Assaat Datuk Mudo known as Mr. Assaat, was born in Banuhampu, West Sumatera, Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War II. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Netherlands government in 1800....

 (now Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

). He was former president Republic of Indonesia sat on Yogyakarta part of the United States of Indonesia. Reign from December 1949 until August 1950. He and a number of Indonesia founder, fought for the independence of Indonesia from the Dutch.


His early education, he studied in Islamic school and Dutch schools in Indonesia. He learned Islamic matter in Adabiah, Padang
Padang, Indonesia
Padang is the capital and largest city of West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located on the western coast of Sumatra at . It has an area of and a population of over 833,000 people at the 2010 Census.-History:...

 and also in MULO (Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs). And next to School tot Opleiding van Inlandsche Artsen in Batavia (now in Jakarta
Jakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. Officially known as the Special Capital Territory of Jakarta, it is located on the northwest coast of Java, has an area of , and a population of 9,580,000. Jakarta is the country's economic, cultural and political centre...

). He completed his education in the Netherlands' school with the title Meester in de Rechten (Bachelor of Law).

Politic Activities

Activities as politician started in Jong Sumatranen Bond and next joined to Perhimpunan Pemuda Indonesia. While in the Rechts Hoge School his professor hate Assat politic activities and Assaat fell in his exam. He was then entered to Partai Indonesia (Partindo) with Adnan Kapau Gani, Adam Malik
Adam Malik
Adam Malik Batubara was Indonesia's third vice president, a senior diplomat, and one of the pioneers of Indonesian journalism.-Early life:...

, and Amir Sjarifoeddin. After Indonesia independence, he was selected as head of Center of Indonesia National Committee (KNIP) until he sat as president Republic of Indonesia in Yogyakarta. In December 1948, the Dutch launched their second "Police Action" and focused their attack on Yogyakarta. Assat kidnapped by the Dutch army and going into exile in Bangka island
Bangka Island
Bangka is an island lying east of Sumatra, Indonesia. Population 626,955. Area: c.4,600 sq mi .There is an additional small island named Pulau Bangka in northern Sulawesi, Indonesia.-Geography:...

 with all the other Republican leaders. After moved to Jakarta, Assaat to be Indonesian parliament member. While Natsir as prime minister, he was selected as the government minister. In last 1950s, Assaat began to openly criticize Sukarno and moved to Sumatera joined with Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia
Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia
The Revolutionary Government of the Republic of Indonesia was a rebel movement led by army officers of the Indonesian Army.-The Rebellion of the Colonels:...

. In the last Sukarno regime, Assaat was jailed in 1962-1966.

External links

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