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute asthma. It blocks the muscarinic acetylcholine receptors in the smooth muscles of the bronchi in the lungs, opening the bronchi...

  • Isoetharine
  • Isoproterenol
    Isoprenaline or isoproterenol is a medication used for the treatment of bradycardia , heart block, and rarely for asthma...

  • Levalbuterol
    Levosalbutamol or levalbuterol , trade name Xopenex, is the R-enantiomer of the short-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonist salbutamol. It is marketed by Cipla as Levolin, & by axa named Axazest.-Uses:...

  • Metaproterenol
  • Pirbuterol
    Pirbuterol is a beta-2 adrenergic bronchodilator used in the treatment of asthma, available as a breath-activated metered-dose inhaler .-Clinical use:...

  • Procaterol
    Procaterol, applied as procaterol hydrochloride , is a short-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonist used for the treatment of asthma. It has never been filed for FDA evaluation in the United States, where it is not marketed. The drug is readily oxidated in the presence of moisture and air, making it...

  • Racepinephrine (racemic epinephrine)
  • Salbutamol
    Salbutamol or albuterol is a short-acting β2-adrenergic receptor agonist used for the relief of bronchospasm in conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is marketed as Ventolin among other brand names....

  • Salmeterol
    Salmeterol is a long-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist drug that is currently prescribed for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is currently available as a dry powder inhaler that releases a powdered form of the drug...

  • Terbutaline
    Terbutaline is a β2-adrenergic receptor agonist.Terbutaline is currently on the World Anti-Doping Agency's list of prohibited drugs for Olympic athletes, except when administered by inhalation and a Therapeutic Use Exemption has been obtained in advance.Terbutaline is currently used to delay...

  • Tiotropium
    Tiotropium bromide is a long-acting, 24 hour, anticholinergic bronchodilator used in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease . Tiotropium bromide capsules for inhalation are co-promoted by Boehringer-Ingelheim and Pfizer under the trade name Spiriva...


  • Beclomethasone
  • Budesonide
    Budesonide is a glucocorticoid steroid for the treatment of asthma and non-infectious rhinitis , and for treatment and prevention of nasal polyposis...

  • Ciclesonide
    Ciclesonide is a glucocorticoid used to treat obstructive airway diseases. It is marketed under the brand name Alvesco for asthma and Omnaris/Omniair for hayfever in the US & Canada...

  • Cromolyn
  • Flunisolide
    Flunisolide is a corticosteroid often prescribed as treatment for allergic rhinitis....

  • Fluticasone
    Fluticasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid.Both the furoate and propionate forms are used as topical anti-inflammatories:*Fluticasone propionate*Fluticasone furoateTreatment of asthma - Fluticasone in combination with Salmeterol - "[]" - aerosol....

  • Dexamethasone
    Dexamethasone is a potent synthetic member of the glucocorticoid class of steroid drugs. It acts as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant...

  • Fluticasone
    Fluticasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid.Both the furoate and propionate forms are used as topical anti-inflammatories:*Fluticasone propionate*Fluticasone furoateTreatment of asthma - Fluticasone in combination with Salmeterol - "[]" - aerosol....

  • Mometasone
  • Nedocromil
    Nedocromil sodium is a medication used to prevent wheezing, shortness of breath, and other breathing problems caused by asthma. It is administered by an inhaler under the brand name Tilade and as an eye drop under the brand name Alocril...

  • Triamcinolone
    Triamcinolone is a long-acting synthetic corticosteroid given orally, by injection, inhalation, or as a topical ointment or cream....

Pulmonary surfactant
Pulmonary surfactant
Pulmonary surfactant is a surface-active lipoprotein complex formed by type II alveolar cells. The proteins and lipids that surfactant comprises have both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophobic region...


  • Beractant
  • Calfactant
  • Colfosceril
  • Exosurf
  • Poractant alfa


  • Aromatic ammonia
  • Dornase alfa
    Dornase alfa
    Dornase alfa is a highly purified solution of recombinant human deoxyribonuclease I , an enzyme which selectively cleaves DNA. Dornase alfa hydrolyzes the DNA present in sputum/mucus of cystic fibrosis patients and reduces viscosity in the lungs, promoting improved clearance of secretions...

  • Glutathione
    Glutathione is a tripeptide that contains an unusual peptide linkage between the amine group of cysteine and the carboxyl group of the glutamate side-chain...

  • Insulin
    Insulin therapy
    Insulin therapy is the treatment of diabetes by administration of exogenous insulin.Insulin is used medically to treat some forms of diabetes mellitus. Patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus depend on external insulin for their survival because the hormone is no longer produced internally...

  • Methacholine
  • Nicotine
    Nicotine is an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants that constitutes approximately 0.6–3.0% of the dry weight of tobacco, with biosynthesis taking place in the roots and accumulation occurring in the leaves...

  • Sodium chloride
    Sodium chloride
    Sodium chloride, also known as salt, common salt, table salt or halite, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaCl. Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of the ocean and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms...

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