711 Islamic conquest of Hispania: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).
721 Odo of Aquitaine defeats the Moors in the Battle of Toulouse.
732 Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, is killed during the battle.
1085 Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors.
1491 The siege of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins.
1492 Reconquista: the emirate of Granada, the last Moorish stronghold in Spain, surrenders