Franz Xaver von Hertling
Franz Xaver Joseph Ignaz Freiherr von Hertling (June 28, 1780 – September 13, 1844) was a Bavarian
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...

 Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages where the title of Lieutenant General was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a Captain General....

 and War Minister from December 12, 1836 until November 11, 1838.


Von Hertling was born in Ladenburg
Ladenburg is a town in the district of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated on the right bank of the Neckar, 10 km east of Mannheim, and 10 km northwest of Heidelberg.It has an old town from the Late Middle Ages...

 as son of Jakob Anton von Hertling and Maria Anna Antonia Juliana, née von Weiler. He joined the Bavarian army
Bavarian army
The Bavarian Army was the army of the Electorate and then Kingdom of Bavaria. It existed from 1682 as the standing army of Bavaria until the merger of the military sovereignty of Bavaria into that of the German State in 1919...

 in the last decade of the 18th century. On August 1, 1816, when he was in the rank of an Oberst
Oberst is a military rank in several German-speaking and Scandinavian countries, equivalent to Colonel. It is currently used by both the ground and air forces of Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark and Norway. The Swedish rank överste is a direct translation, as are the Finnish rank eversti...

, he married Maria Anna, née von Kalkhof. On May 17, 1917 his first child Caroline Friederike Wilhelmine Antonie was born, and on September 1, 1822 his first son Maximilian Joseph. In 1824 he became Major General
Major General
Major general or major-general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. A major general is a high-ranking officer, normally subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the ranks of brigadier and brigadier general...

 and Brigadier
Brigadier is a senior military rank, the meaning of which is somewhat different in different military services. The brigadier rank is generally superior to the rank of colonel, and subordinate to major general....

, and one year later on January 1 his second son Philipp Theodor Joseph was born. In 1936 he was advanced to Lieutenant General, became commander of the 4th Royal Bavarian Division
4th Royal Bavarian Division
The 4th Royal Bavarian Division was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army which served alongside the Prussian Army as part of the Imperial German Army. The division was formed on November 27, 1815 as an Infantry Division of the Würzburg General Command...

 and war minister. Von Hertling was retired in 1838 and died in Munich
Munich The city's motto is "" . Before 2006, it was "Weltstadt mit Herz" . Its native name, , is derived from the Old High German Munichen, meaning "by the monks' place". The city's name derives from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat...

. His brother Johann Friedrich Maximilian Joseph
Friedrich von Hertling
Johann Friedrich Maximilian Joseph Freiherr von Hertling was a Bavarian Lieutenant General and Acting War Minister from January 28 until June 9, 1839. He was the brother of Franz Xaver von Hertling.- Biography :...

was Acting War Minister of Bavaria in 1839.
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