Calyce (mythology)
In Greek mythology, Kalyke (Καλύκη), Calyce or Calycia is the name of several characters.
  • A daughter of Aeolus
    Aeolus was the ruler of the winds in Greek mythology. In fact this name was shared by three mythic characters. These three personages are often difficult to tell apart, and even the ancient mythographers appear to have been perplexed about which Aeolus was which...

     and Enarete
    In Greek mythology, Enarete , daughter of Deimachus, was the wife of Aeolus and ancestress of the Aeolians. Her children were Canace, Sisyphus, Deioneus, Salmoneus, Macar, Cretheus, Athamas, Perieres, Calyce, Peisidice, Perimede and in some myths, Alcyone. She may have been the mother of Arne, if...

    . Some sources state that she was the mother of Endymion
    Endymion (mythology)
    In Greek mythology, Endymion , was variously a handsome Aeolian shepherd or hunter or a king who ruled and was said to reside at Olympia in Elis, but he was also said to reside and was venerated on Mount Latmus in Caria, on the west coast of Asia Minor....

    , king of Elis
    Elis, or Eleia is an ancient district that corresponds with the modern Elis peripheral unit...

    , by her husband Aethlius
    Aethlius was, in Greek mythology, the first king of Elis, father of Endymion. He was the son of either Zeus and Protogeneia , and was married to Calyce. According to some accounts, Endymion was himself a son of Zeus and first king of Elis. Other traditions again made Aethlius a son of Aeolus, who...

    , king of Elis or by Zeus
    In the ancient Greek religion, Zeus was the "Father of Gods and men" who ruled the Olympians of Mount Olympus as a father ruled the family. He was the god of sky and thunder in Greek mythology. His Roman counterpart is Jupiter and his Etruscan counterpart is Tinia.Zeus was the child of Cronus...

    . Other sources make her mother, not wife, of Aethlius (again by Zeus), and omit her giving birth to Endymion.

  • One of the Nysiads
    The Nysiads or Nysiades were the nymphs of Mount Nysa who cared for and taught the infant Dionysus.Their names include:* Ambrosia* Arsinoe* Bromia or Bromis* Cisseis* Coronis* Erato...

    , the nymphs who nursed Dionysus
    Dionysus was the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness and ecstasy in Greek mythology. His name in Linear B tablets shows he was worshipped from c. 1500—1100 BC by Mycenean Greeks: other traces of Dionysian-type cult have been found in ancient Minoan Crete...


  • Also called Harpale or Scamandrodice, the mother of Poseidon
    Poseidon was the god of the sea, and, as "Earth-Shaker," of the earthquakes in Greek mythology. The name of the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan was adopted in Latin for Neptune in Roman mythology: both were sea gods analogous to Poseidon...

    's son Cycnus
    In Greek mythology, four people were known as Cycnus or Cygnus. Most of them ended up being transformed into swans. The most famous Cycnus however, was the son of Ares.-Son of Ares:Cycnus was sired upon Pelopia or Pyrene...

    . She is given as the daughter of Hecaton
    In Greek mythology, Hecaton was the father of Calyce, who was seduced by the god Poseidon and bore him a son named Cycnus. This character Hecaton is otherwise unknown, but the name may be connected with the Hecatonnesoi , in the Adramyttian Gulf....

    . Cycnus was born in secret, and left to die on the coast, but went on to become a king.

Modern references

  • The lunar crater Kalyke is named after her, as is a moon
    Kalyke (moon)
    Kalyke , also known as ', is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by a team of astronomers from the University of Hawaii led by Scott S...

     of Jupiter
    Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the Solar System. It is a gas giant with mass one-thousandth that of the Sun but is two and a half times the mass of all the other planets in our Solar System combined. Jupiter is classified as a gas giant along with Saturn,...

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