1798 Conscription is made mandatory in France by the Jourdan law.
1863 United States begins its first military draft; exemptions cost $300.
1863 New York Draft Riots: in New York City, opponents of conscription begin three days of rioting which will be later regarded as the worst in United States history.
1916 Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
1917 World War I: The Selective Service Act of 1917 is passed, giving the President of the United States the power of conscription.
1917 World War I: Conscription begins in the United States as "Army registration day".