. It is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire
(Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso
to the north, Togo
to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea
to the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King" and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire
Ghana was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient predominantly Akan
kingdoms, including the inland Ashanti Empire
, the Akwamu
, the Akyem
, the Bonoman
, the Denkyira
, and the Fante among others.
1957 Ghana joins the United Nations.
1957 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a Dover, Delaware restaurant.
1960 Ghana becomes a Republic and Kwame Nkrumah becomes its first President as Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom ceases to be its Head of state.
1972 Prime Minister Kofi Busia and President Edward Akufo-Addo of Ghana are ousted in a bloodless military coup by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong.
1979 Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana after a military coup in which General Fred Akuffo is overthrown.
1981 A coup d'état in Ghana removes President Hilla Limann's PNP government and replaces it with the Provisional National Defence Council led by Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings.
1997 Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan is appointed Secretary General of the United Nations.
2001 In Ghana 129 football fans die in what became known as the Accra Sports Stadium Disaster. The deaths are caused by a stampede (caused by the firing of teargas by police personnel at the stadium) that followed a controversial decision by the referee.