Ammonium molybdate
Ammonium heptamolybdate is an odourless crystalline compound ranging in colour from white to yellow-green. It is usually encountered as the tetrahydrate, whose chemical formula
Chemical formula
A chemical formula or molecular formula is a way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound....

 is (NH4)6Mo7O24·4H2O. It is often referred to as ammonium paramolybdate or simply as ammonium molybdate, although ammonium molybdate can also refer to ammonium orthomolybdate, (NH4)2MoO4, and several other species.


Ammonium heptamolybdate is easily prepared by dissolving molybdenum trioxide in an excess of aqueous ammonia and evaporating the solution at room temperature. While the solution evaporates, the excess of ammonia escapes. This method results in the formation of six-sided transparent prisms of the tetrahydrate of ammonium heptamolybdate.

Solutions of ammonium paramolybdate react with acids to form molybdic acid
Molybdic acid
Molybdic acid refrs to solid, hydrated forms of molybdenum trioxide and species in aqueous solution.The simplest solid form, the monohydrate, is MoO3·H2O, though the dihydrate is also known. The solid state structure of MoO3·H2O consists of layers of octahedrally coordinated MoO5· units where 4...

 and an ammonium
The ammonium cation is a positively charged polyatomic cation with the chemical formula NH. It is formed by the protonation of ammonia...

 salt. The pH value of a concentrated solution will lie between 5 and 6.


  • as an analytical reagent
    A reagent is a "substance or compound that is added to a system in order to bring about a chemical reaction, or added to see if a reaction occurs." Although the terms reactant and reagent are often used interchangeably, a reactant is less specifically a "substance that is consumed in the course of...

     to measure the amount of phosphate
    A phosphate, an inorganic chemical, is a salt of phosphoric acid. In organic chemistry, a phosphate, or organophosphate, is an ester of phosphoric acid. Organic phosphates are important in biochemistry and biogeochemistry or ecology. Inorganic phosphates are mined to obtain phosphorus for use in...

    s, silicates, arsenate
    The arsenate ion is AsO43−.An arsenate is any compound that contains this ion. Arsenates are salts or esters of arsenic acid.The arsenic atom in arsenate has a valency of 5 and is also known as pentavalent arsenic or As[V]....

    s and lead
    Lead is a main-group element in the carbon group with the symbol Pb and atomic number 82. Lead is a soft, malleable poor metal. It is also counted as one of the heavy metals. Metallic lead has a bluish-white color after being freshly cut, but it soon tarnishes to a dull grayish color when exposed...

     in aqueous solution
    Aqueous solution
    An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water. It is usually shown in chemical equations by appending aq to the relevant formula, such as NaCl. The word aqueous means pertaining to, related to, similar to, or dissolved in water...

     (e.g. pigments, river water, sea water etc.)
  • in the production of molybdenum
    Molybdenum , is a Group 6 chemical element with the symbol Mo and atomic number 42. The name is from Neo-Latin Molybdaenum, from Ancient Greek , meaning lead, itself proposed as a loanword from Anatolian Luvian and Lydian languages, since its ores were confused with lead ores...

     metal and ceramic
    A ceramic is an inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous...

  • in the preparation of dehydrogenation and desulphurisation catalysts
  • in the fixing of metals
  • in electroplating
    Electroplating is a plating process in which metal ions in a solution are moved by an electric field to coat an electrode. The process uses electrical current to reduce cations of a desired material from a solution and coat a conductive object with a thin layer of the material, such as a metal...

  • in fertilizers for crops.
  • as a negative stain in biological electron microscopy, typically in the 3–5% (vol/vol) concentration range and in the presence of trehalose; or at saturated concentration to perform cryo-negative staining.


Ammonium paramolybdate is harmful if swallowed or inhaled. It causes irritation to the eyes, skin, and respiratory tract. It affects kidneys and blood.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.