member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox Churches, in the Assyrian Church of the East
, in the Independent Catholic Churches
, and in the Anglican churches, bishops claim apostolic succession
, a direct historical lineage dating back to the original Twelve Apostles. Within these churches, bishops can ordain clergy including other bishops.
506 The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
1328 Antipope Nicholas V, a claimant to the papacy, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice.
1539 Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.
1792 During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic Church bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
1871 Bishop John Coleridge Patteson is martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands. He is the first bishop of Melanesia.
1886 The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.