Dumanlı is a mid-size town in the border of Trabzon
Trabzon is a city on the Black Sea coast of north-eastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to Iran in the southeast and the Caucasus to the northeast...

 and Gümüşhane
-Features:Gümüşhane has a rich historical background so there are many historical places, mosques, churches, castles. Ancient city of Satala in the modern village of Sadak was the most important military camp of the ancient Roman Empire in the east. This place was ruled by the Hittites, Assyrians,...

 in Pontos
Pontós is a municipality in the comarca of Alt Empordà, Girona, Catalonia, Spain....

It consist of seven villages:
  • Piştofandon: 400 houses, St. Kyriake, St. Panteleimon, St. Christophoros churches, a primary school and fountain of Christoforos. Etymology pishtof "gun" + anton toponomical suffix in Greek
  • Zurnaciandon: 120 houses, St. Georgios, St. Constantine, St. Kyriake churches and a primary school. Etymology Zurnaci "zurna -a reed instrument-player" + anton
  • Çakalandon: 53 houses, Zoodohu Pigis and St. Georgios churches and a primary school. Etymology Çakal "jackal" + anton
  • Ishanandon: 150 houses. St. Kyriake, St. Georgios churches. 2 primary school (one of them only for girls). Etymology İşhan "Prince in Armenian" + anton
  • Cozlorandon: 60 houses. St. Apostles Petros and Pavlos churches and a primary school
  • Pinetandon: 30 houses. Profet Elias and St. Georgios churches and a primary school
  • Terzandon: 200 houses. St. Theodoros and Metamorfosis churches. Etymology Terzi "Tailor in Turkish" + anton

Inhabitants of Dumanlı mostly Christians (51%) or Crypto-Christians (49%). After 1857 with Hatt-ı Hümayun they changed their statue to Christian instead of Crypto-Christians. Most of the Greek pontians were forced to leave their houses and find other place to live during 1877-78 Russo-Turkish War. Most of the citizens of Santa moved to the Republic of Georgia, Armenia
Armenia , officially the Republic of Armenia , is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia...

 and southern part of Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

. Their primary language is Pontic Greek and lived in the region up until the population exchange
Population exchange between Greece and Turkey
The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey was based upon religious identity, and involved the Greek Orthodox citizens of Turkey and the Muslim citizens of Greece...

During the World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

 the Greeks of Santa did try to organize armed resistance against Turkish army
Turkish Army
The Turkish Army or Turkish Land Forces is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. The modern history of the army began with its formation after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire...

. Pontian guerrilla bands had appeared in the mountains of Santa as early as 1916 with leadership Euklidis Kourtidis
Euklidis Kourtidis
Efkleidis Kourtidis , was a Greek revolutionary leader of Pontos.Kourtidis was the head of Greek guerrilla forces based in the town of Santa , Pontus that resisted Turkish bands. During the Pontic Greek Genocide he rescued a large number of women and children from the advancing armies of Kemal...

 and successfully resisted against Turkish attack in 6 September 1921. After population exchange
Population exchange between Greece and Turkey
The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey was based upon religious identity, and involved the Greek Orthodox citizens of Turkey and the Muslim citizens of Greece...

, they settled in Macedonia and Thrace
Western Thrace
Western Thrace or simply Thrace is a geographic and historical region of Greece, located between the Nestos and Evros rivers in the northeast of the country. Together with the regions of Macedonia and Epirus, it is often referred to informally as northern Greece...

. The town of Nea Santa
Nea Santa
Nea Santa , known under the Slavic name Volovot until 1926, is a small town in Kilkis Prefecture, in the Central Macedonia region of Greece. It has a population of 1538 . Nea Santa is south of the city of Kilkis in the Kilkis municipality...

 was founded by them in the Kilkis Prefecture
Kilkis Prefecture
Kilkis is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Macedonia. Its capital is the city of Kilkis.-Geography:The mountains near Kilkis are Paiko to the west, parts of the western part of Kerkini to the northeast and Krousia to the east...

 in Central Macedonia
Central Macedonia
Central Macedonia is one of the thirteen regions of Greece, consisting of the central part of the region of Macedonia. With a population of over 1.8 million, it is the second most populous in Greece after Attica.- Administration :...

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