Ap Lei Chau
Overview
 
Ap Lei Chau or Aberdeen Island, is an island
Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong
Hong Kong comprises the Kowloon peninsula and 263 islands over 500 m2, the largest being Lantau Island and the second largest being Hong Kong Island. Ap Lei Chau is one of the most densely populated islands in the world....

 of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

, located south-west of Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. It has a population of 1,289,500 and its population density is 16,390/km², as of 2008...

, next to Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel
Aberdeen Channel
Aberdeen Channel is a channel between Ap Lei Chau and Nam Long Shan on the Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. With two bays, Po Chong Wan and Tai Shue Wan, major portion of the channel is transformed into Aberdeen South Typhoon Shelter.-External links:*...

, with an area of 1.30 km². Administratively, it is part of Southern District
Southern District, Hong Kong
The Southern District is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is located in the southern part of Hong Kong Island. It had a population of 290,240 in 2001. This district has the fourth lowest population of Hong Kong.-Geography:...

. Ap Lei Chau is the third most densely populated island in the world.

A map dating from the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
The Ming Dynasty, also Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty. The Ming, "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic...

 shows the island. On this map is marked the village of Heung Kong Tsuen, lit.
Encyclopedia
Ap Lei Chau or Aberdeen Island, is an island
Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong
Hong Kong comprises the Kowloon peninsula and 263 islands over 500 m2, the largest being Lantau Island and the second largest being Hong Kong Island. Ap Lei Chau is one of the most densely populated islands in the world....

 of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

, located south-west of Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. It has a population of 1,289,500 and its population density is 16,390/km², as of 2008...

, next to Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel
Aberdeen Channel
Aberdeen Channel is a channel between Ap Lei Chau and Nam Long Shan on the Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. With two bays, Po Chong Wan and Tai Shue Wan, major portion of the channel is transformed into Aberdeen South Typhoon Shelter.-External links:*...

, with an area of 1.30 km². Administratively, it is part of Southern District
Southern District, Hong Kong
The Southern District is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is located in the southern part of Hong Kong Island. It had a population of 290,240 in 2001. This district has the fourth lowest population of Hong Kong.-Geography:...

. Ap Lei Chau is the third most densely populated island in the world.

History

A map dating from the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
The Ming Dynasty, also Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty. The Ming, "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic...

 shows the island. On this map is marked the village of Heung Kong Tsuen, lit. Hong Kong Village (香港村). It is probably where the name of Hong Kong originates from.

Ap Lei Chau shelters Aberdeen Harbour, creating an excellent typhoon shelter
Typhoon shelter
A typhoon shelter is a shelter for fishing boats during typhoons. These facilities are often found in Hong Kong.-Structure:In its usual form, a typhoon shelter is usually in the form of a bay or a cove, with a narrow opening for access, as most of the opening to the seas are blocked by a man-made...

, and was a fishing village before the First Opium War
First Opium War
The First Anglo-Chinese War , known popularly as the First Opium War or simply the Opium War, was fought between the United Kingdom and the Qing Dynasty of China over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice...

. As a consequence of the Treaty of Nanking
Treaty of Nanking
The Treaty of Nanking was signed on 29 August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China...

, it was ceded to the British together with Hong Kong Island in 1841. Since then, little attention had been placed on this small island.

In 1968, Hongkong Electric
Hongkong Electric Company
The Hongkong Electric Company is one of Hong Kong's two main electricity generators. The other is China Light & Power. It is a subsidiary of Power Assets Holdings Limited, which was known as Hongkong Electric Holdings Limited until February 2011....

 opened a power station on the island to provide electricity for the whole of Hong Kong Island. In 1980, a bridge
Ap Lei Chau Bridge
Ap Lei Chau Bridge is a highway bridge in Hong Kong connecting the island of Ap Lei Chau and Aberdeen of the Hong Kong Island.This bridge was made up of two lanes for each direction across and later expanded to four lanes in 1994.-See also:...

 was constructed to connect the island to the Hong Kong Island and brought momentum for rapid economic development. Public housing estates
Public housing estates in Pok Fu Lam, Aberdeen and Ap Lei Chau
The following shows the public housing estates in Pok Fu Lam, Aberdeen and Ap Lei Chau of Southern District, Hong Kong.- Overview :- Ap Lei Chau Estate :Ap Lei Chau Estate is a public estate in Ap Lei Chau, near South...

 were built to accommodate people who suffered in a fire in the Aberdeen shelter
Aberdeen Typhoon Shelters
The Aberdeen Typhoon Shelters of Hong Kong are Aberdeen West Typhoon Shelter and Aberdeen South Typhoon Shelter . Both typhoon shelters are located in Southern District, between the southern part of Hong Kong Island and the island Ap Lei Chau. They are roughly separated by the Ap Lei Chau Bridge...

.

In 1989, the power station was relocated to Lamma Island. The old power station was then demolished and the site was re-developed into the South Horizons
South Horizons
South Horizons is a private housing estate located at the western end of the island of Ap Lei Chau, in Hong Kong, near Ap Lei Chau Estate...

 residential area with the aid of land reclamation
Land reclamation in Hong Kong
Land is in short supply in Hong Kong, and land reclamation has been conducted there since the mid-19th century.-Projects:One of the earliest and famous project was the Praya Reclamation Scheme, which added 50 to of land in 1890 during the second phase of construction...

.

Geography and demographics

Ap Lei Chau was named after the shape of the island, which looks like the tongue of a duck. Ap means duck, Lei means tongue, and Chau means island. The northern part has the highest population, while the southern part of the island is less densely populated.

The highest hill on the island is Yuk Kwai Shan (玉桂山; aka. Mount Johnston), with an altitude of 196 m.

It comprises four main residential estate
Housing estate
A housing estate is a group of buildings built together as a single development. The exact form may vary from country to country. Accordingly, a housing estate is usually built by a single contractor, with only a few styles of house or building design, so they tend to be uniform in appearance...

s — Lei Tung Estate, Ap Lei Chau Main Street, Ap Lei Chau Estate and South Horizons
South Horizons
South Horizons is a private housing estate located at the western end of the island of Ap Lei Chau, in Hong Kong, near Ap Lei Chau Estate...

, each of which comprises several highrise towers. There is an industrial estate on the southern tip of the island.

The population of Ap Lei Chau is 86,782 as of 2007, and its area is 1.30 km², giving it a population density of 66,755 people / km², making it the third most densely populated island in the world.

Ap Lei Chau also lends its name to the Ap Lei Chau geologic formation
Geologic formation
A formation or geological formation is the fundamental unit of lithostratigraphy. A formation consists of a certain number of rock strata that have a comparable lithology, facies or other similar properties...

, which covers most of southern Hong Kong Island.

Places of interest

The Hung Shing Temple
Hung Shing Temple
Hung Shing Temples or Tai Wong Temples are temples dedicated to Hung Shing. Hung Shing temples have been widely built in southern China, especially Guangdong province and in Hong Kong.-Existing temples:...

 located on Hung Shing Street, off Main Street, Ap Lei Chau, is a notable site. Dating back to 1773, it is the oldest temple in the Aberdeen and Ap Lei Chau areas. It is a Grade I historic building. The Shui Yuet Temple aka. Kwun Yum Temple is located at No. 181 Main Street, Ap Lei Chau. Dedicated to Guan Yin, it was built at the end of the 19th century. It is a Grade III historic building.

The site of the temple is nearly opposite the site of the former Aberdeen police station. Clearly chosen for its feng shui
Feng shui
Feng shui ' is a Chinese system of geomancy believed to use the laws of both Heaven and Earth to help one improve life by receiving positive qi. The original designation for the discipline is Kan Yu ....

, the superior dragons were seen as being protection from the 'threat of the tiger's jaw' from the police station. Although the police station is now gone, the dragons are still seen as enduring feng shui guards.

The island is known for being the location of 8th Estate Winery, the first winery in Hong Kong.

Transportation

The road connection between Ap Lei Chau and Hong Kong Island is by Ap Lei Chau Bridge
Ap Lei Chau Bridge
Ap Lei Chau Bridge is a highway bridge in Hong Kong connecting the island of Ap Lei Chau and Aberdeen of the Hong Kong Island.This bridge was made up of two lanes for each direction across and later expanded to four lanes in 1994.-See also:...

 with four lanes. It opened in 1983 with only two lanes and was widened to four in 1994.

Buses
Buses in Hong Kong
Bus services in Hong Kong have a long history. As of 2005, five companies operate franchised public bus services. There are also a variety of non-franchised public buses services, including feeder bus services to railway stations operated by MTR, and residents' services for residential estates...

 are the main form of transport for the residents in Ap Lei Chau. There are five bus termini in total on the island:
  • Ap Lei Chau Estate
  • Ap Lei Chau Industrial Estate
  • Ap Lei Chau Main Street
  • Lei Tung Estate
  • South Horizons
    South Horizons
    South Horizons is a private housing estate located at the western end of the island of Ap Lei Chau, in Hong Kong, near Ap Lei Chau Estate...



Minibuses
Public light bus
A Public light bus is a common public mode of transport in Hong Kong. It mainly serves the area that standard Hong Kong bus lines cannot reach as efficiently. It is also colloquially known as a minibus or a van, defined as a kind of share taxi....

 and taxi
Taxicabs of Hong Kong
Taxicabs of Hong Kong provide a taxi system. Most taxis are independently owned and operated, but some are owned by taxi companies, and the drivers are employees....

s are also available. There is a regular sanpan service running between Ap Lei Chau Main Street and Aberdeen. (Service hours: 6am-12am)

There are plans for the Mass Transit Railway Corp. Ltd. (MTR
MTR
Mass Transit Railway is the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong. Originally opened in 1979, the system now includes 211.6 km of rail with 155 stations, including 86 railway stations and 69 light rail stops...

) to extend the planned South Island Line
South Island Line
The South Island Line is a proposed line of the Hong Kong MTR metro system. Construction to the southern end of Hong Kong Island, which is at present not serviced by any rail transport, has been approved by the Executive Council of Hong Kong...

 to Ap Lei Chau. There will be two stations on the island, one "Lei Tung
Lei Tung Station
Lei Tung will be an underground MTR station located on Ap Lei Chau, Hong Kong, on the South Island Line . It is named after a housing estate Lei Tung Estate.It will be built below Yue On Court and Lei Tung Estate.-Station layout:- Entrances/exits :...

" for Lei Tung Estate and one "South Horizons
South Horizons Station
South Horizons Station is a MTR Station on the proposed South Island Line. It will be built under Yi Nam Street, primarily to serve residents in South Horizons and Ap Lei Chau Estate...

" serving Marina Square, a mini mall with a food market, and South Horizons, a private estates covering the western edge of the island.

See also

  • Shek Pai Wan
    Shek Pai Wan
    Shek Pai Wan , or Aberdeen Bay is a bay between Aberdeen of Hong Kong Island and Aberdeen Island. The bay is one of traditional fishery port because the hills on two sides forms a nature shelter. The whole bay is zoned as a typhoon shelter, Aberdeen West Typhoon Shelter.-External links:*...

  • Ap Lei Pai
    Ap Lei Pai
    Ap Lei Pai is an uninhabited island in Hong Kong, linked to the south of Ap Lei Chau in Hong Kong. It is located between the East Lamma Channel and Aberdeen Channel. It is under the administration of the Southern District.-External links:*...

  • List of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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