List of Nawabs of Awadh

Of all the Muslim states and dependencies of the Moghul empire, Awadh
Awadh , also known in various British historical texts as Oudh or Oude derived from Ayodhya, is a region in the centre of the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which was before independence known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh...

 had the newest royal family. They were descended from a Persian
Persian people
The Persian people are part of the Iranian peoples who speak the modern Persian language and closely akin Iranian dialects and languages. The origin of the ethnic Iranian/Persian peoples are traced to the Ancient Iranian peoples, who were part of the ancient Indo-Iranians and themselves part of...

 adventurer called Sadat Khan, originally from Khurasan
Greater Khorasan
Greater Khorasan or Ancient Khorasan is a historical region of Greater Iran mentioned in sources from Sassanid and Islamic eras which "frequently" had a denotation wider than current three provinces of Khorasan in Iran...

 in Persia. In 1732, he was made governor of the province of Awadh. His original title was Nazim
A nazim is the coordinator of cities and towns in Pakistan. Nazim is the title in Urdu of the chief elected official of a local government in Pakistan, such as a district, tehsil, union council, or village council....

, which means Governor
A governor is a governing official, usually the executive of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the head of state...

, but soon he was made Nawab
A Nawab or Nawaab is an honorific title given to Muslim rulers of princely states in South Asia. It is the Muslim equivalent of the term "maharaja" that was granted to Hindu rulers....

. In 1740, the Nawab was called Wazir
A vizier or in Arabic script ; ; sometimes spelled vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir, or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister in a Muslim government....

 or vizier
A vizier or in Arabic script ; ; sometimes spelled vazir, vizir, vasir, wazir, vesir, or vezir) is a high-ranking political advisor or minister in a Muslim government....

, which means Chief Minister
Chief Minister
A Chief Minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national state, provinces of Sri Lanka, Pakistan, notably a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British Overseas Territory that has attained self-government...

, and thereafter he was known as the Nawab Wazir. In practice, from Sadat Khan onwards, the titles had been hereditary, though in theory they were in the gift of the Moghul emperor, to whom allegiance was paid. A nazar, or token tribute, was sent each year to Delhi
Delhi , officially National Capital Territory of Delhi , is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest by population in India, next to Mumbai. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the world by population with 16,753,265 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census...


As the Moghul power declined and the emperors lost their paramountcy and they became first the puppets and then the prisoners of their feudatories, so Awadh grew stronger and more independent. Its capital city was Faizabad
City of Faizabad , previous capital of Awadh, is the headquarters of Faizabad District and a municipal board in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, situated on the banks of river Ghaghra . Faizabad has a twin city of Ayodhya, which is considered to be the birthplace of Rama...

 which was later shifted to Lucknow
Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh in India. Lucknow is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division....


Nawabs of Awadh
Nawab of Awadh
The Nawab of Awadh is the title of rulers who governed the state of Awadh in India in the 18th and 19th century. The Nawabs of Awadh originated form Persia-Establishment:...


Portrait Titular Name Personal Name Birth Reign Death
Burhan ul Mulk Sa'adat Ali Khan Nishapuri
Mir Muhammad Amin Musawi 1680 1722 - 1739 1739
Abul-Mansur Muhammad Muqim Khan
Safdarjung was the Subadar Nawab of Oudh from 19 March 1739 to 5 October 1754.-Life:Safdarjung was born as Muhammad Muqim in Khurasan, Persia and migrated to India in 1722.-Career:...

1708 1737 - 1753 1754
Jalal-ud-din Haider Abul-Mansur Khan
Shuja-ud-Daula was the Subedar Nawab of Oudh from 5 October 1754 to 26 January 1775, and the son of Muhammad Nasir.Though a minor royal, he is best known for his key roles in two definitive battles in Indian history - the Third Battle of Panipat which ended Maratha domination of India, and the...

1732 1753 - 1775 1775
Muhammad Yahya Mirza Amani
Asaf-Ud-Daula was the nawab wazir of Oudh from 26 January 1775 to 21 September 1797, and the son of Shuja-ud-Dowlah, his mother and grandmother being the begums of Oudh, whose spoliation formed one of the chief counts in the charges against Warren Hastings.-Life:A contemporary chronicler describes...

1748 1775 - 1797 1797
Asif Jah Mirza Wazir Ali Khan
Wazir Ali Khan
Wazir Ali Khan was the fourth nawab wazir of Oudh from 21 September 1797 to 21 January 1798, and the son of Muhammad Nasir.-Life:...

1780 1797 - 1798 1817
Yamin-ud-Daula Saadat Ali Khan II
1752 1798 - 1814 1814
Abul-Muzaffar Ghazi-ud-din Haydar Khan
Ghazi-ud-Din Haider
Ghazi-ud-Din Haider was the last nawab wazir of Oudh from 11 July 1814 to 19 October 1818 and first King of Oudh from 19 October 1818 to 19 October 1827.-Life:...

1769 1814 – 1827 1827
Nasir-ud-din Haidar Shah Jahan
Abul-Mansur Qutb-ud-din Sulaiman Jah
Nasiruddin Haider
Nasir-ud-din Haidar was the second King of Oudh from 19 October 1827 to 7 July 1837.-Life:He was the son of Ghaziuddin Haider....

1827 1827 – 1837 1837
Abul Fateh Moin-ud-din Muhammad Ali Shah
Muhammad Ali Shah
Muhammad Ali Shah was the third King of Oudh from 7 July 1837 to 17 May 1842.-Life:Muhammad Ali Shah was son of Saadat Ali brother of Ghaziuddin Haider and uncle of Nasiruddin Haider....

1769 1814 – 1827 1827
Najm-ud-Daula Abul-Muzaffar Musleh-ud-din Amjad Ali Shah
Amjad Ali Shah
Amjad Ali Shah was the fourth King of Oudh from 17 May 1842 to 13 February 1847.- Life :He was son of Muhammad Ali Shah...

1801 1842 - 1847 1847
Abul-Mansur Mirza Wajid Ali Shah
Wajid Ali Shah
Wajid Ali Shah was the fifth King of Oudh, holding the position from 13 February 1847 to 7 February 1856....

1822 1847 - 1856 1887
Begum Hazrat Mahal
Muhammadi Khanum
Begum Hazrat Mahal
Begum Hazrat Mahal , also known as Begum of Awadh, was the first wife of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah.-Queen of Awadh:Her maiden name was Muhammadi Khanum and she was born at Faizabad, Awadh, India. She was a courtesan by profession and had been taken into the royal harem as a Khawasin, after being sold by...

Insurgency against the British for her son Birjis Qadr's right to the throne 1879
Nawabat essentially abolished Birjis Qadr
Birjis Qadra
Berjis Qadr was the son of Wajid Ali Shah and was last, Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman.-External links:* * * *...

1845–1893 1893

See also

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