List of grape diseases
This article is a list of diseases of grape
s (Vitis spp.).
A grape is a non-climacteric fruit, specifically a berry, that grows on the perennial and deciduous woody vines of the genus Vitis. Grapes can be eaten raw or they can be used for making jam, juice, jelly, vinegar, wine, grape seed extracts, raisins, molasses and grape seed oil. Grapes are also...
s (Vitis spp.).
| Bacterial diseases
|Bacterial blight (bacterial necrosis)||Xylophilus ampelinus = Xanthomonas ampelina|
|Crown gall||Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is the causal agent of crown gall disease in over 140 species of dicot. It is a rod shaped, Gram negative soil bacterium...
|Pierce's disease||Xylella fastidiosa
Xylella fastidiosa, a bacterium in the class Gammaproteobacteria, is an important plant pathogen that causes phoney peach disease in the southern United States, oleander leaf scorch, and Pierce's disease, and citrus variegated chlorosis disease in Brazil.-Pierce's disease:Pierce's disease was...
| Fungal diseases
|Alternaria rot||Alternaria alternata
Alternaria alternata has been recorded causing leaf spot and other diseases on over 380 host species. It is opportunistic pathogen on numerous hosts causing leaf spots, rots and blights on many plant parts...
|Angular leaf scorch||
Pseudopezicula tetraspora is a plant pathogen.- External links :* *...
Phialophora is a form genus of fungus with short conidiophores, sometimes reduced to phialides; their conidia are unicellular. They may be parasites, or saprophitic.Genetic analysis of Phialophora shows that it is a paraphyletic grouping....
|Angular leaf spot||
Mycosphaerella angulata is a fungal plant pathogen.-External links:* *...
Cercospora brachypus is a fungal plant pathogen.- External links :**...
|Anthracnose and bird's-eye rot||
Elsinoë ampelina is a plant pathogen, who is the causal agent of anthracnose on grape. -External links:* *...
Sphaceloma ampelinum [anamorph]
|Armillaria root rot (shoestring root rot)||
Armillaria mellea is a plant pathogen and a species of Honey fungus. It causes Armillaria root rot in many plant species. The mushrooms are edible but some people may be intolerant to them. The fungus produces mushrooms around the base of trees it has infected...
Rhizomorpha subcorticalis is a fungus that is a plant pathogen that causes root rot in several species, including strawberries and avocado.- External links :* *...
|Aspergillus rot||Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the most common species of the genus Aspergillus. It causes a disease called black mold on certain fruits and vegetables such as grapes, onions, and peanuts, and is a common contaminant of food...
Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
| Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
|Black measles||Presumably toxins from wood-rotting fungi; see Wood rot (decay)|
|Esca (Apoplexy)||Presumably toxins from wood-rotting fungi; see Wood rot (decay)|
|Little leaf||Zinc deficiency|
|Rupestris speckle||Physiological disorder|
|Stem necrosis (water berry, grape peduncle necrosis)||Physiological disorder|
| Nematodes, parasitic
Tylenchulus semipenetrans is a plant pathogenic nematode. T. semipenetrans is found in most citrus production areas and diverse soil textures worldwide. Their feeding strategy is semi-endoparasitic nematode and has a very narrow host range among commonly grown crops...
Xiphinema americanum is a plant pathogenic nematode. It is one of many species that belongs to the genus Xiphinema. It was first described by N. A. Cobb in 1913, who found it on both sides of the United States on the roots of grass, corn, and citrus trees. Not only is Xiphinema americanum known to...
Xiphinema is a genus of plant-parasitic roundworms.- List of species :* Xiphinema abrantinum Roca & Pereira, 1991.* Xiphinema aceri Chizhov & al., 1986.* Xiphinema aequum Roca & Lamberti, 1988....
Xiphinema index is a plant pathogenic nematode.- External links :*...
Pratylenchus is a genus of plant-parasitic nematodes responsible for root lesions on many plant hosts in temperate regions around the world. Lesion nematodes are migratory endoparasites that enter the host root for feeding and reproduction and move freely through or out of the root tissue. They do...
Pratylenchus vulnus is a plant pathogenic nematode.- External links :*...
Paratylenchus hamatus is a plant pathogenic nematode.- External links :*...
Meloidogyne arenaria is a plant pathogenic nematode.- External links :*...
The Meloidogyne incognita is a nematode, a type of roundworm, in the family Heteroderidae. It is an important plant parasite classified in parasitology as a root-knot nematode, as it prefers to attack the root of its host plant....
Meloidogyne javanica is a plant pathogenic nematode. It is one of the tropical Root-knot Nematodes and a major agricultural pest in many countries. Meloidogyne javanica reproduces by obligatory mitotic parthenogenesis .- External links :*...
Helicotylenchus is a genus of nematodes in the family Hoplolaimidae.-Diagnosis:Hoplolaimidae. Female : Body vermiform, spiral to straight. Labial region continuous to slightly offset, rounded or anteriorly flattened, generally annulated but never longitudinally striated; anterior lip annulus...
Paratrichodorus christiei is a plant pathogenic nematode.- External links :*...
Tylenchorhynchus is a genus of nematodes including many species of plant parasites. The classification of stunt nematodes - those including the Tylenchorhynchus genus - is unstable; many newly discovered species within this genus are reconsidered to be actually subspecies...
Phytoplasma, Virus and viruslike diseases
| Virus and viruslike diseases
|Alfalfa mosaic||Alfalfa mosaic virus
Alfalfa mosaic virus
Alfalfa mosaic virus , also known as Lucerne mosaic virus or Potato calico virus, is a worldwide distributed phytopathogen that can lead to necrosis and yellow mosaics on a large variety of plant species, including commercially important crops. It is the only Alfamovirus of the Bromoviridae...
|Arabis mosaic||Arabis mosaic virus
Arabis mosaic virus
Arabis mosaic virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Artichoke Italian latent||Artichoke Italian latent virus
Artichoke Italian latent virus
Artichoke Italian latent virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Asteroid mosaic||Undetermined, viruslike|
|Bois noir (black wood disease)||phytoplasma
Phytoplasma are specialised bacteria that are obligate parasites of plant phloem tissue and transmitting insects . They were first discovered by scientists in 1967 and were named mycoplasma-like organisms or MLOs. They cannot be cultured in vitro in cell-free media...
|Bratislava mosaic||Bratislava mosaic virus|
|Broad bean wilt||Broad bean wilt virus
Broad bean wilt virus
Broad bean wilt virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Corky bark||Grapevine Virus B|
|Fanleaf degeneration (infectious degeneration and decline)||Grapevine fanleaf virus
Grapevine fanleaf virus
Grapevine fanleaf virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Secoviridae.-External links:**...
Flavescence dorée is a bacterial disease of the vine with the potential to threaten vineyards. The bacterial agent has recently been named Candidatus Phytoplasma vitis, and its vector is the leafhopper, Scaphoideus titanus. Infection may kill young vines and greatly reduce the productivity of old...
|Fleck (Marbrure)||Undetermined, viruslike|
|Grapevine Bulgarian latent||Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus
Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus
Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Grapevine chrome mosaic||Grapevine chrome mosaic virus
Grapevine chrome mosaic virus
Grapevine chrome mosaic virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Peach rosette mosaic virus decline||Peach rosette mosaic virus
Peach rosette mosaic virus
Peach rosette mosaic virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Petunia asteroid mosaic||Petunia asteroid mosaic virus
Petunia asteroid mosaic virus
Petunia asteroid mosaic virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Tombusviridae.-External links:*...
|Raspberry ringspot||Raspberry ringspot virus
Raspberry ringspot virus
Raspberry ringspot virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Rupestris stem pitting||Undetermined, viruslike|
|Shoot necrosis||Undetermined, viruslike|
|Sowbane mosaic||Sowbane mosaic virus
Sowbane mosaic virus
Sowbane mosaic virus is a pathogenic plant virus.-External links:**...
|Strawberry latent ringspot||Strawberry latent ringspot virus
Strawberry latent ringspot virus
Strawberry latent ringspot virus is a plant pathogenic virus in an Unassigned family. Its entry in the ICTV database indicates this virus is a Sadwavirus but current literature indicates that it may be a Cheravirus.-References:...
|Tobacco mosaic||Tobacco mosaic virus
Tobacco mosaic virus
Tobacco mosaic virus is a positive-sense single stranded RNA virus that infects plants, especially tobacco and other members of the family Solanaceae. The infection causes characteristic patterns on the leaves . TMV was the first virus to be discovered...
|Tobacco necrosis||Tobacco necrosis virus
Tobacco necrosis virus
Tobacco necrosis virus is a plant virus of the family Tombusviridae.It is transmitted by the fungus Olpidium brassicae.-General Properties of TNV:TNV has wide host range . The virus can be isolated from roots of...
|Tobacco ringspot virus decline||Tobacco ringspot virus
Tobacco ringspot virus
Tobacco ringspot virus is a plant pathogenic virus in the plant virus family Comoviridae. It is the type species of the Comoviridae Genus Nepovirus. Nepoviruses are be transmitted between plants by nematodes...
|Tomato black ring||Tomato black ring virus
Tomato black ring virus
Tomato black ring virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae.-External links:**...
|Tomato ringspot virus decline||Tomato ringspot virus
Tomato ringspot virus
Tomato ringspot virus is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Comoviridae. It affects tomatoes.-External links:* Descriptions of Plant Viruses: **...
|Vein mosaic||Undetermined, viruslike|