Czarnków ' is a town in Poland
Poland , officially the Republic of Poland , is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north...

 in Czarnków-Trzcianka County
Czarnków-Trzcianka County
Czarnków-Trzcianka County is a unit of territorial administration and local government in Greater Poland Voivodeship, west-central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat is the town of Czarnków,...

 in Greater Poland Voivodeship
Greater Poland Voivodeship
Wielkopolska Voivodeship , or Greater Poland Voivodeship, is a voivodeship, or province, in west-central Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Poznań, Kalisz, Konin, Piła and Leszno Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998...

, previously in Piła Voivodeship (1975-1998). It has 12,000 inhabitants.

The town lies on the Noteć
Noteć is a river in central Poland with a length of 388 km and a basin area of 17,330 km². It is a tributary of the Warta river and lies completely within Poland....

 river. Because there are many hills around the town, the area is called Szwajcaria Czarnkowska ("Czarnków's Switzerland").


First time noted in early 12th century in Gallus Anonymus
Gallus Anonymus
Gallus Anonymus is the name traditionally given to the anonymous author of Gesta principum Polonorum , composed in Latin about 1115....

 Chronicle. At this time Czarnków was grad of pagan Pomeranians and was ruled by local Pomeranian ruler Gniewomir. It was conquered by Polish prince Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1108. From 1244 until 1407 Czarnków was the seat of a castellany
A castellany was a district administered by a castellan.Castellanies appeared during the Middle Ages and in most current states are now replaced by a more modern type of country subdivision....

. From early 14th until the middle of the 17th century Czarnków was in the hands of the noble family of Nałęcz (they changed name for "Czarnkowski"). The Czarnkowski family build a new castle (first time noted 1331 and destroyed at the end of the 17th century) and established before 1369 town privileges
Town privileges
Town privileges or city rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.Judicially, a town was distinguished from the surrounding land by means of a charter from the ruling monarch that defined its privileges and laws. Common privileges were related to trading...

. From 1772-1919 the town belonged to the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
The Kingdom of Prussia was a German kingdom from 1701 to 1918. Until the defeat of Germany in World War I, it comprised almost two-thirds of the area of the German Empire...

 and Imperial Germany.
After World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

 the town became part of the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
The Second Polish Republic, Second Commonwealth of Poland or interwar Poland refers to Poland between the two world wars; a period in Polish history in which Poland was restored as an independent state. Officially known as the Republic of Poland or the Commonwealth of Poland , the Polish state was...


Historical attractions

  • medieval plan of city
  • 16th century church of Saint Mary Magdalene
    Mary Magdalene
    Mary Magdalene was one of Jesus' most celebrated disciples, and the most important woman disciple in the movement of Jesus. Jesus cleansed her of "seven demons", conventionally interpreted as referring to complex illnesses...

  • 19th century city hall
    City hall
    In local government, a city hall, town hall or a municipal building or civic centre, is the chief administrative building of a city...

  • 18-19th century houses
  • remnants of 19th century Jewish cemetery
    A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. The term "cemetery" implies that the land is specifically designated as a burying ground. Cemeteries in the Western world are where the final ceremonies of death are observed...


  • Wincenty I Niałek - 13th century archbishop of Gniezno
  • Jan of Czarnków - Polish 14th century chronicler and Deputy Chancellor of the Crown
  • Reinhold Sadler
    Reinhold Sadler
    Reinhold Sadler was an American politician. He was the 9th Governor of Nevada. He was a member of the Silver Party.-Biography:Sadler was born on January 10, 1848 in Czarnikau, Posen Province, Prussia...

     - A former Governor of Nevada.
  • Adam Słodowy - Author and TV host.
  • Kamila Switalska - Famous Zigane Female DJ.

Partner Cities

Coevorden is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands. During the municipal reorganisation in the province in 1998, Coevorden merged with Dalen, Sleen, Oosterhesselen and Zweeloo.- Population centers :...

 in Netherland
Netherland is a critically acclaimed novel by Joseph O'Neill. It concerns the life of a Dutchman living in New York in the wake of the September 11 attacks who takes up cricket and starts playing at the Staten Island Cricket Club.-Plot summary:...

Gadebusch is a town in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, in the district Nordwestmecklenburg, half-way between Lübeck and Schwerin.The town is known for two notable monuments: the Stadtkirche , built in 1220, considered the oldest brick church in Mecklenburg, and the Schloss , built in 1580-1583...

 in Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

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