Hemiscyllium galei
Hemiscyllium galei is a species of bamboo shark in the family
Family (biology)
In biological classification, family is* a taxonomic rank. Other well-known ranks are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, genus, and species, with family fitting between order and genus. As for the other well-known ranks, there is the option of an immediately lower rank, indicated by the...

Hemiscylliidae is a family of sharks in the order Orectolobiformes, commonly known as longtail carpet sharks or bamboo sharks. They are found in shallow waters of the tropical Indo-Pacific....

. Together with H. henryi
Hemiscyllium henryi
Hemiscyllium henryi is a species of bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. Together with H. galei, it was only scientifically described in 2008. At present, H. henryi is only known from depths of at reefs near Triton Bay in West Papua, Indonesia. It reaches a length of , and is covered in...

, it was only scientifically described
Binomial nomenclature
Binomial nomenclature is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages...

 in 2008 by Gerald R. Allen and Mark V. Erdmann. At present, H. galei is only known from depths of 2 to 4 m (6.6 to 13.1 ) at reefs in the Cenderawasih Bay
Cenderawasih Bay
Cenderawasih Bay , also Teluk Sarera , formerly Geelvink Bay is a large bay in northern Province of Papua and West Papua, New Guinea, Indonesia, at . The Dutch name comes after a Dutch ship and family called Geelvinck...

 in West Papua, Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

. The largest known specimen was 56.8 centimetres (22.4 in) long. It can be separated from its relatives (e.g., H. freycineti
Indonesian speckled carpetshark
The Indonesian speckled carpetshark, Hemiscyllium freycineti, is a species of bamboo shark in the family Hemiscylliidae. It is found in the shallow ocean around West Papua, Indonesia, but was formerly believed to be more widespread. This was due to confusion with H. michaeli, a species described...

) by the combination of seven relatively large dark spots along the side of the body (between the abdomen
In vertebrates such as mammals the abdomen constitutes the part of the body between the thorax and pelvis. The region enclosed by the abdomen is termed the abdominal cavity...

and tail-base), white markings on the edge of its dark dorsal saddles and other scattered white spots on the upper side.

External links

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