Jenderal Besar
Jenderal Besar, translated literally as "Great General", is the highest rank of the Army
An army An army An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine), in the broadest sense, is the land-based military of a nation or state. It may also include other branches of the military such as the air force via means of aviation corps...

 of Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

. It is the equivalent of a General of the Army
General of the Army
General of the Army is a military rank used in some countries to denote a senior military leader, usually a General in command of a nation's Army. It may also be the title given to a General who commands an Army in the field....

, and is used to translate that rank into Indonesian.

Currently the rank has been held only by three persons:
  • Sudirman
    General Sudirman was the first military commander of Indonesian forces during the country's fight for independence from the Dutch in the 1940s.-Life:...

    , also styled Panglima Besar ("Great Commander");
  • Abdul Haris Nasution
    Abdul Haris Nasution
    In this Indonesian name, the name "Nasution" is a family name, and the person should be referred to by the family name "Nasution".Abdul Haris Nasution was an Indonesian general who was twice appointed Army Chief of Staff and who escaped an assassination attempt during the...

  • Suharto.

A Jenderal Besar could technically be appointed if ever Indonesia became engaged in a major war or suffered from a massive invasion. A Jenderal Besar would then, most likely, become supreme commander of all Indonesian military forces.

The insignia for Jenderal Besar is five golden stars arranged in a pentagon formation. Thus, the insignia is very similar to the United States Army
United States Army
The United States Army is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services...

 rank of General of the Army.
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