Albany, Georgia
Overview
Albany is a city in and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Dougherty County
Dougherty County, Georgia
Dougherty County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 96,065. The 2009 Census Estimate shows a population of 95,859. It is included in the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area...

, Georgia
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, in the southwestern part
Southwest Georgia
Southwest Georgia is a thirteen-county region in the U.S. state of Georgia. A common acronym used is SOWEGA.The largest city is Albany. Counties include Baker, Calhoun, Colquitt, Decatur, Dougherty, Early, Grady, Lee, Miller, Mitchell, Seminole, Terrell, Thomas, and Worth.In 1995, 25% of the...

 of the state. It is the principal city of the Albany, Georgia metropolitan area
Albany, Georgia metropolitan area
The Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of five counties – Baker, Dougherty, Lee, Terrell, and Worth – in southwest Georgia, anchored by the city of Albany...

 and the southwest part of the state. The population was 77,434 at the 2010 U.S. Census, making it the ninth-largest city in Georgia. The website dailyfinance.com lists Albany as the fourth poorest city in the United States.
The area where Albany is located was formerly inhabited by the Creek Indians
Creek people
The Muscogee , also known as the Creek or Creeks, are a Native American people traditionally from the southeastern United States. Mvskoke is their name in traditional spelling. The modern Muscogee live primarily in Oklahoma, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida...

.
Encyclopedia
Albany is a city in and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Dougherty County
Dougherty County, Georgia
Dougherty County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 96,065. The 2009 Census Estimate shows a population of 95,859. It is included in the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area...

, Georgia
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

, United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, in the southwestern part
Southwest Georgia
Southwest Georgia is a thirteen-county region in the U.S. state of Georgia. A common acronym used is SOWEGA.The largest city is Albany. Counties include Baker, Calhoun, Colquitt, Decatur, Dougherty, Early, Grady, Lee, Miller, Mitchell, Seminole, Terrell, Thomas, and Worth.In 1995, 25% of the...

 of the state. It is the principal city of the Albany, Georgia metropolitan area
Albany, Georgia metropolitan area
The Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of five counties – Baker, Dougherty, Lee, Terrell, and Worth – in southwest Georgia, anchored by the city of Albany...

 and the southwest part of the state. The population was 77,434 at the 2010 U.S. Census, making it the ninth-largest city in Georgia. The website dailyfinance.com lists Albany as the fourth poorest city in the United States.

History

The area where Albany is located was formerly inhabited by the Creek Indians
Creek people
The Muscogee , also known as the Creek or Creeks, are a Native American people traditionally from the southeastern United States. Mvskoke is their name in traditional spelling. The modern Muscogee live primarily in Oklahoma, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida...

. They called it Thronateeska after their word for "flint" because of the mineral flint
Flint
Flint is a hard, sedimentary cryptocrystalline form of the mineral quartz, categorized as a variety of chert. It occurs chiefly as nodules and masses in sedimentary rocks, such as chalks and limestones. Inside the nodule, flint is usually dark grey, black, green, white, or brown in colour, and...

 that was found near the river there. The Creeks used this flintstone to make tools and weapons like arrowheads.

A businessman named Nelson Tift
Nelson Tift
Nelson Tift was an American jurist, businessman, soldier and politician from the state of Georgia.-Biography:...

 from Connecticut
Connecticut
Connecticut is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Rhode Island to the east, Massachusetts to the north, and the state of New York to the west and the south .Connecticut is named for the Connecticut River, the major U.S. river that approximately...

 settled along the Flint River
Flint River (Georgia)
The Flint River is a river in the U.S. state of Georgia. The river drains of western Georgia, flowing south from the upper Piedmont region south of Atlanta to the wetlands of the Gulf Coastal Plain in the southwestern corner of the state. Along with the Apalachicola and the Chattahoochee rivers,...

 in October 1836 after Indian removal
Indian Removal
Indian removal was a nineteenth century policy of the government of the United States to relocate Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands west of the river...

 transported the Creek to western lands beyond the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
The Mississippi River is the largest river system in North America. Flowing entirely in the United States, this river rises in western Minnesota and meanders slowly southwards for to the Mississippi River Delta at the Gulf of Mexico. With its many tributaries, the Mississippi's watershed drains...

. He named his new town Albany after the capital
Albany, New York
Albany is the capital city of the U.S. state of New York, the seat of Albany County, and the central city of New York's Capital District. Roughly north of New York City, Albany sits on the west bank of the Hudson River, about south of its confluence with the Mohawk River...

 of New York
New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...

 because both sat at the navigable heads of rivers. The town of Albany was laid out by Alexander Shotwell in 1836. It was incorporated as a city by an act of the General Assembly of Georgia on December 27, 1838.

So many planters settled there with enslaved laborers that by 1840, Dougherty County was majority black. The center of cotton plantations, Albany was in a prime location for shipping cotton to markets by steamboat
Steamboat
A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels...

s on the river. Tift hired Horace King
Horace King (architect)
Horace King was an American architect, engineer, and bridge builder. King is considered the most respected bridge builder of the 19th century Deep South, constructing dozens of bridges in Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi...

, a former slave and bridge builder, to construct a toll bridge
Toll bridge
A toll bridge is a bridge over which traffic may pass upon payment of a toll, or fee.- History :The practice of collecting tolls on bridges probably harks back to the days of ferry crossings where people paid a fee to be ferried across stretches of water. As boats became impractical to carry large...

 over the river in 1858. King's bridge house still stands.
Nicknames for Albany include:
    • The Artesian
      Artesian aquifer
      An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure. This causes the water level in a well to rise to a point where hydrostatic equilibrium has been reached. This type of well is called an artesian well...

       City
    • The Good Life City
    • The Pecan
      Pecan
      The pecan , Carya illinoinensis, is a species of hickory, native to south-central North America, in Mexico from Coahuila south to Jalisco and Veracruz, in the United States from southern Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, and Indiana east to western Kentucky, southwestern Ohio, North Carolina, South...

       Capital of the World
    • The Quail
      Quail
      Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds generally considered in the order Galliformes. Old World quail are found in the family Phasianidae, while New World quail are found in the family Odontophoridae...

       Hunting Capital of the World
Albany later became an important railroad hub in southwestern Georgia, with seven lines entering the town. An exhibit on trains is located at the Thronateeska Heritage Center in the former railroad station.

While integral to the economic life of the town, the Flint River has flooded regularly with resulting property damage, particularly in 1841 and 1925. On February 10, 1940, a severe tornado
Tornado
A tornado is a violent, dangerous, rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are often referred to as a twister or a cyclone, although the word cyclone is used in meteorology in a wider...

 hit Albany, killing eighteen people and caused large-scale damage. Late twentieth-century floods have been extreme. In 1994, a severe flood was caused by rainfall from Tropical Storm Alberto and killed 14 people and displaced 22,000. From this disaster came improvements, with the state supporting a $150 million renovation of the Albany State University campus, making it one of the most expensive. In addition, new improved housing was built on the south side of town to replace what had been destroyed. In 1998, the Flint River crested at 35 feet (10.7 m) above its bed and flooded parts of the city. Areas near the city are being adapted for other uses, with a riverfront walkway and a new aquarium built over a tributary creek. Such projects are making another use of the river.
Albany, Texas
Albany, Texas
Albany is a city in Shackelford County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,034 at the 2010 Census. It is the county seat of Shackelford County.-History:...

, was named in 1873 by county clerk William Cruger after his former home of Albany, Georgia.
On April 11, 1906, the Carnegie Library
Carnegie Library
Carnegie Library, Carnegie Public Library, Carnegie Free Library, Carnegie Free Public Library, Andrew Carnegie Library, Andrew Carnegie Free Library or Carnegie Library Building may refer to any of the following Carnegie libraries:- California :*Carnegie Library , listed on the National Register...

, created by matching funds from the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish-American industrialist, businessman, and entrepreneur who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century...

, was opened downtown. Originally a segregated
Racial segregation in the United States
Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, included the racial segregation or hypersegregation of facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines...

 facility under Jim Crow laws, it was not open to African Americans until after the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964. It functioned as a library through 1985. In 1992, after renovation, the building was reopened as the headquarters of the Albany Area Arts Council.

In 1912, the downtown U.S. Post Office and Courthouse building opened. Other federal projects have been important to the city and region. In 1937, Chehaw Park was constructed as a part of a New Deal
New Deal
The New Deal was a series of economic programs implemented in the United States between 1933 and 1936. They were passed by the U.S. Congress during the first term of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The programs were Roosevelt's responses to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call...

 program under the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt , also known by his initials, FDR, was the 32nd President of the United States and a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic crisis and world war...

 during the Great Depression
Great Depression
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in about 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s or early 1940s...

.
W. E. B. Du Bois wrote about Albany in his book, The Souls of Black Folk
The Souls of Black Folk
The Souls of Black Folk is a classic work of American literature by W. E. B. Du Bois. It is a seminal work in the history of sociology, and a cornerstone of African-American literary history....

 (1903). He described it as a typical African-American majority-populated rural town in the Deep South
Deep South
The Deep South is a descriptive category of the cultural and geographic subregions in the American South. Historically, it is differentiated from the "Upper South" as being the states which were most dependent on plantation type agriculture during the pre-Civil War period...

. Du Bois discussed the culture, agribusiness, and economy of the region. Du Bois described Albany as a small town where local sharecroppers lived. Much of the soil had been depleted of nutrients because of intensive cotton cultivation, and people found it hard to make a living. Once a bustling small city full of cotton gins and whose planters were dependent on slave labor, Albany had declined steadily in the late 19th century. After emancipation
Emancipation
Emancipation means the act of setting an individual or social group free or making equal to citizens in a political society.Emancipation may also refer to:* Emancipation , a champion Australian thoroughbred racehorse foaled in 1979...

 and the disruption of the Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

, the local economy suffered. Du Bois wrote that Dougherty County had many decaying one-room slave cabins and unfenced fields. Despite the problems, local folklore, customs, and culture made Albany a notable small city in the South.

Since that time, the city has founded the Albany Museum of Art, which has one of the best African and African-American art collections in the Southeast.
Major changes came with the expansion of military facilities in the city. In the summer of 1940, Major Peacock of the U.S. Army approached the Albany Chamber of Commerce about locating an U.S. Army Air Corps training base near Albany. Construction of the base and of the airfield by the Army Corps of Engineers began March 25, 1941. The airfield was temporarily deactivated after World War II, between August 15, 1946 and September 1, 1947. After the beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
The Cold War was the continuing state from roughly 1946 to 1991 of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition between the Communist World—primarily the Soviet Union and its satellite states and allies—and the powers of the Western world, primarily the United States...

 and the founding of the U.S. Air Force in late 1947, the airfield was reactivated and upgraded with runways for a U.S. Air Force base. It was named Turner Air Force Base
Turner Air Force Base
Turner Air Force Base is a former United States Air Force base whose site is located within the current city limits of Albany, Georgia. Following its closure as a USAF installation in the late 1960s, it was transferred to the U.S. Navy and renamed Naval Air Station Albany...

. The Air Force used this base for very heavy bomber jets, such as the B-52 Stratofortress
B-52 Stratofortress
The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is a long-range, subsonic, jet-powered strategic bomber operated by the United States Air Force since the 1950s. The B-52 was designed and built by Boeing, who have continued to provide maintainence and upgrades to the aircraft in service...

. A number of other Air Force units were also housed at this Air Force Base.

as the base was renamed. Among them were the 1370th Photomapping Group, and refueling and maintenance functions. The Turner Air Force Base was abandoned by the Air Force. During the 1950s and 1960s, so many white servicemen and associated workers arrived that the town briefly became majority white for the first time since 1870.

In 1967 the base was transferred for use by the U.S. Navy. Naval Air Station Albany was used as the shore base of nearly all the Navy's RA-5C Vigilante twin-jet, carrier-based reconnaissance aircraft. This naval base was permanently deactivated and relinquished to civilian control in 1974. In 1979, the Miller Brewing Company purchased part of the old naval base's property to build a new brewing plant. In 1951, the U.S. Marine Corps established a logistics base on the eastern outskirts of Albany.

In 1960, the population of Albany reached 50,000 people. In 1961-1962, African Americans in Albany played a prominent role in the Civil Rights Movement
Civil rights movement
The civil rights movement was a worldwide political movement for equality before the law occurring between approximately 1950 and 1980. In many situations it took the form of campaigns of civil resistance aimed at achieving change by nonviolent forms of resistance. In some situations it was...

 (see the Albany Movement
Albany Movement
The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, on November 17, 1961. Local activists, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee , and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People were all involved in the movement. The movement was led by William...

). They led protests and non-violent demonstrations to end segregation of public facilities, restore their dignity, and gain the ability to vote. Assisted by activists from SCLC
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC was closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr...

, CORE
Congress of Racial Equality
The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE was a U.S. civil rights organization that originally played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement...

, SNCC, and the NAACP, African Americans and supporters took a stand to fight segregation through nonviolence. The city repealed its Jim Crow laws in 1963, but it took federal legislation to secure the franchise.

The decline in military bases and railroad restructuring led to job losses. Much of the white population moved to suburbs out of the city, which became majority African American in the 1970s. Struggling with a poor economy, in 1988, Albany made national headlines as the "Murder Capital of America," with the highest murder rate per capita in the United States. Other cities have since taken that title.

In 2011, Albany made headlines throughout the nation when Tom Knighton, owner of Knighton Media, Inc, announced that his company was purchasing The Albany Journal. This was notable because Knighton Media was formed to managed Knighton's blog, Laws-n-Sausages, and was the first time known where a blog had purchased a newspaper anywhere in the world.

Geography

Albany is located at (31.582273, -84.165557).

The total area is 0.59% water. Albany lies in a belt of historically rich farmland in the East Gulf coastal plain
Plain
In geography, a plain is land with relatively low relief, that is flat or gently rolling. Prairies and steppes are types of plains, and the archetype for a plain is often thought of as a grassland, but plains in their natural state may also be covered in shrublands, woodland and forest, or...

, on the banks of the Flint River
Flint River (Georgia)
The Flint River is a river in the U.S. state of Georgia. The river drains of western Georgia, flowing south from the upper Piedmont region south of Atlanta to the wetlands of the Gulf Coastal Plain in the southwestern corner of the state. Along with the Apalachicola and the Chattahoochee rivers,...

.

Neighborhoods

See main article: List of subdivisions in Albany, Georgia

Climate

MSA

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) had an estimated population of 164,069 and ranked #234 in the U.S. in 2007. The MSA consists of Dougherty, Terrell
Terrell County, Georgia
Terrell County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. The 2000 United States Census reported the county's population at 10,970. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 10,260...

, Lee
Lee County, Georgia
Lee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 24,757. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 33,050...

, Worth
Worth County, Georgia
Worth County is a county located in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 21,967. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 21,285...

, and Baker
Baker County, Georgia
Baker County is a county in the U.S. state of Georgia. , the population is 4,074. The 2007 Census Estimate placed the population at 3,781. The county seat is Newton.Baker County is included in the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.-History:...

 Counties.

City

As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

 of 2000, there were 76,939 people, 28,620 households, and 18,883 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 1,385.5 people per square mile (535.0/km²). There were 32,062 housing units at an average density of 577.3 per square mile (222.9/km²).

The racial makeup of the city was 64.80% African American and Black, 33.21% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population.

Of the 28,620 total households, 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 25.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. Households of individuals made up 28.8% of the total, and 9.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.8% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,639, and the median income for a family was $33,843. Males had a median income of $30,204 versus $22,268 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $15,485. About 21.5% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Although Albany has expanded considerably in the past few decades, it still has the friendly environment of a Southern town. Today, although the city is surrounded by pecan
Pecan
The pecan , Carya illinoinensis, is a species of hickory, native to south-central North America, in Mexico from Coahuila south to Jalisco and Veracruz, in the United States from southern Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, and Indiana east to western Kentucky, southwestern Ohio, North Carolina, South...

 groves, pine trees, farm
Farm
A farm is an area of land, or, for aquaculture, lake, river or sea, including various structures, devoted primarily to the practice of producing and managing food , fibres and, increasingly, fuel. It is the basic production facility in food production. Farms may be owned and operated by a single...

s and plantation
Plantation
A plantation is a long artificially established forest, farm or estate, where crops are grown for sale, often in distant markets rather than for local on-site consumption...

s, almost none of the population is employed in agriculture
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

.

Health care
Health care
Health care is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans. Health care is delivered by practitioners in medicine, chiropractic, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and other care providers...

, education
Education
Education in its broadest, general sense is the means through which the aims and habits of a group of people lives on from one generation to the next. Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts...

 and the Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany
Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany
Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany is a United States Marine Corps base located just outside Albany, Georgia. The primary mission of the units on the base is to rebuild and repair ground combat and combat support equipment and to support installations on the East Coast of the United States...

 are the largest employers. Manufacturing
Manufacturing
Manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labor to produce goods for use or sale. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which raw materials are transformed into finished goods on a large scale...

, transportation, and retail trade are also important foundations of Albany's economy and the city acts as a hub for commerce in southwest Georgia.

On December 17, 2008, Cooper Tire and Rubber, one of Albany's largest employers, announced plans to close the local manufacturing facility. Approximately 1,400 employees at the plant were projected to lose their jobs.

Top nine non-governmental employers in Dougherty County

(excludes the City of Albany, Dougherty County, and the Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany
Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany
Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany is a United States Marine Corps base located just outside Albany, Georgia. The primary mission of the units on the base is to rebuild and repair ground combat and combat support equipment and to support installations on the East Coast of the United States...

)
  • Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital
    Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital
    Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital is located at 417 Third Ave. in Albany, Georgia.The health system is a network of hospitals, family medicine clinics, rehab facilities, auxiliary services, and medical education training facilities. The flagship hospital Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital is a 443-bed...

  • Procter & Gamble
    Procter & Gamble
    Procter & Gamble is a Fortune 500 American multinational corporation headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio and manufactures a wide range of consumer goods....

  • Albany State University
    Albany State University
    Albany State University is a four-year, state-supported, historically black university located in Albany, Georgia, United States. It is one of three HBCU's in the University System of Georgia.-History:-Establishment:...

  • Miller Brewing Company
    Miller Brewing Company
    The Miller Brewing Company is an American beer brewing company owned by the United Kingdom-based SABMiller. Its regional headquarters are located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and the company has brewing facilities in Albany, Georgia; Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin; Eden, North Carolina; Fort Worth, Texas;...

  • Teleperformance USA
  • Coats and Clark, Inc.
  • Palmyra Medical Centers
  • BellSouth Telecommunications
    BellSouth Telecommunications
    BellSouth Telecommunications, LLC is the Bell Operating Company of AT&T that serves the southeastern United States. It absorbed the operations of South Central Bell in 1992....

  • United Parcel Service
    United Parcel Service
    United Parcel Service, Inc. , typically referred to by the acronym UPS, is a package delivery company. Headquartered in Sandy Springs, Georgia, United States, UPS delivers more than 15 million packages a day to 6.1 million customers in more than 220 countries and territories around the...


Other notable companies

  • Georgia Pacific Corp.
    Georgia-Pacific
    Georgia-Pacific LLC is an American pulp and paper company based in Atlanta, Georgia, and is one of the world's leading manufacturers and distributors of tissue, pulp, paper, packaging, building products and related chemicals. As of Fall 2010, the company employed more than 40,000 people at more...

  • MARS Snackfood US
  • Mediacom
    Mediacom
    Mediacom is a cable television and communications provider in the United States. Founded in July 1995, it serves primarily smaller markets in the Midwest and Southern United States. Formerly a publicly traded firm, it went private in a $600.0 million transaction in March 2011 and is, as of 2011,...

  • Sherwood Pictures
    Sherwood Pictures
    Sherwood Pictures is an American Christian film production company in Albany, Georgia, United States. It is unusual among production companies in that it is a ministry of a local church, Sherwood Baptist Church. The company uses mostly volunteers in their productions...

  • Thrush Aircraft
    Thrush Aircraft
    Thrush Aircraft is a U.S. aircraft manufacturer based in Albany, Georgia. It currently manufactures the Thrush series of agricultural aircraft.-History:...


Arts and Culture

In 1972 the manager of a local theater, Mr. Jenkins, was convicted of "distributing obscene material" for showing the film Carnal Knowledge
Carnal Knowledge (film)
Carnal Knowledge is a 1971 American drama film. The film was directed by Mike Nichols and written by Jules Feiffer.-Plot:Sandy and Jonathan are roommates at Amherst College whose lives are explored and seem to offer a contrast to one another...

, in Jenkins v. Georgia
Jenkins v. Georgia
Jenkins v. Georgia, , was a U.S. Supreme Court Case of 1974 overturning a Georgia Supreme Court ruling regarding the depiction of sexual conduct in the film Carnal Knowledge....

.

Museums and the arts


In addition, the city sponsors an annual music festival.

Registered historic places

  • Albany District Pecan Growers' Exchange
  • Albany Housefurnishing Company
  • Albany Municipal Auditorium
    Albany Municipal Auditorium
    The Albany Municipal Auditorium, located in downtown Albany, Georgia, U.S., was built in 1915 to replace a wooden auditorium on the same site used for chautauqua programs. It was abandoned in 1972 and was restored beginning in 1986 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as...

  • Albany Railroad Depot Historic District
  • Bridge House (Albany, Georgia)
  • Carnegie Library of Albany
  • Davis-Exchange Bank Building
  • John A. Davis House
    John A. Davis House
    -External links:*...

  • Lustron House
    Lustron house
    Lustron houses are prefabricated enameled steel houses developed in the post-World War II era United States in response to the shortage of houses for returning GIs...

     at 1200 Fifth Avenue
  • Lustron House at 711 Ninth Avenue
  • Mount Zion Baptist Church
  • New Albany Hotel
  • Old St. Teresa's Catholic Church
  • Rosenberg Brothers Department Store
    Rosenberg Brothers Department Store
    The Rosenberg Brothers Department Store building is located in downtown Albany, Georgia, USA. The three-story brick structure was built in 1924 in an Italianate/Neo-Renaissance Classical Revival style by J.C. Hind and J. T. Murphy....

  • Samuel Farkas House
  • St. Nicholas Hotel
  • Tift Park
  • U.S. Post Office and Courthouse
  • Union Depot (Albany, Georgia)
  • W. E. Smith House


Sports

Club Sport League Venue Logo
Albany Panthers
Albany Panthers
The Albany Panthers are an indoor football team in the Professional Indoor Football League. Based in Albany, Georgia, their home games are played at the Gray Civic Center....

Arena Football
Arena football
Arena football is a variety of gridiron football played by the Arena Football League . It is a proprietary game, the rights to which are owned by Gridiron Enterprises, and is played indoors on a smaller field than American or Canadian outdoor football, resulting in a faster and higher-scoring game....

Southern Indoor Football League
Southern Indoor Football League
The Southern Indoor Football League was an indoor football league based in the Southern and Eastern United States. The most recent incarnation of the league was a consolidation of an earlier league of the same name that was formed by Thom Hager along with Dan Blum, Robert Winfrey and Dan Ryan in...

, East Conference, Southern Division
James H. Gray, Sr. Civic Center
Gray Civic Center
The Albany James H. Gray, Sr. Civic Center is an 10,240-seat multi-purpose arena in Albany, Georgia.It is home to the Albany Panthers indoor football team, playing in the Southern Indoor Football League....


Parks and monuments

  • Albany Civil Rights Memorial
  • Albany Railroad Depot Historic District
  • Astronauts Memorial
  • Confederate Memorial Park
    Confederate Memorial Park (Albany, Georgia)
    The Confederate Memorial Park in Albany, Georgia, United States is located on Philema Road across from The Parks at Chehaw.The stone monument to Albany's Confederate veterans from the American Civil War was originally located in downtown Albany in the middle of the intersection of Jackson Street...

  • Freedom Flame
  • Freedom Walk
  • The Guardian
  • Hillsman Park
  • Radium Springs
    Radium Springs, Georgia
    Radium Springs is an unincorporated community located on the southeast outskirts of Albany in Dougherty County, Georgia, United States. It is part of the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area....

     - one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Georgia
  • RiverFront Park
  • Ray Charles Plaza
  • Royal Air Force Memorial
    Royal Air Force Memorial (Albany, Georgia)
    The Royal Air Force Memorial in Albany, Georgia, United States, honors the British Royal Air Force Cadets buried in Albany and stands as a memorial to all British cadets who trained in the U.S. during World War II. It is located in Crown Hill Cemetery....

  • Tift Park
  • Veterans Park

Government

The new Federal Courthouse
Courthouse
A courthouse is a building that is home to a local court of law and often the regional county government as well, although this is not the case in some larger cities. The term is common in North America. In most other English speaking countries, buildings which house courts of law are simply...

 in downtown Albany is dedicated in honor of the civil rights
Civil rights
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from unwarranted infringement by governments and private organizations, and ensure one's ability to participate in the civil and political life of the state without discrimination or repression.Civil rights include...

 attorney
Lawyer
A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person who is practicing law." Law is the system of rules of conduct established by the sovereign government of a society to correct wrongs, maintain the stability of political...

 C.B. King
C.B. King
C.B. King could be:* Chevene Bowers King, a pioneering African American attorney.* Charles Brady King, automotive pioneer, engineer and inventor....

 of Georgia.
Elected officials include a mayor
Mayor
In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

 and six city commissioners, all of whom serve four-year terms. The commissioners represent the wards from which they are elected. There is also an appointed city manager
City manager
A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council-manager form of city government. Local officials serving in this position are sometimes referred to as the chief executive officer or chief administrative officer in some municipalities...

 who acts as the chief administrative officer
Chief administrative officer
A chief administrative officer is responsible for administrative management of private, public or governmental corporations. The CAO is one of the highest ranking members of an organization, managing daily operations and usually reporting directly to the chief executive officer. In some companies,...

. The city has been governed by a city commission and city manager since January 14, 1924.

Education

The Dougherty County School System
Dougherty County School System
The Dougherty County School System is the school district in Dougherty County, Georgia, USA, . A total of 16,844 students attend 15 elementary schools, 7 middle schools, 4 high schools, and 1 alternative school....

 and several private schools provide primary and secondary education. Private schools include Far Horizons Montessori School, Deerfield-Windsor School, Sherwood Christian Academy, Byne Memorial Baptist School, St. Teresa's Catholic School, Life Christian School, A School for Children (The Vertical High School Academy), and Young Unlimited Minds Institute (YUMI). Albany has four public high schools, six public middle schools, and sixteen public elementary schools.

Albany is the location of the historically black
Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Historically black colleges and universities are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the black community....

 Albany State University
Albany State University
Albany State University is a four-year, state-supported, historically black university located in Albany, Georgia, United States. It is one of three HBCU's in the University System of Georgia.-History:-Establishment:...

, founded as a pre-collegiate school in 1903, as part of the drive for education among African Americans. It also has Darton College
Darton College
Darton College is now a four-year state college unit of the University System of Georgia, located in Albany, Dougherty County, Georgia, U.S. The college has 84 two-year transfer and career associate degrees and 49 certificate programs.- History :...

, a community college. Albany State is notable as one of the few historically black colleges to be part of the University System of Georgia
University System of Georgia
The University System of Georgia is the organizational body that includes 35 public institutions of higher learning in the U.S. state of Georgia. The System is governed by the Georgia Board of Regents. It sets goals and dictates general policy to educational institutions as well as administering...

.

The state-run Albany Technical College http://www.albanytech.edu teaches post-secondary vocational and occupational training subjects.

Newspapers

  • The Albany Herald
    The Albany Herald (newspaper)
    The Albany Herald is the daily newspaper for Albany, Georgia ....

     http://www.albanyherald.com
  • The Albany Southwest Georgian historically Black Newspaper founded by A.C. Searles
  • The Albany Journal Published since 1939; Kevin Hogencamp is current editor and publisher.
  • The Metro Gazette The Metro offers positive news about the community and the people they know – a new and decidedly different concept for this area! Founded in 2010 by Judith Hampton-Thompson, graduate of The Ohio State University Journalism School.

Television stations

  • Channel 10 WALB
    WALB
    WALB is the NBC- and ABC-affiliated television station for Southwestern Georgia licensed to Albany. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on VHF channel 10 from a transmitter in Doerun along the Colquitt and Worth County line...

      (NBC)(ABC) http://www.walb.com/
  • Channel 14 WABW (PBS-GPB) (Pelham, Georgia
    Pelham, Georgia
    Pelham is a city in Mitchell County, Georgia, United States. The population was 4,126 at the 2000 census. It was named for famed American Civil War officer John Pelham.-Geography:Pelham is located at ....

    ) http://www.gpb.org/
  • Channel 44 WSWG-DT3  (CW)
  • Channel 31 WFXL
    WFXL
    WFXL is the Fox-affiliated television station for Southwestern Georgia that is licensed to Albany. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on VHF channel 12 from a transmitter in Doerun near the Colquitt and Worth County line. Owned by Barrington Broadcasting, the station has studios on...

      (FOX) http://www.wfxl.com/
  • Channel 44 WSWG
    WSWG
    WSWG is the CBS-affiliated television station for Southwestern Georgia, licensed to Valdosta. It broadcasts a high definition digital signal on UHF channel 43 from a transmitter northeast of Adel in Cook County. The station can also be seen on Mediacom channel 6 and in high definition on digital...

      (CBS) http://www.wswg.tv/
  • Channel 34 W34CZ (Trinity Broadcasting Network)

FM radio stations

  • 88.5 W203AT (religious; translator for KEAR)
  • 89.3 WBJY (religious)
  • 90.3 WAEF (religious)
  • 90.7 WWXC (religious, bluegrass)
  • 91.7 WUNV (NPR - news, classical)
  • 92.7 WASU (Albany State University
    Albany State University
    Albany State University is a four-year, state-supported, historically black university located in Albany, Georgia, United States. It is one of three HBCU's in the University System of Georgia.-History:-Establishment:...

     - college, jazz, urban)
  • 93.1 WSRD (religious, talk)
  • 96.3 WJIZ (urban)http://www.wjiz.com/
  • 97.3 WRAK "Magic 973" (Classic Rock)
  • 98.1 WMRZ "Kiss" (adult urban)http://www.kissalbany.com/
  • 100.3 WOBB "B-100"(country)http://www.b100wobb.com/
  • 101.7 WQVE "V101.7"(Urban AC)http://www.wqveAlbany.com
  • 102.1 WNUQ "Q102" (Top 40)http://www.q102albany.com/
  • 102.5 W273AE (religious; translator for WYFK)
  • 103.5 WJAD "Rock 103" (classic and mainstream rock) (Leesburg, Georgia
    Leesburg, Georgia
    Leesburg is a city in Lee County, Georgia, United States. The population was 2,965 at the 2009 census estimate. The city is the county seat of Lee County.Leesburg is part of the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.-Geography:...

    )http://www.rock103albany.com/
  • 104.5 WKAK "K-Country" (country)http://www.kcountry104.com
  • 105.5 WZBN "Power 105...The King" (Holy Hip Hop and Contemporary Gospel)http://www.power105theking.com
  • 106.1 KLOV (Christian Contemporary)
  • 107.7 WEGC "Mix 107.7" (adult contemporary)

AM radio stations

  • 960 WJYZ (gospel)
  • 1250 WSRA (ESPN sports)
  • 1450 WGPC (sports)
  • 1590 WALG (news, talk)

Transportation

Southwest Georgia Regional Airport
Southwest Georgia Regional Airport
Southwest Georgia Regional Airport is a public airport located three miles southwest of the central business district of Albany, a city in Dougherty County, Georgia, United States...

 (ABY) is serviced by Atlantic Southeast Airlines
Atlantic Southeast Airlines
Atlantic Southeast Airlines is an American airline based in the A-Tech Center in College Park, Georgia, flying to 144 destinations as a Delta Connection carrier and, as of February 2010, commenced service as a United Express carrier. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of SkyWest, Inc. ASA operates...

, a regional carrier for Delta
Delta Air Lines
Delta Air Lines, Inc. is a major airline based in the United States and headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. The airline operates an extensive domestic and international network serving all continents except Antarctica. Delta and its subsidiaries operate over 4,000 flights every day...

. Both UPS
United Parcel Service
United Parcel Service, Inc. , typically referred to by the acronym UPS, is a package delivery company. Headquartered in Sandy Springs, Georgia, United States, UPS delivers more than 15 million packages a day to 6.1 million customers in more than 220 countries and territories around the...

 and DHL
DHL
DHL Express is a division of the German logistics company Deutsche Post providing international express mail services. DHL is a world market leader in sea and air mail....

 use the airport as a sorting facility.

Freight rail service is provided by Georgia Southwestern Railroad
Georgia Southwestern Railroad
The Georgia Southwestern Railroad is a Class III short line railroad company that operates over of track in southwestern Georgia and southeastern Alabama...

, Georgia and Florida Railway, and Norfolk Southern Railway
Norfolk Southern Railway
The Norfolk Southern Railway is a Class I railroad in the United States, owned by the Norfolk Southern Corporation. With headquarters in Norfolk, Virginia, the company operates 21,500 route miles in 22 eastern states, the District of Columbia and the province of Ontario, Canada...

. Georgia and Florida Railway has its headquarters in Albany.

There is a Greyhound
Greyhound Lines
Greyhound Lines, Inc., based in Dallas, Texas, is an intercity common carrier of passengers by bus serving over 3,700 destinations in the United States, Canada and Mexico, operating under the well-known logo of a leaping greyhound. It was founded in Hibbing, Minnesota, USA, in 1914 and...

 bus station in downtown Albany. Albany Transit System, operated by the city since 1974, provides fixed-route and paratransit services in Albany and Dougherty county, including service to the airport. The main transfer station is downtown.

Albany is located on Georgia State Route 300
Georgia State Route 300
State Route 300, also called the Georgia-Florida Parkway, is a long route that runs from Florida State Road 57 at the Florida-Georgia state line south of Thomasville in Thomas County, north to I-75 in Cordele in Crisp County.-Route description:...

 (Georgia-Florida Parkway).

The intersection of Lonesome & Hardup was named the fourth wackiest street name according to a 2006 poll by Car Connection website.

Health care

Albany is the home of a not-for-profit regional health system with a 26-county cachement area with Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital
Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital
Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital is located at 417 Third Ave. in Albany, Georgia.The health system is a network of hospitals, family medicine clinics, rehab facilities, auxiliary services, and medical education training facilities. The flagship hospital Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital is a 443-bed...

 http://www.phoebeputney.com at its hub. Palmyra Medical Centers http://www.palmyramedicalcenters.com/ is a for-profit hospital.

People

Albany natives

Notable residents

Further reading

  • Carolyn Clive, Frances Davis, and Tom Liner, eds., Glancing Backward: Albany, Georgia, 1836-1986 (Albany, Ga.: Dougherty County School System and Sesquicentennial Publication Committee, 1986).
  • Lee W. Formwalt, "A Garden of Irony and Diversity," in The New Georgia Guide (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996).
  • Joseph Winthrop Holley, You Can't Build a Chimney from the Top: The South through the Life of a Negro Educator (New York: William-Frederick Press, 1948).
  • Thronateeska Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, History and Reminiscences of Dougherty County, Georgia (1924; reprint, Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co., 1978).
  • Works Progress Administration, Historical Background of Dougherty County, 1836-1940 (Atlanta: Cherokee, 1981).

External links



}}

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK