in the U.S. state of Ohio
and is the county seat
of Cuyahoga County
, the most populous county in the state. The city is located in northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie
, approximately 60 miles (96.6 km) west of the Pennsylvania
border. It was founded in 1796 near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River
, and became a manufacturing
center owing to its location on the lake shore, as well as being connected to numerous canal
s and railroad
1796 Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
1914 In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
1929 A fire at the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio kills 123.
1929 Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
1952 Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio.
1967 Carl B. Stokes is elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.
1968 Glenville Shootout: in Cleveland, Ohio, a violent shootout between a Black Militant organization led by Ahmed Evans and the Cleveland Police Department occurs. During the shootout, a riot begins and lasts for five days.
1978 Cleveland, Ohio becomes the first post-Depression era city to default on its loans, owing $14,000,000 to local banks.