Giuseppe Antonio Borgese
Giuseppe Antonio Borgese (November 12, 1882 – December 4, 1952) was an Italian
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 writer, journalist and literary critic.


Borgese was born in Polizzi Generosa
Polizzi Generosa
Polizzi Generosa is a town and comune in the Province of Palermo on the island of Sicily, southern Italy...

, near Palermo
Palermo is a city in Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Province of Palermo. The city is noted for its history, culture, architecture and gastronomy, playing an important role throughout much of its existence; it is over 2,700 years old...

Sicily is a region of Italy, and is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Along with the surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy, the Regione Autonoma Siciliana Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature,...

). He graduated in literature at the University of Florence in 1903.

In his early years he founded several literary reviews, including the Dannunzian
Gabriele D'Annunzio
Gabriele D'Annunzio or d'Annunzio was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist, and dramatist...

 Hermes (1904), and worked for newspapers such as Corriere della Sera
Corriere della Sera
The Corriere della Sera is an Italian daily newspaper, published in Milan.It is among the oldest and most reputable Italian newspapers. Its main rivals are Rome's La Repubblica and Turin's La Stampa.- History :...

, La Stampa
La Stampa
La Stampa is one of the best-known, most influential and most widely sold Italian daily newspapers. Published in Turin, it is distributed in Italy and other European nations. The current owner is the Fiat Group.-History:...

and Il Mattino
Il Mattino
Il Mattino is an Italian daily newspaper, founded in 1892 in Naples, Italy, by the journalists Eduardo Scarfoglio and Matilde Serao.Based on 2008 survey data from Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa, Il Mattino is the most read daily newspaper in Campania, and one of the most read in southern...


He taught German literature and aesthetics
Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty, art, and taste, and with the creation and appreciation of beauty. It is more scientifically defined as the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste...

 at the universities of Turin
Turin is a city and major business and cultural centre in northern Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the left bank of the Po River and surrounded by the Alpine arch. The population of the city proper is 909,193 while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat...

, Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

 and Milan
Milan is the second-largest city in Italy and the capital city of the region of Lombardy and of the province of Milan. The city proper has a population of about 1.3 million, while its urban area, roughly coinciding with its administrative province and the bordering Province of Monza and Brianza ,...

 until 1931 when, due to his opposition of the Fascist regime, he was forced to move to the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. Here he declared himself a political exile. He was professor in the Universities of Chicago and California until the end of World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, making friends with Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann was a German novelist, short story writer, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and 1929 Nobel Prize laureate, known for his series of highly symbolic and ironic epic novels and novellas, noted for their insight into the psychology of the artist and the intellectual...

 and marrying his youngest daughter Elisabeth
Elisabeth Mann-Borgese
Elisabeth Mann Borgese, CM was the youngest daughter of Thomas Mann and his wife Katia Pringsheim, sister to Klaus, Erika, Golo, Monika and Michael Mann, sister-in-law to W. H. Auden, and niece of the novelist Heinrich Mann.Elisabeth was born in Munich, Germany...

 with whom he had two daughters, Angelica and Dominica.

He returned to Milan in 1945.

Borgese died in Fiesole
Fiesole is a town and comune of the province of Florence in the Italian region of Tuscany, on a famously scenic height above Florence, 8 km NE of that city...

in 1952.

Short stories

  • La città sconosciuta (1925)
  • La tragedia di Mayerling (1925)
  • Le belle (1927)
  • Il sole non è tramontato (1929)
  • Tempesta nel nulla (1931)
  • Il pellegrino appassionato (1933)
  • La Siracusana (1950)
  • Le novelle (2 volumes, 1950)

Literature and aesthetics

  • Gabriele D'Annunzio (1909)
  • Mefistofele. Con un discorso sulla personalità di Goethe (1911)
  • La vita e il libro (3 volumes, 1910-1913)
  • Studi di letterature moderne (1915)
  • Resurrezione (1922)
  • Tempo di edificare (1923)
  • Ottocento europeo (1927)
  • Il senso della letteratura italiana (1931)
  • Poetica dell'unità. Cinque saggi (1934)
  • Problemi di estetica e storia della critica (1952)

Journalism and essays

  • La nuova Germania (1909)
  • Italia e Germania (1915)
  • Guerra di redenzione (1915)
  • La guerra dlle idee (1916)
  • L'Italia e la nuova alleanza (1937)
  • L'Alto Adige contro l'Italia (1921)
  • Goliath, the March of Fascism (1937)
  • Disegno preliminare di costituzione mondiale (1949)


  • Autunno a Costantinopoli (1929)
  • Giro lungo per la primavera (1930)
  • Escursioni in terre nuove (1931)
  • Atlante americano (1936)
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