A hydroxy ketone in organic chemistry
Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline within chemistry involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation of carbon-based compounds, hydrocarbons, and their derivatives...
is a functional group
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific groups of atoms within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules. The same functional group will undergo the same or similar chemical reaction regardless of the size of the molecule it is a part of...
consisting of a ketone
In organic chemistry, a ketone is an organic compound with the structure RCR', where R and R' can be a variety of atoms and groups of atoms. It features a carbonyl group bonded to two other carbon atoms. Many ketones are known and many are of great importance in industry and in biology...
flanked by a hydroxyl
In chemistry, an alcohol is an organic compound in which the hydroxy functional group is bound to a carbon atom. In particular, this carbon center should be saturated, having single bonds to three other atoms....
group. In the two main classes the hydroxyl group can be placed in the alpha position (an alpha-hydroxy ketone RCR'(OH)(CO)R) or in the beta position (a beta-hydroxy ketone, RCR'(OH)CR2(CO)R).
- An alpha-hydroxy ketone is called an acyloinAcyloinAcyloins are a class of organic compounds in organic chemistry sharing a common functional group consisting of a hydroxyl group placed on the α-position of a carbonyl group.- Nomenclature :Common types of ketols include:...
- Prominent beta-hydroxy ketones are aldol adducts.