BC Ferries
Overview
 
British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. or BC Ferries (abbr.
Abbreviation
An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Usually, but not always, it consists of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase...

 BCF) is a de facto Crown Corporation that provides all major passenger and vehicle ferry
Ferry
A ferry is a form of transportation, usually a boat, but sometimes a ship, used to carry primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate on regular, frequent, return services...

 services for coastal and island communities in the Canadian province of British Columbia
British Columbia
British Columbia is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu . Its name was chosen by Queen Victoria in 1858...

. Set up in 1960 to provide a similar service to that provided by the Black Ball Line
Puget Sound Navigation Company
The Puget Sound Navigation Company was founded by Joshua Green in 1913. It operated a fleet of steamboats and ferries on Puget Sound in Washington and the Georgia Strait in British Columbia...

 and the Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
The Canadian Pacific Railway , formerly also known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railway founded in 1881 and now operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001...

, which were affected by job action
Strike action
Strike action, also called labour strike, on strike, greve , or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Strikes became important during the industrial revolution, when mass labour became...

 at the time, BC Ferries has become the largest passenger ferry line in North America and the second largest in the world, boasting a fleet of 36 vessels with a total passenger and crew capacity of over 27,000, serving 49 locations on the B.C.
Encyclopedia
British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. or BC Ferries (abbr.
Abbreviation
An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Usually, but not always, it consists of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase...

 BCF) is a de facto Crown Corporation that provides all major passenger and vehicle ferry
Ferry
A ferry is a form of transportation, usually a boat, but sometimes a ship, used to carry primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate on regular, frequent, return services...

 services for coastal and island communities in the Canadian province of British Columbia
British Columbia
British Columbia is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu . Its name was chosen by Queen Victoria in 1858...

. Set up in 1960 to provide a similar service to that provided by the Black Ball Line
Puget Sound Navigation Company
The Puget Sound Navigation Company was founded by Joshua Green in 1913. It operated a fleet of steamboats and ferries on Puget Sound in Washington and the Georgia Strait in British Columbia...

 and the Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway
The Canadian Pacific Railway , formerly also known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railway founded in 1881 and now operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in 2001...

, which were affected by job action
Strike action
Strike action, also called labour strike, on strike, greve , or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Strikes became important during the industrial revolution, when mass labour became...

 at the time, BC Ferries has become the largest passenger ferry line in North America and the second largest in the world, boasting a fleet of 36 vessels with a total passenger and crew capacity of over 27,000, serving 49 locations on the B.C. coast.

As BC Ferries provides an essential link from mainland Canada to the various islands on its routes, it is subsidized by Transport Canada
Transport Canada
Transport Canada is the department within the government of Canada which is responsible for developing regulations, policies and services of transportation in Canada. It is part of the Transportation, Infrastructure and Communities portfolio...

. The subsidy for 2004-2005 was CAD
Canadian dollar
The Canadian dollar is the currency of Canada. As of 2007, the Canadian dollar is the 7th most traded currency in the world. It is abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or C$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies...

 $25 million and is adjusted annually to keep pace with the rate of inflation. The inland ferries operating on British Columbia's rivers and lakes are not run by BC Ferries. The responsibility for their provision rests with the British Columbia Ministry of Transportation
British Columbia Ministry of Transportation
The British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure is the British Columbia government ministry responsible for transport infrastructure and law in the Canadian province of British Columbia...

, which contracts operation to various private sector
Private sector
In economics, the private sector is that part of the economy, sometimes referred to as the citizen sector, which is run by private individuals or groups, usually as a means of enterprise for profit, and is not controlled by the state...

 companies.

History

In the late 1950s, a strike
Strike action
Strike action, also called labour strike, on strike, greve , or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Strikes became important during the industrial revolution, when mass labour became...

 by employees of the Black Ball Line
Black Ball Line
Black Ball Line or Blackball Line can refer to:* Black Ball Line , a fleet of packet ships running between Liverpool and New York, the first scheduled trans-Atlantic service, founded in 1817....

 caused the Social Credit
British Columbia Social Credit Party
The British Columbia Social Credit Party, whose members are known as Socreds, was the governing political party of British Columbia, Canada, for more than 30 years between the 1952 provincial election and the 1991 election...

 government of W.A.C. Bennett
W.A.C. Bennett
William Andrew Cecil Bennett, PC, OC was the 25th Premier of the Canadian province of British Columbia. With just over 20 years in office, Bennett was and remains the longest-serving premier in British Columbia history. He was usually referred to as W.A.C...

 to decide that the coastal ferry service in B.C. needed to be government-owned, and so he set about creating BC Ferries. Minister of Highways Phil Gaglardi was tasked with overseeing the new Crown corporation and its rapid expansion.

BC Ferries' first route, commissioned in 1960, was between Swartz Bay
Swartz Bay Ferry Terminal
The Swartz Bay Ferry Terminal is a major transportation facility at Swartz Bay in North Saanich, British Columbia. It is located north of Victoria on Vancouver Island...

, north of Sidney
Sidney, British Columbia
Sidney is a town located at the northern end of the Saanich Peninsula, on Vancouver Island in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is one of the 13 Greater Victoria municipalities. It has a population of approximately 11,300. Sidney is located just east of Victoria International Airport,...

 on Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island is a large island in British Columbia, Canada. It is one of several North American locations named after George Vancouver, the British Royal Navy officer who explored the Pacific Northwest coast of North America between 1791 and 1794...

, and Tsawwassen
Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal
The Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal is a major transportation facility in Delta, British Columbia. It is located on a three kilometre man-made causeway off the mainland at Tsawwassen and is less than 500 metres from the 49th parallel, Canada's border with the United States...

, a part of the Corporation of Delta
Delta, British Columbia
Delta is a district municipality in British Columbia, and forms part of Metro Vancouver. Located south of Richmond, it is bordered by the Fraser River to the north, the United States to the south and the city of Surrey to the east...

, using just two vessels. These ships were the now-retired MV Tsawwassen
Retired BC Ferries ships
-Unknown Year:* MV George S. Pearson , later known as MV Fox Island.Retired in 1966.-1960s:* MV Quillayute...

 and the MV Sidney
Retired BC Ferries ships
-Unknown Year:* MV George S. Pearson , later known as MV Fox Island.Retired in 1966.-1960s:* MV Quillayute...

. The next few years saw a dramatic growth of the B.C. ferry system, as it took over operations of the Black Ball Line and other major private companies providing vehicle ferry service between Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island is a large island in British Columbia, Canada. It is one of several North American locations named after George Vancouver, the British Royal Navy officer who explored the Pacific Northwest coast of North America between 1791 and 1794...

 and the Lower Mainland
Lower Mainland
The Lower Mainland is a name commonly applied to the region surrounding and including Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. As of 2007, 2,524,113 people live in the region; sixteen of the province's thirty most populous municipalities are located there.While the term Lower Mainland has been...

. As the ferry system expanded and started to service other small coastal communities, BC Ferries had to build more vessels, many of them in the first five years of its operations, to keep up with the demand. Another method of satisfying increasing demand for service was BC Ferries' unique "stretch and lift" program, involving seven vessels being cut in half and extended, and five of those vessels later cut in half again and elevated, to increase their passenger and vehicle-carrying capacities. The vast majority of the vessels in the fleet were built in B.C. waters, with only two foreign purchases and one domestic purchase. In the mid 1980s, BC Ferries took over the operations of the saltwater branch of the B.C. Ministry of Transportation and Highways, which ran ferry services to very small coastal communities. This action dramatically increased the size of BC Ferries' fleet and its geographical service area. The distinctive 'dogwood on green' flag that BC Ferries used between 1960 and 2003 gave the service its popular nickname "the Dogwood Fleet".

At its inception, BC Ferries was a division of the British Columbia Toll Highways and Bridges Authority, a provincial Crown corporation. Through successive reorganizations, it evolved into the British Columbia Ferry Authority, and then the British Columbia Ferry Corporation, both of which, again, were provincial Crown corporations. In 2003, the Government of British Columbia
British Columbia
British Columbia is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu . Its name was chosen by Queen Victoria in 1858...

 announced that BC Ferries, which had been in debt, was going to be reorganized into a private corporation, implemented through the passage of the Coastal Ferry Act (Bill 18-2003). The single voting share of BC Ferries Corporation is held by the provincial government's BC Ferry Authority
BC Ferry Authority
In April 2003, the Province of British Columbia established the B.C. Ferry Authority, an independent, no-share capital corporation that holds the single issued voting share of the new British Columbia Ferry Services Inc...

, which operates under the rules of the Act.

A controversy began in July, 2004 when BC Ferries, under a new American CEO, announced that the company had disqualified all Canadian bids to build three new Coastal class ships, and only the proposals from European shipyard
Shipyard
Shipyards and dockyards are places which repair and build ships. These can be yachts, military vessels, cruise liners or other cargo or passenger ships. Dockyards are sometimes more associated with maintenance and basing activities than shipyards, which are sometimes associated more with initial...

s were being considered. The contract is estimated at $542 million for the three ships, which are each designed to carry 370 vehicles and 1600 passengers.

The argument for domestic construction of the ferries is that it would employ numerous British Columbia workers, would revitalize the sagging B.C. shipbuilding industry, and entitle the provincial government to a large portion of the cost in the form of taxes. BCFS CEO David Hahn claimed that building the ferries in Germany would "save almost $80 million and could lead to lower fares."

On September 17, 2004, BC Ferries finally awarded the vessel construction contract to Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

's Flensburger shipyard
Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft
Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft is a German shipbuilding company located in Flensburg. The company is trading as Flensburger and commonly abbrevated FSG.-History:...

. The contract protects BC Ferries from any delays through a fixed price and fixed schedule contract. Coastal Renaissance entered service in March 2008, while Coastal Inspiration was delivered the same month, and entered service in June. The third ship, Coastal Celebration, has been delivered and is now in service as well.

On August 18, 2006, BC Ferries commissioned Flensburger to build a new vessel for BCF's Inside Passage route, with the contract having many of the same types of terms as that for the Coastal Class vessels. The new northern service vessel, Northern Expedition
MV Northern Expedition
M/V Northern Expedition is a RORO ferry operated by BC Ferries in British Columbia, Canada. It sails daily on the Inside Passage route connecting Prince Rupert and Port Hardy.-History:...

, has been delivered.

List

Route numbers are used internally by BC Ferries. All routes allow vehicles unless stated otherwise.
  • Route 1 - Georgia Strait South (Highway 17): Swartz Bay
    Swartz Bay Ferry Terminal
    The Swartz Bay Ferry Terminal is a major transportation facility at Swartz Bay in North Saanich, British Columbia. It is located north of Victoria on Vancouver Island...

     to Tsawwassen
    Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal
    The Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal is a major transportation facility in Delta, British Columbia. It is located on a three kilometre man-made causeway off the mainland at Tsawwassen and is less than 500 metres from the 49th parallel, Canada's border with the United States...

  • Route 2 - Georgia Strait Central (Highway 1): Nanaimo (via Departure Bay
    Departure Bay, British Columbia
    Departure Bay is a bay in central Nanaimo, British Columbia, on the east coast of Vancouver Island. The surrounding neighbourhood is also referred to as "Departure Bay"—once a settlement of its own, it was amalgamated into the City of Nanaimo in the 1970s .- Geography :The bay is framed to the...

    ) to Horseshoe Bay
  • Route 3 - Howe Sound
    Howe Sound
    Howe Sound is a roughly triangular sound, actually a network of fjords situated immediately northwest of Vancouver.-Geography:Howe Sound's mouth at the Strait of Georgia is situated between West Vancouver and the Sunshine Coast. The sound is triangular shaped, open on its southeast towards the...

    : Langdale
    Langdale, British Columbia
    Langdale is a small community on the Sunshine Coast of southern British Columbia. It is set in a verdant environment characteristic of many small BC communities. Its main feature is the BC Ferries terminal that links the Sunshine Coast to Vancouver via Horseshoe Bay, with connecting foot-passenger...

     to Horseshoe Bay
  • Route 4 - Satellite Channel: Swartz Bay
    Swartz Bay, British Columbia
    Swartz Bay, located on the north end of the Saanich Peninsula on Vancouver Island, is primarily known for being the location of one of BC Ferries' main terminals, the Swartz Bay Ferry Terminal. Swartz Bay was named after a man named Swart - i.e. it was meant to be Swart's Bay.-External links:...

     to Saltspring Island
    Saltspring Island
    Saltspring Island is one of the Gulf Islands in the Strait of Georgia between mainland British Columbia, Canada and Vancouver Island. It is the largest, the most populous, and the most frequently visited of the Gulf Islands...

     (at Fulford Harbour
    Fulford Harbour, British Columbia
    Fulford Harbour is a residential community on the southeast side of Salt Spring Island, British Columbia, located near the island's southern end...

    )
  • Route 5 - Swanson Channel: Swartz Bay
    Swartz Bay, British Columbia
    Swartz Bay, located on the north end of the Saanich Peninsula on Vancouver Island, is primarily known for being the location of one of BC Ferries' main terminals, the Swartz Bay Ferry Terminal. Swartz Bay was named after a man named Swart - i.e. it was meant to be Swart's Bay.-External links:...

     to the Outer Gulf Islands (Galiano, Mayne, Pender, and Saturna Islands)
  • Route 6 - South Stuart Channel: Crofton
    Crofton, British Columbia
    Crofton, British Columbia, Canada, is a small coastal town that is part of the District of North Cowichan on Vancouver Island in British Columbia. The population is estimated at 2,500 people...

     to Saltspring Island
    Saltspring Island
    Saltspring Island is one of the Gulf Islands in the Strait of Georgia between mainland British Columbia, Canada and Vancouver Island. It is the largest, the most populous, and the most frequently visited of the Gulf Islands...

     (at Vesuvius
    Vesuvius, British Columbia
    Vesuvius, also known unofficially as Vesuvius Bay after the waters of its port, is an unincorporated settlement and ferry terminal on the northwest coast of Saltspring Island in the Gulf Islands of British Columbia, Canada...

    )
  • Route 7 - Jervis Inlet
    Jervis Inlet
    Jervis Inlet is a principal inlet of the British Columbia Coast, about northwest of Vancouver.-Geography:It stretches from its head at the mouth of the short Skwakwa River to its opening into the Strait of Georgia near Texada Island...

     (Highway 101): Earls Cove
    Earls Cove, British Columbia
    Earls Cove is a small settlement located on Jervis Inlet in the Sunshine Coast region of British Columbia. It is a terminal for the BC Ferries route across the inlet to Saltery Bay, linking the Lower Sunshine Coast with the Upper Sunshine Coast of B.C...

     to Saltery Bay
  • Route 8 - Queen Charlotte Channel: Horseshoe Bay to Bowen Island (via Snug Cove
    Snug Cove
    Snug Cove is a little village on the east coast of Bowen Island, British Columbia, opposite Horseshoe Bay. It is noted for its marina and its original 1900 buildings, some of which and a group of cottages overlooking the marina were built by the Union Steamship Company. The Company ran a busy...

    )
  • Route 9 - Active Pass
    Active Pass
    Active Pass is a narrow passage separating Mayne Island and Galiano Island in British Columbia, Canada's Southern Gulf Islands. It is one of three passes leading from the Gulf Islands into the Strait of Georgia...

     Shuttle: Tsawwassen
    Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal
    The Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal is a major transportation facility in Delta, British Columbia. It is located on a three kilometre man-made causeway off the mainland at Tsawwassen and is less than 500 metres from the 49th parallel, Canada's border with the United States...

     to Saltspring Island
    Saltspring Island
    Saltspring Island is one of the Gulf Islands in the Strait of Georgia between mainland British Columbia, Canada and Vancouver Island. It is the largest, the most populous, and the most frequently visited of the Gulf Islands...

     and the Outer Gulf Islands (listed above in route 5)
  • Route 10 - Inside Passage
    Inside Passage
    The Inside Passage is a coastal route for oceangoing vessels along a network of passages which weave through the islands on the Pacific coast of North America. The route extends from southeastern Alaska, in the United States, through western British Columbia, in Canada, to northwestern Washington...

    : Port Hardy
    Port Hardy, British Columbia
    Port Hardy is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada located on the north-eastern coast of Vancouver Island. Port Hardy has a population of 3822 at last census...

     to Prince Rupert
    Prince Rupert, British Columbia
    Prince Rupert is a port city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It is the land, air, and water transportation hub of British Columbia's North Coast, and home to some 12,815 people .-History:...

  • Route 11 - Hecate Strait (Highway 16): Prince Rupert
    Prince Rupert, British Columbia
    Prince Rupert is a port city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It is the land, air, and water transportation hub of British Columbia's North Coast, and home to some 12,815 people .-History:...

     to Haida Gwaii (via Skidegate)
  • Route 12 - Saanich Inlet
    Saanich Inlet
    Saanich Inlet is a body of salt water that lies between the Saanich Peninsula and the Malahat highlands of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Located just northwest of Victoria, the inlet is 24 km long , has a surface area of 65 km2 , and its maximum depth is 225 m . Great...

    : Brentwood Bay
    Brentwood Bay, British Columbia
    Brentwood Bay, is a small neighbourhood in the municipality of Central Saanich, on the Saanich Peninsula. It lies north of the city of Victoria and south of Sidney on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. Situated on the Saanich Inlet, it includes the Butchart Gardens, the Victoria Butterfly...

     to Mill Bay
    Mill Bay, British Columbia
    Mill Bay is a commuter town of about 3,200 people located on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada about north of Victoria, the capital.Mill Bay was founded in the 1860s with lumber and milling as its primary industries, done at the mill on the bay...

  • Route 13 - Thornbrough Channel: Langdale
    Langdale, British Columbia
    Langdale is a small community on the Sunshine Coast of southern British Columbia. It is set in a verdant environment characteristic of many small BC communities. Its main feature is the BC Ferries terminal that links the Sunshine Coast to Vancouver via Horseshoe Bay, with connecting foot-passenger...

     to Gambier Island
    Gambier Island
    Gambier Island is an island located in Howe Sound near Vancouver, British Columbia. It is about 17,000 acres in size and is located about 10 km north of the Horseshoe Bay community and ferry terminal in westernmost West Vancouver....

     and Keats Island
    Howe Sound
    Howe Sound is a roughly triangular sound, actually a network of fjords situated immediately northwest of Vancouver.-Geography:Howe Sound's mouth at the Strait of Georgia is situated between West Vancouver and the Sunshine Coast. The sound is triangular shaped, open on its southeast towards the...

     (passengers only)
  • Route 17 - Georgia Strait North: Powell River
    Powell River, British Columbia
    Powell River is a city on the northern Sunshine Coast of southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Most of its population lives near the eastern shores of Malaspina Strait, that part of the larger Georgia Strait between Texada Island and the Mainland...

     (via Westview) to Comox
    Comox, British Columbia
    Comox is a town of 12,000 people located on a small peninsula in the Georgia Strait on the eastern coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. The warm dry summers, mild winters, fertile soil and abundant sea life attracted First Nations thousands of years ago, who called the area kw’umuxws...

     (via Little River
    Little River, British Columbia
    Little River is a community in the Comox Valley region of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.Its namesake, Little River, is a short stream of the same name which enters Little River Bay, just to the west of which there is an officially named Little River Beach just east of the BC Ferries...

    )
  • Route 18 - Malaspina Strait
    Malaspina Strait
    Malaspina Strait is a strait in the northern Gulf of Georgia-Sunshine Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. It separates Texada Island from the upper Sunshine Coast-Malaspina Peninsula area on the adjacent mainland....

    : Powell River
    Powell River, British Columbia
    Powell River is a city on the northern Sunshine Coast of southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Most of its population lives near the eastern shores of Malaspina Strait, that part of the larger Georgia Strait between Texada Island and the Mainland...

     to Texada Island (via Blubber Bay
    Blubber Bay, British Columbia
    Blubbery Bay is an unincorporated settlement on the northern end of Texada Island at the bay of the same name in the northern Gulf of Georgia on the South Coast of British Columbia, Canada. Texada Island is one of the Northern Gulf Islands, and lies across Malaspina Strait from the town of Powell...

    )
  • Route 19 - Northumberland Channel: Nanaimo Harbour to Gabriola Island (via Descanso Bay)
  • Route 20 - North Stuart Channel: Chemainus
    Chemainus, British Columbia
    Chemainus is a community on the east coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.Founded as a logging town in 1858, the town is now famous for its 39 outdoor murals. This outdoor gallery has given birth to 300 businesses, including a theatre, antiques dealers, and eateries. The tourist...

     to Thetis and Kuper Islands
  • Route 21 - Baynes Sound
    Baynes Sound
    Baynes Sound is the channel between Denman Island and Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. The sound is a narrow western off-shoot of the Strait of Georgia that separates Vancouver Island from the mainland of British Columbia. The area is actively harvested by the local oyster industry, as...

    : Buckley Bay
    Buckley Bay, British Columbia
    Buckley Bay is a geographical location on the east coast of Vancouver Island, located between Union Bay to the north and Fanny Bay to the south. It is the departure point for the BC Ferries crossing of Baynes Sound to Denman Island. It is accessible from both the Old Island Highway and from Exit...

     to Denman Island (via Metcalf Bay)
  • Route 22 - Lambert Channel: Denman Island (via Gravelly Bay) to Hornby Island (via Shingle Spit)
  • Route 23 - Discovery Passage
    Discovery Passage
    Discovery Passage is a channel that forms part of the Inside Passage between Vancouver Island and the Discovery Islands which lie off the British Columbia coast north of the Georgia Strait. It was named by Captain Vancouver for his ship, the HMS Discovery...

    : Campbell River
    Campbell River, British Columbia
    Campbell River is a coastal city in British Columbia on the east coast of Vancouver Island at the south end of Discovery Passage, which lies along the important coastal Inside Passage shipping route...

     to Quadra Island (via Quathiaski Cove
    Quathiaski Cove, British Columbia
    Quathiaski Cove is a settlement on Quadra Island in British Columbia.Quathiaski cove is the commercial hub of Quadra Island and point of arrival for the regular BC Ferries service between Campbell River on Vancouver Island and Quadra Island....

    )
  • Route 24 - Sutil Channel
    Sutil Channel
    Sutil Channel is a channel, or strait, in British Columbia, Canada, located at the north end of the Strait of Georgia, between Quadra Island and Read Island to the west, and Cortes Island to the east. It connects to several channels to the north, including Calm Channel and Hoskyn Channel...

    : Quadra Island (via Heriot Bay
    Heriot Bay, British Columbia
    Heriot Bay is the principal settlement on Quadra Island in British Columbia, Canada.Heriot Bay hosts a ferry terminal which is used by BC Ferries to sail between Heriot Bay and Whaletown on Cortes Island....

    ) to Cortes Island
    Cortes Island, British Columbia
    Cortes Island is one of the archipelago known as the Discovery Islands in British Columbia, Canada which lie beyond the northern end of the Gulf of Georgia, between Vancouver Island and the British Columbia Mainland. Cortes lies on the far side of Quadra Island from the city of Campbell River,...

     (via Whaletown
    Whaletown, British Columbia
    Whaletown is a settlement on Cortes Island, British Columbia, Canada. It is known as the gateway to Cortes Island. A public ferry links Whaletown to Heriot Bay on Quadra Island.-References:...

    )
  • Route 25 - Broughton Strait: Port McNeill
    Port McNeill, British Columbia
    Port McNeill is a town in the North Island region of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada with a population of 2,623 . Located on Vancouver Island's north-east shore on Queen Charlotte Strait, it was originally a base camp for loggers, Port McNeill became a settlement in 1936...

     to Alert Bay
    Alert Bay, British Columbia
    Alert Bay is a village on Cormorant Island, British Columbia, Canada. According to the 2006 census, 556 people live within the village.-Population:Slightly more than half of the village's 556 residents are First Nations people...

     (on Cormorant Island
    Cormorant Island, British Columbia
    Cormorant Island is an island in Queen Charlotte Strait on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. It has a total land area of about 4 square km and is located south of Malcolm Island and west of Port MacNeill....

    ) and Sointula
    Sointula, British Columbia
    Sointula is an isolated village on Malcolm Island in British Columbia, Canada. Lying between Vancouver Island and the British Columbia mainland, northeast of Port McNeill and not far from Alert Bay, the island is part of the historic and present territory of the 'Namgis First Nation...

     (on Malcolm Island
    Malcolm Island, British Columbia
    Malcolm Island is an island in the Canadian province of British Columbia, located north of Haddington Island in the Queen Charlotte Strait near Vancouver Island. It has ferry access from the Vancouver Island community of Port McNeill...

    )
  • Route 26 - Skidegate Inlet: Skidegate (on Graham Island) to Alliford Bay
    Alliford Bay, British Columbia
    Alliford Bay was a town on Moresby Island on Haida Gwaii. It is 15 kilometers west of Sandspit and is now a terminus for BC Ferries and North Pacific Seaplanes. During the Second World War, the Royal Canadian Air Force flew the PBY-5 Catalina in and out of the air force base located at Alliford...

     (on Moresby Island)
  • Route 30 - Mid-Island Express (Highway 19): Nanaimo (via Duke Point
    Duke Point, British Columbia
    Duke Point is a geographical location in the extreme southeastern part of the city of Nanaimo in British Columbia. It is located on a thin peninsula to the east of the Nanaimo River estuary, just across the Northumberland Channel from Gabriola Island. Located at Duke Point is a major industrial...

    ) to Tsawwassen
    Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal
    The Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal is a major transportation facility in Delta, British Columbia. It is located on a three kilometre man-made causeway off the mainland at Tsawwassen and is less than 500 metres from the 49th parallel, Canada's border with the United States...

  • Route 40 - Discovery Coast: Port Hardy
    Port Hardy, British Columbia
    Port Hardy is a district municipality in British Columbia, Canada located on the north-eastern coast of Vancouver Island. Port Hardy has a population of 3822 at last census...

     to Bella Coola
    Bella Coola, British Columbia
    Bella Coola is a community of approximately 600 at the western extremity of the Bella Coola Valley. Bella Coola usually refers to the entire valley, encompassing the settlements of Bella Coola proper , Lower Bella Coola, Hagensborg, Saloompt, Nusatsum, Firvale and Stuie...

     (with stops at Bella Bella
    Bella Bella, British Columbia
    Bella Bella, also known as Waglisla, is an unincorporated community and Indian Reserve community located within Bella Bella Indian Reserve No. 1 on the east coast of Campbell Island in the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. Bella Bella is located north of Port Hardy, on Vancouver...

    , Shearwater
    Shearwater, British Columbia
    Shearwater is a community in coastal British Columbia. It is located three miles from Bella Bella on Denny Island. It is part of the Heiltsuk First Nation.- History :...

    , Ocean Falls
    Ocean Falls, British Columbia
    Ocean Falls is a community on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. Formerly a large company town owned by Crown Zellerbach, it is only accessible via boat or seaplane, and is home for a few dozen full-time residents, with the seasonal population upwards of 100.-Geography and...

     and Klemtu
    Klemtu, British Columbia
    Klemtu is a small village on Swindle Island in the coastal fjords of British Columbia, Canada.Klemtu is the home of the Kitasoo tribe of Tsimshians, originally from Kitasu Bay, and the Xai'xais of Kynoc Inlet, a subgroup of the Heiltsuk people. These two tribes live together as, and are jointly...

    )

Maps

Numbers in blue circles are ferry route numbers. Provincial highway trailblazers are added where appropriate.

Regional districts served

  • Capital
    Capital Regional District, British Columbia
    The Capital Regional District is a local government administrative district encompassing the southern tip of Vancouver Island and the southern Gulf Islands in the Canadian province of British Columbia...

  • Central Coast
    Central Coast Regional District, British Columbia
    Central Coast Regional District is a regional district in British Columbia, Canada. It has a total land area of 24,559.5 km² . When it was created in 1968, it was named the Ocean Falls Regional District, after the then-largest town in the region, the company town Ocean Falls, now a ghost town...

  • Comox Valley
    Comox Valley Regional District, British Columbia
    The Comox Valley Regional District is a regional district in British Columbia, Canada. It was created on February 15, 2008, encompassing the southeastern portions of the former Regional District of Comox-Strathcona, and centered about the Comox Valley...

  • Cowichan Valley
    Cowichan Valley Regional District, British Columbia
    The Cowichan Valley Regional District is a regional district in the Canadian province of British Columbia is on the southern part of Vancouver Island, bordered by the Nanaimo and Alberni-Clayoquot Regional Districts to the north and northwest, and by the Capital Regional District to the south and...

  • Metro Vancouver
  • Mount Waddington

  • Nanaimo
  • Powell River
    Powell River Regional District, British Columbia
    The Regional District of Powell River is a regional district in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It includes the City of Powell River and a number of unincorporated areas...

  • Skeena-Queen Charlotte
    Skeena-Queen Charlotte Regional District, British Columbia
    The Skeena-Queen Charlotte Regional District is a quasi-municipal administrative area in British Columbia. It is located on British Columbia's west coast and includes Haida Gwaii‎ , the largest of which are Graham Island and Moresby Island...

  • Strathcona
    Strathcona Regional District, British Columbia
    The Strathcona Regional District is a regional district in British Columbia, Canada. It was created on February 15, 2008, encompassing the northern and western portions of the former Regional District of Comox-Strathcona. The partition left the new Strathcona Regional District with 91.6 percent of...

  • Sunshine Coast
    Sunshine Coast Regional District, British Columbia
    The Sunshine Coast Regional District of British Columbia is located on the southern mainland coast, across Georgia Strait from Vancouver Island. It borders on the Powell River Regional District to the north, the Squamish-Lillooet Regional District to the east, and, across Howe Sound, the Metro...



Fleet

BC Ferries has the largest fleet of vehicle ferry vessels in the world. There are 35 vessels, ranging from small 16-car ferries up to 470-car "superferries". All of the vessels in use by BC Ferries are "roll-on, roll-off"
RORO
Roll-on/roll-off ships are vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo such as automobiles, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers or railroad cars that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels...

 car ferries. Most of the major vessels are based on similar designs which are aggregated into "classes" of ferries:

Current Vessels

  • 2 Spirit class vessels. Also known as "Superferries", the largest in the fleet.
    • MV Spirit of British Columbia
    • MV Spirit of Vancouver Island
  • 3 Coastal class vessels. The largest double-ended ferries in the world, introduced in 2008.
    • MV Coastal Renaissance
    • MV Coastal Inspiration
    • MV Coastal Celebration
  • 5 Cowichan Class
    C class ferry
    The C-Class ferries are a class of five double-ended roll-on/roll-off ferries operated by BC Ferries in the Strait of Georgia in British Columbia, all constructed between 1976 and 1981. When the vessels were first built, they were the largest ships of their kind in the world...

    . BC Ferries' original double-ended "Jumbos".
    • MV Queen of Alberni
    • MV Queen of Coquitlam
    • MV Queen of Cowichan
    • MV Queen of Oak Bay
    • MV Queen of Surrey
  • 2 Burnaby class
    Burnaby class ferry
    There are two ferries in BC Ferries' fleet, built between 1964 and 1965, which fit into the Burnaby class. They are the Queen of Burnaby, and the Queen of Nanaimo....

    . Built in the 1960s, these ferries have been stretched to increase their capacity.
    • MV Queen of Nanaimo
      MV Queen of Nanaimo
      The MV Queen of Nanaimo is a Burnaby class passenger vessel operated by BC Ferries.The ship was built in 1964 by Victoria Machinery Depot. In 1969 the ship was rebuilt and extended 25 meters in length. It currently operates on the Tsawwassen-Gulf Islands route web...

    • MV Queen of Burnaby
  • 3 Intermediate class
    I class ferry
    BC Ferries operates three Intermediate Class ferries:MV Queen of Capilano * 85 vehicles* 462 passengers* 96 metre length* 2,500 gross tons* 12.5 kts* 7305 HP* Route: Horseshoe Bay ↔ Bowen IslandMV Queen of Cumberland...

     vessels.
    • MV Queen of Capilano
      I class ferry
      BC Ferries operates three Intermediate Class ferries:MV Queen of Capilano * 85 vehicles* 462 passengers* 96 metre length* 2,500 gross tons* 12.5 kts* 7305 HP* Route: Horseshoe Bay ↔ Bowen IslandMV Queen of Cumberland...

    • MV Queen of Cumberland
      I class ferry
      BC Ferries operates three Intermediate Class ferries:MV Queen of Capilano * 85 vehicles* 462 passengers* 96 metre length* 2,500 gross tons* 12.5 kts* 7305 HP* Route: Horseshoe Bay ↔ Bowen IslandMV Queen of Cumberland...

    • MV Island Sky
      MV Island Sky
      MV Island Sky is an Intermediate Class vessel in the BC Ferries fleet built in 2008.The Island Sky has operated on the Earl's Cove-Saltery Bay route since its first day of service for BC Ferries on February 19, 2009...

  • 1 Century class
    Century class ferry
    The Century class ferry is a ferry class designed by McLaren and Sons naval architects intended to service the busier Gulf Island routes in British Columbia operated by BC Ferries. The name for the class of ferry comes from the capacity which is approximately 100 cars. The ship was built by...

     vessel.
    • MV Skeena Queen
  • 3 Powell River class
    Powell River class ferry
    The Powell River Class ferry is a class of ships operated by BC Ferries The open deck vessels are mostly used on low-to-moderate volume routes.The Powell River Class consists of three vessels:MV Bowen QueenBuilt: Victoria, British Columbia, 1965...

     ships.
    • MV Powell River Queen
      Powell River class ferry
      The Powell River Class ferry is a class of ships operated by BC Ferries The open deck vessels are mostly used on low-to-moderate volume routes.The Powell River Class consists of three vessels:MV Bowen QueenBuilt: Victoria, British Columbia, 1965...

    • MV Bowen Queen
      Powell River class ferry
      The Powell River Class ferry is a class of ships operated by BC Ferries The open deck vessels are mostly used on low-to-moderate volume routes.The Powell River Class consists of three vessels:MV Bowen QueenBuilt: Victoria, British Columbia, 1965...

    • MV Mayne Queen
      Powell River class ferry
      The Powell River Class ferry is a class of ships operated by BC Ferries The open deck vessels are mostly used on low-to-moderate volume routes.The Powell River Class consists of three vessels:MV Bowen QueenBuilt: Victoria, British Columbia, 1965...

  • 2 Q class
    Q class ferry
    The Q Class ferries are short range ships operated by BC Ferries. Like the similar K Class, they are referred to as minor vessels serving inter-island routes off the coast of British Columbia, Canada.MV Quinitsa* Built: 1977...

     ships.
    • MV Quinitsa
      Q class ferry
      The Q Class ferries are short range ships operated by BC Ferries. Like the similar K Class, they are referred to as minor vessels serving inter-island routes off the coast of British Columbia, Canada.MV Quinitsa* Built: 1977...

    • MV Quinsam
      Q class ferry
      The Q Class ferries are short range ships operated by BC Ferries. Like the similar K Class, they are referred to as minor vessels serving inter-island routes off the coast of British Columbia, Canada.MV Quinitsa* Built: 1977...

  • 2 T class
    T class ferry
    BC Ferries operates two T class ferries for use on small inter-island routes. They have raised bows, which make it easier for the ships to travel in the rough seas often found on BC's central coast* - 1964...

     ships.
    • MV Tenaka
      T class ferry
      BC Ferries operates two T class ferries for use on small inter-island routes. They have raised bows, which make it easier for the ships to travel in the rough seas often found on BC's central coast* - 1964...

    • MV Tachek
      T class ferry
      BC Ferries operates two T class ferries for use on small inter-island routes. They have raised bows, which make it easier for the ships to travel in the rough seas often found on BC's central coast* - 1964...

  • 4 K class
    K class ferry
    The "K-Class" ferries are a group of similarly designed ferries operated by both BC Ferries and TransLink in British Columbia, Canada....

     ships
    • MV Klitsa
      K class ferry
      The "K-Class" ferries are a group of similarly designed ferries operated by both BC Ferries and TransLink in British Columbia, Canada....

    • MV Kahloke
      K class ferry
      The "K-Class" ferries are a group of similarly designed ferries operated by both BC Ferries and TransLink in British Columbia, Canada....

    • MV Kwuna
      K class ferry
      The "K-Class" ferries are a group of similarly designed ferries operated by both BC Ferries and TransLink in British Columbia, Canada....

    • MV Kuper
      K class ferry
      The "K-Class" ferries are a group of similarly designed ferries operated by both BC Ferries and TransLink in British Columbia, Canada....

  • 2 N class
    N class ferry
    N class ferries are a class of RORO ferries, of which two remaining examples are owned by BC Ferries. These ferries have the distinction of being the smallest vessels owned by BC Ferries.N class consists of three vessels:...

     vessels, the smallest in the fleet.
    • MV Nicola
      MV Nicola
      The MV Nicola is an N class ferry, owned, but not operated by BC Ferries. It is also known as the Spirit of Lax Kw Alaams, a British Columbia First Nations name. The Spirit of Lax Kw Alaams currently runs between Prince Rupert and Port Simpson, a BC First Nations community on British Columbia's...

       (Owned, but not operated by BC Ferries)
    • MV Nimpkish
  • 7 unclassed vessels
    Other ships of BC Ferries (not classed)
    A number of ships operated by BC Ferries are not classed. They are either purchased second hand from other operators or are customized vessels with no class assigned by the builders.* MV Howe Sound Queen - 1964* MV Mill Bay - 1956* MV Nimpkish - 1973...

    • MV Northern Expedition
      MV Northern Expedition
      M/V Northern Expedition is a RORO ferry operated by BC Ferries in British Columbia, Canada. It sails daily on the Inside Passage route connecting Prince Rupert and Port Hardy.-History:...

    • MV Queen of New Westminster
      MV Queen of New Westminster
      The MV Queen of New Westminster is a Canadian roll-on, roll-off passenger ferry operated by BC Ferries.The vessel was built as a V class ferry in 1964, and retains most of the characteristics of the other V class ferries, but is not considered a V class ferry because of its improved powerplants...

    • MV Northern Adventure
      MV Northern Adventure
      M/V Northern Adventure is a RORO ferry operated by BC Ferries. It sails two routes: the scenic Inside Passage route between Port Hardy and Prince Rupert and the Queen Charlotte Island crossing between Prince Rupert and Skidegate.-History:...

    • MV Queen of Chilliwack
    • MV Howe Sound Queen
    • MV North Island Princess
    • MV Quadra Queen II

Accidents

The following is a summary of some of the incidents which have occurred in the BC Ferries fleet:

Queen of Victoria

On August 2, 1970 the Soviet freighter Sergey Yesenin collided with the Queen of Victoria in Active Pass, slicing through the middle of the ferry, days after her return to service following stretching. Three people were killed and damage was estimated at over $1 million (1970) dollars. The Soviet ship was not supposed to be in Active Pass, and as such, the Soviet government was forced to compensate BC Ferries.

Years later, while in Active Pass and within metres of the site of the 1970 collision, the Queen of Victoria was disabled by a fire in the engine room.

Queen of Alberni

On August 9, 1979, the Queen of Alberni
Queen of Alberni
M/V Queen of Alberni is a ferry that operates between Tsawwassen and Duke Point in British Columbia. It is part of the BC Ferry fleet.-History:...

 was transiting through Active Pass when it ran aground on Galiano Island, tipping fifteen degrees to starboard. Several large commercial vehicles on board the vessel at the time were damaged. No persons were injured, but a racehorse on board was killed.

On June 1989, the Queen of Alberni collided with the loading dock at Departure Bay causing significant damage to the ship and dock. 6 people were injured including a cook who suffered a fractured cheekbone as he was walking down a set of stairs.

On March 12, 1992, at 8:08 am (16:08 UTC), the Queen of Alberni collided with the Japanese freighter Shinwa Maru southwest of Tsawwassen. The collision occurred in heavy fog, with both vessels suffering minor damage. Injuries included 2 serious and 25 minor injuries for the 260 people on the ferry, while none of the 11 people aboard the freighter received injuries.

Queen of Cowichan

On August 12, 1985 three people were killed when the Queen of Cowichan
Queen of Cowichan
M/V Queen of Cowichan is a BC Ferry vessel, built in Victoria, British Columbia in 1976. It joined the other two C-class ferries built that year, the Queen of Alberni and the Queen of Coquitlam, and was followed by the Queen of Surrey and Queen of Oak Bay. The ship, like all C-class ferries, is...

 ran over a pleasure boat near the Horseshoe Bay terminal.

Queen of Saanich

On the morning of February 6, 1992 the Queen of Saanich and the Royal Vancouver passenger ship collided in heavy fog while navigating near the northern entrance of Active Pass. A total of 23 passengers aboard the Royal Vancouver were injured. Blame was cast upon the crew of the Royal Vancouver for failing to track the Queen of Saanich on radar, though both vessels were equipped with sophisticated radar systems.

Queen of New Westminster

In October, 1971, the Queen of New Westminster
MV Queen of New Westminster
The MV Queen of New Westminster is a Canadian roll-on, roll-off passenger ferry operated by BC Ferries.The vessel was built as a V class ferry in 1964, and retains most of the characteristics of the other V class ferries, but is not considered a V class ferry because of its improved powerplants...

 pulled out of her berth at the Departure Bay terminal while vehicle loading was in progress. A car and its two occupants fell into the water. Both of the vehicle's occupants were rescued.

In a similar incident, on August 13, 1992 the same vessel pulled out of her berth at the Departure Bay terminal while vehicle loading ramps were still lowered and resting on the ship. Three people were killed, one was seriously injured, and two others received minor injuries when a van from Alberta containing 6 people fell 15 m (about 50 ft) from the upper deck onto the lower car deck and finally into the sea below. The van was stopped and instructed to wait on the loading ramp by terminal crew members. The Transportation Safety Board of Canada determined that this accident was caused by the vessel not properly following departing procedures and secondarily due to poor communication between terminal and ship crew members.

Mayne Queen

On November 7, 1995 the Mayne Queen departed from Snug Cove and ran into a neighbouring marina, heavily damaging a floating dock in addition to 12 small pleasure boats (one of which sank). The crash was primarily attributed to human error and while transferring steering and power control from one control panel to the other located in the ship. The captain of the vessel was also inexperienced with the Mayne Queen and normally piloted other vessels. More alarming was the fact that the captain promptly left the scene of the accident after the incident occurred without conducting a proper damage assessment.

On August 12, 1996 the Mayne Queen departed Swartz Bay terminal and ran aground off Piers Island after losing steering control. The grounding occurred while performing a regular weekly test of the batteries for the steering control system. A crew member overheard there was going to be a test and in an attempt to be helpful and without direction cut all power from the vessel's steering batteries as he had done at night when the ship was stored, not realizing the test in question only required the removal of a battery charger and that his assistance was neither requested nor required. No one was injured in the incident and the vessel was assisted off the rocks at high tide but she suffered extensive damage to her propulsion system, having two of the four steering and propulsion pods for the right-angle drives sheared off and one of the two remaining pods suffering propeller damage.

Spirit of Vancouver Island

On September 14, 2000 the Spirit of Vancouver Island
Spirit of Vancouver Island
Spirit of Vancouver Island is an S class ferry, part of the BC Ferries fleet.-Incidents:On September 14, 2000 the Spirit of Vancouver Island collided with the 9.72 m Star Ruby while attempting to overtake the vessel in a narrow channel. The collision occurred approximately 1 km from the Swartz...

 collided with the 9.72 m (about 32 ft) Star Ruby while attempting to overtake the vessel in a narrow channel. The collision occurred approximately 1 km (about ½ mi) from the Swartz Bay Terminal where the ferry had departed from. The Spirit of Vancouver Island struck the Star Ruby on its port side, causing the pleasure craft to flip over and eventually right itself, though swamped and heavily damaged. Two passengers aboard the Star Ruby later died as a result of their injuries sustained by the collision.

On July 13, 2003, the Spirit of Vancouver Island collided with the dock at Swartz Bay. Four passengers suffered minor injuries. The accident caused tens of thousands of dollars of damage to the dock and the ship.

On October 9, 2009, a standby generator on the Spirit of Vancouver Island
Spirit of Vancouver Island
Spirit of Vancouver Island is an S class ferry, part of the BC Ferries fleet.-Incidents:On September 14, 2000 the Spirit of Vancouver Island collided with the 9.72 m Star Ruby while attempting to overtake the vessel in a narrow channel. The collision occurred approximately 1 km from the Swartz...

 caught fire on an early morning sailing out of Swartz Bay Terminal. No one was injured in the incident however it did cause massive delays in the ferry system because of the already large volume of traffic for Thanksgiving weekend. Eight sailings were cancelled that day and the ship remained out of service for the entire weekend.

Queen of Surrey

On May 12, 2003 the Queen of Surrey
Queen of Surrey
M/V Queen of Surrey is a double-ended C class roll-on/roll-off ferry in the BC Ferries fleet. The long, 6969 ton vessel has a capacity for 362 cars and over 1,500 passengers and crew. She normally operates on BC Ferries' Horseshoe Bay to Langdale route...

 was disabled as a result of an engine room fire. The Queen of Capilano was dispatched and tethered to the Queen of Surrey while tugboats were dispatched. The vessel was then towed back to shore. None of the 318 passengers were injured, but several crew members were treated for minor injuries. Some buckling of the main car deck resulted from the heat of the fire. However, no vehicles were damaged in the incident.

Queen of Oak Bay

On June 30, 2005 at about 10:10 in the morning (17:10 UTC), the vessel Queen of Oak Bay
Queen of Oak Bay
M/V Queen of Oak Bay is a double-ended C class roll-on/roll-off ferry in the BC Ferries fleet, launched in 1981 at Victoria, British Columbia. The long, 6,969-ton vessel has a capacity for 362 cars and over 1,500 passengers and crew. She normally operates on BC Ferries' Horseshoe Bay to...

, on the Nanaimo to Horseshoe Bay (or Trans-Canada Highway) ferry route, lost power four minutes before she was to dock at the Horseshoe Bay terminal. The vessel became adrift, unable to change speed, but able to steer with the rudders. The horn was blown steadily and an announcement telling passengers to brace for impact was made minutes before the 139 m (456 ft) ship slowly ran into the nearby Sewell's Marina, where she destroyed or damaged 28 pleasure craft and subsequently went aground a short distance from the shore. No casualties or injuries were reported.
On July 1, 2005, BC Ferries issued a statement that Transport Canada
Transport Canada
Transport Canada is the department within the government of Canada which is responsible for developing regulations, policies and services of transportation in Canada. It is part of the Transportation, Infrastructure and Communities portfolio...

, the Transportation Safety Board, and Lloyd's Register of Shipping were reviewing the control and mechanical systems onboard to find a fault. An inspection revealed minimal damage to the ship, with only some minor damage to a metal fender, paint scrapes to the rudder, and some minor scrapes to one blade of a propeller.

On July 7, 2005, BC Ferries concluded that a missing cotter pin
Cotter pin
A split pin, also known in U.S. usage as a cotter pin or cotter key, is a metal fastener with two tines that are bent during installation, similar to a staple or rivet. Typically made of thick wire with a half-circular cross section, split pins come in multiple sizes and types.The British...

was to blame. The pin normally retained a nut on a linkage between an engine speed governor and the fuel control for one of the engines. Without the pin, the nut fell off and the linkage separated, causing the engine, clutch
Clutch
A clutch is a mechanical device which provides for the transmission of power from one component to another...

es, and propeller
Propeller
A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust. A pressure difference is produced between the forward and rear surfaces of the airfoil-shaped blade, and a fluid is accelerated behind the blade. Propeller dynamics can be modeled by both Bernoulli's...

s to increase in speed until overspeed safety devices tripped and shut down the entire propulsion
Marine propulsion
Marine propulsion is the mechanism or system used to generate thrust to move a ship or boat across water. While paddles and sails are still used on some smaller boats, most modern ships are propelled by mechanical systems consisting a motor or engine turning a propeller, or less frequently, in jet...

 system. The faulty speed governor had been serviced 17 days before the incident during a $35-million upgrade and the cotter pin was not properly replaced at that time.

The Queen of Oak Bay was quickly repaired and tested at sea trial
Sea trial
A sea trial is the testing phase of a watercraft . It is also referred to as a "shakedown cruise" by many naval personnel. It is usually the last phase of construction and takes place on open water, and can last from a few hours to many days.Sea trials are conducted to measure a vessel’s...

s. She returned to regular service on July 8, 2005. A complete investigation report consisting of a 14-page Divisional Inquiry and a 28-page Engineering Incident Investigation was finally released in September 2006.

The Transportation Safety Board's Marine Investigation Report, released on September 6, 2007, indicated that "inadequacies in BC Ferries' procedures on safety-critical maintenance tasks and on ship handling during berthing operations" were major contributing factors to the accident. It appears that insufficient oversight of work done by contractors also played a role in the accident.

Queen of the North

On March 22, 2006 the M/V Queen of the North
M/V Queen of the North
M/V Queen of the North was a RORO ferry built by AG Weser of Germany and operated by BC Ferries, which ran along a scenic 18-hour route along the British Columbia Coast of Canada between Port Hardy and Prince Rupert, British Columbia, a route also known as the Inside Passage. On March 22, 2006,...

 sank 135 km (81 mi, 70 nautical miles) south of Prince Rupert
Prince Rupert, British Columbia
Prince Rupert is a port city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It is the land, air, and water transportation hub of British Columbia's North Coast, and home to some 12,815 people .-History:...

, British Columbia
British Columbia
British Columbia is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu . Its name was chosen by Queen Victoria in 1858...

 when she struck Gil Island
Gil Island (Canada)
Gil Island is an island on the North Coast of British Columbia, Canada, located on the west side of Whale Channel in the entrance to Douglas Channel, one of the main coastal inlets, on the route of the Inside Passage between Pitt Island and Princess Royal Island. It is 26 km long, with a width...

 at approximately 1 a.m. PST. Two people from 100 Mile House went missing. David Hahn, CEO of BC Ferries states, "There is a real possibility that they went down with the ship." It is unlikely that it will be possible to salvage the North.

Officials have determined the cause of this accident is due to human error by 3 BC Ferries employees neglecting their navigational duties. Charges are being considered of Criminal Negligence Causing Death, and a Class Action Lawsuit for the passengers is proceeding while the Ferry and Marine Union seeks to re-instate the fired crew who failed to provide information to the $1 million TSB enquiry.

Quinsam

On January 9, 2007, the MV Quinsam was loading traffic from Nanaimo to Gabriola Island
Gabriola Island
Gabriola Island is one of the Gulf Islands in the Strait of Georgia, in British Columbia , Canada. Gabriola lies about east of Nanaimo on Vancouver Island, to which it is linked by ferry...

 when the ferry unexpectedly pulled out of its berth. A pickup truck that was on the boarding ramp plunged into the water below. Ferry workers were able to warn the truck's lone occupant, who was able to escape before the vehicle fell.

In Film

Film Year Vessel or Class
Five Easy Pieces
Five Easy Pieces
Five Easy Pieces is a 1970 American drama film written by Carole Eastman and Bob Rafelson, and directed by Rafelson. The film stars Jack Nicholson, Karen Black, and Susan Anspach. The cast also includes Billy 'Green' Bush, Fannie Flagg, Ralph Waite, Sally Struthers, Lois Smith, Toni Basil, and...

 
1970 Mill Bay
MV Mill Bay
MV Mill Bay is a Canadian ferry. At long, it is BC Ferries' second smallest ship. It holds 16 vehicles , 138 passengers and crew, and its maximum speed is...

Food of the Gods
The Food of the Gods (film)
The Food of the Gods is a 1976 film released by American International Pictures and was written, produced, and directed by Bert I. Gordon....

 
1976 Howe Sound Queen
The Other Side of the Mountain
The Other Side of the Mountain
The Other Side of the Mountain is a 1975 American film based on a true story of ski racing champion Jill Kinmont.In early 1955, Kinmont was the national champion in slalom and was a top U.S. prospect for a medal in the 1956 Winter Olympics, a year away...

 
1978 Queen of Victoria
V class ferry
The V Class Ferries, also known as Victoria Class, includes BC Ferries ships built between 1962 and 1963. These vessels were the backbone of service on the Tsawwassen – Swartz Bay route prior to the arrival of the in 1993...

Shoot To Kill  1988 Queen of Vancouver
V class ferry
The V Class Ferries, also known as Victoria Class, includes BC Ferries ships built between 1962 and 1963. These vessels were the backbone of service on the Tsawwassen – Swartz Bay route prior to the arrival of the in 1993...

Bird On A Wire
Bird on a Wire (film)
Bird on a Wire is a 1990 feature film starring Mel Gibson and Goldie Hawn, directed by John Badham, and shot mainly in British Columbia, Canada. The title refers to the Leonard Cohen song "Bird on the Wire"...

 
1999 Unknown
Another Stakeout
Another Stakeout
Another Stakeout is a 1993 comedy film, starring Richard Dreyfuss, Emilio Estevez and Rosie O'Donnell. It is a sequel to the 1987 film, Stakeout. Unlike its predecessor, the film was neither a critical nor a commercial success.-Plot:...

 
1993 Powell River Class
Powell River class ferry
The Powell River Class ferry is a class of ships operated by BC Ferries The open deck vessels are mostly used on low-to-moderate volume routes.The Powell River Class consists of three vessels:MV Bowen QueenBuilt: Victoria, British Columbia, 1965...

Mr. Magoo
Mr. Magoo (film)
Mr. Magoo is a 1997 live-action comedy film based on the original cartoon of the same name. The film was produced by Walt Disney Pictures, and originally released to movie theaters in 1997. It starred Leslie Nielsen as the title character. It was produced by Ben Myron and was the first English...

 
1997 Queen of Esquimalt
V class ferry
The V Class Ferries, also known as Victoria Class, includes BC Ferries ships built between 1962 and 1963. These vessels were the backbone of service on the Tsawwassen – Swartz Bay route prior to the arrival of the in 1993...

Disturbing Behavior
Disturbing Behavior
Disturbing Behavior is a 1998 thriller science fiction film starring James Marsden, Katie Holmes, and Nick Stahl. The film was released on July 24, 1998. The plot follows a group of high school outcasts who are horrified by their "Blue Ribbon" classmates...

 
1998 Queen of Capilano
I class ferry
BC Ferries operates three Intermediate Class ferries:MV Queen of Capilano * 85 vehicles* 462 passengers* 96 metre length* 2,500 gross tons* 12.5 kts* 7305 HP* Route: Horseshoe Bay ↔ Bowen IslandMV Queen of Cumberland...

Double Jeopardy
Double Jeopardy (film)
Double Jeopardy is a 1999 thriller film directed by Bruce Beresford and starring Tommy Lee Jones and Ashley Judd. The film is about a woman who is framed for the murder of her husband.-Plot:...

 
1999 Tachek
Black Point
Black Point (film)
Black Point is a 2001 film named after the American town of the same name, starring David Caruso as an innocent man caught up in a bad situation when criminals go looking for lost money. It was shot in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.-Plot:...

 
2002 Mill Bay
MV Mill Bay
MV Mill Bay is a Canadian ferry. At long, it is BC Ferries' second smallest ship. It holds 16 vehicles , 138 passengers and crew, and its maximum speed is...

Scary Movie 3
Scary Movie 3
Scary Movie 3 is a 2003 American science fiction comedy film, which parodies the horror, sci-fi, and mystery genres, directed by David Zucker. It is the third film of the Scary Movie franchise, as well as the first to have no involvement from the Wayans family...

 
2003 Powell River Class
Powell River class ferry
The Powell River Class ferry is a class of ships operated by BC Ferries The open deck vessels are mostly used on low-to-moderate volume routes.The Powell River Class consists of three vessels:MV Bowen QueenBuilt: Victoria, British Columbia, 1965...

Battlestar Galactica Miniseries
Battlestar Galactica (2004 TV series)
Battlestar Galactica is an American military science fiction television series, and part of the Battlestar Galactica franchise. The show was developed by Ronald D. Moore as a re-imagining of the 1978 Battlestar Galactica television series created by Glen A. Larson...

 
2003 V-Class
V class ferry
The V Class Ferries, also known as Victoria Class, includes BC Ferries ships built between 1962 and 1963. These vessels were the backbone of service on the Tsawwassen – Swartz Bay route prior to the arrival of the in 1993...

Walking Tall
Walking Tall (2004 film)
Walking Tall is a 2004 remake of the 1973 film of the same name. It stars Dwayne Johnson and Johnny Knoxville. Like the original film, it was based on real-life Sheriff Buford Pusser, however, the main character's name was changed to "Chris Vaughn"...

 
2004 Albert J Savoie
N class ferry
N class ferries are a class of RORO ferries, of which two remaining examples are owned by BC Ferries. These ferries have the distinction of being the smallest vessels owned by BC Ferries.N class consists of three vessels:...

Elektra
Elektra (2005 film)
Elektra is a 2005 superhero film directed by Rob Bowman. It is a spin-off from the 2003 film Daredevil, starring the Marvel comics character Elektra Natchios . The story follows Elektra, an international assassin whose weapon of choice is a pair of sai.For the screenplay, Zak Penn, Stuart Zicherman...

 
2005 Albert J Savoie
N class ferry
N class ferries are a class of RORO ferries, of which two remaining examples are owned by BC Ferries. These ferries have the distinction of being the smallest vessels owned by BC Ferries.N class consists of three vessels:...

The Mermaid Chair
The Mermaid Chair (film)
The Mermaid Chair is a 2006 movie adapted from the book written by Sue Monk Kidd. It was directed by Steven Schachter and stars Kim Basinger, Alex Carter, and Bruce Greenwood. The movie was filmed in British Columbia Canada...

 
2006 Mill Bay
MV Mill Bay
MV Mill Bay is a Canadian ferry. At long, it is BC Ferries' second smallest ship. It holds 16 vehicles , 138 passengers and crew, and its maximum speed is...


See also

  • Alaska Marine Highway
    Alaska Marine Highway
    The Alaska Marine Highway or the Alaska Marine Highway System is a ferry service operated by the government of the U.S. state of Alaska. It has its headquarters in Ketchikan, Alaska....

     - Alaska's Marine Highway System, similar to BC Ferries. Also serves Prince Rupert
    Prince Rupert, British Columbia
    Prince Rupert is a port city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. It is the land, air, and water transportation hub of British Columbia's North Coast, and home to some 12,815 people .-History:...

    .
  • Black Ball Line
    Puget Sound Navigation Company
    The Puget Sound Navigation Company was founded by Joshua Green in 1913. It operated a fleet of steamboats and ferries on Puget Sound in Washington and the Georgia Strait in British Columbia...

  • Barnston Island Ferry
    Barnston Island Ferry
    The Barnston Island Ferry is a ferry across Parson's Channel on the south side of the Fraser River to Barnston Island in British Columbia, Canada....

     - a ferry operated by the BC Ministry of Transportation
  • British Columbia Ministry of Transportation
    British Columbia Ministry of Transportation
    The British Columbia Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure is the British Columbia government ministry responsible for transport infrastructure and law in the Canadian province of British Columbia...

     - responsible for the ferries on the lakes and rivers of the B.C. Interior.
  • Fast Ferry Scandal
    Fast Ferry Scandal
    The Fast Ferry Scandal, also referred to as the Fast Ferries Scandal, "FastCat Fiasco", Fast Ferries Fiasco, were names given to a political affair in the late 1990s relating to the construction of three fast ferries in British Columbia....

     - information about the Pacificat class of vessels that BC Ferries briefly operated.
  • Georgia Strait Bridge - a controversial idea of replacing the ferry service with a fixed link between Vancouver Island and the British Columbia mainland.
  • Kootenay Lake Ferry
    Kootenay Lake Ferry
    The Kootenay Lake Ferry is a ferry across the Kootenay Lake in British Columbia, Canada. It operates between Balfour, on the west side of the lake, and Kootenay Bay, on the east side. Two ferry vessels are used, the MV Osprey 2000 and the MV Balfour.The ferry operates under contract to the British...

     - a ferry in the British Columbia interior operated by the BC Ministry of Transportation
  • Marine Atlantic
    Marine Atlantic
    Marine Atlantic Inc. is an independent Canadian Crown corporation offering ferry services between the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador and Nova Scotia.Marine Atlantic's corporate headquarters are in St...

     - An east-coast analogue of BC Ferries.
  • Washington State Ferries
    Washington State Ferries
    Washington State Ferries is a passenger and automobile ferry service owned and operated by the Washington State Department of Transportation that serves communities on Puget Sound and in the San Juan Islands. It is the most used ferry system in the world and the largest passenger and automobile...

  • Inter-Island Ferry Authority
    Inter-Island Ferry Authority
    The Inter-Island Ferry Authority is a ferry service in the U.S. state of Alaska with its headquarters based in Craig on Prince of Wales Island.-History:...


Shipyards

  • Victoria Machinery Depot
    Victoria Machinery Depot
    Victoria Machinery Depot Ltd. was a ship builder located in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.This was a historic metalworks and shipyard in Victoria, Canada. From the late 1850s on, with the Fraser Canyon and Cariboo Gold Rushes British Columbia was dependent upon Californian supplies and ships...

  • Burrard Dry Dock
    Burrard Dry Dock
    Burrard Dry Dock Ltd. was a Canadian shipbuilding company headquartered in North Vancouver, British Columbia . Together with the neighboring North Van Ship Repair yard and the Yarrows Ltd...

  • Allied Shipbuilders Ltd.
    Allied Shipbuilders Ltd.
    Allied Shipbuilders Ltd is a privately held shipbuilding and ship repairing company established in Canada in 1948.-Company profile:Founded in 1948 by Arthur McLaren , Allied Shipbuilders is one of the older continually operating commercial shipyards on the Pacific Coast of North America...

  • Yarrow Shipbuilders
    Yarrow Shipbuilders
    Yarrow Limited , often styled as simply Yarrows, was a major shipbuilding firm based in the Scotstoun district of Glasgow on the River Clyde...

  • Washington Marine Group
    Washington Marine Group
    Seaspan Marine Corporation provides marine-related services to the Pacific Northwest. Within the Group are three shipyards, an intermodal ferry business, and a tug and barge transportation company that serves both domestic and international markets. Seaspan Marine Corporation is part of the...

     - Originally called the Vancouver Shipyards Co. Ltd
  • Vancouver Shipyard

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK