Harbin Subway
Harbin Metro is a metro
Rapid transit
A rapid transit, underground, subway, elevated railway, metro or metropolitan railway system is an electric passenger railway in an urban area with a high capacity and frequency, and grade separation from other traffic. Rapid transit systems are typically located either in underground tunnels or on...

 system under construction since 2003, to serve the city of Harbin
Harbin ; Manchu language: , Harbin; Russian: Харби́н Kharbin ), is the capital and largest city of Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China, lying on the southern bank of the Songhua River...

, Heilongjiang
For the river known in Mandarin as Heilong Jiang, see Amur River' is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the northeastern part of the country. "Heilongjiang" literally means Black Dragon River, which is the Chinese name for the Amur. The one-character abbreviation is 黑...

. The first line began construction in 2003. Part of the route follows the original “7381” civil air-defense project, otherwise known as the air defense evacuation tunnel
A tunnel is an underground passageway, completely enclosed except for openings for egress, commonly at each end.A tunnel may be for foot or vehicular road traffic, for rail traffic, or for a canal. Some tunnels are aqueducts to supply water for consumption or for hydroelectric stations or are sewers...

 constructed during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

. This tunnel consists of 10.1 km. Report says that the 14.6 km line could be opened as early as 2005, however this deadline has since passed. In 2006, an official "Initiation Ceremony of Harbin Metro Trial Project" was held, signifying the actual implementation
Implementation is the realization of an application, or execution of a plan, idea, model, design, specification, standard, algorithm, or policy.-Computer Science:...

 of Harbin Line 1 project. A video showing the construction of the metro can be found here.

In March 2010 the project was restarted, but there is no target date for completion.


  • The total length
    In geometric measurements, length most commonly refers to the longest dimension of an object.In certain contexts, the term "length" is reserved for a certain dimension of an object along which the length is measured. For example it is possible to cut a length of a wire which is shorter than wire...

     will be 14.4km with 16 stations
    Metro station
    A metro station or subway station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as "metro", "underground" and "subway". It is often underground or elevated. At crossings of metro lines, they are multi-level....

     and 1 vehicle depot.
  • The air defense tunnel in the area lays foundation for the development of subway.
  • The aforementioned tunnel will form the middle section of #1 line of Harbin Metro network.
  • The first line will be oriented at the east west axis of the urban area
    Urban area
    An urban area is characterized by higher population density and vast human features in comparison to areas surrounding it. Urban areas may be cities, towns or conurbations, but the term is not commonly extended to rural settlements such as villages and hamlets.Urban areas are created and further...

     of Harbin
    Harbin ; Manchu language: , Harbin; Russian: Харби́н Kharbin ), is the capital and largest city of Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China, lying on the southern bank of the Songhua River...

  • The recent construction plan of Harbin Metro has been approved by the State Council
    State Council of the People's Republic of China
    The State Council of the People's Republic of China , which is largely synonymous with the Central People's Government after 1954, is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China. It is chaired by the Premier and includes the heads of each governmental department and agency...

    in 2005.
  • The total estimated investment is USD 643 million.
  • The Harbin Municipal People's Government Metro Construction will head the project.
  • In order to speed up the progress of project, the municipal government has established a Track Traffic Construction Office led by Harbin Municipal Construction Commission.

External links

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