, noted for his intellectual demeanor, eloquent oratory
, and promotion of liberal causes in the Democratic Party
. He served as the 31st Governor of Illinois
, and received the Democratic Party's nomination for president in 1952
; both times he was defeated by Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower
. He sought the Democratic presidential nomination for a third time in the election of 1960
, but was defeated by Senator John F. Kennedy
The whole notion of loyalty inquisitions is a national characteristic of the police state, not of democracy. The history of Soviet Russia is a modern example of this ancient practice. I must, in good conscience, protest against any unnecessary suppression of our rights as free men. We must not burn down the house to kill the rats.
Communism is the corruption of a dream of justice.
Laws are never as effective as habits.
Man does not live by words alone, despite the fact that sometimes he has to eat them.
A hungry man is not a free man.
Words calculated to catch everyone may catch no one.
What counts now is not just what we are against, but what we are for. Who leads us is less important than what leads us — what convictions, what courage, what faith — win or lose. A man doesn't save a century, or a civilization, but a militant party wedded to a principle can.