EADS EFW is a subsidiary and business unit of EADS
The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company N.V. is a global pan-European aerospace and defence corporation and a leading defence and military contractor worldwide...

 in Dresden
Dresden is the capital city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany. It is situated in a valley on the River Elbe, near the Czech border. The Dresden conurbation is part of the Saxon Triangle metropolitan area....

. It is located at the Dresden Airport and became the centre of freighter aircraft conversion in the EADS group.


The Elbe Flugzeugwerke were founded in 1955 when Ilyushin Il-14
Ilyushin Il-14
The Ilyushin Il-14 was a Soviet twin-engine commercial and military personnel and cargo transport aircraft that first flew in 1950, and entered service in 1954. Il-14 was also manufactured in East Germany by VVB Flugzeugbau, in Czechoslovakia as the Avia 14, and in China under the Chinese...

 aircraft were built under license in Dresden. Concurrently the works started to develop and to test the Baade B-152
Baade B-152
|-See also:-External links:* * Air & Space Magazine February/March 1996* Brunolf Baade at Wikipedia Germany* Alexejew / Samoljot 150 at Wikipedia Germany* East German promotion movie ,...

, the GDR
German Democratic Republic
The German Democratic Republic , informally called East Germany by West Germany and other countries, was a socialist state established in 1949 in the Soviet zone of occupied Germany, including East Berlin of the Allied-occupied capital city...

's own passenger jet program. The works employed up to 8000 personnel and some 25,000 in supplying industries which were bundled in a combined Volkseigener Betrieb
Volkseigener Betrieb
The Volkseigener Betrieb was the legal form of industrial enterprise in East Germany...

 in 1958.

The second prototype of the B-152 crashed on 30 April 1958 and the aircraft development was delayed. After the GDR stopped its entire aircraft program in 1961, the VEB Flugzeugwerft Dresden became a maintenance work for MiG combat planes
Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG , or RSK MiG, is a Russian joint stock company. Formerly Mikoyan-and-Gurevich Design Bureau , then simply Mikoyan, it is a military aircraft design bureau, primarily designing fighter aircraft...

 and Mil Helicopters
Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant
Mil Helicopters is the short name of the Soviet Russian helicopter producer Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant , named after the constructor Mikhail Mil. Mil participates in the Euromil joint venture with Eurocopter....

 of the Warsaw Pact
Warsaw Pact
The Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance , or more commonly referred to as the Warsaw Pact, was a mutual defense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states in Eastern Europe...

 air forces. It also maintained the Interflug
Interflug was the state airline of East Germany from 1963 to 1991, when it ceased operations following German reunification...

 Airbus A310
Airbus A310
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engine widebody jet airliner. Launched in July 1978, it was the second aircraft created by Airbus Industrie,a consortium of European aerospace companies, Airbus is now fully owned by EADS and since 2001 has been known as Airbus SAS. the consortium of...

 fleet which was delivered in 1989.

Airbus and EADS

After the reunification of Germany
German reunification
German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany , and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz constitution Article 23. The start of this process is commonly referred by Germans as die...

, VEB Flugzeugwerft Dresden was supported by Deutsche Airbus
Airbus SAS is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, a European aerospace company. Based in Blagnac, France, surburb of Toulouse, and with significant activity across Europe, the company produces around half of the world's jet airliners....

, Hamburg
-History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...

. The Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH was founded at 27 April 1990 by DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (DASA) and Airbus. Since DASA, Aérospatiale-Matra
Aérospatiale-Matra was a French missile and aircraft manufacturer. It was formed in 1999 by the merger of French companies Aérospatiale and Matra Haute Technologie....

 and Construcciones Aeronáuticas
Construcciones Aeronáuticas
EADS CASA was a Spanish aircraft manufacturer, previously Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA . It became the Spanish branch of EADS in 1999, and was absorbed by Airbus Military in 2009.-History:...

 merged, EADS is the only owner of the Elbe Flugzeugwerke.

Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH is a supplier of fiber-reinforced furnishing components used in Airbus planes since 1993. It has a capacity of up to 200,000 sandwich components per year.

The company started to convert former passenger aircraft into freighters in 1996. It holds the competence of the conversion of Airbus A300
Airbus A300
The Airbus A300 is a short- to medium-range widebody jet airliner. Launched in 1972 as the world's first twin-engined widebody, it was the first product of Airbus Industrie, a consortium of European aerospace companies, wholly owned today by EADS...

 and Airbus A310
Airbus A310
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engine widebody jet airliner. Launched in July 1978, it was the second aircraft created by Airbus Industrie,a consortium of European aerospace companies, Airbus is now fully owned by EADS and since 2001 has been known as Airbus SAS. the consortium of...

 planes which lasts about four months and includes higher Aircraft maintenance checks
Aircraft maintenance checks
Aircraft maintenance checks are periodic checks that have to be done on all aircraft after a certain amount of time or usage. Airlines and other commercial operators of large or turbine-powered aircraft follow a continuous inspection program approved by the Federal Aviation Administration in the...

. It also converts Airbus A310 MRTT and Airbus A330 MRTT
Airbus A330 MRTT
The Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport is an aerial refuelling tanker aircraft based on the civilian Airbus A330-200. The A330 MRTT has been ordered by the Royal Australian Air Force , Royal Air Force , United Arab Emirates Air Force, and Royal Saudi Air Force...

 and was designated to deliver the first four prototypal Northrop Grumman KC-45
Northrop Grumman KC-45
The EADS/Northrop Grumman KC-45 is a proposed aerial refueling tanker aircraft based on the Airbus A330 MRTT. The United States Air Force had ordered 179 KC-45As in the first stage of replacing the aging Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker tankers currently in service. However, the contest was reopened in...

 planes (without military tanker equipment).

Airbus Freighter Conversion GmbH

EADS EFW is co-proprietor of the Airbus Freighter Conversion GmbH located also in Dresden. The joint venture
Joint venture
A joint venture is a business agreement in which parties agree to develop, for a finite time, a new entity and new assets by contributing equity. They exercise control over the enterprise and consequently share revenues, expenses and assets...

 with the EADS sister company Airbus, Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n government-owned United Aircraft Corporation
United Aircraft Corporation
United Aircraft Corporation may refer to one of the following:* United Aircraft Corporation, formerly United Aircraft and Transport Corporation; now known as United Technologies Corporation....

 and Irkut
Irkut (company)
Irkut Corporation is a Russian aircraft manufacturer, member of the United Aircraft Corporation. It is best known as being the manufacturer of the Sukhoi Su-30 family of interceptor/ground-attack aircraft....

 was established in 2007 to build up a second converting production line in Lukhovitsy
Lukhovitsy is a town and the administrative center of Lukhovitsky District of Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River southeast of Moscow. Population:...

, Russia. EADS EFW has the largest stake of 32%, Airbus has 18% while the Russian shareholder both own a fourth.

External links

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