Cork Institute of Technology
Overview
 
Cork Institute of Technology (CIT), formerly the Regional Technical College, Cork, is an Institute of Technology in Ireland, located in Cork
Cork (city)
Cork is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and the island of Ireland's third most populous city. It is the principal city and administrative centre of County Cork and the largest city in the province of Munster. Cork has a population of 119,418, while the addition of the suburban...

, Ireland
Republic of Ireland
Ireland , described as the Republic of Ireland , is a sovereign state in Europe occupying approximately five-sixths of the island of the same name. Its capital is Dublin. Ireland, which had a population of 4.58 million in 2011, is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy,...

 opened in 1973. The institute has 17,000 students (both part-time and full-time) in art
Art
Art is the product or process of deliberately arranging items in a way that influences and affects one or more of the senses, emotions, and intellect....

, business
Business
A business is an organization engaged in the trade of goods, services, or both to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, where most of them are privately owned and administered to earn profit to increase the wealth of their owners. Businesses may also be not-for-profit...

, engineering
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

, music
Music
Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence. Its common elements are pitch , rhythm , dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture...

 and science
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe...

 disciplines. The main campus is in Bishopstown
Bishopstown
Bishopstown is a southwestern suburb of Cork, Ireland with a population of 24,136 people. Baile an Easpaig, anglicised Bishopstown, consists of two townlands which are Ballineaspigmore and Ballineaspigbeg...

, Cork.

Cork Institute of Technology comprises two constituent Faculties and three constituent Colleges.
Discussions
Encyclopedia
Cork Institute of Technology (CIT), formerly the Regional Technical College, Cork, is an Institute of Technology in Ireland, located in Cork
Cork (city)
Cork is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and the island of Ireland's third most populous city. It is the principal city and administrative centre of County Cork and the largest city in the province of Munster. Cork has a population of 119,418, while the addition of the suburban...

, Ireland
Republic of Ireland
Ireland , described as the Republic of Ireland , is a sovereign state in Europe occupying approximately five-sixths of the island of the same name. Its capital is Dublin. Ireland, which had a population of 4.58 million in 2011, is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy,...

 opened in 1973. The institute has 17,000 students (both part-time and full-time) in art
Art
Art is the product or process of deliberately arranging items in a way that influences and affects one or more of the senses, emotions, and intellect....

, business
Business
A business is an organization engaged in the trade of goods, services, or both to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, where most of them are privately owned and administered to earn profit to increase the wealth of their owners. Businesses may also be not-for-profit...

, engineering
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

, music
Music
Music is an art form whose medium is sound and silence. Its common elements are pitch , rhythm , dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture...

 and science
Science
Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe...

 disciplines. The main campus is in Bishopstown
Bishopstown
Bishopstown is a southwestern suburb of Cork, Ireland with a population of 24,136 people. Baile an Easpaig, anglicised Bishopstown, consists of two townlands which are Ballineaspigmore and Ballineaspigbeg...

, Cork.

Cork Institute of Technology comprises two constituent Faculties and three constituent Colleges. The constituent Faculties are Engineering and Science, and Business and Humanities. The constituent colleges are the CIT Crawford College of Art and Design, the CIT Cork School of Music and the National Maritime College of Ireland.

Faculties are made up of Schools which in turn comprise two or more academic departments.

The institute has been named as Institute of Technology of the Year in The Sunday Times University Guide for Ireland on numerous occasions, an accolade which it currently holds.

In 2007 the title of the head of the institute changed from "Director" to "President". In March 2008 it was announced that the Institute was applying for university status.

At present, CIT has 1,465 staff members of which 862 are academic staff. The academic staff consists of 473 permanent whole-time, 156 pro-rata part-time and 233 hourly-paid part-time members. The non-academic staff is composed of technical support, library, administrative and services staff. The non-academic staff members break down as follows: 131 Management, Clerical Admin and Library; 177 Student Services Support, including Exam Invigilators; 82 Technicians; 67 Research staff; and 96 support staff including Caretakers, Attendants and Cleaners.

History

The Cork Institute of Technology, and its predecessor Cork RTC developed from earlier institutions such as the Royal Cork Institution
Royal Cork Institution
Royal Cork Institution was an Irish cultural institution in the city of Cork from 1803-1885. It consisted of a library of scientific works, a museum with old Irish manuscripts and stones with ogham inscriptions, and lecture and reading rooms. A lack of funds resulted in its closure in...

 which existed from 1807 until 1861, and the Crawford Municipal Technical Institute which was founded in 1912, which trained students in Science and Engineering. In 1930 the City of Cork Vocational Education Committee was set up. Cork Regional Technical College was established in 1973 and the Crawford Institute was merged with the new Cork RTC in 1976.

Following enactment of the Regional Technical Colleges Act 1992, it incorporated the Cork School of Music and the Crawford College of Art and Design on 1 January 1993.

Main Campus

The main campus of some eighty acres is situated in the western suburbs of Cork city. It is comprehensively equipped with theatres, lecture rooms, laboratories, drawing studios, a library, computer suites, open access computing centre and research units. Recreational facilities for students include a champion-standard running track, tennis courts, all weather pitch, an excellently appointed gymnasium and grass playing pitches. A new heated indoor swimming pool is located immediately adjacent to the Institute.

CIT's main campus has won numerous awards for its architectural design and aesthetics.

Research

Research is a core dimension of CIT activity. This is underlined by the fact that, after Dublin Institute of Technology
Dublin Institute of Technology
Dublin Institute of Technology was established officially in 1992 under the but had been previously set up in 1978 on an ad-hoc basis. The institution can trace its origins back to 1887 with the establishment of various technical institutions in Dublin, Ireland...

, CIT has the most extensive delegated authority to award PhDs. In collaboration with a wide range of organisations including Higher Education Institutions, Industry, State and Voluntary Bodies, CIT is involved in research that contributes to supporting:
  • Regional and National Industry.
  • The National and EU knowledge economy and Innovation Base.
  • Enhanced quality of life within Irish society.
  • Quality research postgraduate education at Masters and PhD level.
  • Quality undergraduate and taught postgraduate teaching and learning.


The main Institute research activity is primarily, though not exclusively, organised around three Strategic Research Clusters that reflect the CIT current dominant strategic research strengths and critical mass. There are also new and emerging areas of research and a number of long established centres that engage in research and consultancy. Across the Institute faculties and constituent colleges, academic staff research interests range across Engineering, Science, Business and Humanities, Music and Art. The CIT Research mission is to continue to build on niche strengths and to develop sustainable and productive research, innovation, technology transfer and postgraduate education across all its faculties.

CIT NIMBUS Centre

On 17 January 2010, CIT formally took possession of the new NIMBUS Centre for Embedded Systems Research and, on 16 March, 65 researchers and students relocated from diverse locations in CIT to the NIMBUS building.

Funded through the HEA Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions (PRTLI) in 2007, NIMBUS is the first building nationally to be completed in the 4th cycle of PRTLI funding and reflects very successful collaboration and project management by the CIT Development Office, the architects RKD, building contractors Walls and the team of researchers for whom the building was designed. In a time of financial constraint, it also reflects well on the team that the project was completed on time and within budget.

Research Centre at CITThe NIMBUS Centre is adjacent to and attached to the Rubicon Centre and its extension (currently under construction). This reflects the determination of the NIMBUS researchers not only to carry out high quality research but also to ensure that the research feeds through to innovation and commercialisation, through licensing and new company start-ups. The integration of the Technologies for Embedded Computing (TEC) Centre (funded by Enterprise Ireland under the Applied Research Enhancement (ARE) programme) with NIMBUS further reflects this determination. This also exposes the Centre’s postgraduate students to an innovation culture throughout their time carrying out research in the Centre. This strategy aligns closely with the recommendations of the recently published report from the Task Force on Innovation which call for a much greater emphasis on ensuring that research feeds through to tangible benefits to industry and on producing graduates who can contribute directly to Ireland’s fast-growing knowledge economy. In this context, NIMBUS is currently training 32 postgraduate researchers and NIMBUS staff is actively involved in undergraduate and postgraduate teaching in the Department of Electronic Engineering in CIT.

The NIMBUS Centre provides space for up to 80 researchers, including facilities for undergraduate project students, visiting postgraduate students and researchers from other institutions and dedicated industry visitor workstations, already in use, where company researchers can work in close collaboration with NIMBUS staff and use NIMBUS research facilities.

NIMBUS is among the most heavily networked buildings in the country with high data rate wired and wireless network points throughout the building and a suite of communications antennae on the roof of the centre facilitate long distance wireless networking. A large area of the ground floor is given over to an open-plan laboratory space which will contain facilities for electronics prototyping and testing, RF/microwave testing and reliability testing. This space will also be used for both small- and large-scale demonstrations of embedded systems applications.
NIMBUS is CIT’s first dedicated research centre and is intended not only to be a showcase for CIT’s research but also to demonstrate CIT’s ability to translate innovative research into economic benefit. As embedded systems can benefit all technology disciplines and can be used in many applications including sensing, energy, health, manufacturing, safety, environment, logistics and business, NIMBUS welcomes collaborations with other researchers and companies interested in these and related topics.

Collaborative European Research Conference

The Collaborative European Research Conference
Collaborative European Research Conference
The Collaborative European Research Conference is an annual event that invites postgraduate students to submit papers and participate in a peer-reviewed event. Authors who have their submissions accepted are invited to attend the event and present their paper...

 (CERC) is a prestigious annual event that invites postgraduate students to submit papers and participate in a peer-reviewed event. CIT hosted the 2011 CERC at its Blackrock Castle Observatory.

Academic Alliances

CIT holds a partnership with the Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences
Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences
The Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences, in Darmstadt, Germany, plays a significant role among German Universities of Applied Sciences. It is internationally known for its outstanding achievements in the areas of engineering and computer science...

 (h_da), Germany. CIT's BA in Multimedia offers a joint accreditation from CIT and h_da.

CIT offer a number of degree courses in conjunction with University College Cork, including their BSc in Architecture and BSc in Biomedical Science.

The CIT Blackrock Castle Observatory runs a programme in partnership with the Chabot Space & Science Center in Oakland, California.

CIT has also established various industrial alliances, particularly with the EMC Corporation
EMC Corporation
EMC Corporation , a Financial Times Global 500, Fortune 500 and S&P 500 company, develops, delivers and supports information infrastructure and virtual infrastructure hardware, software, and services. EMC is headquartered in Hopkinton, Massachusetts, USA.Former Intel executive Richard Egan and his...

 and VMware
VMware
VMware, Inc. is a company providing virtualization software founded in 1998 and based in Palo Alto, California, USA. The company was acquired by EMC Corporation in 2004, and operates as a separate software subsidiary ....

, both of which have a business presence in Cork. The college also maintains close ties with to Cisco Systems
Cisco Systems
Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Jose, California, United States, that designs and sells consumer electronics, networking, voice, and communications technology and services. Cisco has more than 70,000 employees and annual revenue of US$...

 and the Cisco Networking Academy
Cisco networking academy
Cisco Networking Academy, a global education initiative from Cisco Systems, offers networking programs, like the CCNA and CCNP courses, which prepare students for the certification exams of the same name, and other computer-related courses...

. CIT is itself both an official VMware and Cisco academy, as well as a Microsoft
Microsoft
Microsoft Corporation is an American public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions...

, Novell
Novell
Novell, Inc. is a multinational software and services company. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Attachmate Group. It specializes in network operating systems, such as Novell NetWare; systems management solutions, such as Novell ZENworks; and collaboration solutions, such as Novell Groupwise...

 and ITIL
Itil
Itil may mean:*Atil or Itil, the ancient capital of Khazaria*Itil , also Idel, Atil, Atal, the ancient and modern Turkic name of the river Volga.ITIL can stand for:*Information Technology Infrastructure Library...

 academy.

CIT Rubicon Centre

The Rubicon Centre is Ireland’s premier business incubation centre and is located on campus at CIT. Home to over 40 knowledge-based start-up companies, the Centre is jointly financed by CIT & Enterprise Ireland. Clients based at the Rubicon are at different stages of development, from concept stage to completing their first customer orders and many are already trading on the International Market. In 2007 a second incubation facility was opened to accommodate the demand for on-campus incubation space. An extension to the existing building is currently taking place & it is hoped this will be fully operation by June 2010, increasing total incubation space to 2,100 square metres.

Since opening its doors in January 2006, the Rubicon Centre has quickly positioned itself as a catalyst, assisting entrepreneurs to take their projects to the next stage. As an innovation centre for entrepreneurs, the Rubicon Centre is intended to help, encourage & give support to people who present a unique idea or highlight a market niche which they believe they can target. In essence, the Centre’s role as an incubator is to assist the formation and growth of early stage, knowledge intensive businesses, by providing physical space, in-house management support, access to advice and support from Institute resources. The Centre aims to stimulate an environment of creativity and innovation with a continual focus of nurturing the growth of knowledge based business and commercial research in the South West Region. The Centre has attracted interest from both Irish and Overseas Companies operating in the Technology market.

Genesis Programme

The Genesis Enterprise Programme is also based at CIT's Rubicon Centre, offering participants the opportunity to avail of a 12 month rapid incubation programme that aims to support and accelerate graduate entrepreneurs in developing their business from a very early stage. It has been in operation since 1998. The focus of the Genesis Programme is to provide a package of supports to entrepreneurs in the South West Region in accelerating the development of their business.

Businesses from diverse sectors have participated on the programme in the past including Food, Information Technology, Biotech, Telecommunications, Renewable Energy, Medical Device and Automotive. The key criteria for eligibility are that the business is knowledge based and has export potential. The Programme is currently funded by the Department of Education and Science and many of the participants are supported financially by Enterprise Ireland by way of a CORD grant.

The Genesis Programme is a full-time programme designed to provide an integrated and comprehensive set of business development and financial supports to graduates of third-level colleges who wish to start their own businesses. By developing the entrepreneurial skills of the participants and helping them realise the full potential of their businesses, the risk involved in setting up a business is reduced and the focus is on the development of scalable, high growth businesses.

CIT Prize for Innovation

Run in association with the Cork Enterprise Board, the CIT Prize for Innovation awards those whose inventions and business ideas are judged most creative, novel, innovative, and likely to succeed in the marketplace. This prize is open to all departments and entrants may use a project that forms part of their coursework for the year. Entrants must be full-time or part-time students at CIT during the current academic year. Postgraduate students are also eligible. The adjudication panel comprises experienced engineers, inventors and business professionals. While it is not an official requirement, teams comprising members from differing disciplinary backgrounds are encouraged.

There is an overall prize awarded to the CIT Entrepreneur of the Year, while other awards include Most Technically Innovative, Part-time Student Award, Best Business Plan and Best Exhibition Stand on Innovation Day. 2010 also saw the presentation of an award for Best Innovation in an Emerging Space, the first time that this accolade was on offer at the event.

Each year, the awards are accompanied by a series of cash prizes. In 2010, a total prize fund of €10,000 was allocated by the Cork Enterprise Board. The Cork Enterprise Board endeavors to foster an entrepreneurial environment whereby more and more people will consider self employment as a career option. In pursuit of this objective the Board has identified an interactive Enterprise Initiative.

Sport

CIT boasts state-of-the-art sporting facilities. The college has several full-size pitches, some of which are floodlit, catering to numerous popular field sports, including Gaelic games
Gaelic games
Gaelic games are sports played in Ireland under the auspices of the Gaelic Athletic Association. The two main games are Gaelic football and hurling...

, soccer and Gaelic games. The college's primary hurling
Hurling
Hurling is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic origin, administered by the Gaelic Athletic Association, and played with sticks called hurleys and a ball called a sliotar. Hurling is the national game of Ireland. The game has prehistoric origins, has been played for at least 3,000 years, and...

 and Gaelic football
Gaelic football
Gaelic football , commonly referred to as "football" or "Gaelic", or "Gah" is a form of football played mainly in Ireland...

 pitch, located on campus, offers its own stadium. CIT's athletics track is now one of the finest in the country, and also enjoys its own purpose-built stadium. In addition to its 9 playing pitches, two stadiums and international standard athletics track, CIT also boasts on campus all-weather astroturf pitches, tennis courts and a sports hall. CIT offers students free membership to its small, but fully equipped, gym and weights room. LeisureWorld, one of Cork's premier fitness and health facilities, is adjacent the campus, and offers special membership rates to CIT students and staff.

CIT’s excellently prepared sports grounds play host to numerous competitions throughout the year, including schools matches in gaelic football, hurling, soccer and rugby. In the past, CIT has hosted the Avonmore Milk Munster Youth’s Cup Rugby semi-finals, Simcox, Coirn Uí Mhuirí and various other prestigious competitions. The college's facilities also cater to the training needs of various local and inter-county teams, including the Cork Ladies Football teams from underage to senior level, Cork Senior and Minor Camogies and the Cork Minor and Under-21 Hurlers. CIT is also the home ground for the Cork Admirals Flag Football games.

In 2009 CIT won the Sigerson Cup
Sigerson Cup
The Sigerson Cup is the top division of Higher Education Gaelic football in Ireland, It is administrated by the Higher Education committee which is part of the Gaelic Athletic Association...

, the premier Gaelic football competition in Ireland for the first time, beating Dublin Institute of Technology
Dublin Institute of Technology
Dublin Institute of Technology was established officially in 1992 under the but had been previously set up in 1978 on an ad-hoc basis. The institution can trace its origins back to 1887 with the establishment of various technical institutions in Dublin, Ireland...

 by 5 points in the final. CIT enjoys a local rivalry with University College Cork.

Other sports offered by the college include martial arts such as aikido, judo, karate, kickboxing and taekwondo. In addition to Gaelic games, soccer and rugby, CIT has teams involved in field sports such as flag football and hockey. Canoeing, rowing, sailing, sub aqua, surfing, and swimming make up the college's range of water sports, while many students also participate and compete in indoor sports such as aerobics, badminton, basketball, boxing, gymnastics, trampoling, pool, racquetball, table tennis and volleyball. Various other sports played at CIT include athletics, cycling, equestrian, golf, motorsport, mountaineering, rock-climbing, mountain biking, orienteering and tennis.

To underline its commitment to sport, CIT annually awards sports bursaries to a wide range of sports for both senior and first-year students. It is expected that those awarded the bursaries will have high levels of achievement in their chosen sport and a full involvement and participation in this sport in the Institute.

CIT's Sports Office oversees the college's sporting participation and facilities. The Office facilitates students and their clubs and is responsible for the management and upkeep of all sports facilities in the Institute. The current Sports Officer is Miriam Deasy. CIT also has a dedicated GAA Development Officer, a position that is currently held by Keith Ricken.

Constituents

CIT has a number of constituent colleges and facilities located off of its main campus, such as the CIT Cork School of Music, CIT Crawford College of Art and Design, National Maritime College of Ireland and CIT Blackrock Castle Observatory.

CIT Cork School of Music

The CIT Cork School of Music is located in the centre of Cork City
Cork (city)
Cork is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and the island of Ireland's third most populous city. It is the principal city and administrative centre of County Cork and the largest city in the province of Munster. Cork has a population of 119,418, while the addition of the suburban...

, Ireland
Republic of Ireland
Ireland , described as the Republic of Ireland , is a sovereign state in Europe occupying approximately five-sixths of the island of the same name. Its capital is Dublin. Ireland, which had a population of 4.58 million in 2011, is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy,...

. The college was founded in 1878 and became a school of Cork Institute of Technology in 1993. The school currently operates from a five-floor music centre designed by Murray O’Laoire and Buro Happold
Buro Happold
Buro Happold is a professional services firm providing engineering consultancy, design, planning, project management and consulting services for all aspects of buildings, infrastructure and the environment, with its head office in Bath, Somerset...

. The building was opened in 2007.

CSM tutors students in a musicianship programme, professional instrumental work, performance (including drama) studies, composition, ensemble work, basic instrumental work, music history, music technology, and Irish traditional music
Folk music of Ireland
The folk music of Ireland is the generic term for music that has been created in various genres in Ireland.-History:...

 studies. The school also teaches a variety of other subjects. The main programme taught at CSM is the Bachelor of Music
Bachelor of Music
Bachelor of Music is an academic degree awarded by a college, university, or conservatory upon completion of program of study in music. In the United States, it is a professional degree; the majority of work consists of prescribed music courses and study in applied music, usually requiring a...

 degree programme. The school has a staff of approximately 120, many of whom teach part-time in their area of musical expertise in addition to working as full-time musicians.

Cork School of Music currently operates from a state-of-the-art building on Union Quay in Cork, hosting a large number of Steinway pianos. The acoustics were provided by Applied Acoustic Design. It incorporates two performance spaces, the Curtis Auditorium, and the Stack Theater. While the building hosts a full recording suite, it also contains six lecture theaters, the full Fleischmann Library, 2 audio labs, an I.T. lab, over 50 tutoring suites, 5 medium sized classrooms, 5 full sized classrooms each acoustically isolated to also act as practice rooms. Each room in the building is equipped with at least one Apple iMac, projector and a speaker system, Sennheiser Evolution radio microphone, Rane rack mixer and dual 15 band graphic EQ, and a Lab Gruppen stereo power amplifer. Under the same roof is a restaurant, and a common room for full-time students with large open plan areas on all floors.

There are a number of light wells, bringing natural light to rooms in the centre of the building, where light would not have been possible. The school is equipped with audio technology that makes it easy for tutors to teach students, with at least one Steinway
Steinway & Sons
Steinway & Sons, also known as Steinway , is an American and German manufacturer of handmade pianos, founded 1853 in Manhattan in New York City by German immigrant Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg...

 piano in every room, if not two (to facilitate one on one tutoring and preventing the need to use one piano for two). The school also hosts two harpsichords constructed in 2007 by the harpsichord-maker Michael Johnson, as well as housing the 1999 Michael Johnson instrument owned by Cork County Council.

The old CSM building, on Union Quay, was demolished in September 2005.

CIT Crawford College of Art and Design

The CIT Crawford College of Art & Design is a constituent college of Cork Institute of Technology, providing education in the arts for over 200 years. The CIT Crawford College offers full-time courses to Bachelors Degree, Masters and Higher Diploma levels, all validated by CIT and the Higher Education and Training Awards Council (HETAC). The college enjoys an excellent reputation for creative education, both nationally and internationally.

The college is sited in its own campus in Sharman Crawford Street, approximately four miles from the main CIT campus in Bishopstown. The Crawford College of Art & Design is conveniently located near the primary art centres and schools in Cork, giving students access to the artistic and cultural stimulus they require. The Crawford Art Gallery, CIT Cork School of Music, Triskel Art Centre, National Sculpture Factory, Backwater Studios and the Cork Artists Collective are all within walking distance of the college.

CIT's Department of Fine Art and the Department of Art & Design Education are based at the Sharman Crawford Street campus, offering programmes in Fine Art, Ceramics and Art Education. CIT's Department of Media Communications became part of the Crawford College in January 2010. However, both the Department of Media Communications and the Department of Art Therapy are based at the college's Bishopstown campus.

Facilities at the Sharman Crawford Street campus include studios with personal work spaces for all students, and well-equipped workshops including ceramics, metal and wood fabrication, stone carving, foundry, photography, film and video, digital media, etching, lithography, silk screen and relief printmaking, textiles and stained glass. The library houses over 12,000 volumes, 45 periodicals and newspapers, and over 30,000 slides.

The CIT Crawford College of Art and Design has its origins in the Cork School of Design of 1850, which was associated with the Royal Cork Institution
Royal Cork Institution
Royal Cork Institution was an Irish cultural institution in the city of Cork from 1803-1885. It consisted of a library of scientific works, a museum with old Irish manuscripts and stones with ogham inscriptions, and lecture and reading rooms. A lack of funds resulted in its closure in...

. The building that originally housed the college was built in 1724 as Cork’s Custom House. In 1979 the college was transferred to its current location on Sharman Crawford Street, near Saint Fin Barre's Cathedral. The Crawford College of Art and Design has close ties to the Crawford Art Gallery, which is located in the college's former building. The Crawford Art Gallery today possesses famous Canova Casts, and also houses John Butt's View of Cork, which was painted circa 1755, and shows the influence of Dutch trade on the early architecture of Cork.

Irish landscape painter James Brennan (RHA) was headmaster of the school from 1860 to 1889. It was he who influenced William Horatio Crawford, from the famous brewing family, to invest in the School, leading to the 1884 extension and subsequent renaming of the school to the Crawford Municipal School of Art. Under the Institutes of Technology Act 2006, the Crawford College of Art and Design became a designated school of the Cork Institute of Technology.

National Maritime College of Ireland

The National Maritime College of Ireland (NMCI) is a joint project between the Cork Institute of Technology and the Irish Naval Service
Irish Naval Service
The Naval Service is the navy of Ireland and is one of the three standing branches of the Irish Defence Forces. Its main base is in Haulbowline, County Cork....

. It is located in Ringaskiddy
Ringaskiddy
Ringaskiddy is a village south of Cork city, in County Cork, Ireland. Located across Cork harbour south from Cóbh, and connected to Cork city by the N28 road the village is now a major ferry port Port of Cork with passenger ferry services to France & the United Kingdom.Ringaskiddy has seen huge...

, County Cork
County Cork
County Cork is a county in Ireland. It is located in the South-West Region and is also part of the province of Munster. It is named after the city of Cork . Cork County Council is the local authority for the county...

, Ireland
Ireland
Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth...

. The college provides a range of maritime
Sea
A sea generally refers to a large body of salt water, but the term is used in other contexts as well. Most commonly, it means a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, and is commonly used as a synonym for ocean...

 qualifications, including at academic degree
Academic degree
An academic degree is a position and title within a college or university that is usually awarded in recognition of the recipient having either satisfactorily completed a prescribed course of study or having conducted a scholarly endeavour deemed worthy of his or her admission to the degree...

 level, and its facilities can accommodate 750 students.

The college cost approximately €50 million when opened in October 2004 and is one of the first public private partnership type projects in education in the Republic of Ireland
Education in the Republic of Ireland
The levels of education in Ireland are primary, secondary and higher education. In recent years further education has grown immensely. Growth in the economy since the 1960s has driven much of the change in the education system. Education in Ireland is free at all levels, including college , but...

, and will result in a 25 year contract held by Focus Education Ltd.

The college facilities are amongst the most modern in the world. For the training of deck department personnel there is an array of bridge simulators, including a 360 degree model and a 270 degree model. Workshops are provided for ropework and other deck associated skills, and simulators are provided for GMDSS training and cargo work. Engine department trainees avail of a fully functional engine room, which includes diesel engines, oil purifiers, air compressors, sewage treatment plant, fresh water generators and other equipment found on board ocean going vessels. An engine room simulator is used to train personnel in watchkeeping, teamwork and process management. Common facilities include the survival training pool, helicopter dunker, lifeboats and firefighting training facility. Machine workshops are utilised to train engineers in turning, milling, grinding, welding and the use of hand tools for fabrication. There is an extensive marine library on site, but with limited access.

In September 2006, King Harald
Harald V of Norway
Harald V is the king of Norway. He succeeded to the throne of Norway upon the death of his father Olav V on 17 January 1991...

 and Queen Sonja of Norway
Queen Sonja of Norway
Queen Sonja of Norway is the wife of King Harald V of Norway.-Prior to marriage:Sonja was born in Oslo on 4 July 1937 as the daughter of clothing merchant Karl August Haraldsen and Dagny Ulrichsen .Queen Sonja grew up in the district of Vinderen in Oslo and completed her lower secondary schooling...

 visited the NMCI, while on a state visit to Ireland, to promote maritime links between Cork
Cork (city)
Cork is the second largest city in the Republic of Ireland and the island of Ireland's third most populous city. It is the principal city and administrative centre of County Cork and the largest city in the province of Munster. Cork has a population of 119,418, while the addition of the suburban...

 and Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

.

CIT Blackrock Castle Observatory

Blackrock Castle was originally built on the River Lee
River Lee
River Lee may refer to:*The River Lea or Lee in England*The River Lee in Ireland...

 in 1582 by the citizens of Cork as a watch tower and fort, assuring trade ships of a safe haven, the Elizabethan government of the era ordering a round tower constructed to protect against marauding pirates and other invaders. Following a charter by James I in 1608, Blackrock Castle was handed over to the City of Cork. In 1722 the old tower was destroyed by fire and was rebuilt with an octagonal room topped with a cupola. The castle was used at this time as the Corporation banquet hall. In 1827 the castle was again destroyed by fire, before being rebuilt a year later, three additional storeys and out-buildings being added at that time. In 2002 the castle underwent an extensive refurbishment programme, and in August 2007, Blackrock Castle was re-opened to the public as the state-of-the-art CIT Blackrock Castle Observatory.

Cosmos at the Castle is an award-winning interactive astronomy exhibit that takes place at the observatory, featuring four cinema sized screens that share information with visitors on the Big Bang, the evolution of life on Earth, and the existence of extraterrestrial life in the Universe.

The observatory also houses a team of astronomical researchers and scientists from CIT, most of which are engaged in the development of new technologies designed for searching for planets around distant stars, a project known as the Planet Search Programme. Most the researchers come from the Astronomy and Instrumentation Group, based within the Department of Applied Physics and Instrumentation at CIT.

The observatory features a rooftop 16” Meade reflector telescope. A monthly remote astronomy schools project is run at the observatory. The project is entitled Web of Stars, and is run in conjunction with the Chabot Space & Science Center in Oakland, California.

CIT is the Irish partner in the Comenius funded European Union Hands on Universe project. This project trains teachers to use real astronomy data in the classroom to support the teaching of science and mathematics.

The castle hosted the 2011 Collaborative European Research Conference
Collaborative European Research Conference
The Collaborative European Research Conference is an annual event that invites postgraduate students to submit papers and participate in a peer-reviewed event. Authors who have their submissions accepted are invited to attend the event and present their paper...

. In May 2011, a partnership between CIT and the National Space Centre was announced. The partnership saw the 32-metre satellite dish at Elfordstown Earthstation in Midleton, Co Cork, start a new life as a Deep Space Radio Telescope. The Deep Space Radio Telescope will be capable of detecting a host of cosmic phenomena. The dish was originally constructed in 1984 to take transatlantic telephone calls from Europe to the US, and was retired from use in the mid 1990’s when the underground transatlantic cables were laid.

Notable Alumni

  • Alice Maher
    Alice Maher
    Alice Maher born at Kilmoyler, a rural area between Bansha and Cahir, County Tipperary, 1956 is an Irish painter and sculptor.Alice Maher received her early education at Ballydrehid National School and at Coláiste Chríost Rí, Cahir. She later graduated from the University of Limerick and the...

  • Anthony Ruby
    Anthony Ruby
    Anthony Ruby is an Irish artist. He studied Fine Arts at Crawford College of Art and Design and completed his BA in 1999...

  • Robert Richard Scanlan
    Robert Richard Scanlan
    Robert Richard Scanlan sometimes known as R. R. Scanlan was an Irish painter and portraitist.A resident of Dublin in the 1820s, he exhibited portraits at the Royal Hibernian Academy , and was later Master of the Cork School of Design.He painted portraits and watercolour portrait groups, described...

     (1801–1876)
  • Brian Smyth
    Brian Smyth
    Brian Smyth is an Irish painter known for his figurative work.-Life and work:Brian Smyth was born in Cork. He studied art at the Crawford College of Art and Design in Cork, where he specialised in painting, and graduated with an honours degree in art and design in 1995...


See also

  • Education in Cork
    Education in Cork
    Cork has several third level colleges including University College Cork the Crawford College of Art and Design and the National Maritime College of Ireland. It is also home to the Cork College of Commerce, which is the largest post-Leaving Certificate college in Ireland...

  • Education in the Republic of Ireland
    Education in the Republic of Ireland
    The levels of education in Ireland are primary, secondary and higher education. In recent years further education has grown immensely. Growth in the economy since the 1960s has driven much of the change in the education system. Education in Ireland is free at all levels, including college , but...

  • List of Irish third-level educational institutions
  • Crawford Municipal Art Gallery
    Crawford Municipal Art Gallery
    The Crawford Municipal Art Gallery is a public art gallery in the city of Cork, Ireland.Since 1979 the Gallery has been located in the centre of Cork in what used to be the Cork Customs House, built in 1724...


External links


51.883988°N 8.535819°W
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