Bubiyan Island
Bubiyan Island is the largest island in the Kuwait
The State of Kuwait is a sovereign Arab state situated in the north-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south at Khafji, and Iraq to the north at Basra. It lies on the north-western shore of the Persian Gulf. The name Kuwait is derived from the...

i coastal island chain situated in the north-western corner of the Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
The Persian Gulf, in Southwest Asia, is an extension of the Indian Ocean located between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula.The Persian Gulf was the focus of the 1980–1988 Iran-Iraq War, in which each side attacked the other's oil tankers...

, with an area of 863 square kilometres (333.2 sq mi).

It is separated from the mainland in the northeast by Khawr Abd Allah
Khawr Abd Allah
The Khawr Abd Allah is today an estuary, but once was the point where the great Euphrates and Tigris rivers emptied into the Persian Gulf. Located in the south of Iraq, the Iraq-Kuwaiti border divides the lower portion of the estuary, but adjacent to the port of Umm Qasr the estuary becomes wholly...

and from the mainland in the southwest by Khawr as Sabiyah. The latter channel trends around the northern end of Bubiyan Island, separating it from Warbah Island
Warbah Island
Warbah Island is an island belonging to Kuwait, located in the Persian Gulf, near the mouth of the Euphrates River. It is located roughly east of the Kuwaiti mainland, north of Bubiyan Island and south of the Iraqi mainland. It is roughly long and wide with a total area of...

. 5.4 kilometres (3.4 mi) northwest of Ras al Barshah, the southernmost point, Bubiyan is linked to the mainland by a concrete
Concrete is a composite construction material, composed of cement and other cementitious materials such as fly ash and slag cement, aggregate , water and chemical admixtures.The word concrete comes from the Latin word...

 girder bridge
Girder bridge
A girder bridge, in general, is a bridge built of girders placed on bridge abutments and foundation piers. In turn, a bridge deck is built on top of the girders in order to carry traffic. There are several different subtypes of girder bridges:...

 over the Khawr as Sabiyah channel, 2.38 kilometres (1.5 mi) long, built in 1983, which is for military
A military is an organization authorized by its greater society to use lethal force, usually including use of weapons, in defending its country by combating actual or perceived threats. The military may have additional functions of use to its greater society, such as advancing a political agenda e.g...

 use only. During the Persian Gulf War
Gulf War
The Persian Gulf War , commonly referred to as simply the Gulf War, was a war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.The war is also known under other names, such as the First Gulf...

 of 1991 the bridge was destroyed, but has been rebuilt.

In November 1994, Iraq
Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

 formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait which had been spelled out in Security Council
United Nations Security Council
The United Nations Security Council is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers, outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of...

 Resolutions 687
United Nations Security Council Resolution 687
United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, adopted on April 3, 1991, after reaffirming resolutions 660, 661, 662, 664, 665, 666, 667, 669, 670, 674, 677, 678 and 686 , the Council set the terms, in a comprehensive resolution, with which Iraq was to comply after losing the Gulf War.The...

 (1991), 773
United Nations Security Council Resolution 773
United Nations Security Council Resolution 773, adopted on August 26, 1992, after recalling resolutions 687 and 689 , the Council considered the work of the Iraq-Kuwait Boundary Demarcation Commission established on May 2, 1991, and reiterated its position that it would enforce any violation of...

 (1992), and 833
United Nations Security Council Resolution 833
United Nations Security Council Resolution 833, adopted unanimously on May 27, 1993, after recalling resolutions 687 , 689 , 773 and 806 in addition to a report by the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the Council noted the continuing work of the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Boundary...

(1993) which formally ended an earlier claim to Bubiyan Island.
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