Castellammare di Stabia
Overview
 
Castellammare di Stabia is a comune
Comune
In Italy, the comune is the basic administrative division, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality.-Importance and function:...

in the province of Naples
Province of Naples
The Province of Naples is a province in the Campania region of Italy. Its capital city is Naples, within the province there are 92 Comuni of the Province of Naples.-Demographics:...

, Campania
Campania
Campania is a region in southern Italy. The region has a population of around 5.8 million people, making it the second-most-populous region of Italy; its total area of 13,590 km² makes it the most densely populated region in the country...

 region, southern Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

. It is situated on the Bay of Naples
Gulf of Naples
The Gulf of Naples is a c. 15 km wide gulf located in the south western coast of Italy, . It opens to the west into the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered on the north by the cities of Naples and Pozzuoli, on the east by Mount Vesuvius, and on the south by the Sorrentine Peninsula and the main...

 about 30 kilometers southeast of Naples
Naples
Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

, on the route to Sorrento
Sorrento, Italy
Sorrento is a small town in Campania, southern Italy, with some 16,500 inhabitants. It is a popular tourist destination which can be reached easily from Naples and Pompeii, as it lies at the south-eastern end of the Circumvesuviana rail line...

.
Castellammare di Stabia lies next to the ancient Roman city of Stabiae
Stabiae
Stabiae was an ancient Roman town, located close to the modern town of Castellammare di Stabia approximately 4.5 km southwest of Pompeii. It was positioned on a 50 m high headland overlooking the Gulf of Naples...

, which was destroyed by the Vesuvio eruption in AD 79. The castle the city takes its name from was erected in around the 9th century on a hill commanding the southern side of the Gulf of Naples.
Encyclopedia
Castellammare di Stabia is a comune
Comune
In Italy, the comune is the basic administrative division, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality.-Importance and function:...

in the province of Naples
Province of Naples
The Province of Naples is a province in the Campania region of Italy. Its capital city is Naples, within the province there are 92 Comuni of the Province of Naples.-Demographics:...

, Campania
Campania
Campania is a region in southern Italy. The region has a population of around 5.8 million people, making it the second-most-populous region of Italy; its total area of 13,590 km² makes it the most densely populated region in the country...

 region, southern Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

. It is situated on the Bay of Naples
Gulf of Naples
The Gulf of Naples is a c. 15 km wide gulf located in the south western coast of Italy, . It opens to the west into the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered on the north by the cities of Naples and Pozzuoli, on the east by Mount Vesuvius, and on the south by the Sorrentine Peninsula and the main...

 about 30 kilometers southeast of Naples
Naples
Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

, on the route to Sorrento
Sorrento, Italy
Sorrento is a small town in Campania, southern Italy, with some 16,500 inhabitants. It is a popular tourist destination which can be reached easily from Naples and Pompeii, as it lies at the south-eastern end of the Circumvesuviana rail line...

.

History

Castellammare di Stabia lies next to the ancient Roman city of Stabiae
Stabiae
Stabiae was an ancient Roman town, located close to the modern town of Castellammare di Stabia approximately 4.5 km southwest of Pompeii. It was positioned on a 50 m high headland overlooking the Gulf of Naples...

, which was destroyed by the Vesuvio eruption in AD 79. The castle the city takes its name from was erected in around the 9th century on a hill commanding the southern side of the Gulf of Naples. It was restored during the reign of Frederick II
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II , was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages and head of the House of Hohenstaufen. His political and cultural ambitions, based in Sicily and stretching through Italy to Germany, and even to Jerusalem, were enormous...

 of Hohenstaufen and enlarged by King Charles I of Anjou.

The comune, previously called Castellamare, assumed the name Castellammare on January 22, 1863, and the current name on May 31, 1912.

Excavation of Villas

The excavation of Roman villas that have been preserved by the Eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79 are currently underway.

Sport

The local football team, SS Juve Stabia, currently plays in Italian Serie B and is one of the oldest football teams in Italy, having been created in 1907.
The "Romeo Menti" stadium where SS Juve Stabia plays is dedicated to Romeo Menti
Romeo Menti
Romeo Menti was an Italian football player.Born at Vicenza, Menti debuted in his city's Serie C club in 1935, in the same stadium that was to be dedicated to him a few years later....

, who played for SS Juve Stabia in 1945 and died in the tragic 1949 Superga air disaster
Superga air disaster
The Superga air disaster took place on Wednesday, 4 May 1949, when a plane carrying almost the entire Torino A.C. football squad, popularly known as Il Grande Torino, crashed into the hill of Superga near Turin killing all 31 aboard including 18 players, club officials, journalists accompanying the...

, when a plane crash killed most of the players of Torino FC.

Dress Code

In 2010, Luigi Bobbio, the newly elected Mayor
Mayor
In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

 of Castellammare di Stabia, announced that he would ban Miniskirt
Miniskirt
A miniskirt, sometimes hyphenated as mini-skirt, is a skirt with a hemline well above the knees – generally no longer than below the buttocks; and a minidress is a dress with a similar meaning...

 and "revealing clothes" in his town. Luigi Bobbio's proposal would also ban sunbathing, the wearing of clogs, playing soccer in public places, and blasphemy
Blasphemy
Blasphemy is irreverence towards religious or holy persons or things. Some countries have laws to punish blasphemy, while others have laws to give recourse to those who are offended by blasphemy...

, in what the mayor says is an attempt to "restore urban decorum and facilitate better civil co-existence".

Notable people

Castellammare was the hometown of Gabriele Capone, father of Al Capone
Al Capone
Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone was an American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. The Chicago Outfit, which subsequently became known as the "Capones", was dedicated to smuggling and bootlegging liquor, and other illegal activities such as prostitution, in Chicago from the early...

. Other people born here include:
  • Gabriele De Rosa (1917–2009), historian and politician
  • Luigi Denza
    Luigi Denza
    Luigi Denza , was an Italian composer.Denza was born at Castellammare di Stabia, near Naples. He studied music under Saverio Mercadante and Paolo Serrao at the Naples Conservatory. Later, he moved to London and became a professor of singing at the Royal Academy of Music in 1898...

     (1846-1922) author of the famous song "Funiculì, Funiculà
    Funiculì, Funiculà
    "Funiculì, Funiculà" is a famous Neapolitan song written by Italian journalist Peppino Turco and set to music by Italian composer Luigi Denza in 1880. It was composed to commemorate the opening of the first funicular cable car on Mount Vesuvius. The 1880 cable car was later destroyed by the...

    "
  • Gennaro Iezzo
    Gennaro Iezzo
    Gennaro Iezzo is an Italian football goalkeeper who currently plays for Serie D club Nuvla San Felice.-Career:He began his career at hometown club Juve Stabia before moving on to play for Scafatese, Avellino, Nocerina, Verona, Calcio Catania and Cagliari...

    , soccer goalkeeper.
  • Mario Merola
    Mario Merola
    Mario Merola was an Italian singer and actor, most prominently known for having rejuvenated the traditional popular Neapolitan melodrama known as the sceneggiata....

    , Neapolitan singer
  • Fabio Quagliarella
    Fabio Quagliarella
    Fabio Quagliarella is an Italian footballer who plays as a striker for Serie A club Juventus and internationally for the Italian national team. He is known for scoring incredible goals from unconventional angles that often catch the goalkeeper by surprise.-Early career:Quagliarella began his...

    ,Footballer
  • Romeo A. Serrapica (1921-1995), American commercial artist, photo illustrator, Cooper Union alumnus. Parents born and raised in Castellammare di Stabia and Gragnano. Younger brother of John Serry, Sr.
  • John Serry, Sr.
    John Serry, Sr.
    John Serry, Sr. was an accomplished concert accordionist virtuoso, arranger, composer, organist and educator who performed on the CBS Radio and CBS Television networks...

     (1915-2003), American musician, composer, arranger and educator. Born as Giovanni Serrapica, his parents were raised in Castellamare di Stabia and Gragnano.
  • Ettore Tito
    Ettore Tito
    Ettore Tito was an Italian artist particularly known for his paintings of contemporary life and landscapes in Venice and the surrounding region. He trained at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Venice and from 1894 to 1927 was the Professor of Painting there...

     (1859-1941) Italian painter
  • Luigi Vitale
    Luigi Vitale
    Luigi Vitale is an Italian football defender who currently plays for Serie A club Bologna, on loan from Napoli.-External links:* on Napoli's official website...

    , soccer midfielder
  • Raffaele Viviani
    Raffaele Viviani
    Raffaele Viviani was an Italian author, playwright, actor and musician. Viviani belongs to the turn-of-the-century school of realism in Italian literature, and his works have to do with seamier elements of the lives of the poor in Naples of that period, things such as petty crime and prostitution...

    (1888-1950), author, playwright, actor and musician

External links





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