Ethical code
An ethical code is adopted by an organization in an attempt to assist those in the organization called upon to make a decision (usually most, if not all) understand the difference between 'right' and 'wrong' and to apply this understanding to their decision. The ethical code therefore generally implies documents at three levels: codes of business ethics
Ethics, also known as moral philosophy, is a branch of philosophy that addresses questions about morality—that is, concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime, etc.Major branches of ethics include:...

, codes of conduct for employees and codes of professional practice.

Code of ethics (corporate or business ethics)

A code of business ethics
Business ethics
Business ethics is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations.Business...

 often focuses on social issues. It may set out general principles about an organization's beliefs on matters such as mission, quality, privacy or the environment. It may delineate proper procedures to determine whether a violation of the code of ethics has occurred and, if so, what remedies should be imposed. The effectiveness of such codes of ethics depends on the extent to which management supports them with sanctions and rewards. Violations of a private organization's code of ethics usually can subject the violator to the organization's remedies (such as restraint of trade based on moral principles). The code of ethics links to and gives rise to a code of conduct for employees.
code of ethics(business of ethics) focus on social issue of organization. It focuses on development of business, mission of business , plan of business development , it determines privacy, environment and great plan to deliver business at the top level.

Code of conduct (employee ethics)

A code of conduct for employees sets out the procedures to be used in specific ethical situations, such as conflicts of interest or the acceptance of gifts, and delineate the procedures to determine whether a violation of the code of ethics occurred and, if so, what remedies should be imposed. The effectiveness of such codes of ethics depends on the extent to which management supports them with sanctions and rewards. Violations of a code of conduct may subject the violator to the organization's remedies which can under particular circumstances result in the termination of employment.-----

Code of practice (professional ethics)

A code of practice is adopted by a profession or by a governmental or non-governmental organization to regulate that profession. A code of practice may be styled as a code of professional responsibility
Professional responsibility
Professional responsibility is the area of legal practice that encompasses the duties of attorneys to act in a professional manner, obey the law, avoid conflicts of interest, and put the interests of clients ahead of their own interests....

, which will discuss difficult issues, difficult decisions that will often need to be made, and provide a clear account of what behavior is considered "ethical" or "correct" or "right" in the circumstances. In a membership context, failure to comply with a code of practice can result in expulsion from the professional organization. In its 2007 International Good Practice Guidance, Defining and Developing an Effective Code of Conduct for Organizations, the International Federation of Accountants provided the following working definition:
"Principles, values, standards, or rules of behavior that guide the decisions, procedures and systems of an organization in a way that (a) contributes to the welfare of its key stakeholders, and (b) respects the rights of all constituents affected by its operations."

General notes

Ethical codes are often adopted by management, not because of some over-riding corporate mission to promote a particular moral theory, but accepted as pragmatic necessities in running an organization in a complex society in which moral concepts play an important part.

They are distinct from moral codes that may apply to the culture, education, and religion of a whole society.

Of course, certain acts that constitute a violation of ethical codes may also violate a law or regulation and can be punishable at law or by government agency remedies.

Even organizations and communities that may be considered criminal may have their own ethical code of conduct, be it official or unofficial. Examples could be hackers, thieves, or even street gangs.


  • Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief
  • Code of the U.S. Fighting Force
  • Declaration of Geneva
    Declaration of Geneva
    The Declaration of Geneva was adopted by the General Assembly of the World Medical Association at Geneva in 1948 and amended in 1968, 1984, 1994, 2005 and 2006. It is a declaration of physicians' dedication to the humanitarian goals of medicine, a declaration that was especially important in view...

  • Eight Precepts
  • Ethic of reciprocity
    Ethic of reciprocity
    The Golden Rule or ethic of reciprocity is a maxim, ethical code, or moralitythat essentially states either of the following:* : One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself....

     (Golden Rule)
  • Five Precepts
  • Hippocratic Oath
    Hippocratic Oath
    The Hippocratic Oath is an oath historically taken by physicians and other healthcare professionals swearing to practice medicine ethically. It is widely believed to have been written by Hippocrates, often regarded as the father of western medicine, or by one of his students. The oath is written in...

  • ICC Cricket Code of Conduct
    ICC Cricket Code of Conduct
    The ICC Cricket Code of Conduct is a regulation regarding the conduct of professional players in the sport of cricket. Traditionally, cricket requires "gentlemanly" conduct from all players...

  • Institute of Internal Auditors, Code of Ethics
  • International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation
    International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation
    The 'Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation ', was established November 25, 2002 as an arrangement to prevent the proliferation of ballistic missiles....

     (ICOC or Hague Code of Conduct)
  • Journalist's Creed
    Journalist's Creed
    The Journalist's Creed is a code of ethics written around 1906 by Walter Williams shortly after founding the Missouri School of Journalism.-The creed:-References:...

  • Moral Code of the Builder of Communism
    Moral Code of the Builder of Communism
    Moral Code of the Builder of Communism was a set of twelve codified moral rules in the Soviet Union which every member of the Communist Party of the USSR and every Komsomol member were supposed to follow....

  • Patimokkha
    In Buddhism, the Patimokkha is the basic Theravada code of monastic discipline, consisting of 227 rules for fully ordained monks and 311 for nuns . It is contained in the Suttavibhanga, a division of the Vinaya Pitaka.- Parajika :...

  • Pirate code of the Brethren
    Pirate code of the Brethren
    A pirate code was a code of conduct invented for governing pirates, and first introduced by the Portuguese buccaneer, Bartolomeu Português. Generally each pirate crew had its own code or articles, which provided rules for discipline, division of stolen goods, and compensation for injured...

  • Israel Defense Forces - Code of Conduct
  • Rule of St. Benedict
  • Silver Rule
    Silver rule
    The Silver Rule, "Do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you", is a standard of behaviour found in the writings of amongst others Hillel the Elder. It is related to the ethical principle of the Golden Rule....

  • Thomas Percival
    Thomas Percival
    Thomas Percival FRS FRSE FSA was an English physician and author, best known for crafting perhaps the first modern code of medical ethics...

  • Ten Commandments
    Ten Commandments
    The Ten Commandments, also known as the Decalogue , are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and most forms of Christianity. They include instructions to worship only God and to keep the Sabbath, and prohibitions against idolatry,...

  • Ten Indian commandments
  • Ten Precepts (Buddhism)
  • Ten Precepts (Taoism)
    Ten Precepts (Taoism)
    The Ten Precepts of Taoism were outlined in a short text that appears in Dunhuang manuscripts . The precepts are the classical rules of medieval Taoism as applied to practitioners attaining the rank of Disciple of Pure Faith...

  • Warrior code
  • Bushidō
    , meaning "Way of the Warrior-Knight", is a Japanese word which is used to describe a uniquely Japanese code of conduct and a way of the samurai life, loosely analogous to the concept of chivalry. It originates from the samurai moral code and stresses frugality, loyalty, martial arts mastery, and...

  • Uniform Code of Military Justice
    Uniform Code of Military Justice
    The Uniform Code of Military Justice , is the foundation of military law in the United States. It is was established by the United States Congress in accordance with the authority given by the United States Constitution in Article I, Section 8, which provides that "The Congress shall have Power . ....

  • Aviators Model Code of Conduct
    Aviators Model Code of Conduct
    The Aviators Model Code of Conduct is a set of model recommended practices designed to improve general aviation safety and airmanship that was created by Michael S. Baum.-Overview:...

External links

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