from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. The daughter of Henry VIII
, she was born a princess, but her mother, Anne Boleyn
, was executed two and a half years after her birth, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate. Her half-brother, Edward VI
, bequeathed the crown to Lady Jane Grey
, cutting his half-sisters out of the succession.
1558 Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.
1559 Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey, London.
1568 Queen Elizabeth I of England orders the arrest of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1570 Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England.
1586 Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England.
1597 William Shakespeare's ''The Merry Wives of Windsor'' is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I in attendance.
Much suspected by me,Nothing proved can be, Quoth Elizabeth prisoner.
This is the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes.
Kings were wont to honour philosophers, but if I had such I would honour them as angels that should have such piety in them that they would not seek where they are the second to be the first, and where the third to be the second and so forth.
Though I be a woman yet I have as good a courage answerable to my place as ever my father had. I am your anointed Queen. I will never be by violence constrained to do anything. I thank God I am endued with such qualities that if I were turned out of the Realm in my petticoat I were able to live in any place in Christendom.
I will make you shorter by the head.
The use of the sea and air is common to all; neither can a title to the ocean belong to any people or private persons, forasmuch as neither nature nor public use and custom permit any possession thereof.
Brass shines as fair to the ignorant as gold to the goldsmiths.
I grieve and dare not show my discontent, I love and yet am forced to seem to hate, I do, yet dare not say I ever meant, I seem stark mute but inwardly do prate.
Must is not a word to be used to princes! Little man, little man, if your late father were here he would never dare utter such a word.