Givat Brenner
Givat Brenner also written Giv'at Brener, is a kibbutz
A kibbutz is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. Today, farming has been partly supplanted by other economic branches, including industrial plants and high-tech enterprises. Kibbutzim began as utopian communities, a combination of socialism and Zionism...

 in the Center District
Center District (Israel)
The Central District of Israel is one of six administrative districts, including most of the Sharon region. The district capital is Ramla. It is further divided into 4 sub-districts: Petah Tikva, Ramla, Sharon and Rehovot. The district's largest city is Rishon LeZion. Its population as of 2008 was...

 of Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

. Located around two kilometres south of Rehovot
Rehovot is a city in the Center District of Israel, about south of Tel Aviv. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics , at the end of 2009 the city had a total population of 112,700. Rehovot's official website estimates the population at 114,000.Rehovot was built on the site of Doron,...

, it falls under the jurisdiction of Brenner Regional Council
Brenner Regional Council
Brenner Regional Council , is a regional council in the Center District of Israel. It is located in the coastal plain, in the vicinity of Rehovot and Yavne. The council is named after writer Yosef Haim Brenner, killed in the Jaffa riots of 1921....

. Founded in 1928, it is named after writer Yosef Haim Brenner
Yosef Haim Brenner
Yosef Haim Brenner was a Russian-born Hebrew-language author, one of the pioneers of modern Hebrew literature.-Biography:Brenner was born to a poor Jewish family in Novi Mlini, Russian Empire...

, killed in the Jaffa riots
Jaffa riots
The Jaffa riots were a series of violent riots in Palestine on May 1–7, 1921, which began as a fight between two Jewish groups but developed into an attack by Arabs on Jews during which many were killed...

 of 1921.

With approximately 1,700 people living at the kibbutz, it is one of the largest kibbutzim in the country.


Givat Brenner was founded in 1928 by immigrants from Lithuania
Lithuania , officially the Republic of Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe, the biggest of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, whereby to the west lie Sweden and Denmark...

, Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

 and Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

. During World War II, Givat Brenner supplied products such as jam to the British Army
British Army
The British Army is the land warfare branch of Her Majesty's Armed Forces in the United Kingdom. It came into being with the unification of the Kingdom of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in England...

, which laid the foundation for its export business. The establishment of an irrigation equipment factory led to the creation of a foundry
A foundry is a factory that produces metal castings. Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the metal in a mold, and removing the mold material or casting after the metal has solidified as it cools. The most common metals processed are aluminum and cast iron...

. the foundry evolved into a specialized aluminum die-casting company, which has produced, among other things, the housings for emergency phones along the New Jersey Turnpike
New Jersey Turnpike
The New Jersey Turnpike is a toll road in New Jersey, maintained by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority. According to the International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association, the Turnpike is the nation's sixth-busiest toll road and is among one of the most heavily traveled highways in the United...



Givat Brenner has a plant nursery, which produces turf for lawns and parks. The kibbutz grows cotton, avocado, wheat and corn, and maintains a dairy farm. Industrial endeavors included a furniture factory, a metal factory, canned foods
Canning is a method of preserving food in which the food contents are processed and sealed in an airtight container. Canning provides a typical shelf life ranging from one to five years, although under specific circumstances a freeze-dried canned product, such as canned, dried lentils, can last as...

 and irrigation equipment but all were closed as they were no longer economic.
The kibbutz established the 'House of Dreams' amusement park to offset the waning income from the orchards, plant nurseries and factories.


The Treasure Museum is located in the heart of the kibbutz. It was built on the occasion of the seventieth anniversary of the founding of the community. It has a collection of original objects and pictures that tell the story of the kibbutz's settlers.

Notable residents

  • Achi Brandt
    Achi Brandt
    Achi Brandt is an Israeli mathematician, noted for his pioneering contributions to multigrid methods.Achi Brandt earned his Ph.D. degree at the Weizmann Institute of Science in 1965, with a thesis on numerical methods in hydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics...

    , an Israeli mathematician, noted for his pioneering contributions to multigrid methods, and professor at the Weizmann Institute
    Weizmann Institute of Science
    The Weizmann Institute of Science , known as Machon Weizmann, is a university and research institute in Rehovot, Israel. It differs from other Israeli universities in that it offers only graduate and post-graduate studies in the sciences....

    , was born in 1938, in Givat Brenner.
  • Jacob Loutchansky, a sculptor. His work, inspired by events in the history of Israel, is on display throughout the kibbutz.
  • Yitzhak Sadeh
    Yitzhak Sadeh
    Yitzhak Sadeh , was the commander of the Palmach, one of the founders of the Israel Defense Forces at the time of the establishment of the State of Israel and a cousin of British philosopher Isaiah Berlin.-Biography:...

    , a writer and officer in the Haganah
    Haganah was a Jewish paramilitary organization in what was then the British Mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, which later became the core of the Israel Defense Forces.- Origins :...

    , died in 1952 and is buried in the kibbutz.
  • Jessie Sampter
    Jessie Sampter
    Jessie Sampter was an influential Zionist educator, a poet, and a Zionist pioneer born March 22, 1883 in New York City. She died at Beilinson Hospital at 10:00 am on November 25, 1938....

    , poet, close friend of Hadassah
    Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America is an American Jewish volunteer women's organization. Founded in 1912 by Henrietta Szold, it is one of the largest international Jewish organizations, with around...

     founder Henrietta Szold
    Henrietta Szold
    Henrietta Szold was a U.S. Jewish Zionist leader and founder of the Hadassah Women's Organization. In 1942, she co-founded Ihud, a political party in Mandate Palestine dedicated to a binational solution.-Biography:...

    , she established a vegetarian convalescent home at kibbutz Givat Brenner, where she died, November 11th, 1938.
  • Haim Seligmann, a research fellow and lecturer at the Kibbutz Movement
    Kibbutz Movement
    The Kibbutz Movement is the largest settlement movement for kibbutzim in Israel. It was formed in 1999 by a partial merger of the United Kibbutz Movement and Kibbutz Artzi.-United Kibbutz Movement:...

    's Yad Tabenkin Institute and at Seminar Ef'al. His book, on the educational activities of the high school teachers in the Weimar Republic
    Weimar Republic
    The Weimar Republic is the name given by historians to the parliamentary republic established in 1919 in Germany to replace the imperial form of government...

    , was published in Germany
    Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

    . Haim was born in Karlsruhe and died in Givat Brenner in September 2009.

Further reading

  • Gavron, Daniel. The Kibbutz: Awakening from Utopia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

External links

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