Hunt class MCMV
Overview
The Hunt class is a class
Ship class
A ship class is a group of ships of a similar design. This is distinct from a ship-type, which might reflect a similarity of tonnage or intended use. For example, the is a nuclear aircraft carrier of the Nimitz class....

 of thirteen mine countermeasure vessels (MCMV) of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...

. They combine the separate role of the traditional minesweeper
Minesweeper (ship)
A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to counter the threat posed by naval mines. Minesweepers generally detect then neutralize mines in advance of other naval operations.-History:...

 and that of the active minehunter
Minehunter
Minehunters are mine countermeasure vessels that actively detect and destroy individual naval mines. Minesweepers, on the other hand, clear mined areas as a whole, without prior detection of mines...

 in one hull. They have a secondary role as fisheries patrol vessels.

Upon introduction in the early 1980s they were the largest warships ever built out of glass-reinforced plastic
Glass-reinforced plastic
Fiberglass , is a fiber reinforced polymer made of a plastic matrix reinforced by fine fibers of glass. It is also known as GFK ....

 and are the last in operation to use the Napier Deltic
Napier Deltic
The Napier Deltic engine is a British opposed-piston valveless, two-stroke diesel engine used in marine and locomotive applications, designed and produced by Napier & Son...

 diesel engine
Diesel engine
A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition to burn the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber...

. All were built by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston except HMS Cottesmore
HMS Cottesmore
Three ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Cottesmore after the Cottesmore hunt:* The first Cottesmore, launched in 1917, was a Hunt-class minesweeper. She served in World War I and was paid off and sold in 1919....

 and Middleton
HMS Middleton (M34)
HMS Middleton is a Hunt-class mine countermeasure vessel of the British Royal Navy. She forms part of the Second Mine Countermeasures Squadron based in Portsmouth.-Affiliations:* Middleton, Rochdale...

, which were built by Yarrow Shipbuilders Limited on the River Clyde
River Clyde
The River Clyde is a major river in Scotland. It is the ninth longest river in the United Kingdom, and the third longest in Scotland. Flowing through the major city of Glasgow, it was an important river for shipbuilding and trade in the British Empire....

.
Encyclopedia
The Hunt class is a class
Ship class
A ship class is a group of ships of a similar design. This is distinct from a ship-type, which might reflect a similarity of tonnage or intended use. For example, the is a nuclear aircraft carrier of the Nimitz class....

 of thirteen mine countermeasure vessels (MCMV) of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
The Royal Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Founded in the 16th century, it is the oldest service branch and is known as the Senior Service...

. They combine the separate role of the traditional minesweeper
Minesweeper (ship)
A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to counter the threat posed by naval mines. Minesweepers generally detect then neutralize mines in advance of other naval operations.-History:...

 and that of the active minehunter
Minehunter
Minehunters are mine countermeasure vessels that actively detect and destroy individual naval mines. Minesweepers, on the other hand, clear mined areas as a whole, without prior detection of mines...

 in one hull. They have a secondary role as fisheries patrol vessels.

Upon introduction in the early 1980s they were the largest warships ever built out of glass-reinforced plastic
Glass-reinforced plastic
Fiberglass , is a fiber reinforced polymer made of a plastic matrix reinforced by fine fibers of glass. It is also known as GFK ....

 and are the last in operation to use the Napier Deltic
Napier Deltic
The Napier Deltic engine is a British opposed-piston valveless, two-stroke diesel engine used in marine and locomotive applications, designed and produced by Napier & Son...

 diesel engine
Diesel engine
A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition to burn the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber...

. All were built by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston except HMS Cottesmore
HMS Cottesmore
Three ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Cottesmore after the Cottesmore hunt:* The first Cottesmore, launched in 1917, was a Hunt-class minesweeper. She served in World War I and was paid off and sold in 1919....

 and Middleton
HMS Middleton (M34)
HMS Middleton is a Hunt-class mine countermeasure vessel of the British Royal Navy. She forms part of the Second Mine Countermeasures Squadron based in Portsmouth.-Affiliations:* Middleton, Rochdale...

, which were built by Yarrow Shipbuilders Limited on the River Clyde
River Clyde
The River Clyde is a major river in Scotland. It is the ninth longest river in the United Kingdom, and the third longest in Scotland. Flowing through the major city of Glasgow, it was an important river for shipbuilding and trade in the British Empire....

. HMS Quorn
HMS Quorn (M41)
HMS Quorn , the third ship of this name, is a Hunt-class minesweeper of the Royal Navy. She was launched on 23 January 1988, the last ship of her class....

 was the last ship of the class launched.

The capabilities of the remaining eight vessels of the Hunt Class have been significantly enhanced by the installation of Sonar
Sonar
Sonar is a technique that uses sound propagation to navigate, communicate with or detect other vessels...

 Type 2193 and the NAUTIS 3 command system. The performance of Sonar 2193 exceeds that of any other mine hunting sonar in service in the world today and is capable of detecting and classifying an object the size of a football up to 1,000 metres. In late 2007 HMS Chiddingfold used Seafox, the Royal Navy's new mine disposal system, during Exercise Neptune Warrior off Scotland. Seafox is described by the MOD as "state of the art fire and forget system, capable of destroying mines in depths of up to 300 metres".

Ships

Name Pennant Builder Launched Commissioned Home port Status (2006)
Royal Navy
M29 Vosper Thornycroft 1978 1980 HMS Raleigh
HMS Raleigh (shore establishment)
HMS Raleigh is the modern-day basic training facility of the Royal Navy at Torpoint, Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is spread over several square miles, and has damage control simulators and fire-fighting training facilities...

Decommissioned, 2005
M30 Vosper Thornycroft 1979 1981 HMNB Portsmouth
HMNB Portsmouth
Her Majesty's Naval Base Portsmouth is one of three operating bases in the United Kingdom for the British Royal Navy...

Active
M31 Vosper Thornycroft 1981 1982 Portsmouth Active
M32 Yarrow Shipbuilders
Yarrow Shipbuilders
Yarrow Limited , often styled as simply Yarrows, was a major shipbuilding firm based in the Scotstoun district of Glasgow on the River Clyde...

1982 1983 Portsmouth Decommissioned, 2005; Sold to Lithuania as the Skalvis; arrived 9 December 2010
M33 Vosper Thornycroft 1982 1982 Portsmouth Active
M34 Yarrow Shipbuilders
Yarrow Shipbuilders
Yarrow Limited , often styled as simply Yarrows, was a major shipbuilding firm based in the Scotstoun district of Glasgow on the River Clyde...

1983 1984 Portsmouth Active
M35 Vosper Thornycroft 1982 1983 Portsmouth Decommissioned, 2005; Sold to Lithuania as the Kursis; arrived 20 May 2011
M36 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 Sold to Greece as Europa
M37 Vosper Thornycroft 1983 1984 Portsmouth Active
M38 Vosper Thornycroft 1986 1986 Portsmouth Active
M39 Vosper Thornycroft 1984 1985 Portsmouth Active
M40 Vosper Thornycroft 1986 Sold to Greece as Kallisto
M41 Vosper Thornycroft 1988 1989 Portsmouth Active
Hellenic Navy
Europa M62 Vosper Thornycroft 2001 Salamis
Salamis Naval Base
The Salamis Naval Base or Naval Dock Salamis is the largest naval base in Greece. It is located in the northeastern part of Salamis Island and in Amphiali and Skaramanga. It is close to the major population centres of Athens and Piraeus....

Active
Kallisto M63 Vosper Thornycroft 2000 Salamis
Salamis Naval Base
The Salamis Naval Base or Naval Dock Salamis is the largest naval base in Greece. It is located in the northeastern part of Salamis Island and in Amphiali and Skaramanga. It is close to the major population centres of Athens and Piraeus....

Active


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK