Alkmaar
Overview
 
Alkmaar ˈɑlk.maːr is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, in the province of Noord Holland
North Holland
North Holland |West Frisian]]: Noard-Holland) is a province situated on the North Sea in the northwest part of the Netherlands. The provincial capital is Haarlem and its largest city is Amsterdam.-Geography:...

. Alkmaar is well known for its traditional cheese market. For tourists, it is a popular cultural destination.
The earliest mention of the name Alkmaar is in a 10th-century document. As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights
City rights in the Netherlands
City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. A liegelord, usually a count, duke or similar member of high nobility, granted a settlement he owned certain town privileges that settlements without city rights did not have....

 in 1254. The oldest part of Alkmaar lies on an ancient sand bank that afforded some protection from the sea during medieval times.
Encyclopedia
Alkmaar ˈɑlk.maːr is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands
Netherlands
The Netherlands is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, located mainly in North-West Europe and with several islands in the Caribbean. Mainland Netherlands borders the North Sea to the north and west, Belgium to the south, and Germany to the east, and shares maritime borders...

, in the province of Noord Holland
North Holland
North Holland |West Frisian]]: Noard-Holland) is a province situated on the North Sea in the northwest part of the Netherlands. The provincial capital is Haarlem and its largest city is Amsterdam.-Geography:...

. Alkmaar is well known for its traditional cheese market. For tourists, it is a popular cultural destination.

History

The earliest mention of the name Alkmaar is in a 10th-century document. As the village grew into a town, it was granted city rights
City rights in the Netherlands
City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. A liegelord, usually a count, duke or similar member of high nobility, granted a settlement he owned certain town privileges that settlements without city rights did not have....

 in 1254. The oldest part of Alkmaar lies on an ancient sand bank that afforded some protection from the sea during medieval times. Even so, it is only a couple of metres above the surrounding region, which consists of some of the oldest polders in existence.

In 1573 the city successfully withstood a siege by Spanish forces
Siege of Alkmaar
The Siege of Alkmaar was a turning point in the Eighty Years' War. The burghers of the Dutch city of Alkmaar fought the Spanish with boiling tar and burning branches from their renewed city walls...

 under the leadership of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba was a Spanish general and governor of the Spanish Netherlands , nicknamed "the Iron Duke" in the Low Countries because of his harsh and cruel rule there and his role in the execution of his political opponents and the massacre of several...

. It was a turning point in the Eighty Years War and gave rise to the expression Bij Alkmaar begint de victorie ("Victory begins at Alkmaar"). The event is still celebrated every year in Alkmaar on October 8, the day the siege ended.

In 1799, during the French revolutionary wars
French Revolutionary Wars
The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states...

, an Anglo-Russian expeditionary force captured the city but was ultimately defeated in the Battle of Castricum
Battle of Castricum
The Battle of Castricum saw a Franco-Dutch force defeat an Anglo-Russian force near Castricum, Netherlands. The battle was fought during the War of the Second Coalition against Revolutionary France between French and Dutch forces under the command of General Guillaume Brune and Herman Willem...

. The French victory was commemorated on the Arc de Triomphe
Arc de Triomphe
-The design:The astylar design is by Jean Chalgrin , in the Neoclassical version of ancient Roman architecture . Major academic sculptors of France are represented in the sculpture of the Arc de Triomphe: Jean-Pierre Cortot; François Rude; Antoine Étex; James Pradier and Philippe Joseph Henri Lemaire...

 in Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

 as Alkmaer.

The North Holland Canal
Noordhollandsch Kanaal
The Groot Noordhollandsch Kanaal , now known simply as Noordhollandsch Kanaal, is a canal in the northwest Netherlands...

, opened in 1824, was dug through Alkmaar. In 1865 and 1867 the railways between Alkmaar and Den Helder and between Alkmaar and Haarlem were built respectively.

In the second half of the 20th century, Alkmaar expanded quickly with development of new neighbourhoods. On October 1, 1972, the town of Oudorp and the southern portions of Koedijk and Sint Pancras were added to the municipality of Alkmaar.

Population centres

The municipality of Alkmaar consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Alkmaar, Koedijk
Koedijk
Koedijk is a village in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It is now a part of Langedijk, but before 1972 it was a separate municipality. Koedijk is most famous for its annual . This gondelvaart is held every year on the 3rd Saturday in August....

 (partly), Overdie, Oudorp
Oudorp
Oudorp is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is located in the municipality of Alkmaar, about east of the city centre.Oudorp was a separate municipality between 1817 and 1972, when it was merged with Alkmaar....

 and Omval.

These once separate villages are now all linked together by the suburban sprawl of buildings that arose between the late 1970s and early 1990s. During this time, the population of Alkmaar almost doubled.

Local government

The municipal council of Alkmaar consists of 37 seats, which are divided as follows:
  • PvdA
    Labour Party (Netherlands)
    The Labour Party , is a social-democratic political party in the Netherlands. Since the 2003 Dutch General Election, the PvdA has been the second largest political party in the Netherlands. The PvdA was a coalition member in the fourth Balkenende cabinet following 22 February 2007...

     – 7 seats
  • OPA
    Independent Party of Alkmaar
    The Independent Party of Alkmaar is a municipal political party from Alkmaar. It currently holds 7 seats in the municipal council....

     – 7 seats
  • SP
    Socialist Party (Netherlands)
    The Socialist Party is a democratic socialist political party in the Netherlands. After the 2006 general election, the Socialist Party became one of the major parties of the Netherlands with 25 seats of 150, an increase of 16 seats. The party was in opposition against the fourth Balkenende cabinet...

     – 3 seats
  • CDA
    Christian Democratic Appeal
    The Christian Democratic Appeal is a centre-right Dutch Christian democratic political party. It suffered severe losses in the 2010 elections and fell from the first to the fourth place...

     – 3 seats
  • VVD
    People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
    The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy is a conservative-liberal political party located in the Netherlands. The VVD supports private enterprise in the Netherlands and is often perceived as an economic liberal party in contrast to the social-liberal Democrats 66 alongside which it sits in...

     – 4 seats
  • GroenLinks – 4 seats
  • Leefbaar Alkmaar – 3 seats
  • D66
    Democrats 66
    Democrats 66 is a progressive and social-liberal political party in the Netherlands. D66 was formed in 1966 by a group of politically unaligned, young intellectuals, led by journalist Hans van Mierlo. The party's main objective was to democratise the political system; it proposed to create an...

     – 4 seat
  • Trots op Nederland – 2 seat


Transport

The A9
A9 motorway (Netherlands)
The A9 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands. The motorway starts off by going from the A1 at Diemen to the A2 at junction 'Holendrecht'...

 motorway runs from Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Amsterdam is the largest city and the capital of the Netherlands. The current position of Amsterdam as capital city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is governed by the constitution of August 24, 1815 and its successors. Amsterdam has a population of 783,364 within city limits, an urban population...

 to Alkmaar, then continues on to Den Helder
Den Helder
Den Helder is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Den Helder occupies the northernmost point of the North Holland peninsula...

 as the N9.

There are direct trains to Den Helder
Den Helder
Den Helder is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Den Helder occupies the northernmost point of the North Holland peninsula...

, Hoorn
Hoorn
-Cities :* Purmerend * Enkhuizen * Alkmaar * Amsterdam * Lelystad * Den Helder * Leeuwarden -Towns :* Edam...

, Zaandam
Zaandam
Zaandam is a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. It is the main city of the municipality of Zaanstad, and received city rights in 1811...

, Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Amsterdam is the largest city and the capital of the Netherlands. The current position of Amsterdam as capital city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is governed by the constitution of August 24, 1815 and its successors. Amsterdam has a population of 783,364 within city limits, an urban population...

, Utrecht
Utrecht (city)
Utrecht city and municipality is the capital and most populous city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is located in the eastern corner of the Randstad conurbation, and is the fourth largest city of the Netherlands with a population of 312,634 on 1 Jan 2011.Utrecht's ancient city centre features...

, Ede
Ede, Netherlands
' is a municipality and a town in the center of the Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland.- Population centres :Community :* Bennekom: 14.749* De Klomp: 508* Deelen: 50* Ede : 67.812* Ederveen: 3.167* Harskamp: 3.464...

, Arnhem
Arnhem
Arnhem is a city and municipality, situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of Gelderland and located near the river Nederrijn as well as near the St. Jansbeek, which was the source of the city's development. Arnhem has 146,095 residents as one of the...

, Nijmegen, 's-Hertogenbosch, Eindhoven, Maastricht
Maastricht
Maastricht is situated on both sides of the Meuse river in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands, on the Belgian border and near the German border...

, Heerlen
Heerlen
Heerlen is a city and a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. The municipality is the second largest in the province of Limburg. It forms part of Parkstad Limburg, , an agglomeration of about 220,000 inhabitants.After its early Roman beginnings and a rather modest medieval period, Heerlen...

, Haarlem
Haarlem
Haarlem is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of North Holland, the northern half of Holland, which at one time was the most powerful of the seven provinces of the Dutch Republic...

, Leiden and The Hague
The Hague
The Hague is the capital city of the province of South Holland in the Netherlands. With a population of 500,000 inhabitants , it is the third largest city of the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam...

. For exact details see Alkmaar railway station
Alkmaar railway station
Alkmaar is a railway station which lies in Alkmaar, in the Netherlands. It is located approximately 40 km northwest of Amsterdam. It is on the Den Helder–Amsterdam railway. The station is operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen and is an Intercity station, where all trains stop.-History:Alkmaar...

.

Alkmaar has two stations:
  • Alkmaar
    Alkmaar railway station
    Alkmaar is a railway station which lies in Alkmaar, in the Netherlands. It is located approximately 40 km northwest of Amsterdam. It is on the Den Helder–Amsterdam railway. The station is operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen and is an Intercity station, where all trains stop.-History:Alkmaar...

  • Alkmaar Noord
    Alkmaar Noord railway station
    Alkmaar Noord is a suburban railway station for East and North Alkmaar, the Netherlands. The station opened on 26 September 1980, on the Den Helder–Amsterdam railway.-Train services:The following services currently call at Alkmaar Noord:...



The waterway Noordhollandsch Kanaal
Noordhollandsch Kanaal
The Groot Noordhollandsch Kanaal , now known simply as Noordhollandsch Kanaal, is a canal in the northwest Netherlands...

, which opened in 1824, runs through Alkmaar.

Main sights

Alkmaar has many medieval buildings that are still intact, most notably the tall tower of the Grote of Sint-Laurenskerk
Grote of Sint-Laurenskerk (Alkmaar)
Grote of Sint-Laurenskerk is a landmark Protestant church in Alkmaar, the Netherlands. The building is located on the Koorstraat, named for its choir...

, where many people from Alkmaar hold their wedding ceremony. The other main attraction, especially in the summer months, is Alkmaar's cheese market at the Waagplein, one of the country's most popular tourist attractions. The cheese market traditionally takes place on the first Friday in April and the last market of the season is the first Friday in September. Every Friday morning (10.00–12.30 a.m.) the Waagplein is the backdrop for this traditional cheesemarket. After the old-fashioned way of the hand clap, traders and carriers will weigh the cheeses. It is one of only four traditional Dutch cheese markets
Dutch Cheese Markets
There are five cheese markets operating in the Netherlands. Woerden is a modern working commercial cheese market. Four, Alkmaar, Gouda, Edam and Hoorn, are like traditional merchant cheese markets as operated in the post-medieval period, re-enacted during the summer months for tourists...

 still in existence. The traditional fare of this cheese market are those cheeses made in the local area, as opposed to the well-known brands of Dutch cheeses, i.e. Edam cheese and Gouda cheese. It is not actually possible to buy cheese at the market itself, which is really only a demonstration of how this merchants' market operated in times gone by. However, the demonstration, which takes place in front of the medieval weighing house, is surrounded by many specialized stalls where it is possible to buy all kinds of cheese (and non-cheese) related products. The Waag is also home to the local tourist office and a cheese museum. Alkmaar has 399 registered rijksmonument
Rijksmonument
A rijksmonument is a National Heritage Site of the Netherlands, listed by the agency Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed acting for the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.-History and criteria:...

s, of which most are situated along the city's old canals.

Alkmaar has two large theatres and a big cinema (which was originally two cinemas). A red light district
Red Light District
Red Light District may refer to:* Red-light district - a neighborhood where prostitution is common* The Red Light District - the title of the 2004 album by rapper Ludacris* Red Light District Video - a pornography studio based in Los Angeles, California...

 is situated at the Achterdam
Achterdam
The Achterdam is a red light district in the Dutch city of Alkmaar, 30 km North of Amsterdam. It is situated about 10 minutes walk from the Alkmaar train station. It is a 150 m long street with window prostitution on both sides. The area has about 100 windows with rooms.Mainly Eastern-Europe...

, and Alkmaar has a nightlife scene as well which takes place in the pubs that are in front of the cheesemarket.

Museums

  • Beatles Museum – dedicated to The Beatles
    The Beatles
    The Beatles were an English rock band, active throughout the 1960s and one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music. Formed in Liverpool, by 1962 the group consisted of John Lennon , Paul McCartney , George Harrison and Ringo Starr...

    , as John Lennon
    John Lennon
    John Winston Lennon, MBE was an English musician and singer-songwriter who rose to worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles, one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music...

    's first guitar was made in Alkmaar
  • Holland Cheese Museum – located in the historic weigh house
  • National Beer Museum "De Boom"
  • Dutch Stove Museum
  • City Museum Alkmaar
    Stedelijk Museum Alkmaar
    Stedelijk Museum Alkmaar is a city museum located in the center of Alkmaar on the Canadaplein . The museum is devoted to presenting and preserving the cultural history of Alkmaar and the surrounding region.-History:...

      – for history of the city

Sports

Alkmaar is home to the professional football
Football (soccer)
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball...

 team AZ (Alkmaar Zaanstreek). In 2006, the club moved to a new 17,000 capacity stadium, the DSB Stadion, now named the AFAS Stadion.
In 2008–2009 AZ won the Eredivisie
Eredivisie
The Eredivisie is the highest football league in the Netherlands. The league was founded in 1956 two years after the start of professional football in the Netherlands. It is currently ranked the ninth best league in Europe by UEFA....

, the Dutch football league, and became the Dutch champions for 2008–2009 football season.

The city also has a velodrome
Velodrome
A velodrome is an arena for track cycling. Modern velodromes feature steeply banked oval tracks, consisting of two 180-degree circular bends connected by two straights...

 where the Dutch national track cycling
Track cycling
Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially built banked tracks or velodromes using track bicycles....

 championships are held every year.

Born in Alkmaar

  • Petrus Forestus
    Petrus Forestus
    Pieter van Foreest, also called Petrus Forestus , was one of the most prominent physicians of the Dutch Republic. He was known as the "Hollandic Hippocrates".-Life:...

     (1521), physician
  • Willem Blaeu
    Willem Blaeu
    Willem Janszoon Blaeu , also abbreviated to Willem Jansz. Blaeu, was a Dutch cartographer, atlas maker and publisher....

     (1571), cartographer (may have been born in Uitgeest
    Uitgeest
    Uitgeest is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.-Population centres :The municipality of Uitgeest consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Assum, Busch en Dam, Groot Dorregeest, Uitgeest....

    )
  • Metius
    Metius
    Adriaan Adriaanszoon, called Metius, , was a Dutch geometer and astronomer. He was born in Alkmaar. The name Metius comes from the Dutch word meten , and therefore means something like "measurer" or "surveyor."-Father and brother:Metius was born at Alkmaar, North Holland...

     (1571), geometer / astronomer
  • Cornelis Drebbel (1572), inventor of the first navigable submarine
  • Joan Blaeu
    Joan Blaeu
    Joan Blaeu was a Dutch cartographer.He was born in Alkmaar, the son of cartographer Willem Blaeu.In 1620 he became a doctor of law but he joined the work of his father. In 1635 they published the Atlas Novus in two volumes...

     (1598), cartographer
  • Cornelis van der Lijn
    Cornelis van der Lijn
    Cornelis van der Lijn was Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1646 until 1650.-Early career:Van der Lijn was born in Alkmaar, possibly in 1608. He went, in 1627, as Assistant to Batavia, Dutch East Indies aboard the Wapen van Hoorn. From 1632 to 18 January 1636 he was Accountant-General...

     (1608), Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
    Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
    The Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies represented the Dutch rule in the Dutch East Indies between 1610 and Dutch recognition of the independence of Indonesia in 1949.The first Governors-General were appointed by the Dutch East India Company...

  • Caesar van Everdingen
    Caesar van Everdingen
    Cesar Pietersz, or Cesar Boetius van Everdingen , older brother of Allart van Everdingen and Jan van Everdingen, was a Dutch Golden Age portrait and history painter.-Biography:...

     (1616/7), painter
  • Emanuel de Witte
    Emanuel de Witte
    Emanuel de Witte was a Dutch perspective painter. In contrast to Pieter Jansz Saenredam, who emphasized architectural accuracy, De Witte was more concerned with the atmosphere of his interiors. Though few in number, de Witte also produced genre paintings.-Life:De Witte was born in Alkmaar and...

     (1617), painter
  • Allaert van Everdingen (1621), painter
  • Willem de Fesch
    Willem de Fesch
    Willem de Fesch was a virtuoso Dutch violone player and composer.The pupil of Karel Rosier, who was a Vice-Kapellmeister at Bonn, Willem later married his daughter, Maria Anna Rosier.De Fesch was active in Amsterdam between 1710 and 1725...

     (1687), composer
  • Geertruida Bosboom-Toussaint
    Anna Louisa Geertruida Bosboom-Toussaint
    Anna Louisa Geertruida Bosboom-Toussaint was a Dutch novelist.-Life and career:Geertruida Toussaint's father, a chemist of Huguenot descent, gave her a fair education, and at an early period of her career she developed a taste for historical research, fostered by a forced indoor life as a result...

     (1812), novelist
  • Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom
    Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom
    H. W. Bakhuis Roozeboom was a Dutch chemist who gained his reputation for works on phase behaviour in physical chemistry.H. W. Bakhuis Roozeboom was born in Alkmaar in the Netherlands. Financial difficulties did not allow him to directly pursue a university education, and he left school to work...

     (1854), chemist
  • Kees Boeke
    Kees Boeke
    Cornelis Boeke was a Dutch reformist educator, Quaker missionary and pacifist. He is best known for his popular essay/book Cosmic View which presents a seminal view of the universe, from the galactic to the microscopic scale, and inspired several films.Boeke tried to renovate education by letting...

     (1884), educator and pacifist
  • Jan Wils
    Jan Wils
    Jan Wils was a Dutch architect.He was born in Alkmaar and died in Voorburg.Wils was one of the founding members of the De Stijl movement, which also included artists as Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg and Gerrit Rietveld.Among others, Wils designed the Olympic stadium for the 1928 Summer Olympics...

     (1891), architect and founding member of the De Stijl
    De Stijl
    De Stijl , propagating the group's theories. Next to van Doesburg, the group's principal members were the painters Piet Mondrian , Vilmos Huszár , and Bart van der Leck , and the architects Gerrit Rietveld , Robert van 't Hoff , and J.J.P. Oud...

     movement
  • Cornelis Berkhouwer
    Cornelis Berkhouwer
    Cornelis Berkhouwer was a Dutch-European politician.He was a Member of the European Parliament between 1964 and 1984, for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, which sat as part of the Liberal Democrat group in the Parliament. Between 13 March 1973 and 10 March 1975, he served as...

     (1919), President of the European Parliament
    President of the European Parliament
    The President of the European Parliament presides over the debates and activities of the European Parliament. He or she also represents the Parliament within the EU and internationally. The President's signature is required for enacting most EU laws and the EU budget.Presidents serve...

     1973-1975
  • Alfred Peet
    Alfred Peet
    Alfred H. Peet was a Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea in Berkeley, California, in 1966. He is most famous for introducing custom coffee roasting to the United States....

     (1920), founder of American coffee retailer Peet's Coffee & Tea
    Peet's Coffee & Tea
    Peet's Coffee & Tea is a specialty coffee roaster and retailer. Founded in 1966 by Alfred Peet in Berkeley, California as "Peet's Coffee, Tea & Spices", Peet's is especially known for its strong, dark roasted coffee, including its Major Dickason blend.- Company history :Alfred Peet started Peet's...

  • Rudi Carrell
    Rudi Carrell
    Rudi Carrell , born Rudolf Wijbrand Kesselaar, was a Dutch entertainer. Along with famous entertainers such as Johannes Heesters, Linda de Mol and Sylvie van der Vaart, Carrell was one of the most successful Dutch personalities active in Germany.He worked as a television entertainer and hosted his...

     (1934), entertainer
  • Rudi Vis
    Rudi Vis
    Rudolf Jan Vis was a Dutch-born British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament for Finchley and Golders Green from 1997 to 2010.-Early life:...

     (1941) British
    United Kingdom
    The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

     politician
  • Sybilla Dekker
    Sybilla Dekker
    Sybilla Dekker is a Dutch politician.-References:...

     (1942), cabinet minister
  • Harm Ottenbros
    Harm Ottenbros
    Harm Ottenbros is a former Dutch road bicycle racer who raced as a professional from 1967 to 1976. Ottenbros is best remembered for capturing the gold medal and rainbow jersey at the 1969 world cycling championship road race in Zolder, Belgium...

     (1943), cyclist, 1969 world champion
  • Jos Punt
    Jos Punt
    Mgr. dr. Jozef Marianus Punt Mgr. dr. Jozef Marianus (Jos) Punt Mgr. dr. Jozef Marianus (Jos) Punt (*Alkmaar, January 10, 1946, is the current Roman Catholic bishop of Haarlem-Amsterdam in the Netherlands.Punt became a priest on June 9, 1979 and auxiliary bishop of Diocese of Haarlem in 1995. On...

     (1946), bishop
  • Dick Quax
    Dick Quax
    Theodorus Jacobus Leonardus "Dick" Quax is a New Zealand runner and former world record holder in the 5000 metres. He stood for Parliament with the ACT Party in 1999 and 2002...

     (1948), long distance runner
  • Patrick Cammaert
    Patrick Cammaert
    Major General Patrick Cammaert is a Dutch military commander who is currently serving as the United Nations Force Commander for the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. He was previously the Military Advisor to the Secretary General of the United Nations...

     (1950), UN peacekeeping mission /Force commander
  • Gerard Joling
    Gerard Joling
    Gerard Jan Joling is a Dutch singer and television presenter. Known for his high tenor voice, he rose to fame in the late 80's and released a string of singles including "Ticket to the Tropics", "Love is in your Eyes", and his biggest hit, "No more boleros", a song that reached the top 10 in...

     (1960), singer
  • Marco Borsato
    Marco Borsato
    Marco Borsato is a Dutch singer. He started performing in Italian before switching to Dutch in 1994. He is married to Leontine Ruiters and has three children.-Biography:...

     (1966), singer
  • Jakko Jan Leeuwangh
    Jakko Jan Leeuwangh
    Jakko Jan Leeuwangh is a former speed skater from the Netherlands. He finished fourth in the 1998 Olympic 1,000 m event. In January 2000 he broke the 1,500m world record in Calgary, Canada, holding the record until it was broken by Lee Kyu-Hyeok in March 2001.-References:...

     (1972), speed skater
  • Steven de Jongh
    Steven de Jongh
    Steven de Jongh is a Dutch former road bicycle racer.de Jongh made his professional debut in 1995 at TVM team where he stayed until 1999. From 2000 to 2005 he was part of , while he made the move to in 2006...

     (1973), cyclist
  • Tom Six (1973), horror filmmaker
  • Maarten van der Weijden
    Maarten van der Weijden
    Maarten van der Weijden is a Dutch long distance and marathon swimmer born in Alkmaar.Van der Weijden was known as a promising swimming talent in his youth, becoming Dutch national champion at the 1500 m freestyle , 400 m freestyle and 5 km open water...

     (1981), long distance swimmer; Dutch Sportsman of the year
    Dutch Sportsman of the year
    The Dutch Sportsman and Sportswoman of the Year are chosen annually by Dutch athletes from a shortlist compiled by sports journalists. The elections are organized by the Dutch Olympic Committee.- Sporter of the Year :...

     2008

Twin towns—sister cities

Alkmaar is twinned with: Darmstadt
Darmstadt
Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine Main Area.The sandy soils in the Darmstadt area, ill-suited for agriculture in times before industrial fertilisation, prevented any larger settlement from developing, until the city became the seat...

, Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

, since 1958 Bath, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 Tata, Hungary
Tata, Hungary
Tata is a town in north-western Hungary, Komárom-Esztergom county, northwest from county seat Tatabánya.-Location:Tata is located in the valley between the Gerecse and Vértes Mountains, some from the Budapest, the capital. By the virtue of its location, the city is a railway and road junction...

 Bergama
Bergama
Bergama is a populous district, as well as the center city of the same district, in İzmir Province in western Turkey. By excluding İzmir's metropolitan area, it is one of the prominent districts of the province in terms of population and is largely urbanized at the rate of 53,6 per cent...

, Turkey
Turkey
Turkey , known officially as the Republic of Turkey , is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe...

 Troyes
Troyes
Troyes is a commune and the capital of the Aube department in north-central France. It is located on the Seine river about southeast of Paris. Many half-timbered houses survive in the old town...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...


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